Test your basic knowledge |

Basic Matter

Subject : engineering
Instructions:
  • Answer 37 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. 1) glasses 2) glass ceramics 3) Graphite 4)Diamond






2. A substance that cannot be decomposed into simpler substances






3. Vegetable and meat origin






4. Two or more atoms which are normally bonded together covalently






5. A substance made of only one element or compound






6. A measure of the degree of increase in dimension when an object is heated. This can be measured by an increase in the length (m) - area (m2) or volume (m3). The expansivity can be measured as a fractional increase in dimension per Kelvin increase in






7. V = IR (V= voltage - I = current - R = resistance). unit - Ohms






8. No fixed volume and no fixed shape






9. The resistance a material offers to penetration of scratching






10. The ability of a material to withstand pulling forces






11. The resistance of an elastic body to deflection by an applied force






12. A substance formed by the combination of elements in fixed proportions






13. 1)reinforced plastics 2)Metal- matrix composites 3)Ceramic- matrix composites 4)sandwich structures 5)concrete






14. A force of attraction between particles






15. Bond that shares electrons in order to complete part- filled shells






16. The ability of a material to resist the propagation of cracks






17. 1) Ferrous metals and alloys (irons - carbon steels - alloy steels - stainless steels - too and die steels) 2) nonferrous metals and alloys (aluminum - copper - magnesium - nickel - titanium - precious metals - refractory metals - super alloys)






18. The ability of a material to be drawn or extruded into a wire or other extended shape.






19. Ferrous and non - ferrous






20. Natural wood and manmade






21. This is the measure of a material's ability to conduct electricity. lower resistivity conducts electricity well






22. Earthenware - porcelain - stoneware and glass






23. A mixture that contains at least one metal. This can be a mixture of metals or a mixture of metals and non - metals






24. The smallest part of an element that can exist chemically






25. Fixed volume and fixed shape






26. A measure of how fast heat is conduct through a slab of material with a given temperature difference across the slab. Unit: W/m C (W = watts - m = metres - C = Celsius)






27. A substance made of two or more substances that can be separated by physical means - ie not chemically bonded together






28. Bond between adjacent oppositely charged ions






29. 1) Thermoplastics plastics 2) Thermoset plastics 3) Elastomers






30. A positively or negatively charged atom or molecule caused by he loss or gain of electrons from an atom or atoms






31. Thermosets and thermoplastics






32. Fixed volume but take the shape of their container






33. Formed when the fluctuating electrostatic charge in adjacent atoms of different molecules produces a weak electrostatic force between the molecules. Also present as a secondary bond between the long- chain molecules of polymers.






34. Hydrogen bond - van der Waals bond






35. A mixture composed of two or more substances (materials) with one substance acting as the matrix or glue






36. Mass per unit volumn of a material (D = M/V) unit : kg/m3






37. Caused by an attraction between the positively charged metal atom nuclei and the negatively charged cloud of free electrons. Free electron allows metals to be a good thermal and electrical conductors and let the bond not fixed in position