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AP World History

Subjects : history, ap, bvat
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Heavily armored Greek infantryman of the Archaic and Classical periods who fought in the close-packed phalanx formation. Hoplite armies-militias composed of middle- and upper-class citizens supplying their own equipment. Famously defeated superior nu

2. The fulfillment of social and religious duties in Hinduism

3. City in North Africa that developed trading outposts in Italy; Rome toke control of many of its outposts after the two Punic Wars

4. Chinese dynasty that followed the overthrow of the Yuan (Mongol) Dynasty in China. Among other things - the emperor Yongle sponsored the building of the Forbidden City and the voyages of Zheng He. It was mostly a time of vibrant economic productivity

5. Aggressive empire in Cambodia and Laos that collapsed in the 1400's when Thailand conquered Cambodia

6. A complex of palaces - reception halls - and treasury buildings erected by the Persian kings Darius I and Xerxes in the Persian homelan

7. Iranian ruling dynasty between ca. 250 B.C.E. and 226 C.E.

8. Post-World War II intellectual movement and cultural attitude focusing on cultural pluralism and release from the confines and ideology of Western high culture.

9. The longest single poem in the world - about a war fought between two branches of the same family. One of India's greatest epics written between 1000 and 700 BC

10. The chief marketplace of Athens - center of the city's civic life.

11. New Zealand indigenous culture established around 800 CE

12. The repetition of mystic incantations in Hinduism and Buddhism.

13. The Tigris and Euphrates Rivers gave life to the first known agricultural villages in this area about 10 -000 years ago and the first known cities about 5 -000 years ago.

14. A term for the books of the Bible that make up the Hebrew canon.

15. The term used in Spanish and Portuguese colonies to describe someone of mixed African and European descent.

16. International organization founded in 1919 to promote world peace and cooperation but greatly weakened by the refusal of the United States to join. It proved ineffectual in stopping aggression by Italy - Japan - and Germany in the 1930s.

17. Aristocratic leader who guided the Athenian state through the transformation to full participatory democracy for all male citizens.

18. In early modern Europe - the class of well-off town dwellers whose wealth came from manufacturing - finance - commerce - and allied professions.

19. Conflict that began with North Korea's invasion of South Korea and came to involve the United Nations (primarily the United States) allying with South Korea and the People's Republic of China allying with North Korea.

20. Conflict between Athens and Sparta

21. A system of writing in which wedge-shaped symbols represented words or syllables. It originated in Mesopotamia and was used initially for Sumerian and Akkadian but later was adapted to represent other languages of western Asia.

22. A Roman bribery method of coping with class difference. Entertainment and food was offered to keep plebeians quiet without actually solving unemployment problems.

23. Date: Spanish-American War - US acquires Philippines -Cuba - Guam - and Puerto Rico (Hint: 1__8)

24. A general term for a class of prosperous families - sometimes including but often ranked below the rural aristocrats.

25. Chinese School of Thought that believes the world is always changing and is devoid of absolute morality or meaning. They accept the world as they find it - avoid futile struggles - and deviate as little as possible from 'the way' or 'path' of nature.

26. Founder of the short-lived Qin dynasty and creator of the Chinese Empire (r. 221-210 B.C.E.). He is remembered for his ruthless conquests of rival states and standardization.

27. He mistakenly discovered the Americas in 1492 while searching for a faster route to India.

28. The 'divine wind -' which the Japanese credited with blowing Mongol invaders away from their shores in 1281.

29. Associations of businessmen and producers

30. Era of relative peace and stability created by the Mongol Empire

31. National socialism. In practice a far-right wing ideology (with some left-wing influences) that was based largely on racism and ultra-nationalism.

32. Mexican priest and former student of Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla - he led the forces fighting for Mexican independence until he was captured and executed in 1814.

33. The 'Roman Peace' - that is - the state of comparative concord prevailing within the boundaries of the Roman Empire from the reign of Augustus (27 B.C.E.-14 C.E.) to that of Marcus Aurelius (161-180 C.E.)

34. A worldview and a moral philosophy that considers humans to be of primary importance. It is a perspective common to a wide range of ethical stances that attaches importance to human dignity - concerns - and capabilities - particularly rationality. A

35. An epic poem from Mesopotamia - and among the earliest known works of literary writing.

36. The Hindu concept of the spirit's 'liberation' from the endless cycle of rebirths.

37. A powerful European family that provided many Holy Roman Emperors - founded the Austrian (later Austro-Hungarian) Empire - and ruled sixteenth- and seventeenth-century Spain.

38. British entrepreneur and politician involved in the expansion of the British Empire from South Africa into Central Africa. The colonies of Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) and Northern Rhodesia (now Zambia) were named after him. (p. 736)

39. Many people (mostly women) were accused of this and burned at the stake in medieval and early modern Europe.

40. Suffering is always present in life; desire is the cause of suffering; freedom from suffering can be achieved in nirvana; the Eightfold Path leads to nirvana

41. Date: East-West Great Schism in Christian Church (Hint: __54 CE)

42. A distribution and opposition of forces among nations such that no single nation is strong enough to assert its will or dominate all the others.

43. Date: 1st Palestinian Intifada (Hint: 1__7)

44. A ship canal in northeastern Egypt linking the Red Sea with the Mediterranean Sea

45. Sudden wave of conquests in Africa by European powers in the 1880s and 1890s. Britain obtained most of eastern Africa - France most of northwestern Africa. Other countries (Germany - Belgium - Portugal - Italy - and Spain) acquired lesser amounts.

46. The process by which different ethnic groups lose their distinctive cultural identity through contact with the dominant culture of a society - and gradually become absorbed and integrated into it.

47. Soviet blocking of Berlin from allies; Causing the Berlin Airlift

48. President of the United States during most of the Depression and most of World War II.

49. Economic system with private/ corporate ownership/ competitive market

50. Head of the Soviet Union from 1985 to 1991. His liberalization effort improved relations with the West - but he lost power after his reforms led to the collapse of Communist governments in Eastern Europe.