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AP World History
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1. President of the United States during most of the Depression and most of World War II.
Franklin D. Roosevelt
2. Andean labor system based on shared obligations to help kinsmen and work on behalf of the ruler and religious organizations.
3. The ideological struggle between communism (Soviet Union) and capitalism (United States) for world influence. The Soviet Union and the United States came to the brink of actual war during the Cuban missile crisis but never attacked one another.
Bread and Circuses
4. Substance used for the domination of trade in the Indian Ocean by the British
5. The revolt against the British by many different groups across India 1857 but led particularly by some of the disgruntled Indian soldiers working for the British. It caused the British government to take over more direct control of India from the Bri
6. Ruled the Soviet Union from 1924 to 1953. Ruled with an iron fist - using Five-Year Plans to increase industrial production and terror to crush opposition.
7. The most illustrious sultan of the Ottoman Empire (r. 1520-1566); also known as 'The Lawgiver.' He significantly expanded the empire in the Balkans and eastern Mediterranean.
Suleiman the Magnificent
8. A member of the warrior class in premodern feudal Japan
9. The central administration of the Roman Catholic Church - of which the pope is the head. (pp. 258 - 445)
10. Greek and Phoenician warship of the fifth and fourth centuries B.C.E. It was sleek and light - powered by 170 oars arranged in three vertical tiers. Manned by skilled sailors - it was capable of short bursts of speed and complex maneuvers.
11. A division in the Latin (Western) Christian Church between 1378 and 1417 - when rival claimants to the papacy existed in Rome and Avignon. (p. 411)
Great Western Schism
12. In medieval Europe - an association of men (rarely women) - such as merchants - artisans - or professors - who worked in a particular trade and created an organized institution to promote their economic and political interests.
13. In colonial Spanish America - term used to describe someone of European descent born in the New World. Elsewhere in the Americas - the term is used to describe all nonnative peoples.
14. German physicist - father of modern quantum physics.
15. Empire in southern China (1127-1279) while the Jin people controlled the north. Distinguished for its advances in technology - medicine - astronomy - and mathematics.
16. The peace agreement made between Napoleon and the Pope following the chaos of the French Revolution.
17. Date: Thirty Years War begins (Hint: 1__8)
18. Fine yellowish light silt deposited by wind and water. It constitutes the fertile soil of the Yellow River Valley in northern China. Because of the tiny needle-like shape of its particles - it can be easily shaped and used for underground structures
Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla
19. Roman emperor of 284 C.E. Attempted to deal with fall of Roman Empire by splitting the empire into two regions run by co-emperors. Also brought armies back under imperial control - and attempted to deal with the economic problems by strengthening the
20. Trials held for the Germans convicted of war crimes
Warring States Period
21. The English monarch who was beheaded by Puritans (see English Civil War) who then established their own short-lived government ruled by Oliver Cromwell (Mid 1600s).
King Charles I
22. Born in Austria - became a radical German nationalist during World War I. He became dictator of Germany in 1933. He led Europe into World War II.
23. The kingdoms of southern India - inhabited primarily by speakers of Dravidian languages - which developed in partial isolation - and somewhat differently - from the Aryan north.
24. Soviet leader who was after Khrushchev
25. Connected China - India - and the Middle East. Traded goods and helped to spread culture.
26. International organization founded in 1919 to promote world peace and cooperation but greatly weakened by the refusal of the United States to join. It proved ineffectual in stopping aggression by Italy - Japan - and Germany in the 1930s.
League of Nations
27. Meeting of representatives of European monarchs called to reestablish the old order and establish a plan for a new balance of power after the defeat of Napoleon.
Holy Roman Empire
Congress of Vienna
28. The Hindu concept of the spirit's 'liberation' from the endless cycle of rebirths.
29. City located in present-day Tunisia - founded by Phoenicians ca. 800 B.C.E. It became a major commercial center and naval power in the western Mediterranean until defeated by the expanding Roman Republic in the third century B.C.E.
30. Removal of entire peoples used as terror tactic by Assyrian and Persian Empires.
31. Zealous proponent of Christianity who was instrumental in its spread beyond Judaism
32. Political party in China from 1911 to 1949; enemy of the Communists. Often abbreviated at GMD.
33. The Spanish conqueror of Mexico
34. Arab prince - leader of the Arab Revolt in World War I. The British made him king of Iraq in 1921 - and he reigned under British protection until 1933.
35. Capital city of Egypt and home of the ruling dynasties during the Middle and New Kingdoms. Amon - patron deity of Thebes - became one of the chief gods of Egypt. Monarchs were buried across the river in the Valley of the Kings. (p. 43)
36. The 6 -000-mile (9 -600-kilometer) flight of Chinese Communists from southeastern to northwestern China. The Communists - led by Mao Zedong - were pursued by the Chinese army under orders from Chiang Kai-shek.
37. His doctrine of duty and public service had a great influence on subsequent Chinese thought and served as a code of conduct for government officials. Although his real name was Kongzi (551-479 B.C.E.).
38. Indian religion founded by the guru Nanak (1469-1539) in the Punjab region of northwest India. After the Mughal emperor ordered the beheading of the ninth guru in 1675 - warriors from this group mounted armed resistance to Mughal rule.
39. Traditional records of the deeds of Muhammad - and his quotations
40. Leader of Egyptian modernization in the early nineteenth century. He ruled Egypt as an Ottoman governor - but had imperial ambitions. His descendants ruled Egypt until overthrown in 1952.
41. A pledge signed by all but one of the members of the Third Estate in France - the first time the French formally opposed Louis XVI
Tennis Court Oath
42. Place that the British first colonized in Australia
43. An array of Germanic peoples - pushed further westward by nomads from central Asia. They in turn migrated west into Rome - upsetting the rough balance of power that existed between Rome and these people.
44. Date: independence & partition of India
Leonardo da Vinci
45. Athenian philosopher (ca. 470-399 B.C.E.) who shifted the emphasis of philosophical investigation from questions of natural science to ethics and human behavior.
46. Ultraconservative empress in Qing (Manchu) dynasty China. Ruled china in the turbulent late 19th century - not as a true Empress but as an Empress Dowager.
John F. Kennedy
47. Italian political party created by Benito Mussolini during World War I. It emphasized aggressive nationalism and was Mussolini's instrument for the creation of a dictatorship in Italy from 1922 to 1943.
48. Alliance against democracy - supporting communism
49. The people who dominated southern Mesopotamia through the end of the third millennium B.C.E. They were responsible for the creation of many fundamental elements of Mesopotamian culture-such as irrigation technology - cuneiform - and religious concept
50. Domination of one culture over another by a deliberate policy or by economic or technological superiority.
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