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AP World History
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1. Weaving - sewing - carving - and other small-scale industries that can be done in the home. The laborers - frequently women - are usually independent. Most manufacturing was done this way before the industrial revolution.
Great Western Schism
2. Considered to be among the oldest urbanized centers in sub-Saharan Africa.
3. The traditional group of representatives from the three Estates of French society: the clergy - nobility - and commoners. Louis XVI assembled this group to deal with the financial crisis in France at the time - but the 3rd estate demanded more rights
4. The most destructive civil war in China before the twentieth century. A Christian-inspired rural rebellion threatened to topple the Qing Empire. Leader claimed to be the brother of Jesus.
5. Organization formed in 1949 as a military alliance of western European and North American states against the Soviet Union and its east European allies. (See also Warsaw Pact.)
Revolutions of 1848
6. In medieval Europe - an agricultural laborer legally bound to a lord's property and obligated to perform set services for the lord. In Russia some of them worked as artisans and in factories; in Russia it was not abolished until 1861.
7. Government ruled by a single party and/or person that exerts unlimited control over its citizen's lives.
Gamal Abdel Nasser
8. The revolt against the British by many different groups across India 1857 but led particularly by some of the disgruntled Indian soldiers working for the British. It caused the British government to take over more direct control of India from the Bri
Congress of Vienna
9. A vast epic chronicling the events leading up to a cataclysmic battle between related kinship groups in early India. It includes the Bhagavad-Gita - the most important work of Indian sacred literature. Mahayana Buddhism -Branch of Buddhism followed i
Hundred Years War
Aswan High Dam
10. Conquered territory in Media and later Perisa - ruled through client kings and governors rather than by direct rule.
Balance of power
11. Religious reform movement within the Latin Christian Church - begun in response to the Protestant Reformation. It clarified Catholic theology and reformed clerical training and discipline.
12. 'Selection' in Turkish. The system by which boys from Christian communities were taken by the Ottoman state to serve as Janissaries.
13. Revolutionary Leader in Mexico during the Mexican Revolution.
The Golden Triangle
14. The manufacture of many identical products by the division of labor into many small
15. Influential book Written by Adolf Hitler describing his life and ideology.
16. A monumental sanctuary built in Jerusalem by King Solomon in the tenth century B.C.E. to be the religious center for the Israelite god Yahweh. The Temple priesthood conducted sacrifices - received a tithe or percentage of agricultural revenues.
Royal African Company
17. In China - a political philosophy that emphasized the unruliness of human nature and justified state coercion and control. The Qin ruling class invoked it to validate the authoritarian nature of their regime.
18. General in the Persian army who took power when Cambyses II died; he continued many of Cyrus' policies and was a more capable ruler than Cambyses
19. South American civilization famous for its massive aerial-viewable formations
20. City in western Arabia to which the Prophet Muhammad and his followers emigrated in 622 to escape persecution in Mecca.
21. Muslims belonging to branch of Islam believing that the community should select its own leadership. The majority religion in most Islamic countries.
22. The practice of identifying special individuals (shamans) who will interact with spirits for the benefit of the community. Characteristic of the Korean kingdoms of the early medieval period and of early societies of Central Asia. (p. 292)
23. The first Mesoamerican civilization. Between ca. 1200 and 400 B.C.E. - these people of central Mexico created a vibrant civilization that included intensive agriculture - wide-ranging trade - ceremonial centers - and monumental construction.
24. Indian statesman. He succeeded Mohandas K. Gandhi as leader of the Indian National Congress. He negotiated the end of British colonial rule in India and became India's first prime minister (1947-1964).
25. Cities opened to foreign residents as a result of the forced treaties between the Qing Empire and foreign signatories. In the in these cities - foreigners enjoyed extraterritoriality.
26. During the Cold War - local or regional wars in which the superpowers armed - trained - and financed the combatants.
27. City in North Africa that developed trading outposts in Italy; Rome toke control of many of its outposts after the two Punic Wars
Dutch West India Company
28. System of writing in which pictorial symbols represented sounds - syllables - or concepts. Used for official and monumental inscriptions in ancient Egypt.
29. Alliance against democracy - supporting communism
30. The last of pre-Islamic Persian Empire - from 224 to 651 CE. One of the two main powers in Western Asia and Europe alongside the Roman Empire and later the Byzantine Empire for a period of more than 400 years
31. Post-World War II intellectual movement and cultural attitude focusing on cultural pluralism and release from the confines and ideology of Western high culture.
Tennis Court Oath
32. A state that is not ruled by a hereditary leader (a monarchy) but by a person or persons appointed under the constitution
33. The first permanent English settlement in North America - found in East Virginia
Nasir al-Din Tusi
34. A council whose members were the heads of wealthy - landowning families. Originally an advisory body to the early kings - in the era of the Roman Republic the Senate effectively governed the Roman state and the growing empire.
35. Athenian philosopher (ca. 470-399 B.C.E.) who shifted the emphasis of philosophical investigation from questions of natural science to ethics and human behavior.
36. The first major urban civilization in South America (900-250 B.C.E.). Its capital was located high in the Andes Mountains of Peru. Chavin became politically and economically dominant in a densely populated region.
37. Portuguese explorer who in 1488 led the first expedition to sail around the southern tip of Africa from the Atlantic and sight the Indian Ocean. (p. 428)
38. Land-owning noblemen in Ancient Rome
39. Members of a mainly Hindu warrior caste from northwest India. The Mughal emperors drew most of their Hindu officials from this caste - and Akbar I married a Rajput princess.
Tennis Court Oath
Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla
40. Date: Vietnamese defeat French at Dien Bien Phu (Hint: 1__4)
41. The political program that followed the destruction of the Tokugawa Shogunate in 1868 - in which a collection of young leaders set Japan on the path of centralization - industrialization - and imperialism.
42. A system of writing in which wedge-shaped symbols represented words or syllables. It originated in Mesopotamia and was used initially for Sumerian and Akkadian but later was adapted to represent other languages of western Asia.
New Economic Policy
43. Eastern part of the Roman Empire that survived the fall of the western part
44. Political units in India in the years 700-600 BC. They are the major realms or kingdoms of Vedic (Iron Age) India. They are the earliest kingdoms set up by the Indo-Aryans migrants to India.
45. The people who dominated southern Mesopotamia through the end of the third millennium B.C.E. They were responsible for the creation of many fundamental elements of Mesopotamian culture-such as irrigation technology - cuneiform - and religious concept
46. The movement to make slavery and the slave trade illegal. Begun by Quakers in England in the 1780s.
47. Characterized inter-state relations in ancient India
48. Date: Battle of Tours(Hint: _32 CE)
49. Dictator in Mexico from 1876 to 1911. Overthrown by the Mexican Revolution of 1910.
50. Date: End of Han Dynasty(Hint: _20 CE)
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