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BABOK Techniques

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1. MoSCoW analysis divides requirements into four categories: Must - Should - Could - and Won't

2. Timeboxing or budgeting prioritizes requirements for investiation and implementation based on allication of a fixed resource.

3. Voting method allocate a fixed amount of resources to each participant for them to distribute among proposed features or requirements

4. Used to inspect requirements documentation to identify ambiguous or unclear requirements

5. Identify appropriate boundaries for the solution scope

6. Business Rules may be separtated from other requirements for implememtnation and management in a business rules engine or similar

7. Develop initial cost comparison of possible solution approaches

8. Show how information flows through a system. Each funciton that modifies the data should be decomposed into lower levels until the system is sufficiently described

9. Cost-Benefit analysis compares the costs of implementing a solution against the benefits to be gained. Financial analysis includes the use of financial models that estimate the market value of an organizational asset.

10. Useful to understand the current state of the enterprise - in as much as that current state is documented

11. Depict the scope of work required to integrate the new solution into the business and technical environments

12. Assess the risk (both positive and negative) if an assumption proves invalid - or a constraint is removed

13. Ensure that requirements are stated clearly enough to devise a set of tests that can prove that the requirement has been met.

14. Requirements may be organized around relevant processes

15. Rank and select possible solution approaches

16. To understand the scope of work and to break the solution scope into smaller work products or deliverables

17. Describes the concepts and relationships relevant to the solution or business domain

18. Requirements are frequently captured in a formal document. Many tempaltes for requirements document exist and are in common use

19. Forecast the size of the investment required to deploy and operate the proposed solution

20. Describe stakeholders and the guals the system supports and as such can also be used to define the solution scope

21. Decision analsis may be used to identify high-value requirements

22. Useful method of comparing possible approaches

23. If purchase or outsourcing to a thrid party is in consideration - an assessment of the vendor may be performed as part of the business case

24. May be used to ensure that any problems identified during verification are resolved

25. Assessed to support benefit management - measurement and reporting - including where alignment of internal measures or systems is needed to ensure that the behaviors we are seeking canb e seen - evaluated - and realized

26. Breaks down an organizational unit - product scope - or similar into its component parts. Each part can have its own set of requirements.

27. Both assumptions and constraints are often identified - reviewed and managed using the ongoing planning - monitoring - and issue/risk management activities of the project team.

28. Once requirements are approved - they may be baselined - meaning that all future changes are recorded and tracked - and the current state may be compared to the baselined state. Subsequent chagnes to the requirement must follow the change control pro

29. Requirements that are considered risky may need to be investigaged or iplemented first - so that if risks cause the project to fail - the organization has invested as little as possible at that point.

30. Used to assess potential risks that may impact the solution and the costs and benefits associated with it

31. A structured walkthrough often begins with a review of the requirements to be discussed

32. A coverage matrix is a table or spreadsheet used to manage tracing. It is typically used when there are relatively few requirements or when tracing is limited to high-level requirements

33. Demonstrate how the solution will help the organization mazimize strengths and minimize weaknesses

34. Requirements signoff formalizes agreement by stakeholders that the content and presentation of documented requirements is accurate and complete. A formal sign off of requirements documentation may be required by organizational standards or regulatory

35. Requirements may be organized based on the solution components they are related to

36. Requirements may be presentated as part of a requirements workshop to familiarize all parties with the existing solution scope and current requirements

37. Used as a method of generating alternatives

38. Describes the various organizational units - stakeholders - and their relationships. Requirements can be structured around the needs of each stakeholder or group

39. Allows the business analyst to manage any issues identified with requirements by stakeholders and ensure that those issues are resolved

40. Identify solution approaches that have proven effective in other organizations

41. Identify how current capabilities and limitations match up against the influencing factors

42. Describe the requirements that support the individual goals of each actor - or the response to the triggering event.

43. Describe the stakeholder objectives that the solution will support