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BABOK Techniques

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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Assess the risk (both positive and negative) if an assumption proves invalid - or a constraint is removed

2. Cost-Benefit analysis compares the costs of implementing a solution against the benefits to be gained. Financial analysis includes the use of financial models that estimate the market value of an organizational asset.

3. Both assumptions and constraints are often identified - reviewed and managed using the ongoing planning - monitoring - and issue/risk management activities of the project team.

4. Requirements signoff formalizes agreement by stakeholders that the content and presentation of documented requirements is accurate and complete. A formal sign off of requirements documentation may be required by organizational standards or regulatory

5. To understand the scope of work and to break the solution scope into smaller work products or deliverables

6. Show how information flows through a system. Each funciton that modifies the data should be decomposed into lower levels until the system is sufficiently described

7. Describe stakeholders and the guals the system supports and as such can also be used to define the solution scope

8. Allows the business analyst to manage any issues identified with requirements by stakeholders and ensure that those issues are resolved

9. A structured walkthrough often begins with a review of the requirements to be discussed

10. Requirements are frequently captured in a formal document. Many tempaltes for requirements document exist and are in common use

11. Develop initial cost comparison of possible solution approaches

12. Used to assess potential risks that may impact the solution and the costs and benefits associated with it

13. Describe the stakeholder objectives that the solution will support

14. Decision analsis may be used to identify high-value requirements

15. Useful method of comparing possible approaches

16. Rank and select possible solution approaches

17. Once requirements are approved - they may be baselined - meaning that all future changes are recorded and tracked - and the current state may be compared to the baselined state. Subsequent chagnes to the requirement must follow the change control pro

18. MoSCoW analysis divides requirements into four categories: Must - Should - Could - and Won't

19. Breaks down an organizational unit - product scope - or similar into its component parts. Each part can have its own set of requirements.

20. Used as a method of generating alternatives

21. Requirements may be organized based on the solution components they are related to

22. Requirements may be presentated as part of a requirements workshop to familiarize all parties with the existing solution scope and current requirements

23. If purchase or outsourcing to a thrid party is in consideration - an assessment of the vendor may be performed as part of the business case

24. Voting method allocate a fixed amount of resources to each participant for them to distribute among proposed features or requirements

25. A coverage matrix is a table or spreadsheet used to manage tracing. It is typically used when there are relatively few requirements or when tracing is limited to high-level requirements

26. Used to inspect requirements documentation to identify ambiguous or unclear requirements

27. Forecast the size of the investment required to deploy and operate the proposed solution

28. Identify appropriate boundaries for the solution scope

29. Business Rules may be separtated from other requirements for implememtnation and management in a business rules engine or similar

30. Timeboxing or budgeting prioritizes requirements for investiation and implementation based on allication of a fixed resource.

31. Identify solution approaches that have proven effective in other organizations

32. Useful to understand the current state of the enterprise - in as much as that current state is documented

33. Describe the requirements that support the individual goals of each actor - or the response to the triggering event.

34. Identify how current capabilities and limitations match up against the influencing factors

35. Describes the various organizational units - stakeholders - and their relationships. Requirements can be structured around the needs of each stakeholder or group

36. Requirements that are considered risky may need to be investigaged or iplemented first - so that if risks cause the project to fail - the organization has invested as little as possible at that point.

37. Requirements may be organized around relevant processes

38. Demonstrate how the solution will help the organization mazimize strengths and minimize weaknesses

39. Assessed to support benefit management - measurement and reporting - including where alignment of internal measures or systems is needed to ensure that the behaviors we are seeking canb e seen - evaluated - and realized

40. May be used to ensure that any problems identified during verification are resolved

41. Describes the concepts and relationships relevant to the solution or business domain

42. Depict the scope of work required to integrate the new solution into the business and technical environments

43. Ensure that requirements are stated clearly enough to devise a set of tests that can prove that the requirement has been met.