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CLEP Biology: Cell Structure And Function

Subjects : clep, science, biology
  • Answer 19 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. One of the three broad categories into which all organisms are grouped. Eukarya - Archaea - and Bacteria.

2. The simplest unit of biological organization. Term coined by Robert Hooke who invented the first microscope. Basic unit of life.

3. Membrane enclosed sacs containing digestive enzymes that break down proteins - carbohydrates - and fats.

4. Discovered that animal tissues are made of cells.

5. Scientist who successfully disproved spontaneous generation.

6. Organelle responsible for the synthesis of RNA into Proteins.

7. The barrier between cells made of a bilayer or phospholipid molecules.

8. A distinct structure or compartment within a eukaryotic cell that performs specific tasks.

9. Challenged the notion of spontaneous generation by postulating that cells come from pre-existing cells.

10. In plant cells only - this organelle is responsible for photosynthesis

11. Cells that do not contain membrane enclosed compartments. Single celled organsms roughly one micrometer long. Attached Flagellum gives the organism mobility.

12. The main sites of energy transformation in eukaryotic animal cells.

13. Organelle that sorts and modifies proteins from ER and prepares them for transport to specific parts of the cell.

14. Cells containing membrane enclosed compartments. Typically 10-30 micrometers.

15. Unique to eukaryotic cells; anchors the organelles in place in the cell - includes three types of fibers Microfilaments - microtubules and intermediate filaments.

16. Discovered that plant tissues are made of cells.

17. This type of cell is made up of dendrites and axons.

18. In plant cells only - this supports the cell shape and protects the cell.

19. In plants only - a membrane enclosed region that serves as a toxic waste dump. The deterioration of these hastens the death of the cell and the plant.