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CLEP Western Civilization II: Absolutism And Constitutionalism

Subjects : clep, history
  • Answer 35 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Wanted Russia to catch up with the west. He made the men in upper classes shave their beards. Made Russia's army strong. Built St. Petersburg. 'window to Europe'

2. Invaded England in the Glorious Revolution. Crowned in 1689.

3. Argued for absolutism. Wrote Leviathan. Tried to solve the problem of peoples' miserable lives. Said people gave their power to 'leviathan' the higher authority - who makes order and peace.

4. Ended the Thirty Years war. made religious changes permanent that had come with the Protestant Reformation. Rulers were allowed authority to choose the religion of the region they ruled. This treaty also showed the decline of the papacy. (pope opposi

5. Minister to Louis XIII. Powerful secretary of state in France. (1585-1642)

6. The side of Parliment in the English Civil War. Part of the New Model Army. Their leader was Oliver Cromwell.

7. Had different ideas than Bossuet and Hobbes. The ruler should only rule unless people trust him. The ruler should respect the rights of people (life - liberty - and property) and if that ruler was no longer trustworthy that the people had a right to

8. The soldiers of the king in the English Civil War.

9. Members in a purge of Parliment who believe that the Rump Parliment was not helping society be godly.

10. Pussia's nobles. Had rights over serf's labor. Given exemptions from taxes.

11. Englishmen who wanted all to be able to vote.

12. 1628. Claimed that the English had basic rights that the king could'nt take over - Document prepared by Parliament and signed by King Charles I of England in 1628; challenged the idea of the divine right of kings and declared that even the monarch wa

13. Son of James I tried to raise money without the approval of Parliment. Parliment then passed a petition.

14. Believed in the divine right of kings - but knew they could not rule everything.

15. 'established to conduct trade in Asia and served as a model to the English and French' REA p. 9

16. States of a confederacy. Holland was the strongest. They could trade internationally from Amsterdam.

17. 'emphasized the complete authority of a nation's ruler' REA p. 4.

18. Leader of the roundheads in the English Civil War. Called Protector of England - Scotland - and Ireland in 1653.

19. Charles II supporters who wanted to prevent his brother the Catholic James from the throne. James' supporters were called Whigs.

20. The year that England became a republic and the year the Charles I was executed.

21. The strongest German state that emerged from the Thirty years war. center of present day Germany.

22. Allowed some religious freedom for the Huguenots

23. Said if the king wanted to pass law - Parliment had to agree.

24. Kings are chosen by God. King gets his power from God - therfore no one can give him any criticism.

25. Tutored Louis XIV. wrote Politics Drawn for the Very Words of Scripture. Believe in the Divine right of kings.

26. Sparked by Charles the first when he wanted to arrest some memebers of Parliment for treason.

27. Destroyed the upper part of Parliment (house of lords) and the monarchy.

28. Contained radical ethinic group like the Muslims. The empire was rarely stable.

29. Famous painter of landscapes and portraits.

30. (1637-1715) became king in 1661. Wanted to have complete power. He never had power over everything - but he did have much power. Said 'I am the state'. Built Versailles where the noble were invited to basically serve the king. He took the power of ma

31. 1618-1648. called 'war of religion' The interests actually had more to do with politics than with theology. There was no separation between church and state in the early 1600s. Theology got wrapped into politics

32. Insisted that Parliament was there only to advise him and that he ruled by divine right. He never acted on his claims so trouble was avoided until his son became ruler.

33. Peter I fought the Swedish with skills learned from them!

34. After the thirty years was this country was in a position to become a dominant power. The war was NOT fought on their soil.

35. Laid foundation of Germany. gained favor from the Prussian nobels . organized bureaucracy. built a powerful army.