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CLEP Western Civilization II: French Revolution And Napoleon

Subjects : clep, history
  • Answer 43 questions in 15 minutes.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. June 20 - 1789 Louis XVI locked the thirst estate out of the place where they normally met for meetings. They said they would stay at Versailles until they had a new constitution for France.

2. Divided into territories between 1793 and 1795 and no longer existed until after WW I.

3. Started because of Napoleon who wanted Portugal to stop its trading with Britain.

4. Napoleon invaded Russia. The Russian basically ruined the land so the French could not live there. 1 out of 6 got out of Russia. Napoleon had never experienced this before.

5. Made primogeniture illegal. (most of the father's property went to the oldest son)

6. Prussia's king. Declaration of Pillnitz. said if the royalty was harmed he and Austria (Leopold) would attack France.

7. Made the clergy promise that they would be loyal to the nation. Said that bishops would have to be elected by non-clergymen. 1/2 of the clergy would not sign the oath.

8. Paris. did not want the monarchy.

9. Political radicals who were in the Legislative Assembly and decided on war. Georges Jacques Danton and Jean Paul Marat.

10. Said all people were equal-'liberty - property - security - and resistance to oppression' rea. p 45 all the power was in the nation - not the people.

11. Napoleon. said he needed control of all of France in order to have order. He was then renamed the emperor. He was important because: he helped France become stable; recognized Catholicism; said levels of government were not by status - but merit; sai

12. France's war effort against the other countries. Danton led this and Maximilien Robespierre did later. They made the first European national army. executed Marie Antoinette because she was against the revolution.

13. Nobles were taking grain to scare the peseants into submission. Some peseants attacked - burning mansions - and killing some nobles.

14. Was the Legislative Assembly. They ended the monarchy in France.

15. Area in Western France who questioned the authority of National Convention.

16. The new name for the Notre Dame cathedral.

17. Owned some land. paid a lot of the taxes and they also had to pay tithes.

18. Originally the National Assembly. 1792 mobs invade this and made it allow all men to vote. They also ended the monarchy.

19. France helped Prussia which soon would become a threat. Britain came into the war because of France's help.

20. Countryside. wanted the monarchy.

21. Louis sent more troops to Paris and the people attacked this prison. They killed the guards and carried their heads around the city.

22. Led by Danton. executed many people who were dangerous to the revolution.

23. Second estate. nobles by birth. not all of them were rich.

24. 'Declaration of the Rights of Woman and Female Citizen' equality in politics for both women and men.

25. 'the end of radical revolution' 'Jacobins were purged from political groups' rea. p. 48 1795 a new constitution was written by the National Convention. Directory-5 men.

26. 'the old order of kings' rea p. 45 National Assemble declared that this no longer existed.

27. France was no longer constantly at war.

28. 1769-1821. threatened Britain in Egypt but was defeated by Lord Horatio Nelson. discovered the Rosetta Stone making it possible to understand hieroglyphics. Sold the Louisiana territory to the u.s. because of the war expense.

29. Would not allow anyone to trade with Britain in order to ruin it.

30. Luois XVI was killed by the new invention the Guillotine.

31. Second estate. they bought their statuses like the parlements. ('positions in France's high courts') rea. p. 42

32. People who were not in the other two estates. merchants - peasants - and middle class. bourgeoisie.

33. A name of the months created in the new calendar. ten-day week created and holidays removed. this calendar was no longer used in 1806.

34. Louis XVI wanted him to support him in the revolution. Louis tried to sneak out of France but was caught. The rumor was that he had been kidnapped. (not a true rumor - he was arrested)

35. The best example of a country who had to reform after the war. this helped with the growth of nationalism in this country. 1814 had 270 -000 soldiers.

36. 1787. called by Louis XVI. Wanted the first and second estates to agree on taxing the church and nobles. They refused. Banks stopped letting the king borrow money. 1788. King called for the Estate General.

37. Laws in the U.S. to somewhat keep French revolutionaries from immigrating to America.

38. The new name of the Third Estate.

39. Nobles of the word and nobles of the robe. few taxes.

40. 1807. Russia and Napoleon for some land. by 1810 they no longer wanted this treaty.

41. This meant that the monarch shared power with the National Assembly and could not act beyond the powers granted him by the constitution. rea p. 45

42. Mass execution of men and women through drowning and the guillotine. 25 -000-50 -000 were killed.

43. Clergy. Did not pay any taxes.