Test your basic knowledge |

Subject : engineering
  • Answer 27 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. A thread is looped - twisted or braided to other threads independently from a backing fabric.

2. One-off production - needlework and embroideries are sometimes too complex - time and effort mean more to the consumer - meaningful to societies - main source of income to places where money for new technology is not available

3. Fabric glue- creates a simple - straight seam that receives little stress.

4. A material made up of a network of natural or artificial fibres formed by knitting - weaving or pressing felt

5. Zippers - buttons - Velcro - glue - ties.

6. Is transparent. Exquisite decorative fabric. Can be made from a variety of different fibres (eg. wool - cotton - silk). Can shrink - tears easily.

7. Wool felt is a non - woven fabric made from animal hair or wool fibres matted together using moisture - heat and pressure. The fibres are placed all facing one direction - warm water is then poured on top. Then soap is applied and pressure along with

8. Used to permanently join two fabrics together using an adhesive resin. In a factory - this could be a flat bed press (used to join short fabric lengths for batch production) and a conveyor press (used for fusing long fabric lengths for mass productio

9. During weaving - a second yarn is then threaded from side to side - over and under the warp yarns - to make a fabric. This is called a...

10. Warp knitting and weft knitting.

11. During the weaving process - the weft yarn is taken over and underneath the warp yarns with a '________'. For each row being woven - selected warp yarns are either lifted or lowered - creating a passage for the shuttle to pass through with the weft y

12. Cotton and synthetic fabrics are bleached before dying. this makes it easier to dye pastel shades.

13. Stretchy and comfortable. Used for socks - tshirts and jumpers

14. The interlacing of two or more yarns using a loom. Generally - woven fabrics are strong fabrics.

15. Most fabrics commonly use a flat seam. This is also fast and cheap. Two fabrics together. Neat finish.

16. This is the simplest weave - the weft yarn passes over one then underneath one warp yarn at a time. It produces strong - durable fabric for a variety of clothing and furnishing needs.

17. Plain weave is strong and hardwearing. Used for fashion and furnishing fabrics.

18. When the shuttle completes passing through the space provided - the position of the warp yarn is again changed and the weft is brought back through in the ____________. This process is continually repeated until the fabric is produced.

19. Bonded- fibre fabrics are made from webs of synthetic fibres bonded together with heat or adhesives.

20. Involves applying a layer of polymer to the surface of the fabric. Teflon coating makes fabrics stain resistant - water repellent and breathable.

21. Made from webs of synthetic fibres bonded together with heat or adhesives. They are cheap to produce by not strong. They are easy to sew - crease resistant - does not fray and are stable when washing and dry cleaning.

22. Slightly stretchy and does not ladder. Used for swimwear - underwear and geotextiles

23. Knitted fabric consists of consecutive loops - called stitches. As each row progresses - a new loop is pulled through an existing loop. The active stitches are held on a needle until another loop can be passed through them. This process eventually re

24. Strong - drapes well. Used for jeans - jackets and curtains

25. Made from animal hair or wool fibres matted together. Felt has no strength - drape or elasticity. But it is warm and does not fray - wool felt is expensive. Used for hats - slippers and in handcrafts.

26. Involve an engraved of a raised calender roller that presses a three- dimentional pattern onto a textile. the embossing permanently presses it down to create the embossed effect.

27. To weave the yarns together - the loom is first set up with yarns running lengthwise - from the top to the bottom of the loom.These are called...