Test your basic knowledge |

Subject : it-skills
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. This principle's purpose is to direct the audience's attention - and make it clear what is of greatest importance in a scene; what is happening - and what is about to happen. Johnston and Thomas defined it as "the presentation of any idea so that it






2. An American animator. He was a pioneer in the development of the animated cartoon. He brought such animated characters as Betty Boop - Koko the Clown - Popeye - and Superman to the movie screen and was responsible for a number of technological innova






3. Acknowledged by people everywhere as having some deep or central relevance to everyone. They might have to do with life in general - human nature - faith - courage - basic life transitions - love - loss - and any number of other things.






4. In this type of animation - the animator plans his action - figuring out just what drawings will be needed to animate the scene. This is used for animation that requires good acting - where poses and timing are important.






5. Where a character starts to move and parts of him take a few frames to catch up.






6. In a cartoon character this corresponds to what would be called charisma in an actor. A character who has this characteristic is not necessarily sympathetic villains or monsters can also be appealing the important thing is that the viewer feels t






7. The earliest elementary form of this device was created in China around 180 AD. The modern device was produced in 1834. The device is essentially a cylinder with vertical slits around the sides. Around the inside edge of the cylinder there are a seri






8. The movement of the human body - and most other objects - needs time to accelerate and slow down. For this reason - animation looks more realistic if it has more drawings near the beginning and end of an action - emphasizing the extreme poses - and f






9. The rapid display of a sequence of images of 2-D or 3-D artwork or model positions in order to create an illusion of movement.






10. A book with a series of pictures that vary gradually from one page to the next - so that when the pages are turned rapidly - the pictures appear to animate by simulating motion or some other change.






11. The phenomenon of the eye by which an afterimage is thought to persist for approximately one twenty-fifth of a second on the retina.






12. A French caricaturist who made "Fantasmagorie" which is considered to be the first fully animated film ever made. It was made up of 700 drawings - each of which was double-exposed - leading to a running time of almost two minutes.






13. An English photographer who spent much of his life in the United States. He is known for his pioneering work on animal locomotion which used multiple cameras to capture motion - and his zoopraxiscope - a device for projecting motion pictures that pre






14. A simple toy used in the Victorian era. It is a small circular disk or card with two different pictures on each side that was attached to a piece of string or a pair of strings running through the centre. When the string is twirled quickly between th






15. Adding these to the main action gives a scene more life - and can help to support the main action. A person walking can simultaneously swing his arms or keep them in his pockets - he can speak or whistle - or he can express emotions through facial ex






16. In typography - it is the process of uniformly increasing or decreasing the space between all letters in a block of text.






17. A drawing that defines the starting and ending points of any transition.






18. In typography - it refers to the distance between the baselines of successive lines of type.






19. This is an acclaimed book - 1981 - by Ollie Johnston and Frank Thomas. It is widely considered to be one of the best books ever published on the topic of character animation.






20. A silent film made in 1900. It was directed by J. Stuart Blackton.






21. A French illusionist and filmmaker famous for leading many technical and narrative developments in the earliest days of cinema. He was a prolific innovator in the use of special effects - accidentally discovered the substitution stop trick in 1896 -






22. Invented by French scientist Charles-mile Reynaud - it was a more sophisticated version of the zoetrope. It used the same basic mechanism of a strip of images placed on the inside of a spinning cylinder - but instead of viewing it through slits - it






23. In typography - it is a slight projection finishing off a stroke of a letter.






24. Used to prepare the audience for an action - and to make the action appear more realistic. A dancer jumping off the floor has to bend his knees first; a golfer making a swing has to swing the club back first. The technique can also be used for less p






25. This is when the animation is created first - then audio is added later. Sound effects are used to complement the spatial and temporal settings established by the visuals.






26. An American cartoonist and animator. His pioneering early animated films far outshone the work of his contemporaries - and set a standard followed by Walt Disney and others in later decades. His two best-known creations are the newspaper comic strip






27. One of the first filmmakers to use the techniques of stop-motion and drawn animation.






28. An Australian cartoonist - pioneer animator and film producer - best known for producing the first Felix the Cat silent cartoons.






29. 1.) The velocity of a body remains constant unless the body is acted upon by an external force. 2.) The acceleration (a) of a body is parallel and directly proportional to the net force (F) and inversely proportional to the mass (m) - F = ma 3.) The






30. The tendency for parts of the body to move at different rates (an arm will move on different timing of the head and so on).






31. This principle means taking into account forms in three-dimensional space - giving them volume and weight. The animator needs to be a skilled draughtsman and has to understand the basics of three-dimensional shapes - anatomy - weight - balance - ligh






32. A 1928 American animated short film produced in black-and-white by The Walt Disney Studio. The cartoon is considered the debut of Mickey Mouse. The film is also notable for being one of the first cartoons with synchronized sound.






33. A special motion picture camera used in the traditional animation process that moves a number of pieces of artwork past the camera at various speeds and at various distances from one another.






34. The classical definition - employed by Disney - was to remain true to reality - just presenting it in a wilder - more extreme form. Other forms of of this technique can involve the supernatural or surreal - alterations in the physical features of a c






35. A sound-track or music that has not been carefully timed to fit the picture. Music and animation are both "time arts" and will thus eventually synchronize at random points.






36. Separate parts of a body will continue moving after the character has stopped.






37. Two different approaches to the actual drawing process. One draws out a scene frame by frame from beginning to end. One involves starting with drawing a few key frames and then filling in the intervals later. One is best for creating a more fluid - d






38. Renderings of a character standing in multiple positions including facing front - 3/4 front - profile - 3/4 rear - and rear.






39. Voices - music - and key sound effects that are recorded before the animation is produced.






40. A Russian and French stop-motion animator who used insects and other animals as his protagonists.






41. An early motion picture exhibition device. Though not a movie projectorit was designed for films to be viewed individually through the window of a cabinet housing its componentsit introduced the basic approach that would become the standard for all






42. Adds more frames near the beginning and near the end of a movement - and fewer in the middle - to make the animation appear more realistic. This principle applies to both characters moving between two extreme poses and inanimate - moving objects.






43. The predecessor of the modern day projector. It consisted of a translucent oil painting and a simple lamp. When put together in a darkened room - the image would appear larger on a flat surface. Some slides for the lanterns contained parts that could






44. Helps render movement more realistic and gives the impression that characters follow the laws of physics. Exaggerated used of the technique can produce a comical effect - while more realistic animation must time the actions exactly to produce a convi






45. The most important principle is this - the purpose of which is to give a sense of weight and flexibility to drawn objects. It can be applied to simple objects - like a bouncing ball - or more complex constructions - like the musculature of a human fa






46. A 1937 American animated film produced by Walt Disney. Based on the German fairy tale by the Brothers Grimm - it is the first full-length cel-animated feature in motion picture history - the first animated feature film produced in America - the first






47. A moving picture show presented by Charles-mile Reynaud in 1892. It was the first presentation of projected moving images to an audience.






48. An early motion picture device that provided viewing to one person at a time. Worked on the same principle as the flip book. Quickly dominated the coin-in-the-slot "peep-show" business.






49. The speed of an action gives meaning to movement - both physical and emotional meaning. The animator must spend the appropriate amount of time on the anticipation of an action - on the action - and on the reaction to the action. If too much time is s






50. It is called this because an animator literally works directly from the first drawing in the scene. This process usually produces drawings and action that have a fresh and slightly zany look - because the whole process is kept very creative. This tec