Test your basic knowledge |

Subject : it-skills
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers to obvious but it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. A French illusionist and filmmaker famous for leading many technical and narrative developments in the earliest days of cinema. He was a prolific innovator in the use of special effects - accidentally discovered the substitution stop trick in 1896 -






2. A moving picture show presented by Charles-mile Reynaud in 1892. It was the first presentation of projected moving images to an audience.






3. An early motion picture device that provided viewing to one person at a time. Worked on the same principle as the flip book. Quickly dominated the coin-in-the-slot "peep-show" business.






4. A silent film made in 1900. It was directed by J. Stuart Blackton.






5. A drawing that defines the starting and ending points of any transition.






6. In typography - it is the process of uniformly increasing or decreasing the space between all letters in a block of text.






7. In a cartoon character this corresponds to what would be called charisma in an actor. A character who has this characteristic is not necessarily sympathetic villains or monsters can also be appealing the important thing is that the viewer feels t






8. A 1937 American animated film produced by Walt Disney. Based on the German fairy tale by the Brothers Grimm - it is the first full-length cel-animated feature in motion picture history - the first animated feature film produced in America - the first






9. A book with a series of pictures that vary gradually from one page to the next - so that when the pages are turned rapidly - the pictures appear to animate by simulating motion or some other change.






10. The classical definition - employed by Disney - was to remain true to reality - just presenting it in a wilder - more extreme form. Other forms of of this technique can involve the supernatural or surreal - alterations in the physical features of a c






11. This is a silent cartoon by J. Stuart Blackton released in 1906. It features a cartoonist drawing faces on a chalkboard - and the faces coming to life. It is generally regarded by film historians as the first animated film.






12. A 1928 American animated short film produced in black-and-white by The Walt Disney Studio. The cartoon is considered the debut of Mickey Mouse. The film is also notable for being one of the first cartoons with synchronized sound.






13. Most natural action tends to follow an arched trajectory - and animation should adhere to this principle by following implied "arcs" for greater realism. This can apply to a limb moving by rotating a joint - or a thrown object moving along a paraboli






14. Considered the most important principle. Gives a sense of weight and flexibility to drawn objects - In realistic animation - the most important aspect of this principle is the fact that an object's volume does not change when the effect is applied. I






15. Invented by French scientist Charles-mile Reynaud - it was a more sophisticated version of the zoetrope. It used the same basic mechanism of a strip of images placed on the inside of a spinning cylinder - but instead of viewing it through slits - it






16. This principle's purpose is to direct the audience's attention - and make it clear what is of greatest importance in a scene; what is happening - and what is about to happen. Johnston and Thomas defined it as "the presentation of any idea so that it






17. The phenomenon of the eye by which an afterimage is thought to persist for approximately one twenty-fifth of a second on the retina.






18. Helps render movement more realistic and gives the impression that characters follow the laws of physics. Exaggerated used of the technique can produce a comical effect - while more realistic animation must time the actions exactly to produce a convi






19. An early motion picture exhibition device. Though not a movie projectorit was designed for films to be viewed individually through the window of a cabinet housing its componentsit introduced the basic approach that would become the standard for all






20. A French caricaturist who made "Fantasmagorie" which is considered to be the first fully animated film ever made. It was made up of 700 drawings - each of which was double-exposed - leading to a running time of almost two minutes.






21. An Australian cartoonist - pioneer animator and film producer - best known for producing the first Felix the Cat silent cartoons.






22. They have a beginning (setup) middle (conflict) and end (resolution). Oftentimes - in the end the character achieves the goal and better understands themselves.






23. 1.) The velocity of a body remains constant unless the body is acted upon by an external force. 2.) The acceleration (a) of a body is parallel and directly proportional to the net force (F) and inversely proportional to the mass (m) - F = ma 3.) The






24. Acknowledged by people everywhere as having some deep or central relevance to everyone. They might have to do with life in general - human nature - faith - courage - basic life transitions - love - loss - and any number of other things.






25. An English photographer who spent much of his life in the United States. He is known for his pioneering work on animal locomotion which used multiple cameras to capture motion - and his zoopraxiscope - a device for projecting motion pictures that pre






26. The predecessor of the modern day projector. It consisted of a translucent oil painting and a simple lamp. When put together in a darkened room - the image would appear larger on a flat surface. Some slides for the lanterns contained parts that could






27. Where a character starts to move and parts of him take a few frames to catch up.






28. In typography - it is a slight projection finishing off a stroke of a letter.






29. Voices - music - and key sound effects that are recorded before the animation is produced.






30. The most important principle is this - the purpose of which is to give a sense of weight and flexibility to drawn objects. It can be applied to simple objects - like a bouncing ball - or more complex constructions - like the musculature of a human fa






31. Adding these to the main action gives a scene more life - and can help to support the main action. A person walking can simultaneously swing his arms or keep them in his pockets - he can speak or whistle - or he can express emotions through facial ex






32. This is an acclaimed book - 1981 - by Ollie Johnston and Frank Thomas. It is widely considered to be one of the best books ever published on the topic of character animation.






33. Separate parts of a body will continue moving after the character has stopped.






34. A sound-track or music that has not been carefully timed to fit the picture. Music and animation are both "time arts" and will thus eventually synchronize at random points.






35. This is when the animation is created first - then audio is added later. Sound effects are used to complement the spatial and temporal settings established by the visuals.






36. A simple toy used in the Victorian era. It is a small circular disk or card with two different pictures on each side that was attached to a piece of string or a pair of strings running through the centre. When the string is twirled quickly between th






37. A special motion picture camera used in the traditional animation process that moves a number of pieces of artwork past the camera at various speeds and at various distances from one another.






38. The rapid display of a sequence of images of 2-D or 3-D artwork or model positions in order to create an illusion of movement.






39. It is called this because an animator literally works directly from the first drawing in the scene. This process usually produces drawings and action that have a fresh and slightly zany look - because the whole process is kept very creative. This tec






40. Directs the audience's attention and makes it clear what is of greatest importance in a scene. Presents the idea in a complete and unmistakable method. Keeps the focus on what is relevant and avoids unnecessary detail.






41. One of the first filmmakers to use the techniques of stop-motion and drawn animation.






42. An American animator. He was a pioneer in the development of the animated cartoon. He brought such animated characters as Betty Boop - Koko the Clown - Popeye - and Superman to the movie screen and was responsible for a number of technological innova






43. Adds more frames near the beginning and near the end of a movement - and fewer in the middle - to make the animation appear more realistic. This principle applies to both characters moving between two extreme poses and inanimate - moving objects.






44. The earliest elementary form of this device was created in China around 180 AD. The modern device was produced in 1834. The device is essentially a cylinder with vertical slits around the sides. Around the inside edge of the cylinder there are a seri






45. The tendency for parts of the body to move at different rates (an arm will move on different timing of the head and so on).






46. Used to prepare the audience for an action - and to make the action appear more realistic. A dancer jumping off the floor has to bend his knees first; a golfer making a swing has to swing the club back first. The technique can also be used for less p






47. The speed of an action gives meaning to movement - both physical and emotional meaning. The animator must spend the appropriate amount of time on the anticipation of an action - on the action - and on the reaction to the action. If too much time is s






48. An American cartoonist and animator. His pioneering early animated films far outshone the work of his contemporaries - and set a standard followed by Walt Disney and others in later decades. His two best-known creations are the newspaper comic strip






49. An American film producer - director - screenwriter - voice actor - animator - entrepreneur - entertainer - international icon - and philanthropist - well-known for his influence in the field of entertainment during the 20th century. Along with his b






50. An 1908 French animated film by Amile Cohl. It is one of the earliest examples of traditional (hand-drawn) animation - and considered by film historians to be the first animated cartoon.