Test your basic knowledge |

AP Environmental Science

Subjects : science, ap
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Any other species of fish - mammals - or birds that are caught that are not the target organism.






2. Any compound that releases hydrogen ions when dissolved in water. Also - a water solution that contains a surplus of hydrogen ions.






3. The effect caused by a short exposure to a high level of toxin.






4. Is the practice of planting bands of different crops across a hillside.






5. Piles of gangue - which is the waste material that results from mining.






6. Open or forested areas built at the outer edge of a city.






7. The industry or occupation devoted to the catching - processing - or selling of fish - shellfish - or other aquatic animals.






8. The practice of alternating the crops grown on a piece of land - for example - corn one year - legumes for two years - and then back to corn.






9. Also known as plantations - these are planted and managed tracts of trees of the same age that are harvested for commercial use.






10. A succession of organisms in an ecological community that constitutes a continuation of food energy from one organism to another as each consumes a lower member and - in turn - is preyed upon by a higher member.






11. In fishing - the use of long lines that have baited hooks and will be taken by numerous aquatic organisms.






12. The cleanest-burning coal; almost pure carbon.






13. The gaseous mass or envelope surrounding a celestial body - especially the one surrounding the Earth - which is retained by the celestial body's gravitational field.






14. The value of natural resources.






15. Any waste that poses a danger to human health; it must be dealt with in a different way from other types of waste.






16. The process of burning.






17. Organisms that reproduce early in life and often and have a high capacity for reproductive growth.






18. Pollution that does not have a specific point of release - open -loop recycling -when materials are reused to form new products.






19. A layer of soil.






20. The atmospheric pressure conditions corresponding to the periodic warming of El Nino and cooling of La Nina.






21. The second-purest form of coal.






22. Organisms that derive energy from consuming nonliving organic matter.






23. A tank filled with aerobic bacteria that's used to treat sewage.






24. The thinning of the ozone layer over Antarctica (and to some extent - over the Arctic).






25. The process by which specialized bacteria (mostly anaerobic bacteria) convert ammonia to NOy NO2 - and N2 and release it back to the atmosphere.






26. Areas where cutting has occurred and a new - younger forest has arisen.






27. Organisms in the first stages of succession.






28. A method of supplying irrigation water through tubes that literally drip water onto the soil at the base of each plant.






29. A semiconductor device that converts the energy of sunlight into electric energy.






30. The degree to which a substance is biologically harmful.






31. Transition in species composition of a biological community - often following ecological disturbance of the community; the establishment of a biological community in any area virtually barren of life.






32. The dark - crumbly - nutrient-rich material that results from the decomposition of organic material.






33. The process in which animals (and plants!) breathe and give off carbon dioxide from cellular metabolism.






34. Can consist of hazardous waste - industrial solid waste - or municipal waste. Many types of solid waste provide a threat to human health and the environment.






35. When the size of an organism's natural habitat is reduced - or when development occurs that isolates a habitat.






36. The third purest form of coal.






37. The amount of energy that plants pass on to the community of herbivores in an ecosystem.






38. A long - relatively narrow island running parallel to the mainland-built up by the action of waves and currents and serving to protect the coast from erosion by surf and tidal surges.






39. The process by which - according to Darwin's theory of evolution - only the organisms best adapted to their environment tend to survive and transmit their genetic characteristics in increasing numbers to succeeding generations - while those less adap






40. Poor nutrition that results from an insufficient or poorly balanced diet.






41. The coarsest soil - with particles 0.05 -2.0 mm in diameter.






42. The place where two plates abut each other.






43. A group of modern windmills.






44. A layer in a large body of water - such as a lake - that sharply separates regions differing in temperature - so that the temperature gradient across the layer is abrupt.






45. Devices containing alkaline substances that precipitate out much of the sulfur dioxide from industrial plants.






46. Fires that typically burn only the forest's underbrush and do little damage to mature trees. Surface fires actually serve to protect the forest from more harmful fires by removing underbrush and dead materials that would burn quickly and at high temp






47. Says that energy can neither be created nor destroyed; it can only be transferred and transformed.






48. A waste product produced by the burning of coal.






49. An organism that obtains organic food molecules without eating other organisms or substances derived from other organisms. autotrophs use energy from the sun or from the oxidation of inorganic substances to make organic molecules from inorganic ones.






50. States that matter can neither be created nor destroyed.