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AP Environmental Science

Subjects : science, ap
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. An influential theory that concerns the long-term rate of conventional oil (and other fossil fuel) extraction and depletion. It predicts that future world oil production will soon reach a peak and then rapidly decline.

2. The place where two plates abut each other.

3. When an area of vegetation is cut down and burned before being planted with crops.

4. Countries that have a renewable annual water supply of less than 1 -000 m3 per person.

5. The thinning of the ozone layer over Antarctica (and to some extent - over the Arctic).

6. Refers to when farmers plant seeds without using a plow to turn the soil.

7. The amount that the population would grow if there were unlimited resources in its environment.

8. The day-to-day use of environmental resources as food - clothing - and housing.

9. This category includes organisms that consume producers (plants and algae).

10. Can consist of hazardous waste - industrial solid waste - or municipal waste. Many types of solid waste provide a threat to human health and the environment.

11. The movement of individuals into a population.

12. The second-purest form of coal.

13. Says that energy can neither be created nor destroyed; it can only be transferred and transformed.

14. The result of vibrations (often due to plate movements) deep in the Earth that release energy. They often occur as two plates slide past one another at a transform boundary.

15. Graphical representations of populations' ages.

16. The maximum population size that can be supported by the available resources in a region.

17. The cultivation of a single crop on a farm or in a region or country; a single - homogeneous culture without diversity or dissension.

18. Being extinct or the process of becoming extinct.

19. Urban areas that heat up more quickly and retain heat more than do nonurban areas.

20. An introduced - normative species.

21. A process in which cold - often nutrient-rich - waters from the ocean depths rise to the surface.

22. The dosage level of a toxin at which a negative effect occurs.

23. When trees and crops are planted together - creating a mutualistic symbiotic relationship between them.

24. The region draining into river system or other body of water.

25. A group of organisms of the same species that live in the same area.

26. Fires that typically burn only the forest's underbrush and do little damage to mature trees. Surface fires actually serve to protect the forest from more harmful fires by removing underbrush and dead materials that would burn quickly and at high temp

27. The bedrock - which lies below all of the other layers of soil - is referred to as the R horizon.

28. A symbiotic relationship in which one member is helped by the association and the other is harmed.

29. The day-to-day variations in temperature - air pressure - wind - humidity - and precipitation mediated by the atmosphere in a given region.

30. When the signs and symptoms of an illness can be attributed to a specific infectious organism that resides in the building.

31. The uppermost horizon of soil. It is primarily made up of organic material - including waste from organisms - the bodies of decomposing organisms - and live organisms.

32. The molten core of the Earth.

33. A plate boundary at which plates are moving away from each other. This causes an upwelling of magma from the mantle to cool and form new crust.

34. A basic substance; chemically - a substance that absorbs hydrogen ions or releases hydroxyl ions; in reference to natural water - a measure of the base content of the water.

35. A region of the ocean near the equator - characterized by calms - light winds - or squalls.

36. The process by which the concentration of toxic substances increases in each successive link in the food chain.

37. Poor nutrition that results from an insufficient or poorly balanced diet.

38. Radioactive wastes that produce high levels of ionizing radiation.

39. Devices containing alkaline substances that precipitate out much of the sulfur dioxide from industrial plants.

40. Organisms that reproduce later in life - produce fewer offspring - and devote significant time and energy to the nurturing of their offspring.

41. Change in the genetic composition of a population during successive generations as a result of natural selection acting on the genetic variation among individuals and resulting in the development of new species.

42. The process in green plants and certain other organisms by which carbohydrates are synthesized from carbon dioxide and water using light as an energy source. Most forms of photosynthesis release oxygen as a byproduct.

43. A specific location from which pollution is released; an example of a point source location is a factory where wood is being burned.

44. The finest soil - made up of particles that are less than 0.002 mm in diameter.

45. The removal of all of the trees in an area.

46. An organism such as a bacterium or protozoan - that obtains its nourishment through the oxidation of inorganic chemical compounds - as opposed to photosynthesis.

47. The atmospheric pressure conditions corresponding to the periodic warming of El Nino and cooling of La Nina.

48. The act or process of transpiring - or releasing water vapor - especially through the stomata of plant tissue or the pores of the skin.

49. The broad category under which selective cutting and shelter-wood cutting fall; selective deforestation.

50. When mature trees are cut over a period of time (usually10 -20 years); this leaves mature trees - which can reseed the forest - in place.