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AP Music Theory

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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. A scale with a WHWWHWW step pattern and three different derivatives: Natural - Harmonic - & Melodic

2. The smallest interval between two notes

3. The distance between one wave and the next

4. A scale containing 7 notes with no second or sixth degree

5. Refers to the shape and form of the sound wave as it moves in distance & frequency

6. Major and minor scales that have the same pitches & key signature

7. A symbol which means the song has a four four time signature

8. Each step of a scale

9. An accidental which is placed in parenthesis indication the note has the same accidental in a different octave

10. A set of five lines and four spaces for note writing; each line corresponds to a note with a letter name in between A and G

11. Another name for a note using the opposite accidental

12. A tail drawn on the top of a stem for all notes shorter in value than a quarter note

13. Scale degree 1; the tone on which a scale is built

14. A minor church mode with a raised sixth

15. A combination of overtones that clash or are out of tune with each other

16. A major church mode with a flatted seventh

17. A minor scale containing a minor pentachord followed by a raised sixth and seventh ascending - and the natural minor form descending

18. An accidental used to indicate that the note is to be raised two half steps

19. Two lines that signal the end of a section of music

20. A minor scale containing a minor pentachord followed by a raised seventh

21. Rhythmic displacements of the expected strong beats created by dots - rests - ties - accent marks - & dynamics

22. A minor church mode following the natural minor scale

23. The first beat of a measure & it corresponds with the movement of conductor's hand

24. Multiple staves connected by bar lines - a bracket - or a brace

25. Low female voice; clef is on the middle line

26. Scale degree 3; halfway between the tonic & dominant

27. A scale containing 8 notes that alternate a whole step & half step apart

28. Series of duration of sound and silence

29. The first five notes of every form of a minor scale; same as minor except for flatted third

30. Consists of 3 elements: attack - sustain - and release

31. Scale degree 6 in a melodic minor scale when the 6th is raised a half step

32. A minor church mode with a flatted second

33. An interval that consists of two half steps

34. The unit of measure for frequency or the rate of vibration

35. Scale degree 7 in the natural minor scale when the 7th is a whole step above the tonic

36. An ordered collection of pitches in whole and half step patterns

37. A symbol that extends the value of a note by half the original value

38. Unit of space in between bar lines

39. A major church mode with no accidentals

40. A form of short hand that dispenses with the writing of accidentals for the notes being changed to fit the scale

41. A scale with a WWHWWWH step pattern containing two tetrachords

42. The use of all three minor forms within a composition

43. A scale with a different pattern of whole & half steps from major or minor

44. A symmetrical scale with all pitches spaced a half step apart

45. Low male voice; clef is on the fifth line

46. Lines written when the note goes above and below the staff lines

47. Scale degree 7; Leads up to resolution of tonic

48. Scale degree 2; prefix 'super' meaning above the tonic

49. A scale containing 5 notes containing no half steps; C D E G A C

50. The speed of a beat