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AP U.S. History

Subjects : history, ap
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Reluctant to give colonists their own government - preferred to appoint royal governors

2. Small oil companies sold stock and authority to Rockefeller's Standard Oil Company (consolidation) - cornered world petroleum market

3. Truman tested for communist alliances within government; government employees prohibited from taking part in remotely-communist activities

4. Gorbachev decreased nuclear arsenals - Communist Party lost power - Boris Yeltsin (president of Russian Republic) led Muscovites to take control

5. Group of Bostonians in opposition to the Stamp Act - sought to drive stamp distributors from the city

6. FDR encouraged democracies to quarantine their opponents (economic embargos); criticized by isolationists

7. Nixon led movement to Hiss's indictment; convicted of perjury - Nixon gained national prominence

8. Elvis Presley - Marilyn Monroe - James Dean - Beatniks rebelled against conservative conformity of the rest of the country (esp. targeted youth)

9. Society naturally punishes criminals indiscriminantly

10. Secretary of State under Lincoln and Johnson; purchase of Alaska 'Seward's Folly'

11. September 1949 - US no longer held monopoly; two atomic powers

12. Hamilton's plan to solve Revolutionary debt - Assumption highly controversial - pushed his plan through Congress - based on loose interpretation of Constitution

13. Foundation for self-government laid out by the first Massachusetts settlers before arriving on land

14. Radical Calvinists against the Church of England; Separatists (Pilgrims) argued for a break from the Church of England - led the Mayflower - and established the settlement at Plymouth

15. Military hero from War of 1812; elected president 1840 - died of pneumonia a month later - gave presidency to Tyler

16. Left primary open to Robert Kennedy and Eugene McCarthy - both promising to end the controversial war

17. Parks arrested for refusing to give up bus seat to white man - African American leaders called for city-wide boycott of bus system (lasted almost 400 days); Supreme Court ruled segregated buses unconstitutional

18. Reagan called the Soviet Union an 'evil empire'; Korean passenger plane shot down near Moscow (increased anti-Soviet rhetoric); Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) used space-based lasers as defense from nuclear attack

19. McKinley reluctant; armed intervention to free Cuba from Spain; Roosevelt's 'Rough Riders' made attack on Spanish at Cuba

20. Family farmers who hired out slaves for the harvest season - self-sufficient - participated in local markets alongside slave owners

21. In Brook Farm Community - lived in seclusion for two years writing Walden and On Civil Disobedience - proved that man could provide for himself without materialistic wants

22. Strong central government - separation of powers - 'extended republic'

23. Offered a New Deal (reminiscent of FDR) of smaller government - reduced taxes - and free enterprise; Washington outsider

24. Newt Gingrich (Republican congressman) planned for success of Republican party in upcoming election by pledging tax cuts - congressional term limits - tougher crime laws - balanced budget amendment - popular reforms &c.

25. Electric light - phonograph - mimeograph - Dictaphone - moving pictures

26. Part of the New Left that envisioned 'participatory democracy' (individuals control life-affecting decisions) - end materialism - militarism - and racism; inspired by young black activists

27. Editor of The Liberator (strongly abolitionist newspaper calling for immediate abolition of slavery) - fought for feminist movement ('Am I not a woman and a sister' picture of slave woman)

28. Writing took a more realistic approach on the world - regionalist writers focused on local life (Sarah Orne Jewett) - naturalist writers focused on economy and psychology (Stephen Crane)

29. Combined Massachusetts - New Hampshire - Connecticut - Rhode Island - and Plymouth (and later Jersey and New York) into one 'supercolony' governed by Sir Edmond Andros - a 'supergovernor'

30. Opposed Polk's high-handedness - avid Southern slave owner

31. British passenger liner secretly carrying ammunition sunk by German u-boat - included American passengers

32. Pushed through northern Georgia - captured Atlanta - 'march to the sea' (total war and destruction) - proceeded to South Carolina

33. 'Southern Strategy' lured many southern Democrats to the Republican party (esp. due to southern opposition to Civil Rights Act of 1964)

34. Led by Francis Willard - powerful 'interest group' following the civil war - urged women's suffrage - led to Prohibition

35. Religious movements - traveling 'meetings -' rise of Baptist and Methodist ministries; Charles G. Finney

36. Nonviolent protest to college students (NC) being refused lunch service; part of 'sit-in' movement to integrate all aspects of life (hotels - entertainment - &c.)

37. Lee's chief lieutenant and premier cavalry officer

38. Father Charles Coughlin (benefited only wealthy people and corporations) - Huey Long ('share our wealth') - Francis Townshend (Old Age Revolving Pension)

39. Due to threat of nuclear war - Soviets erected wall to separate East Berlin from West Berlin (end exodus of intellect to west); symbol of communist denial of freedom

40. Founded by Uriah Stephens (1869); excluded corrupt and well-off; equal female pay - end to child/convict labor - employer-employee relations - proportional income tax; 'bread and butter' unionism (higher wages - shorter hours - better conditions)

41. Storage of Soviet missiles in Cuba (threat of nuclear war); Krushchev demanded that US never invade Cuba and remove forces from Turkey; mutual compliance with each other's demands

42. Prohibited settlements west of Appalachian - restriction on colonial growth

43. Georgia cannot enforce American laws on Indian tribes

44. Darwinian (influenced by jazz age and new scientific ideas) against Fundamentalist (the Bible and Creationism); John Scopes convicted for teaching Darwinism (defended by Clarence Darrow); Scopes found guilty

45. Government would hold its revenues rather than deposit them in banks - thus keeping the funds away from private corporations; 'America's Second Declaration of Independence'

46. Territory split into Kansas and Nebraska - popular sovereignty (Kansas slave - Nebraska free); proposed by Stephen A. Douglas

47. Fought for women's rights and abolition - 'Men and women are CREATED EQUAL!'

48. Led Pottawatomie Massacre - extreme abolitionist who believed he was doing God's work

49. Westward migration of workers (new economic opportunities - esp. aircraft industry) - high rates of divorce and family/juvenile violence - women encouraged to work in factories - still held inferior to men

50. Beginnings of trusts (destruction of competition); vertical- controlling every aspect of production (control quality - eliminate middlemen - Rockefeller); horizontal- consolidating with competitors to monopolize a market (highly detrimental)