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AP U.S. History

Subjects : history, ap
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Part of Nixon's tri-faceted plan to honorably remove troops from Vietnam; wean the South Vietnamese off of American support - gradually reducing number of American troops present

2. Standard Oil Company - Ruthless business tactics (survival of the fittest)

3. FDR asked for increased authority to aid Britain; freedom of speech/expression - of religion - from want - from fear; resulted in Lend-Lease

4. Introduced the 'trickle-down' economics theory in order to promote business and increase money available for speculation

5. Overthrew Pres. Guzman after he nationalized American fruit fields and accepted arms from USSR (communist sympathies)

6. Provided country with a break from partisan politics - Missouri Compromise - issued Monroe Doctrine

7. Established by 'General' William Booth - uniformed volunteers provided food - shelter - and employment to families - attracted poor with lively preaching and marching bands in order to instill middle-class virtues

8. Ex-Lincoln secretary; worked to gain Open Door Notes' acceptance from the major powers

9. North African Muslim rulers solved budget problems through piracy and tributes in Mediterranean - obtained fees from most European powers

10. Black veteran escorted to be enrolled in Univ. of Miss. by military (school reluctant - cf. Little Rock Nine)

11. Philosophy that deficit spending during a depression would increase purchasing power and stimulate economy; FDR disagreed with the policy at first and borrowed money to cover deficits

12. LBJ's flood of proposals to Congress for the beautification and amelioration of American society (War on Poverty - Medicare - public education spending - public television (PBS) - National Endowments for the Humanities and Arts (NEH - NEA))

13. Fearing the rise of labor unions - corporations forced new employees to sign and promise not to be part of a union

14. Drafting extremely hated by Northerners - sparked by Irish-Americans against the black population - 500 lives lost - many buildings burned

15. President has power to cease trade with any foreign country that violated American neutrality

16. Attempted to centralize production of war materials; ineffective due to American desire for laissez-faire government

17. Only English and American ships allowed to colonial ports; dissent began in 1763

18. Hamilton's plan to solve Revolutionary debt - Assumption highly controversial - pushed his plan through Congress - based on loose interpretation of Constitution

19. Elvis Presley - Marilyn Monroe - James Dean - Beatniks rebelled against conservative conformity of the rest of the country (esp. targeted youth)

20. Settlers to pay the expenses of a servant's voyage and be granted land for each person they brought over; headright system

21. Another part of Nixon's out-of-Vietnam plan - destroy supply routes to North Vietnam through Cambodia

22. Europeans should not interfere with affairs in Western Hemisphere - Americans to stay out of foreign affairs; supported Washington's goal for US neutrality in Americas

23. Believed that God created the universe to act through natural laws; Franklin - Jefferson - Paine

24. Family farmers who hired out slaves for the harvest season - self-sufficient - participated in local markets alongside slave owners

25. New Englanders who did not wish to relate their conversion experiences could become half-way saints so that their children would be able to have the opportunity to be saints

26. Combined Massachusetts - New Hampshire - Connecticut - Rhode Island - and Plymouth (and later Jersey and New York) into one 'supercolony' governed by Sir Edmond Andros - a 'supergovernor'

27. Part of 'Second' New Deal Programs (1935-1938) - Harry Hopkins; provide work for unemployed and construct public works - &c. through Emergency Relief Appropriation Act; much like Civil Works Administration

28. Ended the Dominion of New England - gave power back to colonies

29. Small state banks set up by Jackson to keep federal funds out of the National Bank - used until funds were consolidated into a single treasury

30. Full American independence - territory west of Appalachian ceded to America - loyalists to be compensated for seized property - fishing rights off of Newfoundland

31. First president to show positive response to civil rights movement; worked heavily on keeping Soviet spread of communism in check

32. Economic recession (collapse of savings-and-loan industry - increasing deficit due to Reagan tax cuts - retail decreased - higher crime rate)

33. September 1949 - US no longer held monopoly; two atomic powers

34. Despite near-guaranteed second term - campaign workers burglarized Democratic offices - cover-up unsuccessful - resigned to avoid impeachment

35. Part of 'First' New Deal Program (1933-1935) - employed young jobless men with government projects on work relief and environment

36. Clay and Calhoun - eager for war with Britain (War of 1812)

37. Calvinist - devised concept of 'city on a hill' ('A Model of Christian Charity'); founded highly successful towns in Massachusetts Bay

38. Society naturally punishes criminals indiscriminantly

39. Truman tested for communist alliances within government; government employees prohibited from taking part in remotely-communist activities

40. Required separate and distinct ballots for presidential and vice presidential candidates

41. Tried to rule as absolute monarchs without using Parliament - little to no sympathy for colonial legislatures

42. Huerta's enemy - reluctantly supported by U.S.; U.S. sought Villa's submission due to terrorism - eventually assassinated; Wilson's policy highly unpopular

43. Activist government to serve all citizens (cf. Alexander Hamilton); founded New Republic magazine

44. Guerilla army sponsored by CIA to attack procommunist revolutionaries in Nicaragua; fear of another Vietnam

45. Accomplished great number of relief - recovery - and reform efforts; sought practical solutions to the problems by experimentation

46. Banned racial discrimination and segregation (public) - bias by federal government; enforced by Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

47. Attacked industrial elite - called for business regulation - publisher refused works breaking with Victorian ideals

48. Introduced his 'New Deal -' won election by a relative landslide (he was not Hoover - whom the public now did not trust)

49. Georgia cannot enforce American laws on Indian tribes

50. Supreme Court legalized the 'separate but equal' philosophy