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AP U.S. History

Subjects : history, ap
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Helped approval ratings - not removed from office despite all the efforts of Republican congressmen

2. Brought in Mexicans for temporary jobs - concentrated in southern CA - given extremely poor working conditions (as they were not American citizens)

3. John Brown and his sons slaughtered five men as a response to the election fraud in Lawrence and the caning of Sumner in Congress

4. (peace btw Egypt and Israel) Followed years of tension - Israel would leave newly acquired lands from war - Egypt would respect Israel's other land claims; accords not completely followed - Sadat (Egypt) assassinated

5. Acquired Mexican Cession (future California - Arizona - and New Mexico); Mexico acknowledged American annexation of Texas

6. Roosevelt's plan that aimed to regulate corporations (Anthracite coal strike - Dept. of Commerce and Labor - Elkins and Hepburn Acts) - protect consumers (meat sanitation) - and conserve natural resources (Newlands Reclamation Act)

7. American U-2 spy plane shot down over USSR (Ike: 'for national security); US suspended further flights - Krushchev demanded apology (refused)

8. Public treaties - free trade - free seas - reduced armament burdens - anti-imperialism - independence to minorities - international organization

9. Paper money; specie circular decreed that the government would not accept specie for government land

10. Hamilton's plan to solve Revolutionary debt - Assumption highly controversial - pushed his plan through Congress - based on loose interpretation of Constitution

11. Overthrew Pres. Guzman after he nationalized American fruit fields and accepted arms from USSR (communist sympathies)

12. Highest peacetime deficit in US history (due to lower tax rates for high-income taxpayers - spent too much money attempting to reduce price supports to farmers)

13. NLF attacked numerous South Vietnamese cities and American embassies - eventually repulsed; spoiled LBJ's record to reelection - resulted in massive protests in US to end the war; atrocities such that war could only end in stalemate

14. Supported abolition - broke off of Anti-Slavery Society

15. Committees appointed from different colonies to communicate on matters; asserted rights to selfgovernment - cooperation between colonies

16. Connected the colonies to Britain - opposed to unnecessary unfair taxation; strong influence on Albany Plan

17. Organized and controlled resistance against Parliamentary acts in less violent ways (strength of martyrdom) - advocated nonimportation

18. Withdrawal of American troops from foreign nations (especially Latin America) to improve international relations and unite western hemisphere; Clark Memorandum (rebukes the 'big stick'); peaceful resolution of Mexican oil fields

19. Banned racial discrimination and segregation (public) - bias by federal government; enforced by Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

20. (1) California admitted as free state - (2) territorial status and popular sovereignty of Utah and New Mexico - (3) resolution of Texas-New Mexico boundaries - (4) federal assumption of Texas debt - (5) slave trade abolished in DC - and (6) new fugit

21. In reaction to the Boston Tea Party; closing of Boston Harbor - revocation of Massachusetts charter (power to governor) - murder in the name of royal authority would be tried in England or another colony

22. Network of safe houses of white abolitionists used to bring slaves to freedom

23. Guerilla army sponsored by CIA to attack procommunist revolutionaries in Nicaragua; fear of another Vietnam

24. Introduced the 'trickle-down' economics theory in order to promote business and increase money available for speculation

25. Efficient working methods to increase productivity; usually resulted in lower wages (hated by workers) - power to managers

26. Settled in Pennsylvania - believed the 'Inner Light' could speak through any person and ran religious services without ministers

27. Cherokee tribe forced to move from southern Appalachians to reservations in current-day Oklahoma - high death toll

28. Workers unable to escape (locked into factory) - all died; further encouraged reform movements for working conditions

29. Gives Congress the power to pass laws it deems necessary to enforce the Constitution

30. Jackson used personal friends as unofficial advisors over his official cabinet

31. Newt Gingrich (Republican congressman) planned for success of Republican party in upcoming election by pledging tax cuts - congressional term limits - tougher crime laws - balanced budget amendment - popular reforms &c.

32. US provided financial assistance to recover economies in Europe; aimed towards anti-communist governments in France - Italy - and Germany; Eastern European nations prohibited from receiving help from US

33. Sets of cardboard box houses that epitomized the country's blame on Hoover for the cause of the Depression

34. President to offer military supplies to nations 'vital to the defense of the US'; ended US neutrality (economic war against Germany); Hitler began to sink American ships (limited scale)

35. 'Southern Strategy' lured many southern Democrats to the Republican party (esp. due to southern opposition to Civil Rights Act of 1964)

36. Group of Bostonians in opposition to the Stamp Act - sought to drive stamp distributors from the city

37. States joined for foreign affairs - Congress reigned supreme (lacked executive and judicial) - one vote per state - 2/3 vote for bills - unanimous for amendments; too much power to states - unable to regulate commerce or taxes

38. Society naturally punishes criminals indiscriminantly

39. Party formed from Republican split by Roosevelt - more progressive values - leaving 'Republican Old Guard' to control Republican party

40. Political muckraking cartoonist - refused bribes to stop criticism

41. Support people oppressed by communism and non-democratic governments; worked with democratic governments in Greece - Turkey - and Israel

42. Combined Massachusetts - New Hampshire - Connecticut - Rhode Island - and Plymouth (and later Jersey and New York) into one 'supercolony' governed by Sir Edmond Andros - a 'supergovernor'

43. British-occupied cities - new governments - fighting by any with experience - loaned money - African-Americans and Native Americans involved

44. Belief in minimal government so as to allow the people their own free reign - lower taxes to stimulate economy - &c.

45. Civil Rights Act of 1875 declared unconstitutional by Supreme Court - as the fourteenth amendment protected people from governmental infringement of rights and had no effect on acts of private citizens

46. Fines and imprisonment for aiding the enemy or hindering U.S. military; forbade any form of criticism of the government and military

47. Military hero from War of 1812; elected president 1840 - died of pneumonia a month later - gave presidency to Tyler

48. Committee on Public Information; aimed to sell America and the world on Wilson's war goals; propaganda - censorship - 'four-minute men' speeches - 'Liberty Leagues' (spy on community)

49. Organize militia - end trade with Britain - refuse to pay taxes to Britain

50. Founded by Betty Friedan - Bella Abzug - and Aileen Hernandez; lobbied for equal opportunity where the EEOC was lacking (gender discrimination); lawsuits and mobilization of public opinion