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Behavioral Neuroscience

Subject : health-sciences
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Conducting toward a central nervous system structure.

2. Condition in which a person can display some rudimentary behaviors - such as smiling - or utter a few words but is otherwise not conscious.

3. Subcortical forebrain nuclei that coordinate voluntary movements of the limbs and body; connected to the thalamus and to the midbrain.

4. The brain and spinal cord that together mediate behavior.

5. Conducting away from the central nervous system structure.

6. General term referring to primates that walk upright - including all forms of humans - living and extinct.

7. Cerebral cortex where visual processing begins - lying at the back of the brain ad beneath the occipital bone.

8. Approved experiment directed toward developing a treatment.

9. Fiber system connecting the two cerebral hemispheres to provide a route for direct communication between them.

10. Disparate forebrain structures lying between the neocortex and the brainstem that form a functional system controlling affective and motivated behaviors and certain forms of memory; includes cingulate cortex - amygdala - hippocampus - among other str

11. Sudden appearance of neurological symptom as a result of severe interruption of blood flow.

12. All the neurons in the body located outside the brain and the spinal cord; provides sensory and motor connections to and from the CNS

13. Learned behaviors that are passed on from on generation to the next through teaching and experience.

14. Evolutionarily the oldest part of the brain; contains pons - medulla - reticular formation - and cerebellum structures that coordinate and control most voluntary and involuntary movements.

15. Clear solution of sodium chloride and other salts that fills the ventricles inside the brain and circulates around the brain and spinal cord beneath the arachnoid layer in the subarachnoid space.

16. Movement related to sensory inputs - such as turning the head to see the source of a sound.

17. Proposed nonmaterial entity responsible for intelligence - attention - awareness and consciousness.

18. Cerebral Cortex that functions to direct movements toward a goal or to perform a task - such as grasping an object - lying posterior to the central sulcus and beneath the parietal bone at the top of the skull.

19. Simple nervous system that has no brain or spinal cord but consists of neurons that receive sensory information and connect directly to other neurons that move muscles.

20. Part of the PNS that includes the cranial and spinal nerves to and from the muscles - joints - and skin that produce movement - transmit incoming sensory input - and inform the CNS about the position and movement of body parts.

21. Philosophical position that holds that behavior can be explained as a function of the nervous system without explanatory recourse to the mind.

22. Harry Jerison's quantitative measure of brain size obtained from the ratio of actual brain size to expected brain size - according to the principle of proper mass - for an animal of a particular body size.

23. Phylogenetic tree that branches repeatedly - suggesting a taxonomy of organisms based on the time sequence in which evolutionary branches arise.

24. Major structure of the forebrain - consisting of two virtually identical hemispheres (left and right) and responsible for most conscious behavior.

25. Diencephalon structure through which information from all sensory systems is integrated and projected into the appropriate region of the neocortex.

26. Large collection of axons coursing together within the central nervous system.

27. Three layers of protective tissue - dura mater - arachnoid - and pia mater - that encase the brain and spinal cord.

28. Part of the autonomic nervous system; arouses the body for action - such as mediating the involuntary fight-or-flight response to alarm by increasing hear rate and blood pressure.

29. Body plan in which organs or parts present on both sides of the body are mirror images in appearance.

30. Part of the PNS that regulates the functioning of internal organs and glands.

31. A small protrusion or bump formed by the folding of the cerebral cortex.

32. Major structure of the brainstem specialized for coordinating and learning skilled movements. In large-brained animals - it may also have a role in the coordination of other mental processes.

33. Evolutionarily the newest part of the brain; coordinates advanced cognitive functions such as thinking - planning - and language; contains the limbic system - basal ganglia - and the neocortex.

34. Hypothesis that the movements that we make and those that we perceive in others are essential features of our conscious behavior.

35. Neurosurgery in which electrodes implanted in the brain stimulate a targeted area with a low-voltage electrical current to facilitate behavior.

36. Degenerative brain disorder related to aging that first appears as progressive memory loss and later develops into generalized dementia.

37. Decrease in the activity of a neuron or brain area.

38. Areas of the nervous system rich in fat-sheathed neural axons that form the connections between brain cells.

39. Diencephalon structure through which information from all sensory systems is integrated into the appropriate region of the neocortex.

40. Part of the autonomic nervous system; acts in opposition to the sympathetic division- for example - preparing the body to rest and digest by reversing the alarm response or stimulating digestion.

41. The bones - or segments - that form the spinal column.

42. Darwin's theory for explaining how new species evolve and how existing species change over time. Differential success in the reproduction of different characteristics (phenotypes) results from the interaction of organisms with their environment.

43. Cortex that functions in connection with hearing - language - and musical abilities and lies below the lateral fissure - beneath the temporal bone at the side of the lobe.

44. Behavior that is characteristic of all members of a species.

45. Roof (area above the ventricle) of the midbrain; its functions are sensory processing - particular visual and auditory - and the production of orienting movements.

46. Outer layer of brain-tissue surface composed of neurons; the human cerebral cortex is heavily folded.

47. Central structures of the brain - including the hindbrain - midbrain - thalamus - and hypothalamus - responsible for most unconscious behavior.

48. Newest - outer layer (new bark) of the forebrain and composed of about six layers of gray matter that creates or reality.

49. Central part of the brain that contains neural circuits for hearing and seeing as well as orienting movements.

50. Area of the skin supplied with afferent nerve fibers by a single spinal-cord dorsal root.