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Behavioral Neuroscience

Subject : health-sciences
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. The nervous system's potential for physical or chemical change that enhances its adaptability to environmental change and its ability to compensate for injury.

2. Part of the PNS that includes the cranial and spinal nerves to and from the muscles - joints - and skin that produce movement - transmit incoming sensory input - and inform the CNS about the position and movement of body parts.

3. Sudden appearance of neurological symptom as a result of severe interruption of blood flow.

4. Part of the PNS that regulates the functioning of internal organs and glands.

5. All the neurons in the body located outside the brain and the spinal cord; provides sensory and motor connections to and from the CNS

6. Major structure of the brainstem specialized for coordinating and learning skilled movements. In large-brained animals - it may also have a role in the coordination of other mental processes.

7. That holds that both a nonmaterial mind and the material body contribute to behavior.

8. Process in which maturation is delayed - and so an adult retains infant characteristics; idea derived from the observation that newly evolved species resemble the young of their common ancestors.

9. Proposed nonmaterial entity responsible for intelligence - attention - awareness and consciousness.

10. Condition in which a person can display some rudimentary behaviors - such as smiling - or utter a few words but is otherwise not conscious.

11. Diencephalon structure through which information from all sensory systems is integrated and projected into the appropriate region of the neocortex.

12. Approved experiment directed toward developing a treatment.

13. The general principle that sensory fibers are located dorsally and motors fibers are located ventrally.

14. General term referring to primates that walk upright - including all forms of humans - living and extinct.

15. Conducting toward a central nervous system structure.

16. Body plan in which organs or parts present on both sides of the body are mirror images in appearance.

17. The brain and spinal cord that together mediate behavior.

18. Division into a number of parts that are similar; refers to the idea that many animals - including vertebrates - are composed of similarly organized body segments.

19. Evolutionarily the oldest part of the brain; contains pons - medulla - reticular formation - and cerebellum structures that coordinate and control most voluntary and involuntary movements.

20. Wound to the brain that results from a blow to the head..

21. Large collection of axons coursing together within the central nervous system.

22. The bones - or segments - that form the spinal column.

23. Clear solution of sodium chloride and other salts that fills the ventricles inside the brain and circulates around the brain and spinal cord beneath the arachnoid layer in the subarachnoid space.

24. Three layers of protective tissue - dura mater - arachnoid - and pia mater - that encase the brain and spinal cord.

25. Learned behaviors that are passed on from on generation to the next through teaching and experience.

26. Disparate forebrain structures lying between the neocortex and the brainstem that form a functional system controlling affective and motivated behaviors and certain forms of memory; includes cingulate cortex - amygdala - hippocampus - among other str

27. Newest - outer layer (new bark) of the forebrain and composed of about six layers of gray matter that creates or reality.

28. Large collection of axons coursing together outside of the central nervous system.

29. Central part of the brain that contains neural circuits for hearing and seeing as well as orienting movements.

30. Part of the autonomic nervous system; arouses the body for action - such as mediating the involuntary fight-or-flight response to alarm by increasing hear rate and blood pressure.

31. Animal that has both a brain and a spinal cord.

32. Area of the skin supplied with afferent nerve fibers by a single spinal-cord dorsal root.

33. Cerebral Cortex often generally characterized as performing the brain's 'executive' functions - such as decision making - lying anterior to the central sulcus and beneath the frontal bone of the skull.

34. Midbrain area in which nuclei and fiber pathways are mixed - producing a netlike appearance; associated with sleep-wake behavior and behavioral arousal.

35. One of four cavities in the brain that contain cerebrospinal fluid that cushions the brain and may play a role in maintaining brain metabolism.

36. Cerebral Cortex that functions to direct movements toward a goal or to perform a task - such as grasping an object - lying posterior to the central sulcus and beneath the parietal bone at the top of the skull.

37. Movement related to sensory inputs - such as turning the head to see the source of a sound.

38. Diencephalon structure through which information from all sensory systems is integrated into the appropriate region of the neocortex.

39. Decrease in the activity of a neuron or brain area.

40. Of the mind; an explanation of behavior as a function of the nonmaterial mind.

41. Philosophical position that holds that behavior can be explained as a function of the nervous system without explanatory recourse to the mind.

42. Disorder of the motor system correlated with a loss of dopamine in the brain an characterized by tremors - muscular rigidity - and a reduction in voluntary movement.

43. Cortex that functions in connection with hearing - language - and musical abilities and lies below the lateral fissure - beneath the temporal bone at the side of the lobe.

44. Central structures of the brain - including the hindbrain - midbrain - thalamus - and hypothalamus - responsible for most unconscious behavior.

45. Part of the autonomic nervous system; acts in opposition to the sympathetic division- for example - preparing the body to rest and digest by reversing the alarm response or stimulating digestion.

46. Phylogenetic tree that branches repeatedly - suggesting a taxonomy of organisms based on the time sequence in which evolutionary branches arise.

47. Simple nervous system that has no brain or spinal cord but consists of neurons that receive sensory information and connect directly to other neurons that move muscles.

48. A specialized 'nerve cell' engaged in information processing.

49. Areas of the nervous system composed predominantly of cell bodies and blood vessels that function either to collect and modify information or to support this activity.

50. Roof (area above the ventricle) of the midbrain; its functions are sensory processing - particular visual and auditory - and the production of orienting movements.