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Behavioral Neuroscience

Subject : health-sciences
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Decrease in the activity of a neuron or brain area.

2. Condition in which a person can display some rudimentary behaviors - such as smiling - or utter a few words but is otherwise not conscious.

3. Central structures of the brain - including the hindbrain - midbrain - thalamus - and hypothalamus - responsible for most unconscious behavior.

4. Part of the autonomic nervous system; arouses the body for action - such as mediating the involuntary fight-or-flight response to alarm by increasing hear rate and blood pressure.

5. Cerebral Cortex that functions to direct movements toward a goal or to perform a task - such as grasping an object - lying posterior to the central sulcus and beneath the parietal bone at the top of the skull.

6. Central part of the brain that contains neural circuits for hearing and seeing as well as orienting movements.

7. The bones - or segments - that form the spinal column.

8. Cortex that functions in connection with hearing - language - and musical abilities and lies below the lateral fissure - beneath the temporal bone at the side of the lobe.

9. Diencephalon structure through which information from all sensory systems is integrated into the appropriate region of the neocortex.

10. Process in which maturation is delayed - and so an adult retains infant characteristics; idea derived from the observation that newly evolved species resemble the young of their common ancestors.

11. Body plan in which organs or parts present on both sides of the body are mirror images in appearance.

12. Subcortical forebrain nuclei that coordinate voluntary movements of the limbs and body; connected to the thalamus and to the midbrain.

13. Floor (area below the ventricle) of the midbrain; a collection of nuclei with movement-related - species-specific - and pain-perception functions.

14. Conducting toward a central nervous system structure.

15. Part of the autonomic nervous system; acts in opposition to the sympathetic division- for example - preparing the body to rest and digest by reversing the alarm response or stimulating digestion.

16. Surgical removal of a cerebral hemisphere.

17. General term referring to primates that walk upright - including all forms of humans - living and extinct.

18. Newest - outer layer (new bark) of the forebrain and composed of about six layers of gray matter that creates or reality.

19. Proposed nonmaterial entity responsible for intelligence - attention - awareness and consciousness.

20. Sudden appearance of neurological symptom as a result of severe interruption of blood flow.

21. Wound to the brain that results from a blow to the head..

22. Movement related to sensory inputs - such as turning the head to see the source of a sound.

23. Outer layer of brain-tissue surface composed of neurons; the human cerebral cortex is heavily folded.

24. Evolutionarily the oldest part of the brain; contains pons - medulla - reticular formation - and cerebellum structures that coordinate and control most voluntary and involuntary movements.

25. Collection of nerve cells that function somewhat like a brain.

26. Areas of the nervous system rich in fat-sheathed neural axons that form the connections between brain cells.

27. Division into a number of parts that are similar; refers to the idea that many animals - including vertebrates - are composed of similarly organized body segments.

28. Cerebral cortex where visual processing begins - lying at the back of the brain ad beneath the occipital bone.

29. Animal that has both a brain and a spinal cord.

30. Part of the PNS that regulates the functioning of internal organs and glands.

31. Group of organisms that can interbreed.

32. Map of the neocortex based on the organization - structure - and distribution of the cells.

33. Approved experiment directed toward developing a treatment.

34. One of four cavities in the brain that contain cerebrospinal fluid that cushions the brain and may play a role in maintaining brain metabolism.

35. The general principle that sensory fibers are located dorsally and motors fibers are located ventrally.

36. Simple nervous system that has no brain or spinal cord but consists of neurons that receive sensory information and connect directly to other neurons that move muscles.

37. A specialized 'nerve cell' engaged in information processing.

38. Darwin's theory for explaining how new species evolve and how existing species change over time. Differential success in the reproduction of different characteristics (phenotypes) results from the interaction of organisms with their environment.

39. Disorder of the motor system correlated with a loss of dopamine in the brain an characterized by tremors - muscular rigidity - and a reduction in voluntary movement.

40. Disparate forebrain structures lying between the neocortex and the brainstem that form a functional system controlling affective and motivated behaviors and certain forms of memory; includes cingulate cortex - amygdala - hippocampus - among other str

41. Roof (area above the ventricle) of the midbrain; its functions are sensory processing - particular visual and auditory - and the production of orienting movements.

42. One of a set of 12 nerve pairs that control sensory and motor functions of the head - neck - and internal organs.

43. Large collection of axons coursing together outside of the central nervous system.

44. Harry Jerison's quantitative measure of brain size obtained from the ratio of actual brain size to expected brain size - according to the principle of proper mass - for an animal of a particular body size.

45. Forbearer from which two or more lineages or family groups arise and so is ancestral to both groups.

46. Philosophical position that holds that behavior can be explained as a function of the nervous system without explanatory recourse to the mind.

47. The brain and spinal cord that together mediate behavior.

48. Disorder of the basal ganglia characterized by tics; involuntary vocalizations (including curse words and animal sounds); and odd - involuntary movements of the body; especially of the face and head.

49. Phylogenetic tree that branches repeatedly - suggesting a taxonomy of organisms based on the time sequence in which evolutionary branches arise.

50. Conducting away from the central nervous system structure.