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Behavioral Neuroscience

Subject : health-sciences
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Part of the PNS that regulates the functioning of internal organs and glands.

2. Roof (area above the ventricle) of the midbrain; its functions are sensory processing - particular visual and auditory - and the production of orienting movements.

3. That holds that both a nonmaterial mind and the material body contribute to behavior.

4. Neurosurgery in which electrodes implanted in the brain stimulate a targeted area with a low-voltage electrical current to facilitate behavior.

5. Surgical removal of a cerebral hemisphere.

6. Part of the PNS that includes the cranial and spinal nerves to and from the muscles - joints - and skin that produce movement - transmit incoming sensory input - and inform the CNS about the position and movement of body parts.

7. Subcortical forebrain nuclei that coordinate voluntary movements of the limbs and body; connected to the thalamus and to the midbrain.

8. Map of the neocortex based on the organization - structure - and distribution of the cells.

9. Simple nervous system that has no brain or spinal cord but consists of neurons that receive sensory information and connect directly to other neurons that move muscles.

10. One of a set of 12 nerve pairs that control sensory and motor functions of the head - neck - and internal organs.

11. Animal that has both a brain and a spinal cord.

12. Disorder of the basal ganglia characterized by tics; involuntary vocalizations (including curse words and animal sounds); and odd - involuntary movements of the body; especially of the face and head.

13. Central part of the brain that contains neural circuits for hearing and seeing as well as orienting movements.

14. Newest - outer layer (new bark) of the forebrain and composed of about six layers of gray matter that creates or reality.

15. Condition in which a person can display some rudimentary behaviors - such as smiling - or utter a few words but is otherwise not conscious.

16. The brain and spinal cord that together mediate behavior.

17. The bones - or segments - that form the spinal column.

18. Part of the central nervous system encased within the vertebrae (spinal column) tat provides most of the connections between the brain and the rest of the body.

19. Body plan in which organs or parts present on both sides of the body are mirror images in appearance.

20. Major structure of the brainstem specialized for coordinating and learning skilled movements. In large-brained animals - it may also have a role in the coordination of other mental processes.

21. One of four cavities in the brain that contain cerebrospinal fluid that cushions the brain and may play a role in maintaining brain metabolism.

22. A groove in brain matter - usually a groove found in the neocortex or cerebellum.

23. Central structures of the brain - including the hindbrain - midbrain - thalamus - and hypothalamus - responsible for most unconscious behavior.

24. Evolutionarily the newest part of the brain; coordinates advanced cognitive functions such as thinking - planning - and language; contains the limbic system - basal ganglia - and the neocortex.

25. Three layers of protective tissue - dura mater - arachnoid - and pia mater - that encase the brain and spinal cord.

26. Idea that selection for improved brain cooling through increased blood circulation in the brains of early hominids enabled the brain to grow larger.

27. Increase in the activity of a neuron or brain area.

28. Large collection of axons coursing together within the central nervous system.

29. Hypothesis that the movements that we make and those that we perceive in others are essential features of our conscious behavior.

30. Midbrain area in which nuclei and fiber pathways are mixed - producing a netlike appearance; associated with sleep-wake behavior and behavioral arousal.

31. Large collection of axons coursing together outside of the central nervous system.

32. Movement related to sensory inputs - such as turning the head to see the source of a sound.

33. Quandary of explaining a nonmaterial mind in command of a material body.

34. Synonym for mind - an entity once proposed to be the source of human behavior.

35. The 'between brain' that integrates sensory and motor information on its way to the cerebral cortex.

36. Forbearer from which two or more lineages or family groups arise and so is ancestral to both groups.

37. Cortex that functions in connection with hearing - language - and musical abilities and lies below the lateral fissure - beneath the temporal bone at the side of the lobe.

38. All the neurons in the body located outside the brain and the spinal cord; provides sensory and motor connections to and from the CNS

39. Major structure of the forebrain - consisting of two virtually identical hemispheres (left and right) and responsible for most conscious behavior.

40. Cerebral Cortex that functions to direct movements toward a goal or to perform a task - such as grasping an object - lying posterior to the central sulcus and beneath the parietal bone at the top of the skull.

41. Outer layer of brain-tissue surface composed of neurons; the human cerebral cortex is heavily folded.

42. Decrease in the activity of a neuron or brain area.

43. Evolutionarily the oldest part of the brain; contains pons - medulla - reticular formation - and cerebellum structures that coordinate and control most voluntary and involuntary movements.

44. Conducting away from the central nervous system structure.

45. Learned behaviors that are passed on from on generation to the next through teaching and experience.

46. Floor (area below the ventricle) of the midbrain; a collection of nuclei with movement-related - species-specific - and pain-perception functions.

47. Area of the skin supplied with afferent nerve fibers by a single spinal-cord dorsal root.

48. Wound to the brain that results from a blow to the head..

49. The nervous system's potential for physical or chemical change that enhances its adaptability to environmental change and its ability to compensate for injury.

50. Literally - half a sphere - referring to one side of the cerebral cortex or of one side of the cerebellum.