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Behavioral Neuroscience

Subject : health-sciences
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. A groove in brain matter - usually a groove found in the neocortex or cerebellum.

2. Neurosurgery in which electrodes implanted in the brain stimulate a targeted area with a low-voltage electrical current to facilitate behavior.

3. Major structure of the forebrain - consisting of two virtually identical hemispheres (left and right) and responsible for most conscious behavior.

4. General term referring to primates that walk upright - including all forms of humans - living and extinct.

5. A specialized 'nerve cell' engaged in information processing.

6. Process in which maturation is delayed - and so an adult retains infant characteristics; idea derived from the observation that newly evolved species resemble the young of their common ancestors.

7. Synonym for mind - an entity once proposed to be the source of human behavior.

8. Disparate forebrain structures lying between the neocortex and the brainstem that form a functional system controlling affective and motivated behaviors and certain forms of memory; includes cingulate cortex - amygdala - hippocampus - among other str

9. Degenerative brain disorder related to aging that first appears as progressive memory loss and later develops into generalized dementia.

10. Outer layer of brain-tissue surface composed of neurons; the human cerebral cortex is heavily folded.

11. Cerebral Cortex often generally characterized as performing the brain's 'executive' functions - such as decision making - lying anterior to the central sulcus and beneath the frontal bone of the skull.

12. Approved experiment directed toward developing a treatment.

13. Diencephalon structure through which information from all sensory systems is integrated into the appropriate region of the neocortex.

14. That holds that both a nonmaterial mind and the material body contribute to behavior.

15. Hypothesis that the movements that we make and those that we perceive in others are essential features of our conscious behavior.

16. Condition in which a person is alive but unable to communicate or to function independently at even the most basic level.

17. Of the mind; an explanation of behavior as a function of the nonmaterial mind.

18. The nervous system's potential for physical or chemical change that enhances its adaptability to environmental change and its ability to compensate for injury.

19. Quandary of explaining a nonmaterial mind in command of a material body.

20. Group of organisms that can interbreed.

21. Floor (area below the ventricle) of the midbrain; a collection of nuclei with movement-related - species-specific - and pain-perception functions.

22. Three layers of protective tissue - dura mater - arachnoid - and pia mater - that encase the brain and spinal cord.

23. Newest - outer layer (new bark) of the forebrain and composed of about six layers of gray matter that creates or reality.

24. The brain and spinal cord that together mediate behavior.

25. Disorder of the basal ganglia characterized by tics; involuntary vocalizations (including curse words and animal sounds); and odd - involuntary movements of the body; especially of the face and head.

26. The general principle that sensory fibers are located dorsally and motors fibers are located ventrally.

27. Conducting toward a central nervous system structure.

28. Central part of the brain that contains neural circuits for hearing and seeing as well as orienting movements.

29. Subcortical forebrain nuclei that coordinate voluntary movements of the limbs and body; connected to the thalamus and to the midbrain.

30. Part of the PNS that regulates the functioning of internal organs and glands.

31. Evolutionarily the oldest part of the brain; contains pons - medulla - reticular formation - and cerebellum structures that coordinate and control most voluntary and involuntary movements.

32. Learned behaviors that are passed on from on generation to the next through teaching and experience.

33. A group of cells forming a cluster that can be identified with special stains to form a functional grouping.

34. Decrease in the activity of a neuron or brain area.

35. Philosophical position that holds that behavior can be explained as a function of the nervous system without explanatory recourse to the mind.

36. Large collection of axons coursing together outside of the central nervous system.

37. Conducting away from the central nervous system structure.

38. Major structure of the brainstem specialized for coordinating and learning skilled movements. In large-brained animals - it may also have a role in the coordination of other mental processes.

39. The bones - or segments - that form the spinal column.

40. Forbearer from which two or more lineages or family groups arise and so is ancestral to both groups.

41. A small protrusion or bump formed by the folding of the cerebral cortex.

42. Part of the autonomic nervous system; arouses the body for action - such as mediating the involuntary fight-or-flight response to alarm by increasing hear rate and blood pressure.

43. Part of the central nervous system encased within the vertebrae (spinal column) tat provides most of the connections between the brain and the rest of the body.

44. Darwin's theory for explaining how new species evolve and how existing species change over time. Differential success in the reproduction of different characteristics (phenotypes) results from the interaction of organisms with their environment.

45. Part of the autonomic nervous system; acts in opposition to the sympathetic division- for example - preparing the body to rest and digest by reversing the alarm response or stimulating digestion.

46. Movement related to sensory inputs - such as turning the head to see the source of a sound.

47. Behavior that is characteristic of all members of a species.

48. Condition in which a person can display some rudimentary behaviors - such as smiling - or utter a few words but is otherwise not conscious.

49. Areas of the nervous system composed predominantly of cell bodies and blood vessels that function either to collect and modify information or to support this activity.

50. One of four cavities in the brain that contain cerebrospinal fluid that cushions the brain and may play a role in maintaining brain metabolism.