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Behavioral Neuroscience

Subject : health-sciences
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Cortex that functions in connection with hearing - language - and musical abilities and lies below the lateral fissure - beneath the temporal bone at the side of the lobe.

2. The general principle that sensory fibers are located dorsally and motors fibers are located ventrally.

3. Idea that selection for improved brain cooling through increased blood circulation in the brains of early hominids enabled the brain to grow larger.

4. The nervous system's potential for physical or chemical change that enhances its adaptability to environmental change and its ability to compensate for injury.

5. Central structures of the brain - including the hindbrain - midbrain - thalamus - and hypothalamus - responsible for most unconscious behavior.

6. Hypothesis that the movements that we make and those that we perceive in others are essential features of our conscious behavior.

7. Diencephalon structure through which information from all sensory systems is integrated and projected into the appropriate region of the neocortex.

8. Literally - half a sphere - referring to one side of the cerebral cortex or of one side of the cerebellum.

9. Phylogenetic tree that branches repeatedly - suggesting a taxonomy of organisms based on the time sequence in which evolutionary branches arise.

10. A group of cells forming a cluster that can be identified with special stains to form a functional grouping.

11. Sudden appearance of neurological symptom as a result of severe interruption of blood flow.

12. That holds that both a nonmaterial mind and the material body contribute to behavior.

13. Condition in which a person is alive but unable to communicate or to function independently at even the most basic level.

14. Map of the neocortex based on the organization - structure - and distribution of the cells.

15. A small protrusion or bump formed by the folding of the cerebral cortex.

16. Three layers of protective tissue - dura mater - arachnoid - and pia mater - that encase the brain and spinal cord.

17. Movement related to sensory inputs - such as turning the head to see the source of a sound.

18. Condition in which a person can display some rudimentary behaviors - such as smiling - or utter a few words but is otherwise not conscious.

19. Part of the autonomic nervous system; acts in opposition to the sympathetic division- for example - preparing the body to rest and digest by reversing the alarm response or stimulating digestion.

20. Outer layer of brain-tissue surface composed of neurons; the human cerebral cortex is heavily folded.

21. Part of the autonomic nervous system; arouses the body for action - such as mediating the involuntary fight-or-flight response to alarm by increasing hear rate and blood pressure.

22. Major structure of the brainstem specialized for coordinating and learning skilled movements. In large-brained animals - it may also have a role in the coordination of other mental processes.

23. Animal that has both a brain and a spinal cord.

24. Cerebral Cortex often generally characterized as performing the brain's 'executive' functions - such as decision making - lying anterior to the central sulcus and beneath the frontal bone of the skull.

25. Floor (area below the ventricle) of the midbrain; a collection of nuclei with movement-related - species-specific - and pain-perception functions.

26. Process in which maturation is delayed - and so an adult retains infant characteristics; idea derived from the observation that newly evolved species resemble the young of their common ancestors.

27. Areas of the nervous system composed predominantly of cell bodies and blood vessels that function either to collect and modify information or to support this activity.

28. Clear solution of sodium chloride and other salts that fills the ventricles inside the brain and circulates around the brain and spinal cord beneath the arachnoid layer in the subarachnoid space.

29. Disorder of the motor system correlated with a loss of dopamine in the brain an characterized by tremors - muscular rigidity - and a reduction in voluntary movement.

30. Decrease in the activity of a neuron or brain area.

31. Areas of the nervous system rich in fat-sheathed neural axons that form the connections between brain cells.

32. Cerebral cortex where visual processing begins - lying at the back of the brain ad beneath the occipital bone.

33. Proposed nonmaterial entity responsible for intelligence - attention - awareness and consciousness.

34. Roof (area above the ventricle) of the midbrain; its functions are sensory processing - particular visual and auditory - and the production of orienting movements.

35. Degenerative brain disorder related to aging that first appears as progressive memory loss and later develops into generalized dementia.

36. Cerebral Cortex that functions to direct movements toward a goal or to perform a task - such as grasping an object - lying posterior to the central sulcus and beneath the parietal bone at the top of the skull.

37. Quandary of explaining a nonmaterial mind in command of a material body.

38. Conducting away from the central nervous system structure.

39. The brain and spinal cord that together mediate behavior.

40. Evolutionarily the newest part of the brain; coordinates advanced cognitive functions such as thinking - planning - and language; contains the limbic system - basal ganglia - and the neocortex.

41. Darwin's theory for explaining how new species evolve and how existing species change over time. Differential success in the reproduction of different characteristics (phenotypes) results from the interaction of organisms with their environment.

42. Synonym for mind - an entity once proposed to be the source of human behavior.

43. Diencephalon structure through which information from all sensory systems is integrated into the appropriate region of the neocortex.

44. The bones - or segments - that form the spinal column.

45. Behavior that is characteristic of all members of a species.

46. Increase in the activity of a neuron or brain area.

47. General term referring to primates that walk upright - including all forms of humans - living and extinct.

48. Simple nervous system that has no brain or spinal cord but consists of neurons that receive sensory information and connect directly to other neurons that move muscles.

49. Fiber system connecting the two cerebral hemispheres to provide a route for direct communication between them.

50. Forbearer from which two or more lineages or family groups arise and so is ancestral to both groups.