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Behavioral Neuroscience

Subject : health-sciences
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Process in which maturation is delayed - and so an adult retains infant characteristics; idea derived from the observation that newly evolved species resemble the young of their common ancestors.

2. Movement related to sensory inputs - such as turning the head to see the source of a sound.

3. The bones - or segments - that form the spinal column.

4. Floor (area below the ventricle) of the midbrain; a collection of nuclei with movement-related - species-specific - and pain-perception functions.

5. Philosophical position that holds that behavior can be explained as a function of the nervous system without explanatory recourse to the mind.

6. The nervous system's potential for physical or chemical change that enhances its adaptability to environmental change and its ability to compensate for injury.

7. Roof (area above the ventricle) of the midbrain; its functions are sensory processing - particular visual and auditory - and the production of orienting movements.

8. Neurosurgery in which electrodes implanted in the brain stimulate a targeted area with a low-voltage electrical current to facilitate behavior.

9. Forbearer from which two or more lineages or family groups arise and so is ancestral to both groups.

10. Literally - half a sphere - referring to one side of the cerebral cortex or of one side of the cerebellum.

11. Approved experiment directed toward developing a treatment.

12. Central part of the brain that contains neural circuits for hearing and seeing as well as orienting movements.

13. Major structure of the forebrain - consisting of two virtually identical hemispheres (left and right) and responsible for most conscious behavior.

14. A groove in brain matter - usually a groove found in the neocortex or cerebellum.

15. One of a set of 12 nerve pairs that control sensory and motor functions of the head - neck - and internal organs.

16. Midbrain area in which nuclei and fiber pathways are mixed - producing a netlike appearance; associated with sleep-wake behavior and behavioral arousal.

17. Part of the PNS that includes the cranial and spinal nerves to and from the muscles - joints - and skin that produce movement - transmit incoming sensory input - and inform the CNS about the position and movement of body parts.

18. Animal that has both a brain and a spinal cord.

19. Increase in the activity of a neuron or brain area.

20. The general principle that sensory fibers are located dorsally and motors fibers are located ventrally.

21. Division into a number of parts that are similar; refers to the idea that many animals - including vertebrates - are composed of similarly organized body segments.

22. Outer layer of brain-tissue surface composed of neurons; the human cerebral cortex is heavily folded.

23. Body plan in which organs or parts present on both sides of the body are mirror images in appearance.

24. Large collection of axons coursing together within the central nervous system.

25. Condition in which a person can display some rudimentary behaviors - such as smiling - or utter a few words but is otherwise not conscious.

26. Surgical removal of a cerebral hemisphere.

27. Conducting away from the central nervous system structure.

28. Of the mind; an explanation of behavior as a function of the nonmaterial mind.

29. Three layers of protective tissue - dura mater - arachnoid - and pia mater - that encase the brain and spinal cord.

30. Behavior that is characteristic of all members of a species.

31. Decrease in the activity of a neuron or brain area.

32. Subcortical forebrain nuclei that coordinate voluntary movements of the limbs and body; connected to the thalamus and to the midbrain.

33. Diencephalon structure through which information from all sensory systems is integrated into the appropriate region of the neocortex.

34. Collection of nerve cells that function somewhat like a brain.

35. Fiber system connecting the two cerebral hemispheres to provide a route for direct communication between them.

36. Part of the autonomic nervous system; acts in opposition to the sympathetic division- for example - preparing the body to rest and digest by reversing the alarm response or stimulating digestion.

37. Learned behaviors that are passed on from on generation to the next through teaching and experience.

38. Areas of the nervous system composed predominantly of cell bodies and blood vessels that function either to collect and modify information or to support this activity.

39. Diencephalon structure through which information from all sensory systems is integrated and projected into the appropriate region of the neocortex.

40. Darwin's theory for explaining how new species evolve and how existing species change over time. Differential success in the reproduction of different characteristics (phenotypes) results from the interaction of organisms with their environment.

41. Wound to the brain that results from a blow to the head..

42. Part of the central nervous system encased within the vertebrae (spinal column) tat provides most of the connections between the brain and the rest of the body.

43. All the neurons in the body located outside the brain and the spinal cord; provides sensory and motor connections to and from the CNS

44. General term referring to primates that walk upright - including all forms of humans - living and extinct.

45. Sudden appearance of neurological symptom as a result of severe interruption of blood flow.

46. A specialized 'nerve cell' engaged in information processing.

47. Condition in which a person is alive but unable to communicate or to function independently at even the most basic level.

48. Synonym for mind - an entity once proposed to be the source of human behavior.

49. Newest - outer layer (new bark) of the forebrain and composed of about six layers of gray matter that creates or reality.

50. Evolutionarily the newest part of the brain; coordinates advanced cognitive functions such as thinking - planning - and language; contains the limbic system - basal ganglia - and the neocortex.