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Behavioral Neuroscience

Subject : health-sciences
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Philosophical position that holds that behavior can be explained as a function of the nervous system without explanatory recourse to the mind.

2. Subcortical forebrain nuclei that coordinate voluntary movements of the limbs and body; connected to the thalamus and to the midbrain.

3. All the neurons in the body located outside the brain and the spinal cord; provides sensory and motor connections to and from the CNS

4. Midbrain area in which nuclei and fiber pathways are mixed - producing a netlike appearance; associated with sleep-wake behavior and behavioral arousal.

5. Conducting away from the central nervous system structure.

6. The brain and spinal cord that together mediate behavior.

7. Literally - half a sphere - referring to one side of the cerebral cortex or of one side of the cerebellum.

8. Disorder of the motor system correlated with a loss of dopamine in the brain an characterized by tremors - muscular rigidity - and a reduction in voluntary movement.

9. Fiber system connecting the two cerebral hemispheres to provide a route for direct communication between them.

10. Movement related to sensory inputs - such as turning the head to see the source of a sound.

11. Conducting toward a central nervous system structure.

12. Approved experiment directed toward developing a treatment.

13. Central part of the brain that contains neural circuits for hearing and seeing as well as orienting movements.

14. General term referring to primates that walk upright - including all forms of humans - living and extinct.

15. Part of the PNS that includes the cranial and spinal nerves to and from the muscles - joints - and skin that produce movement - transmit incoming sensory input - and inform the CNS about the position and movement of body parts.

16. Forbearer from which two or more lineages or family groups arise and so is ancestral to both groups.

17. Increase in the activity of a neuron or brain area.

18. Group of organisms that can interbreed.

19. Part of the autonomic nervous system; arouses the body for action - such as mediating the involuntary fight-or-flight response to alarm by increasing hear rate and blood pressure.

20. Large collection of axons coursing together within the central nervous system.

21. Behavior that is characteristic of all members of a species.

22. Darwin's theory for explaining how new species evolve and how existing species change over time. Differential success in the reproduction of different characteristics (phenotypes) results from the interaction of organisms with their environment.

23. Phylogenetic tree that branches repeatedly - suggesting a taxonomy of organisms based on the time sequence in which evolutionary branches arise.

24. One of four cavities in the brain that contain cerebrospinal fluid that cushions the brain and may play a role in maintaining brain metabolism.

25. Evolutionarily the oldest part of the brain; contains pons - medulla - reticular formation - and cerebellum structures that coordinate and control most voluntary and involuntary movements.

26. Floor (area below the ventricle) of the midbrain; a collection of nuclei with movement-related - species-specific - and pain-perception functions.

27. Part of the central nervous system encased within the vertebrae (spinal column) tat provides most of the connections between the brain and the rest of the body.

28. The 'between brain' that integrates sensory and motor information on its way to the cerebral cortex.

29. A group of cells forming a cluster that can be identified with special stains to form a functional grouping.

30. Map of the neocortex based on the organization - structure - and distribution of the cells.

31. Proposed nonmaterial entity responsible for intelligence - attention - awareness and consciousness.

32. Degenerative brain disorder related to aging that first appears as progressive memory loss and later develops into generalized dementia.

33. Diencephalon structure through which information from all sensory systems is integrated into the appropriate region of the neocortex.

34. Of the mind; an explanation of behavior as a function of the nonmaterial mind.

35. Learned behaviors that are passed on from on generation to the next through teaching and experience.

36. Idea that selection for improved brain cooling through increased blood circulation in the brains of early hominids enabled the brain to grow larger.

37. Part of the PNS that regulates the functioning of internal organs and glands.

38. Cerebral Cortex often generally characterized as performing the brain's 'executive' functions - such as decision making - lying anterior to the central sulcus and beneath the frontal bone of the skull.

39. A small protrusion or bump formed by the folding of the cerebral cortex.

40. One of a set of 12 nerve pairs that control sensory and motor functions of the head - neck - and internal organs.

41. Decrease in the activity of a neuron or brain area.

42. Animal that has both a brain and a spinal cord.

43. Process in which maturation is delayed - and so an adult retains infant characteristics; idea derived from the observation that newly evolved species resemble the young of their common ancestors.

44. Roof (area above the ventricle) of the midbrain; its functions are sensory processing - particular visual and auditory - and the production of orienting movements.

45. Major structure of the brainstem specialized for coordinating and learning skilled movements. In large-brained animals - it may also have a role in the coordination of other mental processes.

46. Outer layer of brain-tissue surface composed of neurons; the human cerebral cortex is heavily folded.

47. Surgical removal of a cerebral hemisphere.

48. Areas of the nervous system composed predominantly of cell bodies and blood vessels that function either to collect and modify information or to support this activity.

49. Condition in which a person is alive but unable to communicate or to function independently at even the most basic level.

50. Area of the skin supplied with afferent nerve fibers by a single spinal-cord dorsal root.