Test your basic knowledge |

Subject : health-sciences
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Which congenital heart defect is associated with maternal diabetes?

2. What is chronic rheumatic heart disease?

3. What shunt does tetralogy of fallot produce?

4. What vavular defect results from acute rheumatic fever?

5. What does Libman - Sacks endocarditis cause?

6. How does subendocardial MI/ischemia present on EKG?

7. What is the most common form of cardiomyopathy?

8. What is the murmur of mitral regurg?

9. What are other (not atherosclerotic) causes of MI?

10. Reactive histiocyte with slender - wavy 'caterpillar' nucleus.

11. Vegetations on surface and undersurface of mitral valve.

12. Which artery is most often occluded in an MI?

13. Which congenital heart defect is associated with congenital rubella?

14. What are the two effects of ATII?

15. What are the clinical features of RHF due to?

16. What type of collagen is involved in fibrosis?

17. Reperfusion of irreversibly damaged cells results in Ca influx - leading to hypercontraction of myofibrils.

18. What is the only Jones criteria that doesn't resolve with time?

19. What causes angina and syncope in aortic stenosis?

20. What is the 1day-1wk -1mo mneumonic for MI?

21. Why would cardiac enzymes continue to increase after the initial MI?

22. What complications occur 4-7 days post MI?

23. What gross and microscopic changes occur 1-3 weeks after an MI?

24. Are most congenital heart defects spontaneous or inherited?

25. What type of shunt does transposition of the great vessels cause?

26. At what point in development do congenital heart defects arise?

27. What compensatory mechanism do tetralogy of fallot pts learn?

28. Erythematous nontender lesions on palms and soles.

29. Poor myocardial fx due to chronic ischemic damage?

30. What bug causes acute rheumatic fever?

31. How do beta blockers tx MI?

32. Is injury due angina reversible or irreversible?

33. What gross and microscopic changes occur 1-3 days after an MI?

34. What characterizes acute rheumatic fever endocarditiis?

35. When does the heart have dark discoloration post MI?

36. What is the most common cause of endocarditis in IV drug users?

37. Dense layer of elastic and fibrotic tissue in the endocardium.

38. If a pt has an endocarditis caused by Streptococcus bovis - what underlying condition should you test for?

39. What two things happen when a blocked vessel is opened after an MI?

40. Which chambers of the heart are generally spared in an MI?

41. What conditions can cause nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis?

42. When is an MI patent at highest risk for fibrionous pericarditis?

43. What is the leading cause of death in the US?

44. Dilated cardiomyopathy is a late complication of what illness?

45. What areas of the heart does the LAD supply?

46. What drugs can cause dilated cardiomyopathy?

47. When does the heart have a yellow pallor post MI?

48. When do macrophagess infiltrate the myocardium post MI?

49. Friction rub and chest pain.

50. What are the complications of mitral stenosis?