Test your basic knowledge |

Subject : health-sciences
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. What causes wear and tear aortic stenosis?

2. What type of shunt dose PDA cause?

3. What are Osler nodes?

4. What causes endocarditis of prosthetic valves?

5. What is the cause of restrictive cardiomyopathy in children?

6. What complication occurs 1-3 days post MI?

7. What is chronic rheumatic heart disease?

8. What are the HACEK organisms? With what condition are they associated?

9. What is the most common primary cardiac tumor in children? Is it malignant or benign?

10. Drug that vasodilates both arteries and veins but mostly veins. Used to decrease preload to heart.

11. What gross and microscopic changes occur 4-24 hours after an MI?

12. In transposition of the great vessels - What is required for survival? How is this achieved?

13. What are the causes of LHF?

14. What effect does aortic regurg have on the pulse pressure? Why?

15. What is a water - hammer pulse?

16. Which angina(s) cause subendocardial ischemia? Transmural ischemia?

17. Dense layer of elastic and fibrotic tissue in the endocardium.

18. What is the murmur of mitral valve prolapse?

19. What is molecular mimicry?

20. What are the four defects in tetralogy of fallot?

21. What are the forward and backward sx of LHF?

22. What complications occur 4-7 days post MI?

23. What iis the tx for aortic regurg?

24. What gross and microscopic changes occur 1-3 days after an MI?

25. How does subendocardial MI/ischemia present on EKG?

26. What type of valvular vegetations does S aureus cause?

27. What cardiac enzyme is useful for detecting reinfarction?

28. Episodic chest pain unrelated to exertion due to coronary vasospasm. ST- segment elevation. Relieved by NG or Ca channel blockers.

29. Lower extremity cyanosis later in life - holostystolic machine like murmur.

30. Which angina(s) show ST elevation on EKG? ST depression?

31. What congenital heart defect does indomethacin tx?

32. What are heart failure cells?

33. What are the sx of cardiac myxoma?

34. What structures are susceptible to rupture post MI?

35. What is the most common cause of myocarditis?

36. When is a post - MI pt at highest risk for a mural thrombus? With what microscopic change is this complication associated?

37. What congenital heart defect presents later in life with lower extremity cyanosis?

38. What is an important complication of ASD?

39. Crushing chest pain lasting >20 minutes that radiates to left arm or jaw - diaphoresis - and dyspnea. Sx not relieved by NG.

40. What imaging test is useful for detecting lesions on valves?

41. What is the most common congenital heart defect?

42. When do neutrophils infiltrate the myocardium post MI?

43. What is typically the mechanims of sudden cardiac death?

44. Is scar tissue or myocardium stronger?

45. What is the tx for mitral valve prolapse?

46. What are the sx/complications of myocarditis?

47. What is dilated cardiomyopathy?

48. How does transmural MI/ischemia present on EKG?

49. What does a biopsy of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy look like?

50. What type of shunt does ASD cause?