Test your basic knowledge |

Cardiology

Subject : health-sciences
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. skin rash on buttocks and legs - arthralgia - intestinal hemorrhage - abdominal pain - melena. Follows URI - IgA immune complex - most common childhood systemic vasculitis






2. When during cardiac nodal cells depolarize?






3. Chronic mitral stenosis can lead to what changes in size of the LA






4. In what disease states is blood viscosity increased?






5. disease of elastic arteries and large and medium sized muscular arteries






6. What causes orthopnea?






7. What do the carotid and aortic bodies respond to?






8. EDV - ESV






9. decrease blood flow to the skin due to arteriolar vasospasm in cold temp - emotional stress - also in SLE and CREST






10. What are the four most common locations for atherosclerosis?






11. In an EKG - What is the p wave?






12. What other sign is often present with congenital long QT syndrome - why?






13. The carotid sinus transmits along which nerve?






14. Why is contractility decreased in heart failure?






15. Which bacteria causes rheumatic heart disease






16. Where is the most posterior portion of the heart and What can it cause?






17. When is the scar completely formed in an MI?






18. congenital heart defect with congenital rubella






19. In terms of starling forces - why does nephrotic syndrome or liver failure cause edems






20. What kind of infarct show ST depression






21. rate of 02 consumption/ arterial 02 - venous 02 ccontent=CO






22. pulmonary veins drain into right heart circulation (SVC - coronary sinus)






23. Wegener's presentation






24. What is the association with wide S2 splitting?






25. What causes the cushing reflex and why






26. Restrictive cardiomyopathy causes






27. what happens to capillaries in lymphatic blockage






28. L to R shunt becomes R to L due to increase pulm pressures from original congenital heart defect






29. What is the effect on the slope of phase 4 in pacemaker cells by catecholamines and






30. What is the gold standard for dx of MI in the first 6 hours






31. What is the formula for EF?






32. What happens in phase 0 of the cardiac ventricular action potential?






33. What does the LAD supply?






34. Do dihydropyridine or non - dihyrdropyridine Ca channel blockers decrease contractility






35. What does FEVERSS stand for in rheumatic heart disease






36. In an anterior wall infarct - which artery is effected and which leads show Q waves






37. Which lab value indicates blood viscosity?






38. Unilateral headache - jaw claudication - impaired vision






39. Equilibration of diastolic pressures in all 4 chambers - decreased CO from compression of heart by fluid in pericardium






40. What is the cushing triad?






41. In the cardiac cycle - which period has the highest 02 consumption?






42. How do beta blockers decrease contractility?






43. What is the characteristic pulse in aortic stenosis?






44. What is the effect on the slope of phase 4 in pacemaker cells by Ach or adenosine?






45. What is associated with paradoxical spliting of S2






46. Which kind of infarct show ST elevation - and/or pathologic Q waves






47. What does the atria release in response to inc blood volume and atrial pressure






48. pulseless disease - granulomatous thickening of the aortic arch and/or proximal great vessels - elev ESR - asian females > 40






49. When does EF decrease






50. what conditions are associated with pulsus paradoxus