Test your basic knowledge |

Cardiology

Subject : health-sciences
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. decrease stretch in baroreceptors leads to what response?






2. How does angiotensin II raise MAP






3. In normal S2 splitting - which valve closes first? What increases it?






4. What is sudden cardiac death most commonly due to...






5. prolonged PR interval






6. decrease blood flow to the skin due to arteriolar vasospasm in cold temp - emotional stress - also in SLE and CREST






7. Why is contractility decreased in heart failure?






8. Which artery supplies the SA and AV nodes?






9. What is the association with wide S2 splitting?






10. What does FROM JANE stand for in bacterial endocarditis?






11. What does increasing intracellular Ca do?






12. What causes aortic regurg






13. Do you see elevaged ASO titers in rheumatic heart disease






14. congenital heart defect with 22q11






15. Why is there edema after burns or during infection






16. necrotizing granulomas in lung and upper airways - nectrotizing GN - small vessel vasculitis






17. what conditions are associated with pulsus paradoxus






18. p - anca






19. How does digitatlis increase contractility?






20. What supplies the posterior left ventricle?






21. What other congenital abnormality is necessary for life for a patient with transposition of the great vesses?






22. Which murmur do you hear in mitral stenosis?






23. retrosternal chest main with exertion - ST depression on ECG - likely due atherosclerosis






24. What can cause mitral prolapse?






25. pulmonary veins drain into right heart circulation (SVC - coronary sinus)






26. What happends in phase 1 of the ventricular cardiac action potential?






27. pulseless disease - granulomatous thickening of the aortic arch and/or proximal great vessels - elev ESR - asian females > 40






28. absecnce of tricuspid valve - hypoplastic RV






29. In an inferior wall infarct - which artery is affected and which leads show Q waves






30. Do dihydropyridine or non - dihyrdropyridine Ca channel blockers decrease contractility






31. clinical signs of cardiac tamponade






32. What is the gold standard for dx of MI in the first 6 hours






33. On the cardiac cycle graph - on which corners do the opening and closing of the aortic and mitral valves occur?






34. MAP is also known as






35. The cause of pulmonary edema - paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea?






36. What causes the cushing reflex and why






37. What channels do the the pacemaker cells lack?






38. What is the most common cause of MI






39. L to R shunt becomes R to L due to increase pulm pressures from original congenital heart defect






40. What is the early and late lesion in rheumatic heart disease






41. Most common vasculitis affecting medium and large arteries






42. How does aldosterone raise MAP






43. What does T wave inversion indicated?






44. What do patients die early from in rheumatic heart disease?






45. What does the starling curve show?






46. When do coronary arteries fill?






47. What is the S1 sound?






48. What stimulates release of calcium from the SR?






49. exaggerated decrease in pulse during inspiration.






50. What causes the midsystolic click