Test your basic knowledge |

Cardiology

Subject : health-sciences
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. clinical signs of cardiac tamponade






2. What causes hepatomegaly?






3. congenital heart defect with 22q11






4. Unilateral headache - jaw claudication - impaired vision






5. How are sarcomeres added in concentric hypertrophy?






6. When and why do you hear the S4 sound






7. What does FROM JANE stand for in bacterial endocarditis?






8. dilated tortous veins due to chronically inc venous pressure - poor wound healing - varicose ulcers






9. Which murmur do you hear in mitral stenosis?






10. What are tendinous xanthoma - atheromas - and corneal arcus signs of?






11. How does digitatlis increase contractility?






12. with what heart sounds do ASD usually present?






13. The cause of dyspnea on exertion?






14. What causes ankle - sacral edema - jugular venous distention






15. Which bacteria can cause endocarditis from prosthetic valves?






16. Which enzyme rises after 4 hours and is elevated for 7 to 10 days after an MI?






17. In an inferior wall infarct - which artery is affected and which leads show Q waves






18. In an anteroseptal infarct - which artery is effected - and which leads show Q waves?






19. What do patients die early from in rheumatic heart disease?






20. friction rub - 3-5 days post MI






21. Rank the following by speed of conduction - av node - atria - purkinjee - ventricles






22. Equilibration of diastolic pressures in all 4 chambers - decreased CO from compression of heart by fluid in pericardium






23. necrotizing granulomas in lung and upper airways - nectrotizing GN - small vessel vasculitis






24. What murmur is heard with aortic regurg?






25. What does T wave inversion indicated?






26. bacterial endocarditis - previously normal valves - rapid onset - Which bacteria?






27. In the cardiac cycle - which period has the highest 02 consumption?






28. What is the effect on the slope of phase 4 in pacemaker cells by Ach or adenosine?






29. acute - self limiting necrotizing vasculitis in children associated with fever - conjunctivitis - strawberry tongue - desquamatous skin rash - lymphadenitis - coronary sinus aneurysms. Seen in asians






30. What causes the midsystolic click






31. If HR is too fast (V tach) what happens during diastole?






32. What happens with a decrease of extracellular Na






33. What are the complications of atherosclerosis?






34. What does the U wave indicated?






35. What is the early and late lesion in rheumatic heart disease






36. What does FAN MY SKIN On Wednesday stand for?






37. Which enzymes are useful for diagnosing reinfarction






38. Which area of the endocardium is especially vulnerable to infarction? Why?






39. which ethnic groups have higher association with HTN?






40. What is the result of not have fast sodium channels in pacemaker cells?






41. What happens in phase 2 of the cardiac ventricular action potential?






42. what percentage of HTN is secondary to renal disease?






43. What happends in phase 1 of the ventricular cardiac action potential?






44. What does increasing intracellular Ca do?






45. The cause of pulmonary edema - paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea?






46. In an acute MI - are there any visible changes via LM in the first 2-4 hours






47. Exercise - overtransfusiion and excitiment causes and increase in...?






48. Where is the most posterior portion of the heart and What can it cause?






49. In an EKG - What is the QRS complex?






50. What is the definition of HTN?