Test your basic knowledge |

Cardiology

Subject : health-sciences
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. What is a normal EF






2. Which enzymes are useful for diagnosing reinfarction






3. What is the result of not have fast sodium channels in pacemaker cells?






4. bacterial endocarditis - previously normal valves - rapid onset - Which bacteria?






5. pulseless disease - granulomatous thickening of the aortic arch and/or proximal great vessels - elev ESR - asian females > 40


6. In the evolution of an MI - when the risk for free wall rupture - tamponade - papillary muscle rupture - or interventricular septal rupture the hightest? Why?






7. fibrinous pericarditis several weeks post MI


8. When is the scar completely formed in an MI?






9. list the coronary vessels most likely to be occluded






10. When during cardiac nodal cells depolarize?






11. What is the most common cause of right heart failure






12. wartiike - sterile vegetations occur on both sides of the valve - commonly causes mitral regurg. SLE causes it






13. What causes ankle - sacral edema - jugular venous distention






14. What is sudden cardiac death most commonly due to...






15. The 7 complications of MI


16. What causes the early cyanosis in Tet of Fallot?






17. What happens in phase 2 of the cardiac ventricular action potential?






18. diaphoresis - N/V - severe retrosternal pain - pain in left arm/jaw - SOB - fatigue - adrenergic symptoms






19. what percentage of HTN is secondary to renal disease?






20. which ethnic groups have higher association with HTN?






21. Which valve is commonly involved in bacterial endocarditis from IV drug use and Which bacteria are most common?


22. Which murmur is characteristic of mitral/tricuspid regurg?






23. In terms of starling forces - why does nephrotic syndrome or liver failure cause edems






24. What causes the CO curve to shift downwards?






25. moncekberg






26. How do beta blockers decrease contractility?






27. What are common causes of mitral regurg?






28. What does the U wave indicated?






29. How are cadiac myocytes eltrically coupled?






30. How does angiotensin II raise MAP






31. Wegener's presentation






32. In an EKG - What is the PR interval?






33. Which murmur is heard in aortic stenosis?






34. What does FROM JANE stand for in bacterial endocarditis?


35. What does TAPVR stand for






36. What does prolonged QT predispose to?






37. The cause of cardiac dilation?






38. immune mediated transmural vasculitis with fibrinoid necrosis - small and medium vessels - renal and viscera - not pulm arteries - hep B seropos in 30% of pts






39. In the cardiac cycle - which period has the highest 02 consumption?






40. What happens in phase 4 of the cardiac ventricular action potential?






41. sawtooth wave


42. EDV is also known as






43. Which class of drugs decreases afterload?






44. rate of 02 consumption/ arterial 02 - venous 02 ccontent=CO






45. In an acute MI - are there any visible changes via LM in the first 2-4 hours






46. Left to right shunts are more common in babies or kids?






47. When and why do you hear the S4 sound






48. What does HTN predispose to?






49. absecnce of tricuspid valve - hypoplastic RV






50. What does mitral prolapse predeispose to?