Test your basic knowledge |

Cardiology

Subject : health-sciences
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. What is the danger of torsades to pointes?






2. Weak pulses - notching of the ribs on xray - HTN in upper extremeties and weak peripheral pulses






3. What is the definition of HTN?






4. What causes orthopnea?






5. Which enzyme rises after 4 hours and is elevated for 7 to 10 days after an MI?






6. EDV is also known as






7. which ethnic groups have higher association with HTN?






8. congenital heart defect in an infant with a diabetic mother?






9. Unilateral headache - jaw claudication - impaired vision






10. Which channel accounts for automaticity of the SA and AV nodes?






11. no change in PR interval followed by dropped beat






12. In an anterolateral infarct - which artery is effected and which leads show Q waves






13. What causes the CO curve to shift upwards?






14. What happens in phase 2 of the cardiac ventricular action potential?






15. congenital heart defect withdown syndrome






16. What are the different etiologies of dialted cardiomyopathy






17. What causes aortic regurg






18. in the JVP - What is the c wave?






19. smaller vegetations - congenitally abnormal or diseased valves - sequela of dental procedures. Insidious onset






20. what percentage of HTN is secondary to renal disease?






21. Irregularly irregular ECG - no p waves: dx and treatment






22. Which class of drugs decreases afterload?






23. What do the carotid and aortic bodies respond to?






24. What causes the cushing reflex and why






25. MAP is also known as






26. In what disease states is blood viscosity increased?






27. In terms of starling forces - why does nephrotic syndrome or liver failure cause edems






28. What other sign is often present with congenital long QT syndrome - why?






29. What is the most common cause of MI






30. Which bacteria causes endocarditis in the presence of colon cancer






31. port wine stains on face - intracerebral AVM - siezures - early onset glaucoma - congenital






32. The cause of cardiac dilation?






33. How does a patient with Tet of fallot learn to improve symptoms?






34. Left to right shunts are more common in babies or kids?






35. skin rash on buttocks and legs - arthralgia - intestinal hemorrhage - abdominal pain - melena. Follows URI - IgA immune complex - most common childhood systemic vasculitis






36. PCWP is an estimate of...






37. disease of elastic arteries and large and medium sized muscular arteries






38. In the evolution of an MI - when the risk for free wall rupture - tamponade - papillary muscle rupture - or interventricular septal rupture the hightest? Why?






39. Churg Strauss - presentation and test






40. Which murmur do you hear in mitral stenosis?






41. What are aschoff bodies






42. What is the effect on the slope of phase 4 in pacemaker cells by Ach or adenosine?






43. Why is there edema after burns or during infection






44. What does mitral prolapse predeispose to?






45. How do beta blockers decrease contractility?






46. What is indicated when CO and venous return are equal?






47. How are sarcomeres added in concentric hypertrophy?






48. serum marker for wegener's






49. decrease stretch in baroreceptors leads to what response?






50. What is the S1 sound?