Test your basic knowledge |

Cardiology

Subject : health-sciences
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. benign capillary skin papules in AIDS patients mistaken for kaposi sarcoma - caused by bartonella henselae






2. When do coronary arteries fill?






3. Which organ has ht highest blood flow per gram of tissue






4. in the JVP - What is the v wave?






5. EDV is also known as






6. friction rub - 3-5 days post MI






7. Right to left shunts are more common in babies or kids?






8. Which channel accounts for automaticity of the SA and AV nodes?






9. What happens in phase 3 of the cardiac ventricular action potential?






10. coronary artery spasm - ST elevation






11. Why is contractility decreased in heart failure?






12. which ethnic groups have higher association with HTN?






13. bacterial endocarditis - previously normal valves - rapid onset - Which bacteria?






14. What are the systolic heart sounds






15. In an EKG - What is the PR interval?






16. How does digitatlis increase contractility?






17. most common primary cardiac tumor in children - associated with tuberous sclerosis






18. Equilibration of diastolic pressures in all 4 chambers - decreased CO from compression of heart by fluid in pericardium






19. What are the complications from bacterial endocarditis?






20. benign - painful - red - blue tumor under fingernails from smooth muscle cells






21. necrotizing granulomas in lung and upper airways - nectrotizing GN - small vessel vasculitis


22. Which organ has the largest arteriovenous difference






23. Why is there edema after burns or during infection






24. what percentage of HTN is secondary to renal disease?






25. Which enzyme rises after 4 hours and is elevated for 7 to 10 days after an MI?






26. sudden death in young atheletes - S4 - apical impulses - outflow obstruction






27. What does autoregulation do?






28. What happens in phase 2 of the cardiac ventricular action potential?






29. What causes the cushing reflex and why






30. SV CAP means?






31. Which valve is most commonly involved in bacterial endocarditis?






32. When is the scar completely formed in an MI?






33. Which vessels account for the most total peripheral resistance






34. pulmonary veins drain into right heart circulation (SVC - coronary sinus)






35. What 4 things drive myocardial 02 demand?






36. thrombosis w/o necrosis - ST elevation - worsening chest pain at rest or with minimal exertion






37. congenital heart defect with congenital rubella






38. What is the time frame for arrhythmia risk in the evolution of MI






39. dilated tortous veins due to chronically inc venous pressure - poor wound healing - varicose ulcers






40. What is the difference between adult and infantile type aortic coarctation?






41. acute - self limiting necrotizing vasculitis in children associated with fever - conjunctivitis - strawberry tongue - desquamatous skin rash - lymphadenitis - coronary sinus aneurysms. Seen in asians






42. Inspiration causes an increase in which sided heart sounds?






43. What is the gold standard for dx of MI in the first 6 hours






44. What are aschoff bodies






45. What is the effect on the slope of phase 4 in pacemaker cells by Ach or adenosine?






46. In the cardiac and vascular function curves - In what instance is the vascular curve shifted to the left?






47. What causes the early cyanosis in Tet of Fallot?






48. disease of elastic arteries and large and medium sized muscular arteries






49. PROVe






50. 2/3 diastolic + 1/3 systolic