Test your basic knowledge |

Cardiology

Subject : health-sciences
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Do dihydropyridine or non - dihyrdropyridine Ca channel blockers decrease contractility






2. congenital heart defect with marfan's






3. pulseless disease - granulomatous thickening of the aortic arch and/or proximal great vessels - elev ESR - asian females > 40


4. The cause of cardiac dilation?






5. In what disease states is blood viscosity increased?






6. which medications are used to maintain patency or close the ductus arteriosus?






7. What is the effect on the slope of phase 4 in pacemaker cells by Ach or adenosine?






8. What can cause mitral prolapse?






9. What does prolonged QT predispose to?






10. When and why is the S3 sound heard?






11. immune mediated transmural vasculitis with fibrinoid necrosis - small and medium vessels - renal and viscera - not pulm arteries - hep B seropos in 30% of pts






12. Wegener's tx






13. Fatal arrhythmia






14. acute - self limiting necrotizing vasculitis in children associated with fever - conjunctivitis - strawberry tongue - desquamatous skin rash - lymphadenitis - coronary sinus aneurysms. Seen in asians






15. CO x Total peripheral resistance






16. What does TAPVR stand for






17. What are the complications from bacterial endocarditis?






18. What does increasing intracellular Ca do?






19. what percentage of HTN is secondary to renal disease?






20. L to R shunt becomes R to L due to increase pulm pressures from original congenital heart defect


21. most common primary cardiac tumor in adults - ball - valve obstruction in left atrium






22. Which organ has the largest arteriovenous difference






23. What is association with fixed S2 splitting - does not increase with inspiration






24. What are aschoff bodies






25. What is the machine like murmur? What is the heart pathology and the predisposing causes






26. Which two mechanisms sense decrease MAP?






27. What does T wave inversion indicated?






28. port wine stains on face - intracerebral AVM - siezures - early onset glaucoma - congenital






29. Which murmur is heard in aortic stenosis?






30. prolonged PR interval






31. In a lateral wall infarct - which artery is effected - and which leads show Q waves?






32. lymphatic malignancy associated with persistant lymphadema - post radical mastectomy






33. What does hypoxia cause in the lung versus other tissues?






34. In an inferior wall infarct - which artery is affected and which leads show Q waves






35. How are cadiac myocytes eltrically coupled?






36. What does FROM JANE stand for in bacterial endocarditis?


37. dyspnea - fatigue - edema and rales - multiple causes






38. In an acute MI - are there any visible changes via LM in the first 2-4 hours






39. Which area of the endocardium is especially vulnerable to infarction? Why?






40. serum marker for wegener's






41. How does acidosis affect contractility?






42. What is indicated when CO and venous return are equal?






43. Which murmur is heard with mitral prolapse?






44. Which organ gets the largest share of systemic cardiac output






45. In an anterolateral infarct - which artery is effected and which leads show Q waves






46. Rank the pacemakers cells






47. What causes the CO curve to shift downwards?






48. What is the association with wide S2 splitting?






49. delta wave on ECG - accesory conduction pathway from atria to ventricles - reentry leading to supraventricular tachycardia






50. If HR is too fast (V tach) what happens during diastole?