Test your basic knowledge |

Cardiology

Subject : health-sciences
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. absecnce of tricuspid valve - hypoplastic RV






2. Chronic mitral stenosis can lead to what changes in size of the LA






3. machine murmer






4. What is association with fixed S2 splitting - does not increase with inspiration






5. which heart valves are afected most in rheumatic heart diseease






6. What is the most common cause of right heart failure






7. benign cap hemangioma of infancy - spont regresses






8. What does the starling curve show?






9. Which organ has ht highest blood flow per gram of tissue






10. immune mediated transmural vasculitis with fibrinoid necrosis - small and medium vessels - renal and viscera - not pulm arteries - hep B seropos in 30% of pts






11. When do coronary arteries fill?






12. Does eccentric hypertrophy or concentric hypertrophy cause systolic disfunction






13. PCWP > LV diastolic pressure






14. Which murmur do you hear in mitral stenosis?






15. What causes the cushing reflex and why






16. When do you find hemosiderin laden macrophages in the lungs?






17. What causes the murmur heard in MR to enhance?






18. Fatal arrhythmia






19. Why is contractility decreased in heart failure?






20. What causes the CO curve to shift upwards?






21. Why is there edema after burns or during infection






22. In terms of starling forces - why does nephrotic syndrome or liver failure cause edems






23. In an anterolateral infarct - which artery is effected and which leads show Q waves






24. retrosternal chest main with exertion - ST depression on ECG - likely due atherosclerosis






25. What happens in phase 0 of the cardiac ventricular action potential?






26. Which class of drugs decrease preload






27. decrease stretch in baroreceptors leads to what response?






28. In the cardiac and vascular function curves - In what instance is the vascular curve shifted to the left?






29. most common primary cardiac tumor in children - associated with tuberous sclerosis






30. How do catecholamines increase contractility?






31. What does mitral prolapse predeispose to?






32. S3 - dilated heart on US - balloon appearance on CXR - eccentric hypertrophy






33. Which artery supplies the inferior portion of the left ventricle and posterior septum?






34. Which area of the endocardium is especially vulnerable to infarction? Why?






35. Which kind of infarct show ST elevation - and/or pathologic Q waves






36. which ethnic groups have higher association with HTN?






37. Where does coronary artery occlusion occur most commonly?






38. Which two mechanisms sense decrease MAP?






39. What causes hepatomegaly?






40. In an inferior wall infarct - which artery is affected and which leads show Q waves






41. Rank the pacemakers cells






42. Irregularly irregular ECG - no p waves: dx and treatment






43. dyspnea - fatigue - edema and rales - multiple causes






44. What is the cushing triad?






45. Which murmur is characteristic of mitral/tricuspid regurg?






46. fibrous plaques and atheromas in intima of arteries






47. EDV is also known as






48. benign capillary skin papules in AIDS patients mistaken for kaposi sarcoma - caused by bartonella henselae






49. Which artery supplies the SA and AV nodes?






50. What does T wave inversion indicated?