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Classical Literacy

Subject : literacy
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Market place/business center

2. 'Always prepared'

3. Sweet-sounding (literally 'flowing like honey')

4. Through & by way of (from via- road & way)

5. Goddess of the hearth

6. 50

7. Eurydice died on their wedding day. Orpheus went down to the Underworld to bring her back. Hades agreed & on the condition that Eurydice would follow behind Orpheus on their way up to the mortal world and he couldn't check to make sure She was behind

8. Refers to an action or condition necessary for something to happen

9. The highest political office in the Roman Republic; 2 were elected every year

10. 'I'

11. 'Word for word'

12. The ferryman for the river Styx going into the underworld

13. Homer's epic poem about Odysseus & kind of Ithaca & trying to find his way home from the Trojan War

14. Half-man & half-goat creatures; companions of Pan and Dionysus

15. 'beware of the dog'

16. The norms or values of a society

17. Sea to the west of Greece; named after King Aegeus after he drowned himself in the sea thinking his son Theseus was dead

18. The ninth letter of the Greek alphabet (i); commonly used in the phrase 'not one iota &' meaning 'not one bit'

19. Speaker's platform in the forum & which was decorated with the prows of ships the Romans captured in war (rostrum means 'beak & prow of a ship')

20. A material prepared in ancient Egypt from the pithy stem of a water plant & used in sheets throughout the ancient Mediterranean world for writing or painting on

21. A member of one of the original aristocratic families of Rome; 'aristocratic'

22. Titan best known for stealing fire from the gods and giving it to humans; He was punished by being chained to a rock and having his liver eaten by a bird everyday

23. The 200 year period of peace which began under the rule of Augustus

24. Figuratively 'secretly.' Aphrodite gave her son Eros a rose. Eros gave it to Harpocrates & the god of silence & to ensure that his mother's love affairs remained a secret.

25. 'boyish &' 'childlike' (from puer- boy)

26. 'To err is human' - in other words & it's normal to mess up

27. The arena for gladiatorial games in Rome (also known as the Flavian Amphitheater)

28. Temple devoted to Athena; located on the Acropolis of Athens

29. Home of the Greek gods

30. The golden wool of a ram sought by Jason and the Argonauts

31. The 200 year period of peace which began under the rule of Augustus

32. God of the Underworld/Tartarus

33. The Underworld; in early mythology & everyone went to Tartarus after they died; in later mythology & only bad people went to Tartarus after they died

34. Winged horse which flew from the neck of Medusa the Gorgon after Perseus cut off her head

35. Another name for Zeus/Jupiter

36. In early mythology & the resting place of heroes; the later mythology & where good people went in the afterlife

37. First emperor of the Roman Empire; adopted son of Julius Caesar; member of the 2nd Triumvirate; also known as Octavian

38. Large island off the southeast coast of Italy; home of Mt. Etna & a huge volcano; where the Cyclopes lived in the Odyssey

39. Carthaginian general who attacked Italy by crossing the Italian Alps in the 2nd Punic War; He was eventually defeated by Scipio at the Battle of Zama

40. God of war

41. Used on documents & coins & monuments & etc. as an official signature of the Roman government

42. 'I came & I saw & I conquered &' famous words of Julius Caesar

43. 'Always faithful' - motto of the US Marines

44. After midday/noon

45. A long poem that narrates the deeds of a hero or the history of a nation & e.g. Homer's Iliad and Odyssey

46. 'I'

47. A state of disorganized matter from which the gods and the world were created

48. Characterized by sitting & inactive (from sedet- to sit)

49. 'under penalty' a written order for a person to come testify in court

50. The oracle of Apollo; people visited the oracle for guidance and predictions of the future