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CLEP American Government

Subjects : clep, civics
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Tests of a voter's ability to read and write - which were often used to keep recent immigrants and blacks from voting.

2. Lead by Daniel Webster and Henry Clay. Dedicated to defending federal authority and high tariffs. Gained supports of merchants - bankers - industrialists and planters.

3. In this case - a gay man from Georgia charged with committing sodomy in his own home with a consenting adult. The court ruled that the Constitution does not explicitly grant the right for homosexuals to practice their lifestyle and that laws against

4. Independent organizations - but more often the political arms of corporations - labor unions - or interest groups - established to contribute to candidates or to work for general political goals.

5. The belief that one can understand politics and therefore participate in politics

6. Cabinet positions must be ____________ by the Senate

7. These voters are registered as a party member but only participate by voting in primary and general elections. Tend to vote straight-party ticket and follow the leads of local party officials.

8. A nation's set of fundamental beliefs about how government and politics should be conducted.

9. German sociologist theorized that the engine of government needs bureaucracies to provide expertise in a way that short-term elected or appointed official cannot.

10. In Congress - _____________ are informal organizations of individual congressional representatives with like interests or constituencies. Members work together to promote the interests of the groups they represent through legislation - policy - and p

11. These parties often emerge as off-shoots of major parties or as single-issue parties. They typically act as critic/innovator bringing attention to issues and influencing the platforms of the major parties.

12. Several Presidents have been elected without winning the popular vote. As a result - In 1970 and 1979 - Amendments were proposed to disband the ______________ - neither passed.

13. The total group from which poll-takers may select a random sample in order to measure public opinion.

14. Plan that proposed unicameral legislature with each state having one vote.

15. This 1967 Supreme Court case prohibited illegal eavesdropping and extending the zone of privacy to include the home - office - person - and immediate public arena.

16. 19th century case establishing that the Bill of Rights applied only to the federal government - upheld until the 20th century. Ruling allowed stated to engage in activities such as establishing state churches and denying public office to people of ce

17. The possible tendency of some voters or convention delegates to support the candidate who is leading in the polls and seems likely to win.

18. In the last 30 years - voter turnout among American 18- to 24-year-olds has been

19. Executive Check on the Legislative Branch.

20. As part of the negotiations concerning the Constitution - the South fought for and won an agreement forbidding the imposition of _______________.

21. The constitutional requirement (in article II - sec 3) that presidents take care that the laws are faithfully executed - even if they disagree with the purpose of those laws

22. In a political campaign - the surest way of reaching the largest number of voters is usually _____________.

23. A controversial law overwhelmingly passed by Congress in October 2001 - after the terrorist attacks of September 11 on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon. It greatly expanded the power of federal law enforcement authorities to move against suspe

24. Under this governing document - national government lacked authority to set up tariffs - regulate commerce - levy taxes - control international relations - establish common currency

25. A 1972 treaty between the United States and the Soviet Union limiting the number of defensive missiles each country could build. In 2001 President George W. Bush withdrew the United States from the treaty.

26. Guarantees the right to bare arms.

27. A political candidate who is thought to have only an outside chance of gaining the nomination.

28. An economy in which most economic decisions result from the interaction of buyers and sellers in markets - but in which the government plays a significant role in the allocation of resources.

29. Political leaders typically try to both lead and follow ____________.

30. 1966 Act allowing citizens to inspect all government records with the exception of classified military or intelligence documents - trade secrets or private personnel files.

31. The federal fiscal year begins ___________.

32. Government regulation of the economy through its control over taxes and government spending. Controlled by the Department of Treasury.

33. Requires that a suspect in a federal case be arraigned without unnecessary delay.

34. If significant amendments are made to a bill during committee - the bill is sometimes given a new number as a _______________.

35. Constitutionally required address by the President typically given in a joint session of Congress.

36. PACs may donate a ______________ amount of indirect or in-kind donations to a campaign. (Ex. placing ads to support their candidate)

37. Established by President Hoover - It is the _______________ job to keep the press informed and orchestrate press conferences

38. The claim by presidents of an inherent right to withhold information from Congress and the judiciary.

39. After a bill has passed both the House and Senate - it goes to _________________ where any differences between the house bill and the senate bill are resolved before sending to the President for signature

40. ________________ of the Constitution governs the relationships of the states.

41. This author of Leviathon posited that government is necessary because people are generally in a state of conflict.

42. Representatives serve ____ year terms

43. A federal program established in 1965 to provide hospital and medical services to older people through the Social Security system.

44. A system in which the national government provides grants-in-aid to states using conditions to elicit control.

45. Theory that a government requires the consent of the governed.

46. The view of the majority of the Supreme Court that First Amendment rights must be weighed against the competing needs of the community to preserve order.

47. An individual who does not join a group representing his or her interests yet receives the benefit of the group's influence.

48. The gap between the government's income and outlays.

49. The spread of nuclear weapons to new nations

50. Assigns bills to the appropriate House committee.