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CLEP American Government

Subjects : clep, civics
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. The Articles of Confederation established a ________________ legislature.

2. These party members are highly involved in the electoral process. Donate funds to party and candidates - demand a voice in state party agendas and tend to have a strong belief in their party's ideology.

3. Literally - a 'friend of the court' brief - filed by an individual or organization to present arguements in addition to those presented by the immediate parties to a case

4. Government branch established in Article I of the Constitution.

5. Courts of original jurisdiction in federal crimes - civil suits under federal law - civil suits between citizens of different states where the amount in question exceeds $50 -000 - bankruptcy proceedings - cases involving some federal administrative

6. The House appropriations committee has ___ subcommittees.

7. In Sweatt v. Painter (1950) - The Supreme Court upheld that ___________________ was inherently not the case as is applied to the University of Texas Law School.

8. After a bill has passed both the House and Senate - it goes to _________________ where any differences between the house bill and the senate bill are resolved before sending to the President for signature

9. The fundamental flaw in plural theory contends that pluralism weakens the backbone of democracy with too many common interest groups attempt to wield power - often leading to standstill because of unwillingness to compromise.

10. A series of 85 articles written by Alexander Hamilton - John Jay - and James Madison under the pseudonym Publius advocating the ratification of the United States Constitution.

11. Number of years a Senator must reside in the US prior to taking office

12. This 1972 Supreme Court case struck down all state laws allowing the death penalty stating that they allowed for too much discretion on the part of the judge and jury resulting in lack of consistent administration of the penalty.

13. Committees created by Congress to conduct special investigations. Although normally temporary - some become - in effect - permanent.

14. A vote in the House of Representatives in which the position of each member is noted and published in the Congressional Record.

15. This rule established by US v. Leon (1984) angered civil liberties groups by allowing exception to the Exclusionary Rule in instances where probably cause may not fully exist.

16. The name commonly given to a private group - regardless of size - organized to elect political candidates. An organization becomes one by receiving contributions or making expenditures in excess of $1 -000 for the purpose of influencing a federal ele

17. Units of government under the president - within the executive branch - that are not part of a cabinet department.

18. The claim by presidents of an inherent right to withhold information from Congress and the judiciary.

19. Number of original cabinet positions under George Washington.

20. Presidential management model in which the Chief of Staff plays a prominent role as the head of a military style chain of command. Used successfully by Reagan and Eisenhower.

21. Special courts assigned to deal with specific legislative issues such as taxes - military appeals - and international trade.

22. In California v. Avecedo (1991) - The Supreme Court established that authorities may search ____________________ without a warrant providing reasonable suspicion.

23. This Supreme Court case infamously decided that a slave was not a citizen but property to be 'used in subservience to the interests - the convenience - or the will of his owner'

24. Germany - Switzerland - and India are examples of countries with a _______________ system of government.

25. A policy that takes something away from one person and gives it to someone else -

26. An unwritten custom by which individual senators who belong to the same political party as the president exercise an informal veto power over presidential appointments in their states.

27. After the bill reaches the house floor - if opponents have many changes - they may vote to ______________________.

28. Act of exchanging favors for mutual gain

29. Signed the executive order banning segregation in the armed forces.

30. 1798 Act that criminalized speech that was derisive to the government. Later ruled unconstitutional - Andrew Jackson issued blanket pardon in 1801

31. A federal tax on imports.

32. Procedure typically requiring 3/5 vote of the entire Senate to end a filibuster.

33. The Supreme Court has sometimes used a narrow interpretation of the Establishment Clause allowing the government to provide aid to religious groups as long as it remains ______________ and does not promote one religion at the expense of another. This

34. An issue on which voters distinguish rival parties by the degree to which they associate each party or candidate with conditions - goals - or symbols the electorate universally approves or disapproves of. Examples of such issues are economic prosperi

35. The principle of civilian control of the military - based on the clear constitutional power of the president as supreme commander of the armed forces.

36. Prohibits citizens of one state or foreign country from suing another state.

37. The chair and the heads of the three armed services - and - when Marine Corps matters are under consideration - the commandant of the marines. By law - they advise the president and the secretary of defense and are the chiefs of their respective mili

38. Held on the Tuesday following the first Monday in November.

39. The number of ______________ a state receives is based on the number Representatives and Senators that the state has in Congress

40. Authority based on an individual's outstanding traits - which attract followers

41. The period of time after the election of FDR until the Vietnam War was dominated by the Democratic Party and know as the __________________ Era.

42. Elections in which the majority party (according to party identification) is defeated in a temporary reversal.

43. This contraversial 2001 law allows anti-terrorism authorities to monitor e-mail and Internet traffic in order to prevent terrorist attacks. The government argues that cyberspace is public domain and that no warrants should be needed to access informa

44. First Executive Branch

45. A law passed by Congress in 1973 in an effort to set a time limit on the use of combat forces abroad by a president.

46. Groups whose views serve as guidelines to an individual's opinion. See also primary groups and secondary groups.

47. A term coined by President Lyndon B. Johnson to describe his own view of the relationship between Washington and the states.

48. Powers of the national government that flow from its enumerated powers and the 'elastic clause' of the Constitution.

49. In states using primaries - the most common form of primary election is the ___________ primary.

50. 1946 Act requiring bureaucratic agencies to appeal to the affected parties before adopting new policies. Legislative check on Bureaucracy.