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CLEP American Literature

Subjects : clep, literature
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1. Key intellectual and philosophical voice of 19th-century America. Key player in the transcendentalist movement. First to define what made American poetry American - it is verse that celebrates ordinary experience rather than the epic themes of the pa

2. Wrote 'The Life and Times of Frederick Douglass.' Escaped slave that became one o f the most effective orators of his day - an influential newspaper writer - a militant abolitionist - and a famous diplomat.

3. A type of literature win which words are selected and strung together for their beauty - sound - and power to express feelings.

4. Chicago School - Wrote 'Lucinda Matlock' - Created 'Spoon River Anthology' - Spoon River poems are characterized by: An unpoetic - colloquial style - frank descriptions of sex - a very critical view of small town life - and a description of he inner

5. Clever - memorable sayings.

6. (Colonial Period) Best-known Southern colonial writer. Famous for 'The History of the Dividing Line' and 'The Secret Diary of William Byrd of Westover'

7. Use of medieval - wild - or mysterious elements in literature. Features gloomy settings and horrifying events. Edgar Allen Poe is regarded as the American Master of Gothic writing.

8. Pilgrim's constitution. Shaped the politics - religion - and social behavior of the first settlers. Eventually influenced the shape - style and content of the U.S Constitution. William Bradford was famous for being one of the authors and signers.

9. Prose - Poetry - Drama

10. Story in which the characters - setting and action represent abstract concepts apart from their literal meaning.

11. Recluse - agoraphobic - Didn't title her poems. All are designated by numbers. Paved the way for the Imagist movement of the 1920s. Considered on of the founders of Modern American Poetry. Concrete imagery - forceful language - and unique style usher

12. A philosophy pioneered by Ralph Waldo Emerson in the 1830's and 1840's - in which each person has direct communication with God and Nature - and there is no need for organized churches. It incorporated the ideas that mind goes beyond matter - intuiti

13. Produces ribald - exuberant - feminist poems - novels and essays. Most famous novel is 'Fear of Flying.'

14. Wrote 'Portnoy's Complaint.' Work reflects the changing attitude of Jews living in post-World War II America.

15. 'The Old Man and the Sea -' 'The Sun Also Rises -' 'A Farewell to Arms -' and 'For Whom the Bell Tolls.' Writing style emphasizes: Short sentences - brief paragraphs - active verbs - authenticity - compression - clarity - and immediacy. Produced some

16. A literary argument that aims to change public opinion rather than entertain.

17. Chicago School : Verses often concern ordinary - everyday people; realistic poems and dramatic emphasis attract a large audience. Wrote 'Chicago -' and a biography of Abraham Lincoln. Poems describe everyday Americans - have a positive tone - use sim

18. Involves a speaker who addresses an unseen audience. Usually takes place at a crucial moment in the speaker's life.

19. End : occurs when words at the ends of lines of poetry rhyme. Internal: occurs when words within a sentences share the same sound - such as 'Each narrow cell in which we dwell.'

20. All events follow natural laws.

21. Coined the term 'Beat Generation' - Wrote 'On the Road' - All of his books are Autobiographical

22. (Colonial Period) Stands in direct opposition to the principles - personalities and literary styles of William Bradford and John Winthrop. Did not come to settle the land and establish God's Kingdom - but to trade beaver pelts and live pleasantly. Es

23. A story in poetic form. Has plot. characters and theme.

24. Most prominent black leader of his day. Wrote 'Up From Slavery'

25. A line or group of lines repeated at the end of a poem or song. Refrains reinforce the main point and create musical effects.

26. An organization of the leading transcendentalists living around Boston. They were interested in new developments in theology - philosophy - and literature. Major writers: Ripley - Emerson - Alcott - Fuller - Hawthorne - Thoreau - Channing - Hedge - P

27. Autobiography is considered the one of the greatest ever written. Wrote Poor Richard's Alamanac

28. The primacy of science over religious - mythical - or spiritual interpretations of life.

29. The Bard of Harlem; most successful black writer in America during the Harlem Renaissance. Wanted to capture the dominant oral traditions of black culture in written form. Best known for his poetry: 'The Weary Blues -' 'Fields of Wonder -' and 'The D

30. First vice president and second president. Member of the First and Second Continental Congresses. Helped draft the Declaration of Independence. Husband of Abigail Adams.

31. Unorthodox writers who hung around the bars and coffee houses of San Francisco's North Beach.

32. Wrote 'Uncle Tom's Cabin' - first American novel to sell a million copies. The most influential book of the 19th century. Credited with starting the Civil War. Most famous American woman of her day.

33. All written work that is not poetry - drama or song. Articles - autobiographies - biographies - essays - novels and editorials are prose.

34. Wrote 'Native Son -' and 'Black Boy' - First Black Best-Seller - Staunch Communist : Believed it was black America's best hope for equality.

35. Used to describe literature that was pandered to the polite - refined - and delicate elements of society. Denied the unsavory underbelly of life.

36. Southern Gothic writer. Creates stories that simultaneously shock readers and reflect her strong Catholic faith.

37. A 14-line poem with a set rhythm and rhyme scheme.

38. A social and artistic movement of the 1950's stressing unrestrained literary self expression and nonconformity with the mainstream culture

39. Book of feline poems - 'Old Possum's Book of Practical Cats -' formed the basis of the Broadway hit 'Cats.' Wrote 'The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock - Published 'The Waste-Land' which became the most famous poem of the first half of the 20th Centur

40. Written by Michael Wigglesworth - the most famous poem of 17th Century - proceeds from judgement day to hell and then to paradise. First American Best Seller.

41. Wrote 'The Souls of Black Folk' - Founder of the NAACP

42. Wrote Catcher in the Rye

43. A piece of literature intended to be performed in front of an audience.

44. Written by Cottonn Mather - to justify the execution of 19 women during the Salem Witch Trials.

45. First Black woman to win the Nobel Prize for literature. Novel focus on black cultural identity in contemporary America. Wrote 'The Bluest Eye -' 'Tar Baby -' and 'Beloved'

46. A stanza.

47. Friedrich Nitezche's belief in the 'will to power' as the primary force of society and the individual.

48. Imagist Poet - Wrote 'In a Station of the Metro -' ' The Pisan Cantos -' 'Hugh Selwyn Mauberly -' and 'Mauberly.' Modeled 'Cantos' after Whitman's 'Leaves of Grass' - Infamous traitor; Staunch supporter of Mussolini during WWII. Didn't speak for the

49. That America's unique identity transcends ethnic - cultural - or religious backgrounds. Idea given by St. Jean de Crevecoeur

50. Work did not have a political agenda. Wrote 'Their Eyes Were Watching God -' 'Mules and Men -' and 'Jonahs Gourd Vine.' Considered one of the key black writers of the 20th Century.