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CLEP American Literature

Subjects : clep, literature
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1. Produced a number of sketches - poems - and a one-act pay titled 'Cane.'

2. Wrote 'The Invisible Man' - Considered a landmark achievement in American literature

3. The reappearance in an individual of characteristics of some distant ancestor that have not been present in intervening generations - such as hand like a hairy paw.

4. Words that carry a strong emotional overtones.

5. Wished to return to more primitive principles - to simplicity - sobriety - religious earnestness - and personal self-control. Aim was to purify church of England from 'Popery' - Persecuted harshly by Charles I and Archbishop of Canterbury William Lau

6. Story in which the characters - setting and action represent abstract concepts apart from their literal meaning.

7. (Colonial Period) First writer of American Literature. Wrote 'The Generall Historie of Virginia - New England - and The Summer Isles.' Archetypal American.

8. A 14-line poem with a set rhythm and rhyme scheme.

9. Written by Cottonn Mather - to justify the execution of 19 women during the Salem Witch Trials.

10. Father of American Literature - First American writer to achieve an international reputation. Rip Van Winkle (antihero). Legend of Sleepy Hollow. The Devil and Tom Walker. Was 50 years old before his real name appeared on any of his books. Used alias

11. Writings portray the lives of poor - oppressed black women in the early 1900s.

12. Literary movement of the 19th century Presented the details of ordinary life in art. Realists rejected the heroic and adventurous and concentrated on pessimistic views of poverty - prostitution and pain. Reaction to Romanticism.

13. That America's unique identity transcends ethnic - cultural - or religious backgrounds. Idea given by St. Jean de Crevecoeur

14. (Colonial Period) One of the most brilliant of American thinkers. Theologian and philosopher; vigorous defender of Calvinistic orthodoxy at the end of the Puritan era. Influenced major nineteenth century writers such as Emerson - Hawthorne - Melville

15. People who are best adapted to survive are chosen through the process of natural selection.

16. Local Colorist Great Niece of Harriet Beecher Stowe. Wrote 'The Yellow Wallpaper'

17. Work did not have a political agenda. Wrote 'Their Eyes Were Watching God -' 'Mules and Men -' and 'Jonahs Gourd Vine.' Considered one of the key black writers of the 20th Century.

18. Literary movement of the 19th century that traced the effects of heredity and environment on people who ere helpless to change their situations. Also called Determinism for its belief in the effects of environment - heredity - and chance on human fat

19. Wrote 'Daddy' and 'The Bell Jar' - Confessional Poet

20. A line or group of lines repeated at the end of a poem or song. Refrains reinforce the main point and create musical effects.

21. A pattern of stressed unstressed syllables that create a beat - as in music.

22. An organization of the leading transcendentalists living around Boston. They were interested in new developments in theology - philosophy - and literature. Major writers: Ripley - Emerson - Alcott - Fuller - Hawthorne - Thoreau - Channing - Hedge - P

23. Wrote 'Portnoy's Complaint.' Work reflects the changing attitude of Jews living in post-World War II America.

24. Imagist Poet - Wrote 'In a Station of the Metro -' ' The Pisan Cantos -' 'Hugh Selwyn Mauberly -' and 'Mauberly.' Modeled 'Cantos' after Whitman's 'Leaves of Grass' - Infamous traitor; Staunch supporter of Mussolini during WWII. Didn't speak for the

25. In the 1920s - became the symbol of the liberated woman for her wit and independence. Known for her caustic and clever poems and short stories.

26. She holds a unique place in American history as both the wife of one president and the mother of another. In her own right - she was an ardent American patriot. Her perseverance during the American Revolution kept her family together and enabled her

27. Autobiography is considered the one of the greatest ever written. Wrote Poor Richard's Alamanac

28. The primacy of science over religious - mythical - or spiritual interpretations of life.

29. Recluse - agoraphobic - Didn't title her poems. All are designated by numbers. Paved the way for the Imagist movement of the 1920s. Considered on of the founders of Modern American Poetry. Concrete imagery - forceful language - and unique style usher

30. An artistic and intellectual movement originating in Europe in the late 18th Century and characterized by a heightened interest in nature - emphasis on the individual's expression of emotion and imagination - departure from the attitudes and forms of

31. Wrote 'The House of Mirth -' and 'The Age of Innocence' most famous for 'Ethan Frome' Noted use of indirection and allusion. First women to win a Pulitzer for 'The Age of Innocence' Main themes were upper-class life and the constraints it placed on b

32. Confessional Poet - Wrote 'Lord Weary's Castle' and 'In Life Studies'

33. Third US President Referred to as the 'Sage of Monticello'Drafted the Declaration of Independence.

34. Pattern of five feet (groups of syllables) - each having one unstressed syllable and one stressed syllable.

35. The Bard of Harlem; most successful black writer in America during the Harlem Renaissance. Wanted to capture the dominant oral traditions of black culture in written form. Best known for his poetry: 'The Weary Blues -' 'Fields of Wonder -' and 'The D

36. Friedrich Nitezche's belief in the 'will to power' as the primary force of society and the individual.

37. First vice president and second president. Member of the First and Second Continental Congresses. Helped draft the Declaration of Independence. Husband of Abigail Adams.

38. A stanza.

39. Resisted materialism and chose a life of simplicity - close to nature. Walden is a guidebook for life - showing the reader how to live wisely in a world designed to make wise living impossible. 'On the Duty of Civil Disobedience' has become a primer

40. End : occurs when words at the ends of lines of poetry rhyme. Internal: occurs when words within a sentences share the same sound - such as 'Each narrow cell in which we dwell.'

41. Southern Gothic writer. Creates stories that simultaneously shock readers and reflect her strong Catholic faith.

42. New England local color writer - is known primarily for her two collections of stories. 'A Humble Romance' and 'A New England Nun'

43. Considered the greatest humorist of 19th century American Literature. Wrote 'The Adventures of Tom Sawyer' and 'The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.' Master of 'Local Color' writing. Used vernacular - exaggeration and deadpan narrator to create humor.

44. Famous for writing - marriages - divorces and media hype. Wrote 'The Executioner's Song.'

45. Wrote 'The Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man' and 'Lift Every Voice and Sing -' (The Black National Anthem)

46. Chicago School - Work bridges folk poetry and modernist poems. Used music and strong rhythm - Wrote 'The Congo'

47. Wrote 'Richard Cory' - Created poems dealing with historic myths and characters. Known primarily for short - ironic characteristics of ordinary individuals. Won 3 Pulitzers : 'Collected Poems -' 'The Man Who Died Twice -' and 'Tristram'

48. Wrote 'The Call of the Wild -' 'White Fang -' ' Sea Wolf -' and 'To Build a Fire.' Socialist. Naturalist

49. Confessional Poet - Won a Pulitzer for 'Live or Die'

50. Wrote 'The Souls of Black Folk' - Founder of the NAACP