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CLEP Biology: Basic Chemistry

Subjects : clep, science, biology
Instructions:
  • Answer 40 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Gives off heat; exo - outside






2. Dissolver (water: universal solvent)






3. Polysaccharide; animal starch (animals and humans eat starches abd break them down to monosaccharides; the liver converts them to glycogen for storage)






4. The diffusion of water(!!) through a semipermiable membrane; equilibrium is never reached.






5. What is chief ingredient in living things?






6. Double sugars; maltose - sucrose - lactose; formed when monosaccharides undergo dehydration synthesis - when a suger looses hydrozyl group (OH) and another gives hydrogen - resulting in a water molecule and a ...






7. When a cell needs a monosaccharide - enzymes cause disaccharides to undergo hydrolysis - which means the breaking down of a disaccharide by adding a water molecule






8. Whenever energy is used - some of the energy is wasted






9. Elements essential to life






10. Matter is composed of ______






11. The ability to do work






12. Stored energy






13. The putting together of living things






14. Process of making two DNA molecules from one strand






15. Many sugars; complex carbs






16. Another nucleic acid; single strand; sometime replaces thymine






17. In any process - energy is neither created nor destroyed






18. Homogenous(alike) mixture of one or more substances in another substance






19. Particles are mixed but not dissolved






20. Cannot change between gel and sol (ex. egg whites)






21. Composed of long chains of glucose; is a polysaccharide; found in plant cell walls; nondigestible by most animals; part of our diet called bulk or rubbage(fiber)






22. Mixture of fine particles that do not settle out quickly (ex. protoplasm)






23. The increase in randomness and loss of usable energy






24. Affect the rate of the reaction but are not changed in the reaction






25. Proteins only one that are...






26. Smallest unit of an element






27. Found in nucleus of cell; contain info necessary for the manufacture of an organism's proteins; nucleic acid form genes; watson and crick discovered






28. Energy in motion






29. Polysaccharide; strong and flexible; makes up shells of crabs - lobsters - shrimp - insects; found in cell walls of fungi






30. Organic compounds that contain carbon - hydrogen and oxygen; provide structure and store energy






31. Most abundant form of lipids; building blocks for other lipids; have hydrophilic and hydrophobic ends; in water - will align themselves; good source of energy; found in dairy and animal tissues






32. Single sugars; glucose(C6H12O6) is a monosaccharide that is manufactured by plants in photosynthesis






33. Can change between gel and sol phases (ex. protoplasm)






34. Absorbs heat; endo - within






35. Group of organic substances slightly soluble in water; very soluble in other organic liquids; mostly structural but also store energy; humans and animals store their excess energy as lipids






36. Made of amino acids; polypeptide chain of amino acids; make up the majority of an organism's cells; used as enzymes or as building blocks






37. Is a polysaccharide; stored by plants; a major energy source for humans; humans can't make it






38. The living content in a cell






39. Dissolved






40. Made of nucleotides; sugar - phosphate - base; adenine - thyOOmine; guani`ne - cytosine