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CLEP Biology: Basic Chemistry

Subjects : clep, science, biology
Instructions:
  • Answer 40 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. The increase in randomness and loss of usable energy






2. The living content in a cell






3. The putting together of living things






4. Mixture of fine particles that do not settle out quickly (ex. protoplasm)






5. Another nucleic acid; single strand; sometime replaces thymine






6. Dissolver (water: universal solvent)






7. Matter is composed of ______






8. Cannot change between gel and sol (ex. egg whites)






9. When a cell needs a monosaccharide - enzymes cause disaccharides to undergo hydrolysis - which means the breaking down of a disaccharide by adding a water molecule






10. Particles are mixed but not dissolved






11. Process of making two DNA molecules from one strand






12. Affect the rate of the reaction but are not changed in the reaction






13. Is a polysaccharide; stored by plants; a major energy source for humans; humans can't make it






14. Organic compounds that contain carbon - hydrogen and oxygen; provide structure and store energy






15. Smallest unit of an element






16. Many sugars; complex carbs






17. Dissolved






18. Composed of long chains of glucose; is a polysaccharide; found in plant cell walls; nondigestible by most animals; part of our diet called bulk or rubbage(fiber)






19. Can change between gel and sol phases (ex. protoplasm)






20. Energy in motion






21. Stored energy






22. Polysaccharide; animal starch (animals and humans eat starches abd break them down to monosaccharides; the liver converts them to glycogen for storage)






23. The diffusion of water(!!) through a semipermiable membrane; equilibrium is never reached.






24. Made of amino acids; polypeptide chain of amino acids; make up the majority of an organism's cells; used as enzymes or as building blocks






25. In any process - energy is neither created nor destroyed






26. Elements essential to life






27. Most abundant form of lipids; building blocks for other lipids; have hydrophilic and hydrophobic ends; in water - will align themselves; good source of energy; found in dairy and animal tissues






28. The ability to do work






29. Gives off heat; exo - outside






30. Proteins only one that are...






31. Homogenous(alike) mixture of one or more substances in another substance






32. What is chief ingredient in living things?






33. Whenever energy is used - some of the energy is wasted






34. Made of nucleotides; sugar - phosphate - base; adenine - thyOOmine; guani`ne - cytosine






35. Single sugars; glucose(C6H12O6) is a monosaccharide that is manufactured by plants in photosynthesis






36. Group of organic substances slightly soluble in water; very soluble in other organic liquids; mostly structural but also store energy; humans and animals store their excess energy as lipids






37. Polysaccharide; strong and flexible; makes up shells of crabs - lobsters - shrimp - insects; found in cell walls of fungi






38. Found in nucleus of cell; contain info necessary for the manufacture of an organism's proteins; nucleic acid form genes; watson and crick discovered






39. Double sugars; maltose - sucrose - lactose; formed when monosaccharides undergo dehydration synthesis - when a suger looses hydrozyl group (OH) and another gives hydrogen - resulting in a water molecule and a ...






40. Absorbs heat; endo - within