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CLEP College Composition

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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. A formula of deductive argument that consists of 3 propositions - the major premise - minor premise - and conclusion

2. Repetition of the same consonant two or more times in short succession

3. A short quotation or verse that precedes text that sets the tone or provides a setting

4. A phrase that refers to a person or object by a single important feature - ie 'the pen is mightier than the sword'

5. Combines a compound sentence with a complex sentence

6. Further information about the subject (predicate must contain the verb)

7. Vowel rhyme

8. Acronym for basic elements of nonfictional text - speaker - occasion - audience - purpose - subject - tone

9. Consists of a single independent clause

10. The juxtaposition of incongruous or conflicting ideas that reveals a truth or insight

11. Repetition - at close intervals - of beginning sounds

12. Abab cdcd efef gg

13. Type of faulty reasoning in which the writer attempts to support a statement by repeating the statement in different or stronger language

14. The act or practice of envisioning things in an ideal form; seeing things as they could be

15. Innocence in perception - lack of worldly knowledge

16. The order of words in a sentence - also the types and structures of sentences

17. The pause that breaks a line of Old English verse

18. Neoclassical principles of drama

19. The assigning of human attributes - such as emotions or physical characteristics - to nonhumans - usually plants or animals. Differs from personification in that it is a pattern applied to a nonhuman character throughout the entire literary work

20. Essay that presents information in order of occurrence - or sequence of events

21. Ideas or things that can mean many things to many people - such as peace - honor

22. Essay pattern in which the writer shows the immediate and underlying causes that led to an event or situation

23. Essay that presents information in order of importance - either most important to least important or vice versa

24. Abbaabba cdecde or abbaabba cdcdcd

25. Refined taste - tact - the ability to avoid distress or embarrassment

26. Words that mean the opposite of their literal meaning - i.e. 'how wonderful that you wrecked your car!'

27. ... - used to indicate omission of words or letters

28. Condemn by seeming to offer praise - ie 'well - I could not have done better myself'

29. An explanatory reference at the bottom of a page of text

30. A type of poem that takes the form of a lament for the dead sung by a shepherd

31. A figure of speech in which sharply contrasting ideas are juxtaposed in a balanced or parallel phrase or grammatical structure - i.e. 'to err is human; to forgive - divine'

32. Essay that presents information about the causes of some known or likely outcome - how different causes contribute to the outcome

33. An event or experience that causes disappointment because it is less exciting than what was expected

34. To give human attributes or qualities to something nonliving or nonhuman

35. An exception to a proposed general rule

36. Basically an 'either or' situation - typically a moral decision

37. Quiet reflection upon a topic

38. The building housing lawmakers of a state or nation

39. Essay that presents information about two or more things - events - or ideas in order to compare them

40. Can be verified

41. One of many subordinating conjunctions

42. Opposing point of view

43. A metaphor using 'like' or 'as' in the comparison

44. A group of words acting as a noun - i.e. 'Playing the guitar is extremely difficult'

45. Abab bcbc cdcd ee

46. Essay that presents information about a problem followed by a description of one or more solutions

47. The claim or point that the writer is making

48. An explosion of harsh language that usually vilifies or condemns an idea

49. Descriptive language to evoke the senses

50. Referring to phrases that suggest an interplay of the senses - ie 'hot pink' or 'golden voice'