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CLEP College Composition

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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Language that is not meant to be taken literally - such as metaphor - simile - personification - metonymy

2. A phrase that refers to a person or object by a single important feature - ie 'the pen is mightier than the sword'

3. Main idea of an essay - what the writer hope to prove is true

4. Knowledge based on experience or observation - the view that experience - especially of the senses - is the only source of knowledge

5. The juxtaposition of incongruous or conflicting ideas that reveals a truth or insight

6. Understatement created through double negative

7. That which comes before; the antecedent of a pronoun is the noun to which the pronoun refers

8. To move off point

9. Consists or two or more simple sentences joined by a common and coordinating conjunction - or by a semicolon

10. Essay pattern in which the writer shows the immediate and underlying causes that led to an event or situation

11. A comparison of two unlike things in order to show or more clearly or in a new way

12. Verb in present tense - 'Bettina plays with children'

13. A saying or expression that proposes to tell the truth

14. The verb and its object and modifiers

15. The metaphor forms the basis for the entire work - extends throughout the work or passage

16. To place side by side in order to show similarities or differences

17. Observable - measurable - easily perceived

18. An explanatory reference at the bottom of a page of text

19. The speaker or writer's credibility - honesty

20. The main character - usually the hero

21. Verb used to express conditional or counterfactual statements - i.e. 'If I were rich'

22. Imagined - even while it may possess truthful elements - it cannot be verified

23. Expressed of direct address - i.e. 'Sit - Bettina - sit!'

24. The speaker - author - or narrator's attitude toward a person - place - idea - or thing

25. To write around a subject - evasively - say nothing

26. The pause that breaks a line of Old English verse

27. Information distributed to promote a specific cause usually of a biased or misleading nature

28. A type of poem that takes the form of a lament for the dead sung by a shepherd

29. List of details that reinforces a concept

30. The act or practice of envisioning things in an ideal form; seeing things as they could be

31. A reference to something in culture - history or literature that expands the depth of the text that allows the reader to make a 'connection'

32. The commentator does not mean what she writes

33. Third person narrator sees and knows all without constraints of time - space. Can digress into contemplative or philosophical forays - often voicing the viewpoint of the author (mostly found in fiction)

34. To make fun of

35. A comic tool of satire - ridiculous exaggeration or distortion

36. To illustrate how a claim can be true in some ways and false in others

37. Comparison of two things that are similar in several respects in order to prove a point or clarify an idea

38. A figure of speech

39. A concept or idea without a specific example; idealized generalizations

40. Helping verb (often be - have - or do) - i.e. 'I am working on it'

41. Basically an 'either or' situation - typically a moral decision

42. A speaker directly addresses something or someone not living - that cannot answer back

43. An error of reasoning based on faulty use of evidence

44. (1) a short poetic nickname; (2) a term used to describe the name or title of a person -ie 'The Great Emancipator' for Abraham Lincoln; (3) an abusive slur

45. The main character who opposes the protagonist - usually the villain

46. Simplifying a complex problem into an either or dichotomy

47. An example that is particularly apt for the situation at hand

48. A humorous imitation of an original text meant to ridicule - often used in satire

49. One of many subordinating conjunctions

50. Open - honest communication