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CLEP College Composition

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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Essay that presents information in order of specificity - beginning with a general theme and focuses on a specific topic of interest - often the 5 paragraph essay

2. An indirect attack or insinuation

3. Combines a compound sentence with a complex sentence

4. Short narrative of an amusing - unusual - revealing or interesting event

5. A preference or inclination - especially one that inhibits impartial judgment

6. To illustrate how a claim can be true in some ways and false in others

7. Neoclassical principles of drama

8. Imagined - even while it may possess truthful elements - it cannot be verified

9. Further information about the subject (predicate must contain the verb)

10. A short quotation or verse that precedes text that sets the tone or provides a setting

11. Lines rhymed by their final two syllables - i.e. running and gunning

12. Condemn by seeming to offer praise - ie 'well - I could not have done better myself'

13. One of many conjunctive adverbs

14. Language chosen by the writer

15. The verb and its object and modifiers

16. Reasoning by which a general statement is reached on the basis of particular examples

17. A concept or idea without a specific example; idealized generalizations

18. Simplifying a complex problem into an either or dichotomy

19. The metaphor forms the basis for the entire work - extends throughout the work or passage

20. The official 'headquarters' of a state or nation - its actual location or area

21. ... - used to indicate omission of words or letters

22. Refers to the way the writer lets readers know what will be discussed - a framing statement gives the reader some sense of what to expect

23. To write around a subject - evasively - say nothing

24. Understatement created through double negative

25. Comparison of two things that are similar in several respects in order to prove a point or clarify an idea

26. A phrase that refers to a person or object by single important feature of that person or object

27. The main character who opposes the protagonist - usually the villain

28. The pause that breaks a line of Old English verse

29. A figure of speech in the form of a question posed for persuasive effect without the expectation of a reply

30. Helping verb (often be - have - or do) - i.e. 'I am working on it'

31. Third person narrator sees and knows all without constraints of time - space. Can digress into contemplative or philosophical forays - often voicing the viewpoint of the author (mostly found in fiction)

32. The speaker - author - or narrator's attitude toward a person - place - idea - or thing

33. A type of literature that exposes idiocy - corruption - or other human folly - through humor - exaggeration - irony

34. A negative statement

35. Refers to ascribing emotion and agency to inanimate objects

36. Expressly stated

37. Quality in literature that appeals to the audience's emotions

38. The claim or point that the writer is making

39. Referring to phrases that suggest an interplay of the senses - ie 'hot pink' or 'golden voice'

40. An interpretation of the facts based on available details

41. Main idea of an essay - what the writer hope to prove is true

42. The ordinary - everyday speech of a region

43. A formula of deductive argument that consists of 3 propositions - the major premise - minor premise - and conclusion

44. A verb used for issuing commands - 'Do it now!'

45. An example that is particularly apt for the situation at hand

46. The perspective from which a story is written

47. Basically an 'either or' situation - typically a moral decision

48. One of many prepositions

49. An explosion of harsh language that usually vilifies or condemns an idea

50. The order of words in a sentence - also the types and structures of sentences