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CLEP College Composition

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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Used to introduce a long quotation - list

2. List of details that reinforces a concept

3. Essay that presents information about two or more things - events - or ideas in order to compare them

4. The assigning of human attributes - such as emotions or physical characteristics - to nonhumans - usually plants or animals. Differs from personification in that it is a pattern applied to a nonhuman character throughout the entire literary work

5. Essay that presents information about a problem followed by a description of one or more solutions

6. A comparison of two unlike things in order to show or more clearly or in a new way

7. The pause that breaks a line of Old English verse

8. Third-person narrator tells another's story using third-person pronouns

9. A variety of literary devices i.e. - anaphora - repeating

10. A figure of speech in which two contradictory elements are combined for effect - i.e. 'random order'

11. To move off point

12. A phrase that refers to a person or object by a single important feature - ie 'the pen is mightier than the sword'

13. A verb used for issuing commands - 'Do it now!'

14. The verb and its object and modifiers

15. To give human attributes or qualities to something nonliving or nonhuman

16. Vague - not easily defined

17. Main idea of an essay - what the writer hope to prove is true

18. A figure of speech in the form of a question posed for persuasive effect without the expectation of a reply

19. The main character - usually the hero

20. Neoclassical principles of drama

21. Understatement created through double negative

22. The opposite of an idea used to emphasize a point

23. An explosion of harsh language that usually vilifies or condemns an idea

24. Essay that presents information in order of specificity - beginning with a general theme and focuses on a specific topic of interest - often the 5 paragraph essay

25. Short narrative of an amusing - unusual - revealing or interesting event

26. Simplifying a complex problem into an either or dichotomy

27. Consists of a single independent clause

28. A phrase or saying that has two meanings - one being sexual or provocative in nature

29. A formula of deductive argument that consists of 3 propositions - the major premise - minor premise - and conclusion

30. Words that mean the opposite of their literal meaning - i.e. 'how wonderful that you wrecked your car!'

31. Information distributed to promote a specific cause usually of a biased or misleading nature

32. A phrase that refers to a person or object by single important feature of that person or object

33. A narrative or description with a secondary or symbolic meaning underlying the literal meaning

34. An interpretation of the facts based on available details

35. An indirect attack or insinuation

36. A speaker directly addresses something or someone not living - that cannot answer back

37. Comparison of two things that are similar in several respects in order to prove a point or clarify an idea

38. Repetition - at close intervals - of beginning sounds

39. A line of iambic hexameter; the final line of a Spenserian stanza is alexandrine

40. Observable - measurable - easily perceived

41. Refers to the way the writer lets readers know what will be discussed - a framing statement gives the reader some sense of what to expect

42. Ideas or things that can mean many things to many people - such as peace - honor

43. Essay that presents information in order of occurrence - or sequence of events

44. A type of poem that takes the form of a lament for the dead sung by a shepherd

45. Example based on supposition or uncertainty

46. Innocence in perception - lack of worldly knowledge

47. Clever use of language to amuse the reader - but more to make a point

48. Third person narrator sees and knows all without constraints of time - space. Can digress into contemplative or philosophical forays - often voicing the viewpoint of the author (mostly found in fiction)

49. The order of words in a sentence - also the types and structures of sentences

50. Quiet reflection upon a topic