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CLEP History Ancient Rome

Subjects : clep, history
  • Answer 43 questions in 15 minutes.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. A political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them

2. They were second to the consuls; were primarily judicial officials (judges); They had to be at least 39 years old

3. March 15 - 44 BC the day Ceasar was murdered

4. Public entertainment that Roman elites used to keep the plebeians happy and distracted from problems in the empire; a tool used by Julius Caesar to gain the support of the plebeians.

5. The 'best men' who believed in working through the Senate and in gaining power through the Senate and in gaining power through the traditional means of family alliances - patronage - etc

6. (218-202 BCE) began when Carthage built up its troops and invaded Italy/ during the war Hannibal won battle after battle against Rome but eventually Hannibal was defeated because he was forced to return to Carthage to defend the city against a Roman

7. The earliest written collection of Roman laws - drawn up by patricians about 450B.C. - that became the foundation of Roman law

8. Subdivisions of the roman army - a unit of of two centuries that fought independently from other maniples. Roughly 120 men in 4 groups: velites - hastati - principes - triarii

9. A magistrate who could veto the senate

10. Any of several public officials of ancient Rome (usually in charge of finance and administration)

11. Success gained at too high of a cost; a term for an extremely costly victory - derived from a devastating battle fought by King Pyrrhus against the Romans in the 3rd century B.C.

12. Magistrate in charge of games - markets or buildings

13. A Roman general and a conservative politician - holding the office of consul twice as well as the dictatorship. A gifted and effective general - Sulla marched his armies on Rome twice - enjoying the absolute power of a dictator. As dictator - he enac

14. To wear out an opponent by delay or evasion rather than confrontation; Fabian was a very successful Roman general.

15. War from 91-89 BCE between Rome and most of the Italian allies. As a result of this civil war - the Senate granted citizenship to Rome's Italian allies.

16. A cruel and insane ruler of the Roman Empire in the first century A.D.; one of the twelve Caesars. To humiliate the senators of Rome - he appointed his horse to the senate.

17. (149-146 BCE) was due to a treaty put in place after the second Punic war which made all military action done by Carthage need to be accepted by Rome. Carthage did not do this when a roman ally attacked them. So Rome attacked Carthage and destroyed t

18. The wealthy class in Roman society; landowners

19. Patricians adopted plebians and fed them; the plebian had to follow the partrician and had to vote for the person the partrican wanted him to vote for.

20. The three supporters of Julius Caesar (Mark Antony - Lepidus - and Octavian) who controlled Rome after defeating Caesar's murderers

21. In the early Roman Republic - one of the richest classes in the Roman army - those who could afford to maintain a horse. By the late Republic - their role expanded into banking and commerce.

22. 112-105 BCE An important war as it shows the difficulties Rome had in the 2nd century with foreign allies and deciding when it is appropriate to intervene. Marius obviously played a role in this fight against Jugurtha although it is interesting to re

23. Roman Emperor notorious for his monstrous vice and fantastic luxury (was said to have started a fire that destroyed much of Rome in 64) but the Empire remained prosperous during his rule (37-68).

24. 'whitened toga' A special garment worn by those running for office

25. 264 B.C. - 241 B.C. - Rome and Carthage fought over island of Sicily - was a naval war - Rome was losing because they did not have a good navy - Romans figured out how to board the Carthage ships and fight them there - Romans gained control of Sicily

26. People from Etruria - ( north of Rome) that took control of Rome and Latium. Ruled Rome for more than 100 years. Built up Rome - streets - temples. Skilled metal workers Rome became rich from mining and trade

27. Formation of infantry carrying overlapping shields and long spears; group of men packed together (for attack or defense)

28. Roman politicians who sought to pursue a political career based on the support of the people rather than just the aristocracy.

29. (in ancient Rome) overseer of morals (also taking the census); person who eliminates inappropriate matter;

30. Two officials from the patrician class were appointed each year of the Roman Republic to supervise the government and command the armies

31. In ancient Rome - a political leader given absolute power to make laws and command the army for a limited time.

32. King like powers that the consuls enjoyed.

33. Became consul and began to recruit his army in a new way. He recruited volunteers from the urban and rural poor who owned no property. These volunteers swore an oath to the general - not to the roman state. He created a new system of military recruit

34. Wealthy Roman senator -ended all speeches with 'Carthage must be destroyed'

35. The first emperor of Rome. In his reign - from 44 B.C. to A.D. 14 - Rome enjoyed peace (Pax Romana) - and the arts flourished. The time of his reign is considered a golden age for literature in Rome. Jesus was born during his reign. A month is named

36. A major river in Italy; Rome is built on its banks

37. A military unit of the ancient Roman army - made up of about 5 -000 foot soldiers and a group of soldiers on horseback.

38. The son of Scipio the Elder - who led the Roman forces to begin the third war against Carthage and destroy it

39. A political leadership made up of Julius Caesar - Pompey - and Crassus - who would rule Rome and take it away from its original republican system.

40. Members of the lower class of Ancient Rome including farmers - merchants - artisans and traders

41. Two brothers (Tiberius and Gaius); they promoted giving land and voting reforms to the poor. Both were killed because they advocated these reforms

42. Huge Roman estates created by buying up several small farms.

43. Means 'Roman Peace;' specifically the term that refers to the peace and stability that Rome maintained within its borders during the early empire.