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CLEP Human Growth And Development

Subjects : clep, teaching
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. This action during pregnancy may be associated with poor academic performance by the child later on

2. Psychologist who defined 3 styles of parenting: authoritarian - authoritative - permissive.

3. Psychologist who researched the relationship of body contact and nourishment to attachment - using infant monkeys and artificial mothers

4. In Bronfenbrenner's bioecological approach - settings not experienced directly by individuals still influence their development (for example - effects of events at a parent's workplace on children's development).

5. Those with this disease are often normal weight

6. The need to connect with others - which is often intensified if a threat of danger is imminent and people need to come together to support each other

7. Devised the Triarchic Theory of Intelligence (academic problem-solving - practical - and creative); proposed three components of adult love: intimacy - commitment - and passion

8. Term for practical intelligence

9. When infants display a decrease in interest toward an object

10. Proposed the 5 stages of perspective taking: Egocentrism - Assume one perspective is right - Understands intention - Understands perspective of the larger social group

11. The principle that development proceeds from the center of the body outward

12. Gifted children grow up to be more well-adjusted - more successful - healthier adults

13. The generation of adults who simultaneously try to meet the competing needs of their parents and their children

14. From Lev Vygotsky's theory. the difference between what a child can do with help and what the child can do without any help or guidance.

15. The fact that children can map a word onto an underlying concept after only a single exposure

16. Harvard researcher that has identified at least eight types of intelligences: linguistic - logical/mathematical - bodily/kinesthetic - musical - spatial (visual) - interpersonal (the ability to understand others) - intrapersonal (the ability to under

17. This causes more deaths in children than physical abuse

18. Third of Piaget's (7-11). children learn conservation and mathematical transformations.

19. This system and organ are most susceptible to teratogens after conception

20. Psychologist to propose the Ecological Systems Theory - views child as developing within a complex system of relationships from microsystem to macrosystem

21. Stage of development when organism is most vulnerable to teratogens.

22. In Piaget's theory these are flexible and reversible

23. A period of time in the development of identity in which a person delays making a decision about important issues but actively explores various alternatives

24. Unresponsiveness to others - oc behaviors - anger outburst - social avoidance - regression in behavior/language (4x more prevalent in boys)

25. A technique of detecting fetal abnormalities that involves examination of placental tissue extracted from the chorion

26. The average number of MORPHEMES

27. Autism usually becomes evident between ___ and ___ months

28. An explicit understanding of how learning works and an awareness of yourself as a learner.

29. Sternberg's theory that intelligence consists of analytical intelligence - creative intelligence - and practical intelligence.

30. The basis for most human learning

31. Suggested that children are born good - bad experiences lead to negative changes

32. Sense that is least well-developed at birth

33. Vygotsky's idea that learners should be given only just enough help so that they can reach the next level

34. Father of attachment theory

35. Characteristic of the thought of a preoperational child. children in this stage tend to project human qualities into inanimate objects

36. The set of rules by which we derive meaning from morphemes - words - and sentences in a given language; the study of meaning

37. The appropriate use of language in different contexts

38. When children are most sensitive to the effects of stimuli. different ages for different stimuli.

39. First of Piaget's. lasts from birth to acquisition of language. cognitive devmt begins and children learn causality - object permanence towards end

40. Proposed that challenging children with complex words helps them to develop their language more rapidly.

41. When more categories are added to one's self-description

42. Piaget's notion of adapting one's current understandings (schemas) to incorporate new information

43. Inflicting harm in order to obtain something of value

44. Term coined by animal psychologists Marian Breland Bailey and Keller Breland; tendency for animals to return to innate behaviors following repeated reinforcement

45. According to Piaget - we possess these to create abstract - generalized account of repeated events

46. Infant startle response to sudden - intense noise or movement. When startled the newborn arches its back - throws back its head - and flings out its arms and legs.

47. Child has smaller-than normal brain leading to other disabilities

48. Suggested children are born into world with empty minds - environment shapes them

49. Infant who appears withdrawn - depressed - and is losing all interest in the world is expressing symptoms of this

50. 1896-1934; russian developmental psychologist who emphasized the role of the social environment on cognitive development and proposed the idea of zones of proximal development