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CLEP Human Growth And Development

Subjects : clep, teaching
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Ability to become increasingly more effective in solving problems as more problems are solved. term coined by Harry Harlow.

2. Harvard researcher that has identified at least eight types of intelligences: linguistic - logical/mathematical - bodily/kinesthetic - musical - spatial (visual) - interpersonal (the ability to understand others) - intrapersonal (the ability to under

3. The average number of MORPHEMES

4. Sternberg's theory that intelligence consists of analytical intelligence - creative intelligence - and practical intelligence.

5. In Bronfenbrenner's bioecological approach - settings not experienced directly by individuals still influence their development (for example - effects of events at a parent's workplace on children's development).

6. A period of time in the development of identity in which a person delays making a decision about important issues but actively explores various alternatives

7. The appropriate use of language in different contexts

8. Proposed that challenging children with complex words helps them to develop their language more rapidly.

9. This causes more deaths in children than physical abuse

10. Form of indirect aggression - prevalent in girls - involving spreading rumors - gossiping - and nonverbal putdowns for the purpose of social manipulation

11. Second of Piaget's (age 2-7). begin to use words as mental symbols and to form mental images. still limited in their ability to use logic to solve problems. do not yet understand conservation.

12. A theory of development that takes its cue in many ways from evolutionary theory - concentrating on traits that are inborn or dependent on 'critical periods' for their eventual emergence

13. Inflicting harm in order to obtain something of value

14. A technique of prenatal diagnosis in which amniotic fluid - obtained by aspiration from a needle inserted into the uterus - is analyzed to detect certain genetic and congenital defects in the fetus.

15. Increased exposure to stimuli - enhanced encoding (storing) of information in long-term memory - and increased ease and efficiency in retrieving the stored information will improve this

16. Proposed the 5 stages of perspective taking: Egocentrism - Assume one perspective is right - Understands intention - Understands perspective of the larger social group

17. 1896-1934; russian developmental psychologist who emphasized the role of the social environment on cognitive development and proposed the idea of zones of proximal development

18. An explicit understanding of how learning works and an awareness of yourself as a learner.

19. Autism usually becomes evident between ___ and ___ months

20. Play by infants and toddlers. activity that involves simple - repetitive movements and no symbolic thinking required. eg. sand shoveling - splashing water - pushing a toy

21. The fact that children can map a word onto an underlying concept after only a single exposure

22. The set of rules by which we derive meaning from morphemes - words - and sentences in a given language; the study of meaning

23. We don't inherit a specific IQ; rather we have a range of academic potential

24. This action during pregnancy may be associated with poor academic performance by the child later on

25. The need to connect with others - which is often intensified if a threat of danger is imminent and people need to come together to support each other

26. Social cognitive theorist who proposed that learning takes place in social context: observing and imitating others. also believed people used self-efficacy to overcome fear/trauma.

27. Suggested children are born into world with empty minds - environment shapes them

28. Gifted children grow up to be more well-adjusted - more successful - healthier adults

29. Psychologist to propose the Ecological Systems Theory - views child as developing within a complex system of relationships from microsystem to macrosystem

30. Characteristic of the thought of a preoperational child. children in this stage tend to project human qualities into inanimate objects

31. When more categories are added to one's self-description

32. Piaget's notion of adapting one's current understandings (schemas) to incorporate new information

33. Stage of development when organism is most vulnerable to teratogens.

34. Infant startle response to sudden - intense noise or movement. When startled the newborn arches its back - throws back its head - and flings out its arms and legs.

35. Vygotsky's idea that learners should be given only just enough help so that they can reach the next level

36. From Lev Vygotsky's theory. the difference between what a child can do with help and what the child can do without any help or guidance.

37. Big 5 trait that increases for both sexes over their lifetimes

38. Devised the Triarchic Theory of Intelligence (academic problem-solving - practical - and creative); proposed three components of adult love: intimacy - commitment - and passion

39. Fourth of Piaget's. characterized by the ability to perform hypothetical reasoning and think abstractly.

40. Joy - Anger - Fear - Surprise - Interest - Disgust - Distress - Sadness

41. This system and organ are most susceptible to teratogens after conception

42. Third of Piaget's (7-11). children learn conservation and mathematical transformations.

43. Oral - anal (1-3) - phallic (4-6) - latency (6-puberty) - genital

44. Unresponsiveness to others - oc behaviors - anger outburst - social avoidance - regression in behavior/language (4x more prevalent in boys)

45. Term coined by animal psychologists Marian Breland Bailey and Keller Breland; tendency for animals to return to innate behaviors following repeated reinforcement

46. Freud's third aspect of our personality to develop - involved an overriding moral guidepost - transmitted to the child in great part through adult authority figures

47. The basis for most human learning

48. The principle that development proceeds from the center of the body outward

49. Child has smaller-than normal brain leading to other disabilities

50. A technique of detecting fetal abnormalities that involves examination of placental tissue extracted from the chorion