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CLEP Human Growth And Development

Subjects : clep, teaching
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Occurs when grammatical rules are incorrectly generalized to irregular cases where they do not apply

2. The understanding that a certain object or event can be simultaneously perceived by more than one sensory system

3. Harvard researcher that has identified at least eight types of intelligences: linguistic - logical/mathematical - bodily/kinesthetic - musical - spatial (visual) - interpersonal (the ability to understand others) - intrapersonal (the ability to under

4. The average number of MORPHEMES

5. Fourth of Piaget's. characterized by the ability to perform hypothetical reasoning and think abstractly.

6. Unresponsiveness to others - oc behaviors - anger outburst - social avoidance - regression in behavior/language (4x more prevalent in boys)

7. Social cognitive theorist who proposed that learning takes place in social context: observing and imitating others. also believed people used self-efficacy to overcome fear/trauma.

8. Psychologist to propose the Ecological Systems Theory - views child as developing within a complex system of relationships from microsystem to macrosystem

9. Hall and Gesel launched this approach in which measures of behavior are taken on large numbers of individuals and age-related averages are computed to represent typical development

10. Sense that is least well-developed at birth

11. Form of indirect aggression - prevalent in girls - involving spreading rumors - gossiping - and nonverbal putdowns for the purpose of social manipulation

12. 1896-1934; russian developmental psychologist who emphasized the role of the social environment on cognitive development and proposed the idea of zones of proximal development

13. The appropriate use of language in different contexts

14. Big 5 trait that increases for both sexes over their lifetimes

15. Sternberg's theory that intelligence consists of analytical intelligence - creative intelligence - and practical intelligence.

16. We don't inherit a specific IQ; rather we have a range of academic potential

17. Father of attachment theory

18. Joy - Anger - Fear - Surprise - Interest - Disgust - Distress - Sadness

19. Third of Piaget's (7-11). children learn conservation and mathematical transformations.

20. Loss of elasticity of the lens and thus loss of ability to see close objects as a result of the aging process

21. Introduced the concept of fast mapping. calculated that children between the ages of 1.5 and 6 learn an average of nine new words per day.

22. Stage of development when organism is most vulnerable to teratogens.

23. The basis for most human learning

24. First of Piaget's. lasts from birth to acquisition of language. cognitive devmt begins and children learn causality - object permanence towards end

25. Autism usually becomes evident between ___ and ___ months

26. This system and organ are most susceptible to teratogens after conception

27. When children are most sensitive to the effects of stimuli. different ages for different stimuli.

28. Increased exposure to stimuli - enhanced encoding (storing) of information in long-term memory - and increased ease and efficiency in retrieving the stored information will improve this

29. A technique of prenatal diagnosis in which amniotic fluid - obtained by aspiration from a needle inserted into the uterus - is analyzed to detect certain genetic and congenital defects in the fetus.

30. Term for practical intelligence

31. Devised the Triarchic Theory of Intelligence (academic problem-solving - practical - and creative); proposed three components of adult love: intimacy - commitment - and passion

32. This action during pregnancy may be associated with poor academic performance by the child later on

33. According to Piaget - we possess these to create abstract - generalized account of repeated events

34. Inflicting harm in order to obtain something of value

35. Second of Piaget's (age 2-7). begin to use words as mental symbols and to form mental images. still limited in their ability to use logic to solve problems. do not yet understand conservation.

36. A technique of detecting fetal abnormalities that involves examination of placental tissue extracted from the chorion

37. Infant who appears withdrawn - depressed - and is losing all interest in the world is expressing symptoms of this

38. A period of time in the development of identity in which a person delays making a decision about important issues but actively explores various alternatives

39. A theory of development that takes its cue in many ways from evolutionary theory - concentrating on traits that are inborn or dependent on 'critical periods' for their eventual emergence

40. When infants display a decrease in interest toward an object

41. From Lev Vygotsky's theory. the difference between what a child can do with help and what the child can do without any help or guidance.

42. Suggested that children are born good - bad experiences lead to negative changes

43. Term coined by animal psychologists Marian Breland Bailey and Keller Breland; tendency for animals to return to innate behaviors following repeated reinforcement

44. Psychologist who defined 3 styles of parenting: authoritarian - authoritative - permissive.

45. Psychologist who researched the relationship of body contact and nourishment to attachment - using infant monkeys and artificial mothers

46. In Piaget's theory these are flexible and reversible

47. Ability to become increasingly more effective in solving problems as more problems are solved. term coined by Harry Harlow.

48. Proposed the 5 stages of perspective taking: Egocentrism - Assume one perspective is right - Understands intention - Understands perspective of the larger social group

49. Gifted children grow up to be more well-adjusted - more successful - healthier adults

50. Behavior that benefits someone else or society but that generally offers no obvious benefit to the person performing it; can be taught through positive reinforcement - observational learning - modeling - and assignment of responsibilities designed to