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CLEP Human Growth And Development

Subjects : clep, teaching
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Form of indirect aggression - prevalent in girls - involving spreading rumors - gossiping - and nonverbal putdowns for the purpose of social manipulation

2. Big 5 trait that increases for both sexes over their lifetimes

3. Suggested children are born into world with empty minds - environment shapes them

4. An explicit understanding of how learning works and an awareness of yourself as a learner.

5. Loss of elasticity of the lens and thus loss of ability to see close objects as a result of the aging process

6. The principle that development proceeds from the center of the body outward

7. First of Piaget's. lasts from birth to acquisition of language. cognitive devmt begins and children learn causality - object permanence towards end

8. 1896-1934; russian developmental psychologist who emphasized the role of the social environment on cognitive development and proposed the idea of zones of proximal development

9. Piaget's notion of incorporating a novel idea or object into an existing schema or conception

10. Third of Piaget's (7-11). children learn conservation and mathematical transformations.

11. A technique of prenatal diagnosis in which amniotic fluid - obtained by aspiration from a needle inserted into the uterus - is analyzed to detect certain genetic and congenital defects in the fetus.

12. Occurs when grammatical rules are incorrectly generalized to irregular cases where they do not apply

13. In Piaget's theory these are flexible and reversible

14. Suggested that children are born good - bad experiences lead to negative changes

15. Proposed the 5 stages of perspective taking: Egocentrism - Assume one perspective is right - Understands intention - Understands perspective of the larger social group

16. Proposed that challenging children with complex words helps them to develop their language more rapidly.

17. Infant who appears withdrawn - depressed - and is losing all interest in the world is expressing symptoms of this

18. Those with this disease are often normal weight

19. When more categories are added to one's self-description

20. A period of time in the development of identity in which a person delays making a decision about important issues but actively explores various alternatives

21. Vygotsky's idea that learners should be given only just enough help so that they can reach the next level

22. The basis for most human learning

23. Term for practical intelligence

24. Sense that is least well-developed at birth

25. When infants display a decrease in interest toward an object

26. The understanding that a certain object or event can be simultaneously perceived by more than one sensory system

27. In Bronfenbrenner's bioecological approach - settings not experienced directly by individuals still influence their development (for example - effects of events at a parent's workplace on children's development).

28. Psychologist who researched the relationship of body contact and nourishment to attachment - using infant monkeys and artificial mothers

29. Sternberg's theory that intelligence consists of analytical intelligence - creative intelligence - and practical intelligence.

30. When children are most sensitive to the effects of stimuli. different ages for different stimuli.

31. Devised the Triarchic Theory of Intelligence (academic problem-solving - practical - and creative); proposed three components of adult love: intimacy - commitment - and passion

32. The fact that children can map a word onto an underlying concept after only a single exposure

33. This causes more deaths in children than physical abuse

34. Play by infants and toddlers. activity that involves simple - repetitive movements and no symbolic thinking required. eg. sand shoveling - splashing water - pushing a toy

35. Ability to become increasingly more effective in solving problems as more problems are solved. term coined by Harry Harlow.

36. This action during pregnancy may be associated with poor academic performance by the child later on

37. Behavior that benefits someone else or society but that generally offers no obvious benefit to the person performing it; can be taught through positive reinforcement - observational learning - modeling - and assignment of responsibilities designed to

38. Characteristic of the thought of a preoperational child. children in this stage tend to project human qualities into inanimate objects

39. Fourth of Piaget's. characterized by the ability to perform hypothetical reasoning and think abstractly.

40. Social cognitive theorist who proposed that learning takes place in social context: observing and imitating others. also believed people used self-efficacy to overcome fear/trauma.

41. Inflicting harm in order to obtain something of value

42. Autism usually becomes evident between ___ and ___ months

43. Infant startle response to sudden - intense noise or movement. When startled the newborn arches its back - throws back its head - and flings out its arms and legs.

44. The appropriate use of language in different contexts

45. Freud's third aspect of our personality to develop - involved an overriding moral guidepost - transmitted to the child in great part through adult authority figures

46. Occurs between 11 and 13 months

47. Joy - Anger - Fear - Surprise - Interest - Disgust - Distress - Sadness

48. The generation of adults who simultaneously try to meet the competing needs of their parents and their children

49. Stage of development when organism is most vulnerable to teratogens.

50. Second of Piaget's (age 2-7). begin to use words as mental symbols and to form mental images. still limited in their ability to use logic to solve problems. do not yet understand conservation.