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CLEP Human Growth And Development

Subjects : clep, teaching
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Fourth of Piaget's. characterized by the ability to perform hypothetical reasoning and think abstractly.

2. Behavior that benefits someone else or society but that generally offers no obvious benefit to the person performing it; can be taught through positive reinforcement - observational learning - modeling - and assignment of responsibilities designed to

3. Sternberg's theory that intelligence consists of analytical intelligence - creative intelligence - and practical intelligence.

4. When more categories are added to one's self-description

5. Gifted children grow up to be more well-adjusted - more successful - healthier adults

6. The basis for most human learning

7. Devised the Triarchic Theory of Intelligence (academic problem-solving - practical - and creative); proposed three components of adult love: intimacy - commitment - and passion

8. The understanding that a certain object or event can be simultaneously perceived by more than one sensory system

9. The fact that children can map a word onto an underlying concept after only a single exposure

10. Those with this disease are often normal weight

11. In Piaget's theory these are flexible and reversible

12. Psychologist to propose the Ecological Systems Theory - views child as developing within a complex system of relationships from microsystem to macrosystem

13. Psychologist who researched the relationship of body contact and nourishment to attachment - using infant monkeys and artificial mothers

14. A period of time in the development of identity in which a person delays making a decision about important issues but actively explores various alternatives

15. Occurs when grammatical rules are incorrectly generalized to irregular cases where they do not apply

16. A theory of development that takes its cue in many ways from evolutionary theory - concentrating on traits that are inborn or dependent on 'critical periods' for their eventual emergence

17. The appropriate use of language in different contexts

18. Autism usually becomes evident between ___ and ___ months

19. When children are most sensitive to the effects of stimuli. different ages for different stimuli.

20. Father of attachment theory

21. Suggested children are born into world with empty minds - environment shapes them

22. From Lev Vygotsky's theory. the difference between what a child can do with help and what the child can do without any help or guidance.

23. Joy - Anger - Fear - Surprise - Interest - Disgust - Distress - Sadness

24. This causes more deaths in children than physical abuse

25. Harvard researcher that has identified at least eight types of intelligences: linguistic - logical/mathematical - bodily/kinesthetic - musical - spatial (visual) - interpersonal (the ability to understand others) - intrapersonal (the ability to under

26. A technique of prenatal diagnosis in which amniotic fluid - obtained by aspiration from a needle inserted into the uterus - is analyzed to detect certain genetic and congenital defects in the fetus.

27. Piaget's notion of adapting one's current understandings (schemas) to incorporate new information

28. We don't inherit a specific IQ; rather we have a range of academic potential

29. Sense that is least well-developed at birth

30. Suggested that children are born good - bad experiences lead to negative changes

31. Characteristic of the thought of a preoperational child. children in this stage tend to project human qualities into inanimate objects

32. Term coined by animal psychologists Marian Breland Bailey and Keller Breland; tendency for animals to return to innate behaviors following repeated reinforcement

33. Term for practical intelligence

34. Freud's third aspect of our personality to develop - involved an overriding moral guidepost - transmitted to the child in great part through adult authority figures

35. Oral - anal (1-3) - phallic (4-6) - latency (6-puberty) - genital

36. Introduced the concept of fast mapping. calculated that children between the ages of 1.5 and 6 learn an average of nine new words per day.

37. A technique of detecting fetal abnormalities that involves examination of placental tissue extracted from the chorion

38. Unresponsiveness to others - oc behaviors - anger outburst - social avoidance - regression in behavior/language (4x more prevalent in boys)

39. Social cognitive theorist who proposed that learning takes place in social context: observing and imitating others. also believed people used self-efficacy to overcome fear/trauma.

40. Psychologist who defined 3 styles of parenting: authoritarian - authoritative - permissive.

41. Increased exposure to stimuli - enhanced encoding (storing) of information in long-term memory - and increased ease and efficiency in retrieving the stored information will improve this

42. Occurs between 11 and 13 months

43. Piaget's notion of incorporating a novel idea or object into an existing schema or conception

44. The principle that development proceeds from the center of the body outward

45. Child has smaller-than normal brain leading to other disabilities

46. Inflicting harm in order to obtain something of value

47. Loss of elasticity of the lens and thus loss of ability to see close objects as a result of the aging process

48. Stage of development when organism is most vulnerable to teratogens.

49. The generation of adults who simultaneously try to meet the competing needs of their parents and their children

50. Play by infants and toddlers. activity that involves simple - repetitive movements and no symbolic thinking required. eg. sand shoveling - splashing water - pushing a toy