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CLEP Human Growth And Development

Subjects : clep, teaching
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. This action during pregnancy may be associated with poor academic performance by the child later on

2. Inflicting harm in order to obtain something of value

3. Characteristic of the thought of a preoperational child. children in this stage tend to project human qualities into inanimate objects

4. Occurs when grammatical rules are incorrectly generalized to irregular cases where they do not apply

5. Third of Piaget's (7-11). children learn conservation and mathematical transformations.

6. Oral - anal (1-3) - phallic (4-6) - latency (6-puberty) - genital

7. In Piaget's theory these are flexible and reversible

8. Term for practical intelligence

9. The fact that children can map a word onto an underlying concept after only a single exposure

10. The average number of MORPHEMES

11. Behavior that benefits someone else or society but that generally offers no obvious benefit to the person performing it; can be taught through positive reinforcement - observational learning - modeling - and assignment of responsibilities designed to

12. The set of rules by which we derive meaning from morphemes - words - and sentences in a given language; the study of meaning

13. Increased exposure to stimuli - enhanced encoding (storing) of information in long-term memory - and increased ease and efficiency in retrieving the stored information will improve this

14. Child has smaller-than normal brain leading to other disabilities

15. When more categories are added to one's self-description

16. Suggested that children are born good - bad experiences lead to negative changes

17. A period of time in the development of identity in which a person delays making a decision about important issues but actively explores various alternatives

18. Social cognitive theorist who proposed that learning takes place in social context: observing and imitating others. also believed people used self-efficacy to overcome fear/trauma.

19. Psychologist who defined 3 styles of parenting: authoritarian - authoritative - permissive.

20. Freud's third aspect of our personality to develop - involved an overriding moral guidepost - transmitted to the child in great part through adult authority figures

21. This system and organ are most susceptible to teratogens after conception

22. An explicit understanding of how learning works and an awareness of yourself as a learner.

23. The appropriate use of language in different contexts

24. When infants display a decrease in interest toward an object

25. From Lev Vygotsky's theory. the difference between what a child can do with help and what the child can do without any help or guidance.

26. Vygotsky's idea that learners should be given only just enough help so that they can reach the next level

27. Big 5 trait that increases for both sexes over their lifetimes

28. According to Piaget - we possess these to create abstract - generalized account of repeated events

29. Infant who appears withdrawn - depressed - and is losing all interest in the world is expressing symptoms of this

30. A technique of detecting fetal abnormalities that involves examination of placental tissue extracted from the chorion

31. Psychologist who researched the relationship of body contact and nourishment to attachment - using infant monkeys and artificial mothers

32. Unresponsiveness to others - oc behaviors - anger outburst - social avoidance - regression in behavior/language (4x more prevalent in boys)

33. When children are most sensitive to the effects of stimuli. different ages for different stimuli.

34. Proposed the 5 stages of perspective taking: Egocentrism - Assume one perspective is right - Understands intention - Understands perspective of the larger social group

35. Hall and Gesel launched this approach in which measures of behavior are taken on large numbers of individuals and age-related averages are computed to represent typical development

36. Ability to become increasingly more effective in solving problems as more problems are solved. term coined by Harry Harlow.

37. Harvard researcher that has identified at least eight types of intelligences: linguistic - logical/mathematical - bodily/kinesthetic - musical - spatial (visual) - interpersonal (the ability to understand others) - intrapersonal (the ability to under

38. Play by infants and toddlers. activity that involves simple - repetitive movements and no symbolic thinking required. eg. sand shoveling - splashing water - pushing a toy

39. Stage of development when organism is most vulnerable to teratogens.

40. Psychologist to propose the Ecological Systems Theory - views child as developing within a complex system of relationships from microsystem to macrosystem

41. Term coined by animal psychologists Marian Breland Bailey and Keller Breland; tendency for animals to return to innate behaviors following repeated reinforcement

42. In Bronfenbrenner's bioecological approach - settings not experienced directly by individuals still influence their development (for example - effects of events at a parent's workplace on children's development).

43. The generation of adults who simultaneously try to meet the competing needs of their parents and their children

44. A technique of prenatal diagnosis in which amniotic fluid - obtained by aspiration from a needle inserted into the uterus - is analyzed to detect certain genetic and congenital defects in the fetus.

45. The need to connect with others - which is often intensified if a threat of danger is imminent and people need to come together to support each other

46. A theory of development that takes its cue in many ways from evolutionary theory - concentrating on traits that are inborn or dependent on 'critical periods' for their eventual emergence

47. Gifted children grow up to be more well-adjusted - more successful - healthier adults

48. First of Piaget's. lasts from birth to acquisition of language. cognitive devmt begins and children learn causality - object permanence towards end

49. Joy - Anger - Fear - Surprise - Interest - Disgust - Distress - Sadness

50. Autism usually becomes evident between ___ and ___ months