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CLEP Human Growth And Development

Subjects : clep, teaching
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Suggested that children are born good - bad experiences lead to negative changes

2. We don't inherit a specific IQ; rather we have a range of academic potential

3. The average number of MORPHEMES

4. Social cognitive theorist who proposed that learning takes place in social context: observing and imitating others. also believed people used self-efficacy to overcome fear/trauma.

5. Vygotsky's idea that learners should be given only just enough help so that they can reach the next level

6. Play by infants and toddlers. activity that involves simple - repetitive movements and no symbolic thinking required. eg. sand shoveling - splashing water - pushing a toy

7. A technique of prenatal diagnosis in which amniotic fluid - obtained by aspiration from a needle inserted into the uterus - is analyzed to detect certain genetic and congenital defects in the fetus.

8. When children are most sensitive to the effects of stimuli. different ages for different stimuli.

9. This causes more deaths in children than physical abuse

10. A technique of detecting fetal abnormalities that involves examination of placental tissue extracted from the chorion

11. Term for practical intelligence

12. Increased exposure to stimuli - enhanced encoding (storing) of information in long-term memory - and increased ease and efficiency in retrieving the stored information will improve this

13. The need to connect with others - which is often intensified if a threat of danger is imminent and people need to come together to support each other

14. Hall and Gesel launched this approach in which measures of behavior are taken on large numbers of individuals and age-related averages are computed to represent typical development

15. An explicit understanding of how learning works and an awareness of yourself as a learner.

16. Joy - Anger - Fear - Surprise - Interest - Disgust - Distress - Sadness

17. In Piaget's theory these are flexible and reversible

18. Father of attachment theory

19. Unresponsiveness to others - oc behaviors - anger outburst - social avoidance - regression in behavior/language (4x more prevalent in boys)

20. Autism usually becomes evident between ___ and ___ months

21. Proposed that challenging children with complex words helps them to develop their language more rapidly.

22. This action during pregnancy may be associated with poor academic performance by the child later on

23. When more categories are added to one's self-description

24. 1896-1934; russian developmental psychologist who emphasized the role of the social environment on cognitive development and proposed the idea of zones of proximal development

25. Term coined by animal psychologists Marian Breland Bailey and Keller Breland; tendency for animals to return to innate behaviors following repeated reinforcement

26. Stage of development when organism is most vulnerable to teratogens.

27. Occurs between 11 and 13 months

28. The appropriate use of language in different contexts

29. Piaget's notion of adapting one's current understandings (schemas) to incorporate new information

30. Ability to become increasingly more effective in solving problems as more problems are solved. term coined by Harry Harlow.

31. Occurs when grammatical rules are incorrectly generalized to irregular cases where they do not apply

32. A theory of development that takes its cue in many ways from evolutionary theory - concentrating on traits that are inborn or dependent on 'critical periods' for their eventual emergence

33. Characteristic of the thought of a preoperational child. children in this stage tend to project human qualities into inanimate objects

34. Those with this disease are often normal weight

35. Piaget's notion of incorporating a novel idea or object into an existing schema or conception

36. From Lev Vygotsky's theory. the difference between what a child can do with help and what the child can do without any help or guidance.

37. Psychologist to propose the Ecological Systems Theory - views child as developing within a complex system of relationships from microsystem to macrosystem

38. Oral - anal (1-3) - phallic (4-6) - latency (6-puberty) - genital

39. The set of rules by which we derive meaning from morphemes - words - and sentences in a given language; the study of meaning

40. Form of indirect aggression - prevalent in girls - involving spreading rumors - gossiping - and nonverbal putdowns for the purpose of social manipulation

41. The fact that children can map a word onto an underlying concept after only a single exposure

42. The generation of adults who simultaneously try to meet the competing needs of their parents and their children

43. Freud's third aspect of our personality to develop - involved an overriding moral guidepost - transmitted to the child in great part through adult authority figures

44. Infant who appears withdrawn - depressed - and is losing all interest in the world is expressing symptoms of this

45. Infant startle response to sudden - intense noise or movement. When startled the newborn arches its back - throws back its head - and flings out its arms and legs.

46. Suggested children are born into world with empty minds - environment shapes them

47. Fourth of Piaget's. characterized by the ability to perform hypothetical reasoning and think abstractly.

48. Inflicting harm in order to obtain something of value

49. When infants display a decrease in interest toward an object

50. Introduced the concept of fast mapping. calculated that children between the ages of 1.5 and 6 learn an average of nine new words per day.