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CLEP Western Civilization I: Ancient Near East

Subjects : clep, history
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. A cultural practice in which young men upon marriage must live with their bride's family.

2. Wife of Akenhaten - died during his celebration. After which Akenhaten became intolerant of any other gods - obsessively erasing them from history and neglecting his kingdom in the process.

3. From the Latin term for 'city.' Characterized by formal states - writing - cities - and monuments.

4. The first civilizations - they created a basic set of tools - intellectual concepts such as writing and mathematics - and political forms that would persist and spread to other parts of Europe - Asia - and Africa. Most were in decline by 1000 BC.

5. Recent archeological studies show that there were at least _____ early civilizations.

6. Dating to 3500 BC - this civilization is one of the few cases of a civilization that started from scratch

7. Passive - Stable - Predictable - and Conformist are adjectives that the describe the _____________ people and explain why their civilization was able to survive for an extraordinary 3 -000 years.

8. The moral code divined to Moses by the Hebrew god. Unlike the Code of Hammurabi - rich and poor were treated equally.

9. Period of Ancient Egyptian history during which permanent settlements were established - stone and crafts work developed - burial practices moved to the outer edges of the territories - and the beginnings of a belief in the afterlife became evident.

10. As the most influential of the smaller Middle Eastern regional cultures - the Jews were characterized most by ______________.

11. Stepson of Hatshepsut - he lead the military expeditions during her reign. When he became Pharaoh - he enlisted thousands of men to help him capture more land than any other Pharaoh before him. At the time - he ruled the largest empire ever ruled by

12. Part god and part king - the __________ was the leader of the Ancient of Egyptians. It was his job to raise the sun - the crops - and the coming of the Nile. He held absolute power over the Egyptians in the present life and in the hereafter.

13. The position of _________ was less free and equal in agricultural societies than in hunting societies.

14. Egyptian civilization sprang up in northern Africa - along the ______________; this river played a crucial role in the ability of the Egyptians to produce an abundant harvest.

15. The New Babylonian king who destroyed the Hebrew kingdom of Judah and enslaved the Jews.

16. Ancient Sumerian king - ruled 2700 BC. Credited with having been a demigod of superhuman strength who built a great city wall to defend his people from external threats. Influence of his epic stories are seen in the Hebrew story of the Great Flood.

17. Name for the Hebrew god.

18. The most important ruler in Babylonian history. Responsible for the codification of law. Ruled over public and private life; business - financial - and criminal law. Judgements were often harsh.

19. Sumerian relationship with their gods was ___________. Humans were created to do the manual labor for the gods.

20. In contrast to the isolated Egyptians - these people were warriors and traders - they were highly unpredictable and abstract thinkers.

21. Homo Species that disappeared at the end of the Paleolithic period.

22. Pre-agricultural culture located in present day Israel - Jordan and Lebanon. Collected naturally present barley and wheat to supplement game. Characterized by large settlements.

23. A nomadic agricultural lifestyle based on herding domesticated animals; tended to produce independent people capable of challenging sedentary agricultural societies.

24. People of Akkad who overruled the Sumerians and assimilated their culture. Simplified the Sumerian cuneiform.

25. A technological advance invented c. 6000 BC encourage higher quality ceramic pottery production.

26. The Egyptian concept of harmony and order - justice and truth. Implied a divine force for harmony and stability which emanated from the beginning of time itself. Good rule by pharaoh signified its presence

27. A religious outlook that see god in many aspects of nature and propitiates them to help control and explain nature; typical of Mesopotamian religions.

28. Major contributor to the spread of culture.

29. 'wedge-shaped.' A system of writing developed by the Sumerians that consisted of wedge-shaped impressions made by a reed stylus on clay tablets.

30. The Great Pyramid is the tomb of the Pharaoh ________.

31. Prior to the Bronze Age - during the 4th Millenium - crafters smelted tools from ___________.

32. Monotheistic - Semitic-speaking people of Mesopotamia. Enslaved by the Egyptians - their leader Moses eventually led them out of captivity. Their religion opened the door for awareness of the self with moral autonomy - man had the choice between good

33. ___________ sacrifice was common among all religions during the late neolithic period.

34. First foreigners to conquer and rule Egypt during the 15th and 16th dynasties. Later defeated by Egyptian Soldiers opening the door for the New Kingdom.

35. Cradle of Civilization located in the area between Mesopotamia and Syria.

36. A sea-faring civilization located on the shores on the Eastern Mediterranean; established colonies throughout the Mediterranean and devised a simplified alphabet that greatly influenced the Greek and Latin writing systems.

37. Ancient view of the world based on myth rather than science or rationality.

38. Achievements of the ___________ civilization include the construction of irrigation ditches - introduction of the plow - and wheel made pottery.

39. Early Sumerian kingdoms began as theocracies - their kings established their authority through ____________.

40. The loose collection of territorially small cities in Mesopotamia which lacked unity with one another due to geographic isolation. Each was dedicated to a particular god or goddess.

41. The first tools were made of ___________ approximately 2.5 Million years ago.

42. The early degree of organization of communities in the Fertile Crescent and primarily in Egypt can be attributed to the need for ________.

43. Period of Ancient Egyptian history during which the Pharaohs regained powers over the priests but with somewhat less authority during which laws began to be written down.

44. First to develop money - weights and measures - and hours.

45. Unified Upper and Lower Egypt into one kingdom with the capital at Memphis around 3000 BC.

46. Intermediate form of ecological adaptation in which temporary forms of cultivation are carried out with little impact on the natural ecology; typical of rainforest cultivators.

47. Egyptian Pharaoh of the New Kingdom - attempted to reduce the power of the priests by establishing a monotheistic religion dedicated to Aten - the sun-god - replacing the tradition Egyptian pantheon of gods. He established himself as the sole priest

48. Unified all of Mesopotamia circa 1800 BC - collapsed due to foreign invasian.

49. The period from 12 -000 BC to 8 -000 BC characterized by the gradual shift from hunter-gather societies to sedentary agricultural societies.

50. Beginning of the Neolithic Period or 'New Stone Age'. Saw the adaptation of sedentary agriculture and the domestication of plants and animals.