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CLEP Western Civilization II

Subjects : clep, history
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Developed the SCIENTIFIC METHOD through the INDUCTIVE method (specific to general) - wrote Novum Organum.

2. A military draft

3. JACOBIN French revolutionary leader who stormed the Paris bastille and who supported the execution of Louis XVI but was guillotined by Robespierre for his opposition to the Reign of Terror (1759-1794).

4. Passed in 1832 - this controversial law gave the VOTE to middle class men in industrial cities - and gave them the right to be represented in PARLIAMENT. It abolished 'rotten boroughs -' sparsely populated areas that had representation.

5. First loss of a European power to an ASIAN COUNTRY.

6. Mussolini's rise to power. Thousands of followers marched on Rome. King Victor Emmanuel III made Mussolini prime minister. Then Fascists made all other political parties illegal.

7. Three nations - Austria - Russia - and Prussia - who were nervous about liberal revolts - established the PROTOCOL OF TROPPAU that states they can intervene in the affairs of other countries unable to remain CONSERVATIVE.


9. Italian POLITICAL party created by Benito Mussolini during World War I. It emphasized aggressive nationalism and was Mussolini's instrument for the creation of a dictatorship in Italy. Didn't believe in democracy.

10. A United States program of economic aid for the reconstruction of Europe (1948-1952). Implemented by the ORGANIZATION FOR EUROPEAN ECONOMIC COOPERATION

11. Discovered radium.

12. Civil war in England between the Parliamentarians and the Royalists under Charles I. Forces of Parliament called 'ROUNDHEADS'. Forces of the King called 'CAVALIERS'. Roundheads won - Puritans (Cromwell's religion) purged Presbyterians from Parliament

13. Document that helped create the UNITED NATIONS.

14. Conservative king who was revolted against in SPAIN. He ignored Spain's constitution and disbanded the parliament.

15. Father of modern CONSERVATISM. noted for his emphasis on tradition. Wrote 'Reflections on the Revolution in France.'

16. Head of the SS - in charge of extermination.

17. THE ATHENS OF THE NORTH. The Scottish had their own Enlightenment.

18. Perfected the INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE - for cars.

19. Extermination of the Jews.

20. German Lutheran astronomer - discovered that the paths of the planets around the sun are ELLIPTICAL rather that circular.

21. People - such as EDUARD BERNSTEIN - who believed that COMMUNISM could be achieved slowly and through democratic means.

22. Germany supported this country in keeping control of it's Slavic nationalistics - which put GERMANY at odds with RUSSIA - because they wanted Slavs free.

23. The process by which religious beliefs - practices - and institutions lose their significance in sectors of society and culture.

24. Lasting from 1899 to 1902 - DUTCH colonists and the BRITISH competed for control of territory in South Africa.

25. The Quadruple Alliance - Russia - Prussia - Austria - and Britain...plus France - to prevent France's resentment towards the victors.

26. Nazi war criminal who lived in hiding in Argentina for years before her was captured. HANNAH ARENDT argued in her book - 'Eichmann in Jerusalem' that he seemed hardly demonic.

27. BOLSHEVIKS. Revolutionaries and communists.

28. Divided AFRICA among the Europeans and contributed greatly to the SCRAMBLE FOR AFRICA.


30. Italian nationalist whose writings spurred the movement for a unified and independent Italy (1805-1872) YOUNG ITALY - and RISORGIMENTO movements.

31. Overthrew the monarchy established in 1830; briefly established a DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC; failure of the republic led to the reestablishment of the French Empire under NAPOLEON III in 1850.

32. After Charles X is abdicated - this LIBERAL KING is given the throne of France. He is called the 'King of the French -' which meant that he worked for the people. NATIONAL GUARD killed forty rioters.

33. Finance minister who INDUSTRIALIZED Russia.

34. (1740-48) Conflict caused by the rival claims for the dominions of the Habsburg family. Before the death of Charles VI - Holy Roman emperor and archduke of Austria - many of the European powers had guaranteed that Charles's daughter Maria Theresa wou

35. Louis XVI called nobles and clergy to ask for money and the wealthy refused. The nobles refused to pay taxes. This group was made up of people selected by the king and was made up primarily of nobles.

36. Britain political party devoted to the interests of the LABOR UNION movement.

37. Overthrew the provisional government in Russia in 1917 - made null the democratic reforms - and established a dictatorship.

38. A member of a British political party - founded in 1689 - that was the opposition party to the Whigs and has been known as the Conservative Party since about 1832. Fond of kings and against revolution.

39. Powerful poem by WILFRED OWEN about the horrors of WWI.

40. Wrote the pamphlet 'What is the THIRD ESTATE' concerning the plight of France's lower class.

41. From it emerged Turkey - Syria - Iran - and Iraq.

42. Wrote 'THE SPIRIT OF THE LAWS' - advocated separation of powers with the three BRANCHES of legislative - judicial - and executive - plus checks and balances.

43. A highly influential French philosopher who believed that Human beings are naturally good & free & can rely on their instincts. Government should exist to protect common good - and be a democracy. Wrote 'SOCIAL CONTRACT -' and advocated the general w

44. Greater freedom for Ireland.

45. Idea created by JOHANN GOTTFRIED HERGER about a 'PEOPLE'S SPIRIT' to identify the national character of Germany - but soon passed to other countries. NATIONALISM.

46. CONSERVATIVE KING succeeded his brother Louis XVIII. His desire to restore France to a Pre-1789 world led to the Revolution of 1830 and the ascent of Louis Philippe.

47. Hitler blamed this event on communists and gave himself an excuse to take COMPLETE POWER of Germany.

48. British political party. Liberals. Against the king.

49. This treaty ended the Seven Years War. Gave Canada and area east of the Mississippi to Britain.

50. English philosopher who advocated the idea of a 'social contract' in which government powers are derived from the consent of the governed and in which the government serves the people; also said people have natural rights to LIFE - LIBERTY AND PROPER