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Clinical Surgery

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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. What are the three objectives to be taken note of in the palpation part of the arterial examination?

2. In What age group is papillary carcinoma more common in?

3. How can the extent of the obstruction be determined?

4. How do you treat these scars?

5. What are the two types of complications of thyroidectomy?

6. What are the causes of a diffusely enlarged thyroid gland?

7. What are the causes of postoperative jaundice?

8. What are the indications for flap reconstruction?

9. What is a skin flap?

10. What is the risk of rupture for an aneurysm more than 5.5cm?

11. What are the other options other than open AAA repair?

12. What are the anatomical levels that leg amputations are usually found at?

13. What is a useful mneumonic to remember what you have to present when examining a lump or swelling?

14. What is the arterial supply to the thyroid gland?

15. What are the uncommon causes of ascites?

16. Why do these neuropathic ulcers form?

17. What is the pathogenesis of a congenital dermoid cyst?

18. What is a sinus?

19. How do you treat a thyroglossal cyst?

20. What would you warn the patient of in consenting them for an endarterectomy?

21. What is the treatment of Sjogren's syndrome?

22. What are the branches of the facial nerve?

23. With which conditions would an ascitic transudate be expected?

24. What are the four commonest types of malignant melanoma?

25. What is the differential diagnosis of a ganglion?

26. Which normal tissues are particularly affected by radiotherapy?

27. What is the non-surgical treatment of venous ulcers?

28. What is an epigastric hernia?

29. What are the acquired predisposing factors for malignant melanomas?

30. What are the specific complications of a Cimino-Brescia fistula?

31. How would you investigate a patient with a breast lump?

32. What are the non-surgical treatment options for hydrocoele?

33. What features of the lump would make you suspicious that it is breast cancer?

34. What are the features of ulcers in patients with sickle-cell disease?

35. What is the classification used in the definition of severe exarcerbation of inflammatory bowel disease?

36. What are the histological features of seborrhoeic keratosis?

37. What are the intratemporal causes of facial nerve palsy?

38. What are the indications of median sternotomy?

39. What are the causes of gynaecomastia?

40. What is the causes of the carotid artery aneurysms?

41. How would you investigate and treat a solitary thyroid nodule?

42. What does a keloid scar look like?

43. What are the main points that doctors are looking for during the Surgical OSCEs?

44. How might a patient with a popliteal aneurysms present?

45. Simple cyst Treatment

46. What are the complications of atrial fibrillation?

47. How would you rehabilitate a patient following the placement of a stoma?

48. What are the specific complications of a stoma?

49. What are the signs of chronic venous insufficiency?

50. Which patients should have their aneurysms repaired?