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Clinical Surgery

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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. What are the signs of chronic venous insufficiency?

2. Which are the gastrointestinal causes of clubbing?

3. What are the causes of atrial fibrillation?

4. What is the origin of lymphangiomas?

5. What are the functions of the spleen?

6. What does four-layer compression bandaging comprise of?

7. What do you know about the epidemiology of thyroglossal cysts?

8. How do you stage malignant melanomas?

9. What are the different histological subtypes of a sebaceous cyst?

10. What is the risk of solar keratoses progressing to invasive squamous cell carcinoma?

11. What are the features of ulcers in patients with squamous cell carcinoma?

12. What do you know about the pathophysiology of pressure necrosis?

13. What is the one-year survival of amputations?

14. What are the indications for an amputation?

15. How would you treat an acquired dermoid cyst?

16. What are the congenital predisposing factors for basal cell carcinoma?

17. What are the major causes of pre-hepatic jaundice?

18. What is the surgical treatment of varicocoele?

19. What are the three objectives to be taken note of in the palpation part of the arterial examination?

20. How does follicular carcinoma spread?

21. In What age group is papillary carcinoma more common in?

22. What is the treatment of a chemodectoma?

23. What are the congenital predisposing factors for malignant melanomas?

24. What are the complications of a pharyngeal pouch?

25. What is the differential diagnosis of an epigastric mass?

26. How do paraumbilical herniae occur?

27. What are patients with Sjogren's syndrome at risk of?

28. What are the cause of cervical lymphadenopathy that you know of?

29. What are the causes of postoperative jaundice?

30. How would you treat a branchial cyst?

31. What are the specific complications of inguinal hernia repair?

32. What is the pathophysiology of coarctation?

33. What are the specific complications of parotidectomy?

34. How would you demonstrate to an examiner that a mass in the right upper quadrant is indeed an enlarged liver(hepatomegaly)?

35. Simple cyst Investigations

36. What are the sensory branches of the facial nerve?

37. What is the operative mortality of amputations?

38. What are the 'transudate' causes of a pleural effusion?

39. What would you warn the patient of in consenting them for an endarterectomy?

40. What are the features of Campbell de Morgan spots?

41. What is the risk of rupture for an aneurysm more than 5.5cm?

42. What are the features of an inguinal hernia?

43. What should one point out when describing the features of a thyroid swelling?

44. What is the pathogenesis of thoracic outlet obstuction?

45. What are the general complications of a stoma?

46. What is a skin graft?

47. How would you treat pyoderma gangrenosum?

48. What are the different varieties of Kaposi's sarcoma?

49. What are the pathological features of thyroglossal cyst?

50. What is the 'reconstruction ladder'?