Test your basic knowledge |

Criminal Justice 101

Subject : law
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. What are the three main players in the Criminal Justice system known as?






2. When there is a supposed legal error or discrepancy with a case - what type of hearing does it go to?






3. Who runs the N.C.I.C.?






4. What 1838 Ohio State Supreme Court Case established the concept of Parens Patriae and no need for due process in juvenile matters?






5. What Latin term means - 'father or parent of the country?'






6. What level of law enforcement generally provides services to the local court system?






7. What does O.R. mean?






8. What are the three duties of Deputy Probation officers in the court room?






9. Under English Common Law what was the general cut off age in distinguishing between those who could charged with felonies?






10. Who were the country's first president and vice president?






11. The Federal Court system was authorized through what?






12. What is the State Court System's court of last resort?






13. In which two locations did the actual shooting war begin between British soldiers and Colonial militia men?






14. What are the three Terms of Imprisonment?






15. What are the branches of federal law enforcement?






16. How long is a federal judge's term of office for?






17. What is the most important thing that a probation officer does in the presentence court report?






18. What is the name for a juvenile complaint?






19. Besides the U.S. Marshall Service - what is the other oldest federal law enforcement agency?






20. What concept deals with corrections or judicial personal determining how much incarceration a person will serve?






21. What were minors who disobeyed orders of the Kings Chancery Court system called?






22. What are the two types of defense attorneys?






23. Where does the U.S. Supreme Court hear cases from?






24. What was name of the era which was distinguished by the Kansas City Patrol Experiment and Flint - Michigan Patrol Program?






25. What 1285 A.D. English law removed the emphasis on law enforcement away from the military and back onto the citizens?






26. What constitutional amendments were alluded to in Miranda versus Arizona?






27. What are the four main players in the criminal justice system?






28. What does the Court of Appeals not possess?






29. What criminal statistical agency or method was created in 1930?






30. What English king circa 1154 A.D. sent representatives out to the eight English 'regions' in order to organize some type of common law?






31. What federal law enforcement agency had its origins in 1908?






32. When court systems or levels disagree or question if rules are properly applied - what type of court is used?






33. What is the name of our criminal justice system that is made up of both federal and state levels?






34. What concept did the 1800 Babylonian King Hammurabi create that said juveniles could be considered for lessor penalties?






35. Which of the five major phases in the criminal justice system since 1965 produced major case law?






36. What constitutes the major difference between a crime and illegal behavior?






37. The power of the U.S. Supreme Court to interpret what the constitution says and means - via case law - is known as what?






38. What does a preliminary hearing determine?






39. What hearing comes after a misdemeanor arraignment?






40. What federal law enforcement agency delegated peace officer powers to citizens during the era of the wild west?






41. What law enforcement agency maintains the largest training academy in the U.S.?






42. What are the two conflicting philosophies which talk of a desire for individual freedom and a crime free society?






43. What are state Courts of Appeals also called?






44. What is the point of a second preliminary hearing?






45. What court system was the same up until the period of the Civil War?






46. What is the name of the New York police officer - circa 1970s - who had to deal with corruption and patronage in the NYPD?






47. What are the two general characteristics evident among most law enforcement agencies?






48. What two types of employees do law enforcement agencies employ?






49. What two additional sentences can come from a Formal Felony Sentencing Hearing different from a misdemeanor?






50. What is the system that puts two conflicting parties against each other with a third neutral part overseeing the process?