Test your basic knowledge |

Criminal Justice 101

Subject : law
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. According to Hammurabi - what age was considered as the cut off between juveniles and adults?






2. State Troopers are what level of law enforcement?






3. When there is a supposed legal error or discrepancy with a case - what type of hearing does it go to?






4. What type of hearing does a felony case go to after arrangement?






5. What are the three Terms of Imprisonment?






6. What Penal Code section states that the court shall refer to probation for a report?






7. What does the U.S. Supreme Court have regarding what cases to hear?






8. Indeterminate sentencing was a mainstay within the California juvenile justice system until what year?






9. Who were the country's first president and vice president?






10. What two additional sentences can come from a Formal Felony Sentencing Hearing different from a misdemeanor?






11. Where does a misdemeanors case begin?






12. What two additional branches of government did the Constitution add to government?






13. What does the Court of Appeals not possess?






14. In Orange County - what type of prosecuting attorneys handle the day to day issues in the court room?






15. What concept did the 1800 Babylonian King Hammurabi create that said juveniles could be considered for lessor penalties?






16. What hearing comes after a misdemeanor arraignment?






17. Under English Common Law what was the general cut off age in distinguishing between those who could charged with felonies?






18. What are the two conflicting philosophies which talk of a desire for individual freedom and a crime free society?






19. UCRS and NIBRS recieve information from how many agencies?






20. What is the State Court System's court of last resort?






21. What 1883 federal law stressed the need for a civil service system based upon merit?






22. What is ultimate goal at all early hearings?






23. After the U.S. Constitution was ratified - what type of court system did the U.S. realize it needed to have?






24. What two types of employees do law enforcement agencies employ?






25. What is the name of the New York police officer - circa 1970s - who had to deal with corruption and patronage in the NYPD?






26. Railroad Police - Port/Harbor Police - Campus Police - and Mass Transit Police are examples of what?






27. What is the name of our criminal justice system that is made up of both federal and state levels?






28. What kind of system is our criminal justice system based upon?






29. What word represents the ability of criminal justice players to make independent decisions?






30. How many states use the death penalty?






31. What kind of powers do corrections and probation officers have?






32. The Reintegration Model - circa 1960s - failed due to community concern over leniency toward criminals and what two major social events?






33. Who is in charge of staffing - calender - budget - and other material needs of the court room?






34. What federal law enforcement agency had its origins in 1908?






35. What concept attempts to alter future behaviors through threats of punishment and consequences?






36. What was name of the era which was distinguished by the Kansas City Patrol Experiment and Flint - Michigan Patrol Program?






37. What are the branches of federal law enforcement?






38. What does N.C.I.C. stand for?






39. What is a crime punishable by jail - fines or prison?






40. What amendment discusses cruel and unusual punishment?






41. The California state highway patrol is an example of what type of law enforcement agency?






42. The Federal Court system was created through what?






43. What is the Latin term that describes a federal peace officer's ability to deputize citizens and give them temporary power?






44. Who is referred to as the father of probation?






45. What federal law enforcement agency delegated peace officer powers to citizens during the era of the wild west?






46. What court system was the same up until the period of the Civil War?






47. What Latin term means - 'father or parent of the country?'






48. What criminal statistical agency or method was created in 1930?






49. What is the name for a juvenile complaint?






50. What is the point of a second preliminary hearing?