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Criminal Justice Research

Subject : law
  • Answer 48 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. The process that moves from a given series of specifics to a generalization

2. 1. artificiality 2. limited scope

3. Language of research

4. Reasoning from the general to the particular (or from cause to effect)

5. Repetition of experiments or studies utilizing the same methodology

6. Research that relies on what is seen in field or naturalistic settings more than on statistical data

7. The outcome factor; the variable that may change in response to manipulations of the independent variable

8. Plausible explanation of reality

9. Accuracy within the study itself

10. Explains world through rationality and logical explanation

11. Requirement that any information obtained in research be treated as confidential and not be revealed in any manner that would identify or harm subjects

12. Laws that protect researchers from being forced to reveal sources in court of law

13. A model or schema that provides a perspective from which to view reality

14. Concepts that can vary or take on different numerical values; operationalized concepts

15. Research that collects and reports data primarily in numerical form. Concepts are assigned to numerical values. On a scale of 1-5 how well do you like this class? (1=lowest)

16. Subjective evaluation of the risk to a research participant relative to the benefit both to the individual and to society of the results of the proposed research.

17. Variables other than X - the independent variable that may be responsible for the outcome

18. Combines rationality and logical explanation with method - emphasizing observation - measurement - replication and verification

19. Measurement of single variable at successive points in time

20. View of all social events as a distinct chronicle of unique happenings

21. Specific statements or predictions regarding the relationship between two variables

22. Definition of concepts on the basis of how they are measured

23. Confirmation of the accuracy of findings; attainment of greater certitude in conclusions through additional observations

24. Broken windows can signal to people that no one cares about a building. Leads to more serious vandalism and attracts the wrong crowd

25. Accuracy in the ability to generalize or infer findings from a study to a larger population

26. A series of cross-sectional studies conducted on the same subjects (the PANEL) at different time intervals. Allows investigators to measure change in individuals.

27. Aliases used in research reports to protect the identity of respondents

28. A scientific approach to knowledge based on 'positive' facts as opposed to mere speculation

29. Collection of accurate facts or data; attempt to address the issue of 'what is'

30. Neither the subjects nor administrators in an experiment know which group is receiving the treatment

31. A piece of writing that has been copied from someone else and is presented as being your own work

32. Weber's notion that the purpose of research is to gain a qualitative 'understanding' of phenomena from the perspective of the subjects

33. A research design in which investigators compare groups of subjects of differing age who are observed at a single point in time.

34. Highs and lows in data found

35. A system of mutual obligation between subjects and researchers; because the subjects cooperation assisted the researcher - the researcher owes the subject professional regard

36. False relationship that can be explained away by other variables

37. We must remain objective and value-free Yet - our decisions about what to study is strongly influenced by personal interests and other factors

38. Fanatical adherence to a preferred method at the expense of substance; view that there is one and only one way of doing research - that is - by employing the one - best method

39. Abstract or symbolic tags placed on reality

40. A group of subjects followed over a long period with data collected multiple times during the course of their lives

41. View that - if one cannot quantitatively measure a phenomenon - it is not worth studying

42. 1. evidence of causality 2. control 3. cost 4. replication

43. A research design in which the same people are studied or tested repeatedly over time

44. The idea that delinquents and nondelinquents are two fundamentally different types of people

45. Agreement of subjects to participate in research after they have been briefed

46. College/University research committees that oversee and ensure ethical research standards

47. The experimental factor that is manipulated; the variable whose effect is being studied

48. A type of longitudinal design to gather data from different samples across time