Test your basic knowledge |

Criminal Justice Research

Subject : law
Instructions:
  • Answer 48 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. View of all social events as a distinct chronicle of unique happenings






2. The outcome factor; the variable that may change in response to manipulations of the independent variable






3. 1. artificiality 2. limited scope






4. Variables other than X - the independent variable that may be responsible for the outcome






5. Accuracy in the ability to generalize or infer findings from a study to a larger population






6. A model or schema that provides a perspective from which to view reality






7. Abstract or symbolic tags placed on reality






8. We must remain objective and value-free Yet - our decisions about what to study is strongly influenced by personal interests and other factors






9. A series of cross-sectional studies conducted on the same subjects (the PANEL) at different time intervals. Allows investigators to measure change in individuals.






10. View that - if one cannot quantitatively measure a phenomenon - it is not worth studying






11. Research that collects and reports data primarily in numerical form. Concepts are assigned to numerical values. On a scale of 1-5 how well do you like this class? (1=lowest)






12. Research that relies on what is seen in field or naturalistic settings more than on statistical data






13. Broken windows can signal to people that no one cares about a building. Leads to more serious vandalism and attracts the wrong crowd






14. A type of longitudinal design to gather data from different samples across time






15. Collection of accurate facts or data; attempt to address the issue of 'what is'






16. A group of subjects followed over a long period with data collected multiple times during the course of their lives






17. Specific statements or predictions regarding the relationship between two variables






18. Reasoning from the general to the particular (or from cause to effect)






19. Combines rationality and logical explanation with method - emphasizing observation - measurement - replication and verification






20. Repetition of experiments or studies utilizing the same methodology






21. Subjective evaluation of the risk to a research participant relative to the benefit both to the individual and to society of the results of the proposed research.






22. A system of mutual obligation between subjects and researchers; because the subjects cooperation assisted the researcher - the researcher owes the subject professional regard






23. 1. evidence of causality 2. control 3. cost 4. replication






24. Language of research






25. The experimental factor that is manipulated; the variable whose effect is being studied






26. Weber's notion that the purpose of research is to gain a qualitative 'understanding' of phenomena from the perspective of the subjects






27. Accuracy within the study itself






28. False relationship that can be explained away by other variables






29. Concepts that can vary or take on different numerical values; operationalized concepts






30. Aliases used in research reports to protect the identity of respondents






31. The idea that delinquents and nondelinquents are two fundamentally different types of people






32. Agreement of subjects to participate in research after they have been briefed






33. Measurement of single variable at successive points in time






34. A scientific approach to knowledge based on 'positive' facts as opposed to mere speculation






35. Plausible explanation of reality






36. A research design in which investigators compare groups of subjects of differing age who are observed at a single point in time.






37. Neither the subjects nor administrators in an experiment know which group is receiving the treatment






38. Highs and lows in data found






39. Confirmation of the accuracy of findings; attainment of greater certitude in conclusions through additional observations






40. The process that moves from a given series of specifics to a generalization






41. Fanatical adherence to a preferred method at the expense of substance; view that there is one and only one way of doing research - that is - by employing the one - best method






42. Laws that protect researchers from being forced to reveal sources in court of law






43. Explains world through rationality and logical explanation






44. College/University research committees that oversee and ensure ethical research standards






45. A piece of writing that has been copied from someone else and is presented as being your own work






46. Definition of concepts on the basis of how they are measured






47. Requirement that any information obtained in research be treated as confidential and not be revealed in any manner that would identify or harm subjects






48. A research design in which the same people are studied or tested repeatedly over time