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Criminal Justice Research

Subject : law
  • Answer 48 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Agreement of subjects to participate in research after they have been briefed

2. View that - if one cannot quantitatively measure a phenomenon - it is not worth studying

3. Research that relies on what is seen in field or naturalistic settings more than on statistical data

4. Broken windows can signal to people that no one cares about a building. Leads to more serious vandalism and attracts the wrong crowd

5. The process that moves from a given series of specifics to a generalization

6. Variables other than X - the independent variable that may be responsible for the outcome

7. A group of subjects followed over a long period with data collected multiple times during the course of their lives

8. A scientific approach to knowledge based on 'positive' facts as opposed to mere speculation

9. Accuracy in the ability to generalize or infer findings from a study to a larger population

10. Research that collects and reports data primarily in numerical form. Concepts are assigned to numerical values. On a scale of 1-5 how well do you like this class? (1=lowest)

11. Fanatical adherence to a preferred method at the expense of substance; view that there is one and only one way of doing research - that is - by employing the one - best method

12. Repetition of experiments or studies utilizing the same methodology

13. A research design in which the same people are studied or tested repeatedly over time

14. A type of longitudinal design to gather data from different samples across time

15. Reasoning from the general to the particular (or from cause to effect)

16. College/University research committees that oversee and ensure ethical research standards

17. Accuracy within the study itself

18. Collection of accurate facts or data; attempt to address the issue of 'what is'

19. Abstract or symbolic tags placed on reality

20. Concepts that can vary or take on different numerical values; operationalized concepts

21. The experimental factor that is manipulated; the variable whose effect is being studied

22. A piece of writing that has been copied from someone else and is presented as being your own work

23. We must remain objective and value-free Yet - our decisions about what to study is strongly influenced by personal interests and other factors

24. Combines rationality and logical explanation with method - emphasizing observation - measurement - replication and verification

25. False relationship that can be explained away by other variables

26. Weber's notion that the purpose of research is to gain a qualitative 'understanding' of phenomena from the perspective of the subjects

27. Specific statements or predictions regarding the relationship between two variables

28. View of all social events as a distinct chronicle of unique happenings

29. A research design in which investigators compare groups of subjects of differing age who are observed at a single point in time.

30. Laws that protect researchers from being forced to reveal sources in court of law

31. A model or schema that provides a perspective from which to view reality

32. Aliases used in research reports to protect the identity of respondents

33. A series of cross-sectional studies conducted on the same subjects (the PANEL) at different time intervals. Allows investigators to measure change in individuals.

34. A system of mutual obligation between subjects and researchers; because the subjects cooperation assisted the researcher - the researcher owes the subject professional regard

35. Definition of concepts on the basis of how they are measured

36. Language of research

37. Requirement that any information obtained in research be treated as confidential and not be revealed in any manner that would identify or harm subjects

38. 1. artificiality 2. limited scope

39. Highs and lows in data found

40. Explains world through rationality and logical explanation

41. Confirmation of the accuracy of findings; attainment of greater certitude in conclusions through additional observations

42. The idea that delinquents and nondelinquents are two fundamentally different types of people

43. Measurement of single variable at successive points in time

44. Plausible explanation of reality

45. Neither the subjects nor administrators in an experiment know which group is receiving the treatment

46. Subjective evaluation of the risk to a research participant relative to the benefit both to the individual and to society of the results of the proposed research.

47. The outcome factor; the variable that may change in response to manipulations of the independent variable

48. 1. evidence of causality 2. control 3. cost 4. replication