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Criminal Justice Research

Subject : law
  • Answer 48 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Variables other than X - the independent variable that may be responsible for the outcome

2. Measurement of single variable at successive points in time

3. Accuracy within the study itself

4. The outcome factor; the variable that may change in response to manipulations of the independent variable

5. The process that moves from a given series of specifics to a generalization

6. Collection of accurate facts or data; attempt to address the issue of 'what is'

7. Laws that protect researchers from being forced to reveal sources in court of law

8. 1. artificiality 2. limited scope

9. Broken windows can signal to people that no one cares about a building. Leads to more serious vandalism and attracts the wrong crowd

10. Subjective evaluation of the risk to a research participant relative to the benefit both to the individual and to society of the results of the proposed research.

11. A research design in which investigators compare groups of subjects of differing age who are observed at a single point in time.

12. Aliases used in research reports to protect the identity of respondents

13. View of all social events as a distinct chronicle of unique happenings

14. Concepts that can vary or take on different numerical values; operationalized concepts

15. A model or schema that provides a perspective from which to view reality

16. Neither the subjects nor administrators in an experiment know which group is receiving the treatment

17. We must remain objective and value-free Yet - our decisions about what to study is strongly influenced by personal interests and other factors

18. Accuracy in the ability to generalize or infer findings from a study to a larger population

19. The idea that delinquents and nondelinquents are two fundamentally different types of people

20. 1. evidence of causality 2. control 3. cost 4. replication

21. Definition of concepts on the basis of how they are measured

22. Combines rationality and logical explanation with method - emphasizing observation - measurement - replication and verification

23. Language of research

24. False relationship that can be explained away by other variables

25. Fanatical adherence to a preferred method at the expense of substance; view that there is one and only one way of doing research - that is - by employing the one - best method

26. A system of mutual obligation between subjects and researchers; because the subjects cooperation assisted the researcher - the researcher owes the subject professional regard

27. Research that collects and reports data primarily in numerical form. Concepts are assigned to numerical values. On a scale of 1-5 how well do you like this class? (1=lowest)

28. Explains world through rationality and logical explanation

29. Weber's notion that the purpose of research is to gain a qualitative 'understanding' of phenomena from the perspective of the subjects

30. Repetition of experiments or studies utilizing the same methodology

31. Agreement of subjects to participate in research after they have been briefed

32. A series of cross-sectional studies conducted on the same subjects (the PANEL) at different time intervals. Allows investigators to measure change in individuals.

33. College/University research committees that oversee and ensure ethical research standards

34. A piece of writing that has been copied from someone else and is presented as being your own work

35. A type of longitudinal design to gather data from different samples across time

36. A scientific approach to knowledge based on 'positive' facts as opposed to mere speculation

37. Plausible explanation of reality

38. Requirement that any information obtained in research be treated as confidential and not be revealed in any manner that would identify or harm subjects

39. Reasoning from the general to the particular (or from cause to effect)

40. Highs and lows in data found

41. View that - if one cannot quantitatively measure a phenomenon - it is not worth studying

42. Research that relies on what is seen in field or naturalistic settings more than on statistical data

43. The experimental factor that is manipulated; the variable whose effect is being studied

44. Specific statements or predictions regarding the relationship between two variables

45. Confirmation of the accuracy of findings; attainment of greater certitude in conclusions through additional observations

46. A group of subjects followed over a long period with data collected multiple times during the course of their lives

47. Abstract or symbolic tags placed on reality

48. A research design in which the same people are studied or tested repeatedly over time