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Criminal Justice Research

Subject : law
  • Answer 48 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. A research design in which the same people are studied or tested repeatedly over time

2. Collection of accurate facts or data; attempt to address the issue of 'what is'

3. The process that moves from a given series of specifics to a generalization

4. Plausible explanation of reality

5. Research that relies on what is seen in field or naturalistic settings more than on statistical data

6. Agreement of subjects to participate in research after they have been briefed

7. College/University research committees that oversee and ensure ethical research standards

8. A series of cross-sectional studies conducted on the same subjects (the PANEL) at different time intervals. Allows investigators to measure change in individuals.

9. Definition of concepts on the basis of how they are measured

10. The idea that delinquents and nondelinquents are two fundamentally different types of people

11. A model or schema that provides a perspective from which to view reality

12. Concepts that can vary or take on different numerical values; operationalized concepts

13. Broken windows can signal to people that no one cares about a building. Leads to more serious vandalism and attracts the wrong crowd

14. Specific statements or predictions regarding the relationship between two variables

15. Weber's notion that the purpose of research is to gain a qualitative 'understanding' of phenomena from the perspective of the subjects

16. 1. artificiality 2. limited scope

17. The experimental factor that is manipulated; the variable whose effect is being studied

18. View of all social events as a distinct chronicle of unique happenings

19. Fanatical adherence to a preferred method at the expense of substance; view that there is one and only one way of doing research - that is - by employing the one - best method

20. Reasoning from the general to the particular (or from cause to effect)

21. Research that collects and reports data primarily in numerical form. Concepts are assigned to numerical values. On a scale of 1-5 how well do you like this class? (1=lowest)

22. A piece of writing that has been copied from someone else and is presented as being your own work

23. Language of research

24. Neither the subjects nor administrators in an experiment know which group is receiving the treatment

25. Subjective evaluation of the risk to a research participant relative to the benefit both to the individual and to society of the results of the proposed research.

26. Abstract or symbolic tags placed on reality

27. False relationship that can be explained away by other variables

28. A research design in which investigators compare groups of subjects of differing age who are observed at a single point in time.

29. Aliases used in research reports to protect the identity of respondents

30. Measurement of single variable at successive points in time

31. Repetition of experiments or studies utilizing the same methodology

32. Highs and lows in data found

33. Laws that protect researchers from being forced to reveal sources in court of law

34. Confirmation of the accuracy of findings; attainment of greater certitude in conclusions through additional observations

35. A group of subjects followed over a long period with data collected multiple times during the course of their lives

36. A system of mutual obligation between subjects and researchers; because the subjects cooperation assisted the researcher - the researcher owes the subject professional regard

37. Variables other than X - the independent variable that may be responsible for the outcome

38. Accuracy within the study itself

39. A type of longitudinal design to gather data from different samples across time

40. Explains world through rationality and logical explanation

41. We must remain objective and value-free Yet - our decisions about what to study is strongly influenced by personal interests and other factors

42. Accuracy in the ability to generalize or infer findings from a study to a larger population

43. Requirement that any information obtained in research be treated as confidential and not be revealed in any manner that would identify or harm subjects

44. Combines rationality and logical explanation with method - emphasizing observation - measurement - replication and verification

45. 1. evidence of causality 2. control 3. cost 4. replication

46. A scientific approach to knowledge based on 'positive' facts as opposed to mere speculation

47. View that - if one cannot quantitatively measure a phenomenon - it is not worth studying

48. The outcome factor; the variable that may change in response to manipulations of the independent variable