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Criminal Justice Research

Subject : law
  • Answer 48 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. The experimental factor that is manipulated; the variable whose effect is being studied

2. Abstract or symbolic tags placed on reality

3. A series of cross-sectional studies conducted on the same subjects (the PANEL) at different time intervals. Allows investigators to measure change in individuals.

4. Concepts that can vary or take on different numerical values; operationalized concepts

5. A type of longitudinal design to gather data from different samples across time

6. Plausible explanation of reality

7. Broken windows can signal to people that no one cares about a building. Leads to more serious vandalism and attracts the wrong crowd

8. Language of research

9. A model or schema that provides a perspective from which to view reality

10. View of all social events as a distinct chronicle of unique happenings

11. Research that collects and reports data primarily in numerical form. Concepts are assigned to numerical values. On a scale of 1-5 how well do you like this class? (1=lowest)

12. A group of subjects followed over a long period with data collected multiple times during the course of their lives

13. A research design in which the same people are studied or tested repeatedly over time

14. Accuracy within the study itself

15. A research design in which investigators compare groups of subjects of differing age who are observed at a single point in time.

16. 1. evidence of causality 2. control 3. cost 4. replication

17. Repetition of experiments or studies utilizing the same methodology

18. A piece of writing that has been copied from someone else and is presented as being your own work

19. Measurement of single variable at successive points in time

20. Explains world through rationality and logical explanation

21. Requirement that any information obtained in research be treated as confidential and not be revealed in any manner that would identify or harm subjects

22. A system of mutual obligation between subjects and researchers; because the subjects cooperation assisted the researcher - the researcher owes the subject professional regard

23. The idea that delinquents and nondelinquents are two fundamentally different types of people

24. The outcome factor; the variable that may change in response to manipulations of the independent variable

25. Laws that protect researchers from being forced to reveal sources in court of law

26. False relationship that can be explained away by other variables

27. Subjective evaluation of the risk to a research participant relative to the benefit both to the individual and to society of the results of the proposed research.

28. Confirmation of the accuracy of findings; attainment of greater certitude in conclusions through additional observations

29. 1. artificiality 2. limited scope

30. College/University research committees that oversee and ensure ethical research standards

31. Reasoning from the general to the particular (or from cause to effect)

32. Definition of concepts on the basis of how they are measured

33. A scientific approach to knowledge based on 'positive' facts as opposed to mere speculation

34. Combines rationality and logical explanation with method - emphasizing observation - measurement - replication and verification

35. Specific statements or predictions regarding the relationship between two variables

36. Collection of accurate facts or data; attempt to address the issue of 'what is'

37. Accuracy in the ability to generalize or infer findings from a study to a larger population

38. Fanatical adherence to a preferred method at the expense of substance; view that there is one and only one way of doing research - that is - by employing the one - best method

39. Weber's notion that the purpose of research is to gain a qualitative 'understanding' of phenomena from the perspective of the subjects

40. Variables other than X - the independent variable that may be responsible for the outcome

41. View that - if one cannot quantitatively measure a phenomenon - it is not worth studying

42. Aliases used in research reports to protect the identity of respondents

43. Agreement of subjects to participate in research after they have been briefed

44. The process that moves from a given series of specifics to a generalization

45. Research that relies on what is seen in field or naturalistic settings more than on statistical data

46. Highs and lows in data found

47. Neither the subjects nor administrators in an experiment know which group is receiving the treatment

48. We must remain objective and value-free Yet - our decisions about what to study is strongly influenced by personal interests and other factors