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Criminal Justice Research

Subject : law
  • Answer 48 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. College/University research committees that oversee and ensure ethical research standards

2. Plausible explanation of reality

3. The experimental factor that is manipulated; the variable whose effect is being studied

4. A piece of writing that has been copied from someone else and is presented as being your own work

5. Language of research

6. Fanatical adherence to a preferred method at the expense of substance; view that there is one and only one way of doing research - that is - by employing the one - best method

7. Highs and lows in data found

8. Collection of accurate facts or data; attempt to address the issue of 'what is'

9. The outcome factor; the variable that may change in response to manipulations of the independent variable

10. Measurement of single variable at successive points in time

11. Subjective evaluation of the risk to a research participant relative to the benefit both to the individual and to society of the results of the proposed research.

12. Combines rationality and logical explanation with method - emphasizing observation - measurement - replication and verification

13. Research that relies on what is seen in field or naturalistic settings more than on statistical data

14. Neither the subjects nor administrators in an experiment know which group is receiving the treatment

15. False relationship that can be explained away by other variables

16. Explains world through rationality and logical explanation

17. We must remain objective and value-free Yet - our decisions about what to study is strongly influenced by personal interests and other factors

18. Reasoning from the general to the particular (or from cause to effect)

19. View of all social events as a distinct chronicle of unique happenings

20. Broken windows can signal to people that no one cares about a building. Leads to more serious vandalism and attracts the wrong crowd

21. Aliases used in research reports to protect the identity of respondents

22. Weber's notion that the purpose of research is to gain a qualitative 'understanding' of phenomena from the perspective of the subjects

23. Repetition of experiments or studies utilizing the same methodology

24. Requirement that any information obtained in research be treated as confidential and not be revealed in any manner that would identify or harm subjects

25. A type of longitudinal design to gather data from different samples across time

26. Confirmation of the accuracy of findings; attainment of greater certitude in conclusions through additional observations

27. Specific statements or predictions regarding the relationship between two variables

28. Definition of concepts on the basis of how they are measured

29. A research design in which investigators compare groups of subjects of differing age who are observed at a single point in time.

30. 1. artificiality 2. limited scope

31. Accuracy in the ability to generalize or infer findings from a study to a larger population

32. The process that moves from a given series of specifics to a generalization

33. 1. evidence of causality 2. control 3. cost 4. replication

34. A system of mutual obligation between subjects and researchers; because the subjects cooperation assisted the researcher - the researcher owes the subject professional regard

35. A group of subjects followed over a long period with data collected multiple times during the course of their lives

36. Research that collects and reports data primarily in numerical form. Concepts are assigned to numerical values. On a scale of 1-5 how well do you like this class? (1=lowest)

37. Concepts that can vary or take on different numerical values; operationalized concepts

38. Agreement of subjects to participate in research after they have been briefed

39. A model or schema that provides a perspective from which to view reality

40. A scientific approach to knowledge based on 'positive' facts as opposed to mere speculation

41. The idea that delinquents and nondelinquents are two fundamentally different types of people

42. Accuracy within the study itself

43. A series of cross-sectional studies conducted on the same subjects (the PANEL) at different time intervals. Allows investigators to measure change in individuals.

44. View that - if one cannot quantitatively measure a phenomenon - it is not worth studying

45. Laws that protect researchers from being forced to reveal sources in court of law

46. Abstract or symbolic tags placed on reality

47. Variables other than X - the independent variable that may be responsible for the outcome

48. A research design in which the same people are studied or tested repeatedly over time