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CSET Spanish Subtest

Subjects : cset, languages, spanish
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Happens when learner has weak identification with own ethnic group - does not regard their ethnic group as inferior to dominant group - finds their position mobile and wishes to move into 'out - group'






2. Starts with 100% immersion in second language - reducing after 2-3 yrs to 80% for next 3-4 yrs - then ending junior schooling with apx. 50% immersion






3. Receptive skill: reading - Productive skill: writing






4. Outcome of formal instruction






5. Differences between two languages that might pose problems for the teacher/students - was later found that many errors couldn't be explained through a negative transfer from the first to second language






6. Bilingual doesn't equal two monolinguals in one person - can't measure against native speaker. Different languages in different contexts






7. Ability to communicate accurately in different contexts






8. Language teaching is about conveying meaning - focus on socially appropriate forms of communication; suggests learners need to identify some of their own errors. Implicit rule formation rather than explicit habit






9. The ability to interact with text in reading or writing in order to produce meaning






10. Two languages in a community






11. Students are taught with simplified vocab






12. Promoted foreign language acquisition due to Cold War; fear that US wouldn't be able to compete in international world






13. Most supported by VII funds. students are temporarily allowed to use native tongue until they are competent enough to move into mainstream education






14. Refers to those people whose experiences are not well represented by their language and therefore have difficulties expressing their thoughts and feelings verbally






15. Literacy: learning to read/write naturally for a purpose - for meaningful communication and for inherent pleasure. Reading and writing seen as connected - demands process of learning is interesting and relevant to student






16. Essentially wanted to end bilingual education - only leaving sheltered English programs. Largely decreased enrollment in bilingual education programs - but still some parents/schools could opt in to bilingual






17. Ability for person to come up with multiple answers to a problem (more creative thinkers)






18. Ability to use verbal and non - verbal communication strategies to compensate for gaps in language user's knowledge






19. Inner - mental representation of language






20. Language learning is made possible by acquiring distinct set of speech habits. Lessons should move from simple to complex linguistics






21. Apx 50% immersion throughout infant and junior schooling






22. Awareness of sociocultural context in which language concerned is used by native speakers






23. Foreign words that have become permanent part of recipient language. part of continuum of codeswitching






24. People who translate and sometimes transform ideas into socially acceptable terms






25. Minority students in submersion programs but are pulled out to have ESL lessons. Students fall behind on classroom content and seen as remedial






26. When children use their home language as a means of instruction with goal of full bilingualism. native language protected and developed alongside English. minority language used 50%+ of the time. Mostly elementary schools






27. Majority language students learn minority language. works better if there is high incentive (economic - social) for students to learn language






28. Idea that readers bring their own meaning to text






29. Requires that language sub skills are repeated until they move from being controlled to automatic; difficult to delete.






30. Second language acquisition depends on the extent to which first language is developed






31. Idea that the further the child moves to balanced bilingualism - the more likely cognitive advantages exist. 1st threshold: enough proficiency to avoid negative effects. 2nd threshold: enough for advantages to exist






32. Minority language student taught entirely in majority language - first language is replaced. Students cannot develop cognitively






33. Castaneda argued that Texas school district was violating his children's rights by not offering them bilingual education to help them overcome their language barriers. Decision: district had to provide bilingual education to help students overcome hu






34. Required that immigrants learn English






35. Occurs when there are contextual supports and props to support language (functional meaning)






36. Acquires both languages at the same time and prior to the age of 3






37. Receptive skill: listening - Productive skill: speaking






38. Authorized by Congress in 1978 - allowing native language to be used only as much as necessary to develop English skills






39. Decline in speaker's first language proficiency while a second language is being learned






40. What is actually assimilated. more important than input






41. Ability to use particular social strategies to achieve communicative goals - i.e. know when to interrupt - how to initiate conversation






42. Both languages operate through the same central processing system






43. Someone who is equally competent in two languages






44. Need to emphasize speaking and writing (ability to communicate with others) in addition to input (listening and reading) in the classroom






45. Allows around 40% of classroom teaching in the mother tongue until the 6th grade






46. Moving back and forth between registers - dialects - or languages. change languages at phrase level






47. The ability to think about the nature and functions of language






48. Pejorative term for borrowing between languages






49. Goal: assimilation. contain bilingual kids but are barely bilingual in nature






50. Changing languages at word level