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CSET Spanish Subtest

Subjects : cset, languages, spanish
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Promoted foreign language acquisition due to Cold War; fear that US wouldn't be able to compete in international world






2. Language is a matter of habit forming; careful control of input by teacher very important






3. Language learner is adapting to new culture - degree to which new language is gained depends on degree to which person integrates self into new culture






4. Outward evidence of language competence






5. People have two separate language systems for each language then share a separate non - verbal system that is shared by both






6. Idea that languages constitute two 'balloons' in the brain and there's only so much room for both of them. Incorrect - languages share






7. Goal: assimilation. contain bilingual kids but are barely bilingual in nature






8. Foreign words that have become permanent part of recipient language. part of continuum of codeswitching






9. Ability to use particular social strategies to achieve communicative goals - i.e. know when to interrupt - how to initiate conversation






10. Refers to those people whose experiences are not well represented by their language and therefore have difficulties expressing their thoughts and feelings verbally






11. The ability to interact with text in reading or writing in order to produce meaning






12. Minority students in submersion programs but are pulled out to have ESL lessons. Students fall behind on classroom content and seen as remedial






13. Receptive skill: listening - Productive skill: speaking






14. IQ tests - force students to converge onto one answer






15. Immersion: optional - thrives on conviction - students generally start with same lack of experience in second language - additive bilingualism.






16. Receptive skill: reading - Productive skill: writing






17. Can be measured in six different ways. need to measure in ways beyond linguistic competence






18. Starts with 100% immersion in second language - reducing after 2-3 yrs to 80% for next 3-4 yrs - then ending junior schooling with apx. 50% immersion






19. Context reduced situations: pronunciation - grammar - vocab






20. Majority member learning second language without losing first languages






21. Hearing/reading a lesson/passage in one language and the development of the work in another. Promotes more thorough understanding






22. Humans are cognitively wired for language and have universal - abstract nature of rules that underlie competence






23. Ralph Yarborough introduced Bilingual Education Act as an amendment. Enacted in 1968. Indicated that bilingual programs were part of the federal education system.






24. Plaintiffs sued the state to complain about appalling conditions of public schools. included specific provisions state better bilingual education instruction was needed. State settled and is making changed throughout the state






25. Pejorative term for borrowing between languages






26. Both languages operate through the same central processing system






27. Literacy can be used to maintain hegemony/control masses and it can also be a liberator






28. Outcome of formal instruction






29. Need to emphasize speaking and writing (ability to communicate with others) in addition to input (listening and reading) in the classroom






30. Awareness of social nature and communicative functions of language (when to use which language - etc.). Allows bilinguals to correct errors faster and understand needs of listener






31. Chinese student against San Francisco School District - said that students didn't receive equal education when taught in language they don't understand. Result: ESL classes - English tutoring and bilingual education for English Language Learners






32. Effect on self - esteem and ego - new cultural reference






33. Idea that the further the child moves to balanced bilingualism - the more likely cognitive advantages exist. 1st threshold: enough proficiency to avoid negative effects. 2nd threshold: enough for advantages to exist






34. People who translate and sometimes transform ideas into socially acceptable terms






35. Students are taught with simplified vocab






36. Minority language speakers are denied access to programs/schools






37. When equal numbers of minority and majority language students are in the same classroom. aim is to produce balanced bilinguals. language compartmentalization






38. Happens when learner has weak identification with own ethnic group - does not regard their ethnic group as inferior to dominant group - finds their position mobile and wishes to move into 'out - group'






39. Idea that readers bring their own meaning to text






40. Literacy: learning to read/write naturally for a purpose - for meaningful communication and for inherent pleasure. Reading and writing seen as connected - demands process of learning is interesting and relevant to student






41. Aim is to be bilingual and bicultural without loss of achievement. form depends on when child begins.






42. Major education reform. set high standards for immigrant communities and continued federal support for bilingual programs. acknowledged benefits of bilingual education






43. Minority language student taught entirely in majority language - first language is replaced. Students cannot develop cognitively






44. Bilingual doesn't equal two monolinguals in one person - can't measure against native speaker. Different languages in different contexts






45. Skills in literacy of primary language can be transferred to second language






46. Essentially wanted to end bilingual education - only leaving sheltered English programs. Largely decreased enrollment in bilingual education programs - but still some parents/schools could opt in to bilingual






47. Ability to use verbal and non - verbal communication strategies to compensate for gaps in language user's knowledge






48. Someone who is equally competent in two languages






49. Learn second language with little pressure to replace/remove first






50. Someone who does not have total competency in either language