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CSET Spanish Subtest

Subjects : cset, languages, spanish
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Goal: assimilation. contain bilingual kids but are barely bilingual in nature






2. People who translate and sometimes transform ideas into socially acceptable terms






3. Allows around 40% of classroom teaching in the mother tongue until the 6th grade






4. Context reduced situations: pronunciation - grammar - vocab






5. Ability to communicate accurately in different contexts






6. Receptive skill: reading - Productive skill: writing






7. Promoted foreign language acquisition due to Cold War; fear that US wouldn't be able to compete in international world






8. Hearing/reading a lesson/passage in one language and the development of the work in another. Promotes more thorough understanding






9. Observable - clearly defined components of language






10. Apx 50% immersion throughout infant and junior schooling






11. Supreme Court declared a state law prohibiting the teaching of a foreign language unconstitutional under 14th Amendment. Found that proficiency in other language was not 'injurious to health or morals of child






12. Literacy: learning to read/write naturally for a purpose - for meaningful communication and for inherent pleasure. Reading and writing seen as connected - demands process of learning is interesting and relevant to student






13. Plaintiffs sued the state to complain about appalling conditions of public schools. included specific provisions state better bilingual education instruction was needed. State settled and is making changed throughout the state






14. Two years maximum in mother tongue






15. Pejorative term for borrowing between languages






16. Authorized by Congress in 1978 - allowing native language to be used only as much as necessary to develop English skills






17. Someone who is equally competent in two languages






18. Learning language to survive






19. Type of second language information received when learning language






20. Language learning is made possible by acquiring distinct set of speech habits. Lessons should move from simple to complex linguistics






21. IQ tests - force students to converge onto one answer






22. Immersion: optional - thrives on conviction - students generally start with same lack of experience in second language - additive bilingualism.






23. Most supported by VII funds. students are temporarily allowed to use native tongue until they are competent enough to move into mainstream education






24. Individual characteristics affect language input: ability - aptitude - attitude - motivation






25. Aim is to be bilingual and bicultural without loss of achievement. form depends on when child begins.






26. Idea that the further the child moves to balanced bilingualism - the more likely cognitive advantages exist. 1st threshold: enough proficiency to avoid negative effects. 2nd threshold: enough for advantages to exist






27. Outward evidence of language competence






28. Minority students in submersion programs but are pulled out to have ESL lessons. Students fall behind on classroom content and seen as remedial






29. Simply reading and writing so one can operate in society (usu. low level) - reading and writing seen as separate skills






30. Learn second language with little pressure to replace/remove first






31. Awareness of social nature and communicative functions of language (when to use which language - etc.). Allows bilinguals to correct errors faster and understand needs of listener






32. Ralph Yarborough introduced Bilingual Education Act as an amendment. Enacted in 1968. Indicated that bilingual programs were part of the federal education system.






33. Literacy can be used to maintain hegemony/control masses and it can also be a liberator






34. Language learner is adapting to new culture - degree to which new language is gained depends on degree to which person integrates self into new culture






35. Ability to use particular social strategies to achieve communicative goals - i.e. know when to interrupt - how to initiate conversation






36. When equal numbers of minority and majority language students are in the same classroom. aim is to produce balanced bilinguals. language compartmentalization






37. Humans are cognitively wired for language and have universal - abstract nature of rules that underlie competence






38. Someone who does not have total competency in either language






39. Second language acquisition depends on the extent to which first language is developed






40. Differences between two languages that might pose problems for the teacher/students - was later found that many errors couldn't be explained through a negative transfer from the first to second language






41. Receptive skill: listening - Productive skill: speaking






42. Happens when learner has weak identification with own ethnic group - does not regard their ethnic group as inferior to dominant group - finds their position mobile and wishes to move into 'out - group'






43. Includes pressure to replace or demote first language






44. Both languages operate through the same central processing system






45. A language minority separates from the language majority in order to protect their language






46. Can be measured in six different ways. need to measure in ways beyond linguistic competence






47. The ability to interact with text in reading or writing in order to produce meaning






48. Brain is a complex network of links between information - links are strengthened when repetitively activated






49. Major education reform. set high standards for immigrant communities and continued federal support for bilingual programs. acknowledged benefits of bilingual education






50. Ability for person to come up with multiple answers to a problem (more creative thinkers)