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CSET Spanish Subtest

Subjects : cset, languages, spanish
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Two years maximum in mother tongue

2. Aim is to be bilingual and bicultural without loss of achievement. form depends on when child begins.

3. Second language acquisition depends on the extent to which first language is developed

4. Literacy can be used to maintain hegemony/control masses and it can also be a liberator

5. Awareness of social nature and communicative functions of language (when to use which language - etc.). Allows bilinguals to correct errors faster and understand needs of listener

6. Foreign words that have become permanent part of recipient language. part of continuum of codeswitching

7. Language learning is made possible by acquiring distinct set of speech habits. Lessons should move from simple to complex linguistics

8. Authorized by Congress in 1978 - allowing native language to be used only as much as necessary to develop English skills

9. Skills in literacy of primary language can be transferred to second language

10. Someone who does not have total competency in either language

11. Learning language to survive

12. Ability to use verbal and non - verbal communication strategies to compensate for gaps in language user's knowledge

13. Promoted foreign language acquisition due to Cold War; fear that US wouldn't be able to compete in international world

14. Decline in speaker's first language proficiency while a second language is being learned

15. Includes pressure to replace or demote first language

16. A language minority separates from the language majority in order to protect their language

17. Individual characteristics affect language input: ability - aptitude - attitude - motivation

18. Both languages operate through the same central processing system

19. Idea that readers bring their own meaning to text

20. Language teaching is about conveying meaning - focus on socially appropriate forms of communication; suggests learners need to identify some of their own errors. Implicit rule formation rather than explicit habit

21. Minority language speakers are denied access to programs/schools

22. Minority language student taught entirely in majority language - first language is replaced. Students cannot develop cognitively

23. Two languages in a community

24. Hearing/reading a lesson/passage in one language and the development of the work in another. Promotes more thorough understanding

25. Required that immigrants learn English

26. Inner - mental representation of language

27. Supreme Court declared a state law prohibiting the teaching of a foreign language unconstitutional under 14th Amendment. Found that proficiency in other language was not 'injurious to health or morals of child

28. Moving back and forth between registers - dialects - or languages. change languages at phrase level

29. Happens when learner has weak identification with own ethnic group - does not regard their ethnic group as inferior to dominant group - finds their position mobile and wishes to move into 'out - group'

30. People who translate and sometimes transform ideas into socially acceptable terms

31. Pejorative term for borrowing between languages

32. Apx 50% immersion throughout infant and junior schooling

33. Need to emphasize speaking and writing (ability to communicate with others) in addition to input (listening and reading) in the classroom

34. Essentially wanted to end bilingual education - only leaving sheltered English programs. Largely decreased enrollment in bilingual education programs - but still some parents/schools could opt in to bilingual

35. Can be measured in six different ways. need to measure in ways beyond linguistic competence

36. Ability to communicate accurately in different contexts

37. Learn second language with little pressure to replace/remove first

38. Idea that the further the child moves to balanced bilingualism - the more likely cognitive advantages exist. 1st threshold: enough proficiency to avoid negative effects. 2nd threshold: enough for advantages to exist

39. Bilingual doesn't equal two monolinguals in one person - can't measure against native speaker. Different languages in different contexts

40. Simply reading and writing so one can operate in society (usu. low level) - reading and writing seen as separate skills

41. Idea that languages constitute two 'balloons' in the brain and there's only so much room for both of them. Incorrect - languages share

42. Minority students in submersion programs but are pulled out to have ESL lessons. Students fall behind on classroom content and seen as remedial

43. Plaintiffs sued the state to complain about appalling conditions of public schools. included specific provisions state better bilingual education instruction was needed. State settled and is making changed throughout the state

44. Castaneda argued that Texas school district was violating his children's rights by not offering them bilingual education to help them overcome their language barriers. Decision: district had to provide bilingual education to help students overcome hu

45. Goal: assimilation. contain bilingual kids but are barely bilingual in nature

46. Outward evidence of language competence

47. Language learner is adapting to new culture - degree to which new language is gained depends on degree to which person integrates self into new culture

48. Occurs when there are contextual supports and props to support language (functional meaning)

49. Federal case that determined segregation of Mexican and Mexican - American students in Orange County was unconstitutional

50. Majority language students learn minority language. works better if there is high incentive (economic - social) for students to learn language