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CSET Spanish Subtest

Subjects : cset, languages, spanish
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Type of second language information received when learning language

2. Allows around 40% of classroom teaching in the mother tongue until the 6th grade

3. Chinese student against San Francisco School District - said that students didn't receive equal education when taught in language they don't understand. Result: ESL classes - English tutoring and bilingual education for English Language Learners

4. Simply reading and writing so one can operate in society (usu. low level) - reading and writing seen as separate skills

5. Requires that language sub skills are repeated until they move from being controlled to automatic; difficult to delete.

6. Ralph Yarborough introduced Bilingual Education Act as an amendment. Enacted in 1968. Indicated that bilingual programs were part of the federal education system.

7. Context reduced situations: pronunciation - grammar - vocab

8. Supreme Court declared a state law prohibiting the teaching of a foreign language unconstitutional under 14th Amendment. Found that proficiency in other language was not 'injurious to health or morals of child

9. Occurs when there are contextual supports and props to support language (functional meaning)

10. Moving back and forth between registers - dialects - or languages. change languages at phrase level

11. IQ tests - force students to converge onto one answer

12. Essentially wanted to end bilingual education - only leaving sheltered English programs. Largely decreased enrollment in bilingual education programs - but still some parents/schools could opt in to bilingual

13. Starts with 100% immersion in second language - reducing after 2-3 yrs to 80% for next 3-4 yrs - then ending junior schooling with apx. 50% immersion

14. Awareness of sociocultural context in which language concerned is used by native speakers

15. People who translate and sometimes transform ideas into socially acceptable terms

16. When equal numbers of minority and majority language students are in the same classroom. aim is to produce balanced bilinguals. language compartmentalization

17. Goal: assimilation. contain bilingual kids but are barely bilingual in nature

18. Learn second language with little pressure to replace/remove first

19. Ability to use particular social strategies to achieve communicative goals - i.e. know when to interrupt - how to initiate conversation

20. Second language acquisition depends on the extent to which first language is developed

21. Ability to communicate accurately in different contexts

22. Pejorative term for borrowing between languages

23. Immersion: optional - thrives on conviction - students generally start with same lack of experience in second language - additive bilingualism.

24. Can be measured in six different ways. need to measure in ways beyond linguistic competence

25. The ability to interact with text in reading or writing in order to produce meaning

26. Receptive skill: listening - Productive skill: speaking

27. Ability to use appropriate strategies in constructing texts and spoken discourse

28. Idea that languages constitute two 'balloons' in the brain and there's only so much room for both of them. Incorrect - languages share

29. Outward evidence of language competence

30. Brain is a complex network of links between information - links are strengthened when repetitively activated

31. Outcome of formal instruction

32. Acquires both languages at the same time and prior to the age of 3

33. Majority language students learn minority language. works better if there is high incentive (economic - social) for students to learn language

34. Bilingual doesn't equal two monolinguals in one person - can't measure against native speaker. Different languages in different contexts

35. Happens when learner has weak identification with own ethnic group - does not regard their ethnic group as inferior to dominant group - finds their position mobile and wishes to move into 'out - group'

36. Literacy: learning to read/write naturally for a purpose - for meaningful communication and for inherent pleasure. Reading and writing seen as connected - demands process of learning is interesting and relevant to student

37. Refers to those people whose experiences are not well represented by their language and therefore have difficulties expressing their thoughts and feelings verbally

38. Language teaching is about conveying meaning - focus on socially appropriate forms of communication; suggests learners need to identify some of their own errors. Implicit rule formation rather than explicit habit

39. Changing languages at word level

40. Language learning is made possible by acquiring distinct set of speech habits. Lessons should move from simple to complex linguistics

41. Differences between two languages that might pose problems for the teacher/students - was later found that many errors couldn't be explained through a negative transfer from the first to second language

42. Need to emphasize speaking and writing (ability to communicate with others) in addition to input (listening and reading) in the classroom

43. Minority students in submersion programs but are pulled out to have ESL lessons. Students fall behind on classroom content and seen as remedial

44. Includes pressure to replace or demote first language

45. Apx 50% immersion throughout infant and junior schooling

46. Most supported by VII funds. students are temporarily allowed to use native tongue until they are competent enough to move into mainstream education

47. Awareness of social nature and communicative functions of language (when to use which language - etc.). Allows bilinguals to correct errors faster and understand needs of listener

48. Minority language student taught entirely in majority language - first language is replaced. Students cannot develop cognitively

49. Hearing/reading a lesson/passage in one language and the development of the work in another. Promotes more thorough understanding

50. Federal case that determined segregation of Mexican and Mexican - American students in Orange County was unconstitutional