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CSET Spanish Subtest

Subjects : cset, languages, spanish
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Need to emphasize speaking and writing (ability to communicate with others) in addition to input (listening and reading) in the classroom






2. Promoted foreign language acquisition due to Cold War; fear that US wouldn't be able to compete in international world






3. Required that immigrants learn English






4. Language is a matter of habit forming; careful control of input by teacher very important






5. Requires that language sub skills are repeated until they move from being controlled to automatic; difficult to delete.






6. Goal: assimilation. contain bilingual kids but are barely bilingual in nature






7. Language learner is adapting to new culture - degree to which new language is gained depends on degree to which person integrates self into new culture






8. Inner - mental representation of language






9. Learn second language with little pressure to replace/remove first






10. Minority language student taught entirely in majority language - first language is replaced. Students cannot develop cognitively






11. Receptive skill: reading - Productive skill: writing






12. Ability to use appropriate strategies in constructing texts and spoken discourse






13. Apx 50% immersion throughout infant and junior schooling






14. Starts with 100% immersion in second language - reducing after 2-3 yrs to 80% for next 3-4 yrs - then ending junior schooling with apx. 50% immersion






15. Authorized by Congress in 1978 - allowing native language to be used only as much as necessary to develop English skills






16. Moving back and forth between registers - dialects - or languages. change languages at phrase level






17. Immersion: optional - thrives on conviction - students generally start with same lack of experience in second language - additive bilingualism.






18. Second language acquisition depends on the extent to which first language is developed






19. Decline in speaker's first language proficiency while a second language is being learned






20. Minority students in submersion programs but are pulled out to have ESL lessons. Students fall behind on classroom content and seen as remedial






21. Differences between two languages that might pose problems for the teacher/students - was later found that many errors couldn't be explained through a negative transfer from the first to second language






22. Majority language students learn minority language. works better if there is high incentive (economic - social) for students to learn language






23. Learning language to survive






24. Idea that the further the child moves to balanced bilingualism - the more likely cognitive advantages exist. 1st threshold: enough proficiency to avoid negative effects. 2nd threshold: enough for advantages to exist






25. Ability for person to come up with multiple answers to a problem (more creative thinkers)






26. Language learning is made possible by acquiring distinct set of speech habits. Lessons should move from simple to complex linguistics






27. Humans are cognitively wired for language and have universal - abstract nature of rules that underlie competence






28. A language minority separates from the language majority in order to protect their language






29. Outcome of formal instruction






30. Major education reform. set high standards for immigrant communities and continued federal support for bilingual programs. acknowledged benefits of bilingual education






31. Ability to communicate accurately in different contexts






32. Ability to use verbal and non - verbal communication strategies to compensate for gaps in language user's knowledge






33. Foreign words that have become permanent part of recipient language. part of continuum of codeswitching






34. Changing languages at word level






35. Castaneda argued that Texas school district was violating his children's rights by not offering them bilingual education to help them overcome their language barriers. Decision: district had to provide bilingual education to help students overcome hu






36. Ability to develop appropriate cultural meaning from texts






37. Literacy can be used to maintain hegemony/control masses and it can also be a liberator






38. Hearing/reading a lesson/passage in one language and the development of the work in another. Promotes more thorough understanding






39. Federal case that determined segregation of Mexican and Mexican - American students in Orange County was unconstitutional






40. Plaintiffs sued the state to complain about appalling conditions of public schools. included specific provisions state better bilingual education instruction was needed. State settled and is making changed throughout the state






41. Simply reading and writing so one can operate in society (usu. low level) - reading and writing seen as separate skills






42. What is actually assimilated. more important than input






43. People have two separate language systems for each language then share a separate non - verbal system that is shared by both






44. Idea that languages constitute two 'balloons' in the brain and there's only so much room for both of them. Incorrect - languages share






45. Brain is a complex network of links between information - links are strengthened when repetitively activated






46. Two languages in a community






47. When equal numbers of minority and majority language students are in the same classroom. aim is to produce balanced bilinguals. language compartmentalization






48. Refers to those people whose experiences are not well represented by their language and therefore have difficulties expressing their thoughts and feelings verbally






49. IQ tests - force students to converge onto one answer






50. Both languages operate through the same central processing system