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CSET Spanish Subtest

Subjects : cset, languages, spanish
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Happens when learner has weak identification with own ethnic group - does not regard their ethnic group as inferior to dominant group - finds their position mobile and wishes to move into 'out - group'

2. Starts with 100% immersion in second language - reducing after 2-3 yrs to 80% for next 3-4 yrs - then ending junior schooling with apx. 50% immersion

3. Receptive skill: reading - Productive skill: writing

4. Outcome of formal instruction

5. Differences between two languages that might pose problems for the teacher/students - was later found that many errors couldn't be explained through a negative transfer from the first to second language

6. Bilingual doesn't equal two monolinguals in one person - can't measure against native speaker. Different languages in different contexts

7. Ability to communicate accurately in different contexts

8. Language teaching is about conveying meaning - focus on socially appropriate forms of communication; suggests learners need to identify some of their own errors. Implicit rule formation rather than explicit habit

9. The ability to interact with text in reading or writing in order to produce meaning

10. Two languages in a community

11. Students are taught with simplified vocab

12. Promoted foreign language acquisition due to Cold War; fear that US wouldn't be able to compete in international world

13. Most supported by VII funds. students are temporarily allowed to use native tongue until they are competent enough to move into mainstream education

14. Refers to those people whose experiences are not well represented by their language and therefore have difficulties expressing their thoughts and feelings verbally

15. Literacy: learning to read/write naturally for a purpose - for meaningful communication and for inherent pleasure. Reading and writing seen as connected - demands process of learning is interesting and relevant to student

16. Essentially wanted to end bilingual education - only leaving sheltered English programs. Largely decreased enrollment in bilingual education programs - but still some parents/schools could opt in to bilingual

17. Ability for person to come up with multiple answers to a problem (more creative thinkers)

18. Ability to use verbal and non - verbal communication strategies to compensate for gaps in language user's knowledge

19. Inner - mental representation of language

20. Language learning is made possible by acquiring distinct set of speech habits. Lessons should move from simple to complex linguistics

21. Apx 50% immersion throughout infant and junior schooling

22. Awareness of sociocultural context in which language concerned is used by native speakers

23. Foreign words that have become permanent part of recipient language. part of continuum of codeswitching

24. People who translate and sometimes transform ideas into socially acceptable terms

25. Minority students in submersion programs but are pulled out to have ESL lessons. Students fall behind on classroom content and seen as remedial

26. When children use their home language as a means of instruction with goal of full bilingualism. native language protected and developed alongside English. minority language used 50%+ of the time. Mostly elementary schools

27. Majority language students learn minority language. works better if there is high incentive (economic - social) for students to learn language

28. Idea that readers bring their own meaning to text

29. Requires that language sub skills are repeated until they move from being controlled to automatic; difficult to delete.

30. Second language acquisition depends on the extent to which first language is developed

31. Idea that the further the child moves to balanced bilingualism - the more likely cognitive advantages exist. 1st threshold: enough proficiency to avoid negative effects. 2nd threshold: enough for advantages to exist

32. Minority language student taught entirely in majority language - first language is replaced. Students cannot develop cognitively

33. Castaneda argued that Texas school district was violating his children's rights by not offering them bilingual education to help them overcome their language barriers. Decision: district had to provide bilingual education to help students overcome hu

34. Required that immigrants learn English

35. Occurs when there are contextual supports and props to support language (functional meaning)

36. Acquires both languages at the same time and prior to the age of 3

37. Receptive skill: listening - Productive skill: speaking

38. Authorized by Congress in 1978 - allowing native language to be used only as much as necessary to develop English skills

39. Decline in speaker's first language proficiency while a second language is being learned

40. What is actually assimilated. more important than input

41. Ability to use particular social strategies to achieve communicative goals - i.e. know when to interrupt - how to initiate conversation

42. Both languages operate through the same central processing system

43. Someone who is equally competent in two languages

44. Need to emphasize speaking and writing (ability to communicate with others) in addition to input (listening and reading) in the classroom

45. Allows around 40% of classroom teaching in the mother tongue until the 6th grade

46. Moving back and forth between registers - dialects - or languages. change languages at phrase level

47. The ability to think about the nature and functions of language

48. Pejorative term for borrowing between languages

49. Goal: assimilation. contain bilingual kids but are barely bilingual in nature

50. Changing languages at word level