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CSET Spanish Subtest

Subjects : cset, languages, spanish
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Simply reading and writing so one can operate in society (usu. low level) - reading and writing seen as separate skills






2. Idea that the further the child moves to balanced bilingualism - the more likely cognitive advantages exist. 1st threshold: enough proficiency to avoid negative effects. 2nd threshold: enough for advantages to exist






3. Learn second language with little pressure to replace/remove first






4. The ability to interact with text in reading or writing in order to produce meaning






5. Decline in speaker's first language proficiency while a second language is being learned






6. When equal numbers of minority and majority language students are in the same classroom. aim is to produce balanced bilinguals. language compartmentalization






7. Two languages in a community






8. Learning language to survive






9. Skills in literacy of primary language can be transferred to second language






10. Language learning is made possible by acquiring distinct set of speech habits. Lessons should move from simple to complex linguistics






11. The ability to think about the nature and functions of language






12. Starts with 100% immersion in second language - reducing after 2-3 yrs to 80% for next 3-4 yrs - then ending junior schooling with apx. 50% immersion






13. Need to emphasize speaking and writing (ability to communicate with others) in addition to input (listening and reading) in the classroom






14. Humans are cognitively wired for language and have universal - abstract nature of rules that underlie competence






15. Receptive skill: listening - Productive skill: speaking






16. Language learner is adapting to new culture - degree to which new language is gained depends on degree to which person integrates self into new culture






17. IQ tests - force students to converge onto one answer






18. Acquires both languages at the same time and prior to the age of 3






19. People have two separate language systems for each language then share a separate non - verbal system that is shared by both






20. Outward evidence of language competence






21. Essentially wanted to end bilingual education - only leaving sheltered English programs. Largely decreased enrollment in bilingual education programs - but still some parents/schools could opt in to bilingual






22. People who translate and sometimes transform ideas into socially acceptable terms






23. Plaintiffs sued the state to complain about appalling conditions of public schools. included specific provisions state better bilingual education instruction was needed. State settled and is making changed throughout the state






24. What is actually assimilated. more important than input






25. Effect on self - esteem and ego - new cultural reference






26. Differences between two languages that might pose problems for the teacher/students - was later found that many errors couldn't be explained through a negative transfer from the first to second language






27. Allows around 40% of classroom teaching in the mother tongue until the 6th grade






28. Ability for person to come up with multiple answers to a problem (more creative thinkers)






29. Most supported by VII funds. students are temporarily allowed to use native tongue until they are competent enough to move into mainstream education






30. Castaneda argued that Texas school district was violating his children's rights by not offering them bilingual education to help them overcome their language barriers. Decision: district had to provide bilingual education to help students overcome hu






31. Pejorative term for borrowing between languages






32. Foreign words that have become permanent part of recipient language. part of continuum of codeswitching






33. Apx 50% immersion throughout infant and junior schooling






34. Occurs when there are contextual supports and props to support language (functional meaning)






35. Aim is to be bilingual and bicultural without loss of achievement. form depends on when child begins.






36. Inner - mental representation of language






37. Ralph Yarborough introduced Bilingual Education Act as an amendment. Enacted in 1968. Indicated that bilingual programs were part of the federal education system.






38. Bilingual doesn't equal two monolinguals in one person - can't measure against native speaker. Different languages in different contexts






39. Promoted foreign language acquisition due to Cold War; fear that US wouldn't be able to compete in international world






40. Ability to communicate accurately in different contexts






41. Students are taught with simplified vocab






42. Minority language student taught entirely in majority language - first language is replaced. Students cannot develop cognitively






43. Majority member learning second language without losing first languages






44. Changing languages at word level






45. Second language acquisition depends on the extent to which first language is developed






46. Idea that languages constitute two 'balloons' in the brain and there's only so much room for both of them. Incorrect - languages share






47. Ability to develop appropriate cultural meaning from texts






48. Authorized by Congress in 1978 - allowing native language to be used only as much as necessary to develop English skills






49. Awareness of social nature and communicative functions of language (when to use which language - etc.). Allows bilinguals to correct errors faster and understand needs of listener






50. Refers to those people whose experiences are not well represented by their language and therefore have difficulties expressing their thoughts and feelings verbally