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CSET Spanish Subtest

Subjects : cset, languages, spanish
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Language is a matter of habit forming; careful control of input by teacher very important






2. Outcome of formal instruction






3. Plaintiffs sued the state to complain about appalling conditions of public schools. included specific provisions state better bilingual education instruction was needed. State settled and is making changed throughout the state






4. Both languages operate through the same central processing system






5. A language minority separates from the language majority in order to protect their language






6. Differences between two languages that might pose problems for the teacher/students - was later found that many errors couldn't be explained through a negative transfer from the first to second language






7. Second language acquisition depends on the extent to which first language is developed






8. Most supported by VII funds. students are temporarily allowed to use native tongue until they are competent enough to move into mainstream education






9. Requires that language sub skills are repeated until they move from being controlled to automatic; difficult to delete.






10. Literacy: learning to read/write naturally for a purpose - for meaningful communication and for inherent pleasure. Reading and writing seen as connected - demands process of learning is interesting and relevant to student






11. Pejorative term for borrowing between languages






12. Hearing/reading a lesson/passage in one language and the development of the work in another. Promotes more thorough understanding






13. Supreme Court declared a state law prohibiting the teaching of a foreign language unconstitutional under 14th Amendment. Found that proficiency in other language was not 'injurious to health or morals of child






14. Can be measured in six different ways. need to measure in ways beyond linguistic competence






15. Authorized by Congress in 1978 - allowing native language to be used only as much as necessary to develop English skills






16. Aim is to be bilingual and bicultural without loss of achievement. form depends on when child begins.






17. Ability to use appropriate strategies in constructing texts and spoken discourse






18. Decline in speaker's first language proficiency while a second language is being learned






19. People who translate and sometimes transform ideas into socially acceptable terms






20. Idea that readers bring their own meaning to text






21. When children use their home language as a means of instruction with goal of full bilingualism. native language protected and developed alongside English. minority language used 50%+ of the time. Mostly elementary schools






22. Ability to use particular social strategies to achieve communicative goals - i.e. know when to interrupt - how to initiate conversation






23. Language learning is made possible by acquiring distinct set of speech habits. Lessons should move from simple to complex linguistics






24. The ability to think about the nature and functions of language






25. When equal numbers of minority and majority language students are in the same classroom. aim is to produce balanced bilinguals. language compartmentalization






26. Changing languages at word level






27. Language learner is adapting to new culture - degree to which new language is gained depends on degree to which person integrates self into new culture






28. Immersion: optional - thrives on conviction - students generally start with same lack of experience in second language - additive bilingualism.






29. Observable - clearly defined components of language






30. Receptive skill: reading - Productive skill: writing






31. Idea that languages constitute two 'balloons' in the brain and there's only so much room for both of them. Incorrect - languages share






32. Ability to communicate accurately in different contexts






33. Idea that the further the child moves to balanced bilingualism - the more likely cognitive advantages exist. 1st threshold: enough proficiency to avoid negative effects. 2nd threshold: enough for advantages to exist






34. Ralph Yarborough introduced Bilingual Education Act as an amendment. Enacted in 1968. Indicated that bilingual programs were part of the federal education system.






35. Castaneda argued that Texas school district was violating his children's rights by not offering them bilingual education to help them overcome their language barriers. Decision: district had to provide bilingual education to help students overcome hu






36. Majority language students learn minority language. works better if there is high incentive (economic - social) for students to learn language






37. Simply reading and writing so one can operate in society (usu. low level) - reading and writing seen as separate skills






38. Starts with 100% immersion in second language - reducing after 2-3 yrs to 80% for next 3-4 yrs - then ending junior schooling with apx. 50% immersion






39. Brain is a complex network of links between information - links are strengthened when repetitively activated






40. Effect on self - esteem and ego - new cultural reference






41. Two years maximum in mother tongue






42. Federal case that determined segregation of Mexican and Mexican - American students in Orange County was unconstitutional






43. Ability for person to come up with multiple answers to a problem (more creative thinkers)






44. Major education reform. set high standards for immigrant communities and continued federal support for bilingual programs. acknowledged benefits of bilingual education






45. Learn second language with little pressure to replace/remove first






46. Moving back and forth between registers - dialects - or languages. change languages at phrase level






47. Refers to those people whose experiences are not well represented by their language and therefore have difficulties expressing their thoughts and feelings verbally






48. Occurs when there are contextual supports and props to support language (functional meaning)






49. Outward evidence of language competence






50. Two languages in a community