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CSET Spanish Subtest

Subjects : cset, languages, spanish
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Literacy: learning to read/write naturally for a purpose - for meaningful communication and for inherent pleasure. Reading and writing seen as connected - demands process of learning is interesting and relevant to student






2. People have two separate language systems for each language then share a separate non - verbal system that is shared by both






3. Receptive skill: listening - Productive skill: speaking






4. Idea that the further the child moves to balanced bilingualism - the more likely cognitive advantages exist. 1st threshold: enough proficiency to avoid negative effects. 2nd threshold: enough for advantages to exist






5. Observable - clearly defined components of language






6. Students are taught with simplified vocab






7. Ability to use verbal and non - verbal communication strategies to compensate for gaps in language user's knowledge






8. Changing languages at word level






9. Authorized by Congress in 1978 - allowing native language to be used only as much as necessary to develop English skills






10. Supreme Court declared a state law prohibiting the teaching of a foreign language unconstitutional under 14th Amendment. Found that proficiency in other language was not 'injurious to health or morals of child






11. Ability to communicate accurately in different contexts






12. Outcome of formal instruction






13. Idea that readers bring their own meaning to text






14. Awareness of social nature and communicative functions of language (when to use which language - etc.). Allows bilinguals to correct errors faster and understand needs of listener






15. Both languages operate through the same central processing system






16. Language learner is adapting to new culture - degree to which new language is gained depends on degree to which person integrates self into new culture






17. Most supported by VII funds. students are temporarily allowed to use native tongue until they are competent enough to move into mainstream education






18. Decline in speaker's first language proficiency while a second language is being learned






19. Goal: assimilation. contain bilingual kids but are barely bilingual in nature






20. Plaintiffs sued the state to complain about appalling conditions of public schools. included specific provisions state better bilingual education instruction was needed. State settled and is making changed throughout the state






21. Promoted foreign language acquisition due to Cold War; fear that US wouldn't be able to compete in international world






22. Second language acquisition depends on the extent to which first language is developed






23. Brain is a complex network of links between information - links are strengthened when repetitively activated






24. Minority students in submersion programs but are pulled out to have ESL lessons. Students fall behind on classroom content and seen as remedial






25. People who translate and sometimes transform ideas into socially acceptable terms






26. Two languages in a community






27. Chinese student against San Francisco School District - said that students didn't receive equal education when taught in language they don't understand. Result: ESL classes - English tutoring and bilingual education for English Language Learners






28. Essentially wanted to end bilingual education - only leaving sheltered English programs. Largely decreased enrollment in bilingual education programs - but still some parents/schools could opt in to bilingual






29. The ability to think about the nature and functions of language






30. IQ tests - force students to converge onto one answer






31. Major education reform. set high standards for immigrant communities and continued federal support for bilingual programs. acknowledged benefits of bilingual education






32. Refers to those people whose experiences are not well represented by their language and therefore have difficulties expressing their thoughts and feelings verbally






33. Ability to use particular social strategies to achieve communicative goals - i.e. know when to interrupt - how to initiate conversation






34. Literacy can be used to maintain hegemony/control masses and it can also be a liberator






35. Minority language student taught entirely in majority language - first language is replaced. Students cannot develop cognitively






36. Outward evidence of language competence






37. Castaneda argued that Texas school district was violating his children's rights by not offering them bilingual education to help them overcome their language barriers. Decision: district had to provide bilingual education to help students overcome hu






38. When children use their home language as a means of instruction with goal of full bilingualism. native language protected and developed alongside English. minority language used 50%+ of the time. Mostly elementary schools






39. Can be measured in six different ways. need to measure in ways beyond linguistic competence






40. Differences between two languages that might pose problems for the teacher/students - was later found that many errors couldn't be explained through a negative transfer from the first to second language






41. Includes pressure to replace or demote first language






42. Humans are cognitively wired for language and have universal - abstract nature of rules that underlie competence






43. Ability for person to come up with multiple answers to a problem (more creative thinkers)






44. What is actually assimilated. more important than input






45. Skills in literacy of primary language can be transferred to second language






46. Starts with 100% immersion in second language - reducing after 2-3 yrs to 80% for next 3-4 yrs - then ending junior schooling with apx. 50% immersion






47. Ability to use appropriate strategies in constructing texts and spoken discourse






48. Individual characteristics affect language input: ability - aptitude - attitude - motivation






49. Acquires both languages at the same time and prior to the age of 3






50. Language learning is made possible by acquiring distinct set of speech habits. Lessons should move from simple to complex linguistics