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CSET Spanish Subtest

Subjects : cset, languages, spanish
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Acquires both languages at the same time and prior to the age of 3

2. Literacy can be used to maintain hegemony/control masses and it can also be a liberator

3. What is actually assimilated. more important than input

4. Literacy: learning to read/write naturally for a purpose - for meaningful communication and for inherent pleasure. Reading and writing seen as connected - demands process of learning is interesting and relevant to student

5. Major education reform. set high standards for immigrant communities and continued federal support for bilingual programs. acknowledged benefits of bilingual education

6. Changing languages at word level

7. Ability to communicate accurately in different contexts

8. Majority member learning second language without losing first languages

9. Humans are cognitively wired for language and have universal - abstract nature of rules that underlie competence

10. Idea that languages constitute two 'balloons' in the brain and there's only so much room for both of them. Incorrect - languages share

11. Ability to use particular social strategies to achieve communicative goals - i.e. know when to interrupt - how to initiate conversation

12. Simply reading and writing so one can operate in society (usu. low level) - reading and writing seen as separate skills

13. Pejorative term for borrowing between languages

14. Inner - mental representation of language

15. Ability to use verbal and non - verbal communication strategies to compensate for gaps in language user's knowledge

16. Someone who does not have total competency in either language

17. The ability to interact with text in reading or writing in order to produce meaning

18. Majority language students learn minority language. works better if there is high incentive (economic - social) for students to learn language

19. Minority students in submersion programs but are pulled out to have ESL lessons. Students fall behind on classroom content and seen as remedial

20. Outward evidence of language competence

21. Both languages operate through the same central processing system

22. Students are taught with simplified vocab

23. Starts with 100% immersion in second language - reducing after 2-3 yrs to 80% for next 3-4 yrs - then ending junior schooling with apx. 50% immersion

24. The ability to think about the nature and functions of language

25. Hearing/reading a lesson/passage in one language and the development of the work in another. Promotes more thorough understanding

26. Language learning is made possible by acquiring distinct set of speech habits. Lessons should move from simple to complex linguistics

27. When equal numbers of minority and majority language students are in the same classroom. aim is to produce balanced bilinguals. language compartmentalization

28. Minority language student taught entirely in majority language - first language is replaced. Students cannot develop cognitively

29. Learn second language with little pressure to replace/remove first

30. Plaintiffs sued the state to complain about appalling conditions of public schools. included specific provisions state better bilingual education instruction was needed. State settled and is making changed throughout the state

31. Happens when learner has weak identification with own ethnic group - does not regard their ethnic group as inferior to dominant group - finds their position mobile and wishes to move into 'out - group'

32. Authorized by Congress in 1978 - allowing native language to be used only as much as necessary to develop English skills

33. Promoted foreign language acquisition due to Cold War; fear that US wouldn't be able to compete in international world

34. Refers to those people whose experiences are not well represented by their language and therefore have difficulties expressing their thoughts and feelings verbally

35. Language is a matter of habit forming; careful control of input by teacher very important

36. Two years maximum in mother tongue

37. Chinese student against San Francisco School District - said that students didn't receive equal education when taught in language they don't understand. Result: ESL classes - English tutoring and bilingual education for English Language Learners

38. Individual characteristics affect language input: ability - aptitude - attitude - motivation

39. Language teaching is about conveying meaning - focus on socially appropriate forms of communication; suggests learners need to identify some of their own errors. Implicit rule formation rather than explicit habit

40. Differences between two languages that might pose problems for the teacher/students - was later found that many errors couldn't be explained through a negative transfer from the first to second language

41. Supreme Court declared a state law prohibiting the teaching of a foreign language unconstitutional under 14th Amendment. Found that proficiency in other language was not 'injurious to health or morals of child

42. Receptive skill: listening - Productive skill: speaking

43. Learning language to survive

44. Essentially wanted to end bilingual education - only leaving sheltered English programs. Largely decreased enrollment in bilingual education programs - but still some parents/schools could opt in to bilingual

45. Goal: assimilation. contain bilingual kids but are barely bilingual in nature

46. Skills in literacy of primary language can be transferred to second language

47. A language minority separates from the language majority in order to protect their language

48. Apx 50% immersion throughout infant and junior schooling

49. Ability to develop appropriate cultural meaning from texts

50. Context reduced situations: pronunciation - grammar - vocab