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CSET Spanish Subtest

Subjects : cset, languages, spanish
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Minority language speakers are denied access to programs/schools






2. Happens when learner has weak identification with own ethnic group - does not regard their ethnic group as inferior to dominant group - finds their position mobile and wishes to move into 'out - group'






3. Language teaching is about conveying meaning - focus on socially appropriate forms of communication; suggests learners need to identify some of their own errors. Implicit rule formation rather than explicit habit






4. Idea that languages constitute two 'balloons' in the brain and there's only so much room for both of them. Incorrect - languages share






5. Language learning is made possible by acquiring distinct set of speech habits. Lessons should move from simple to complex linguistics






6. When equal numbers of minority and majority language students are in the same classroom. aim is to produce balanced bilinguals. language compartmentalization






7. Most supported by VII funds. students are temporarily allowed to use native tongue until they are competent enough to move into mainstream education






8. Awareness of sociocultural context in which language concerned is used by native speakers






9. Inner - mental representation of language






10. Ability to develop appropriate cultural meaning from texts






11. Includes pressure to replace or demote first language






12. Required that immigrants learn English






13. Allows around 40% of classroom teaching in the mother tongue until the 6th grade






14. Two languages in a community






15. Individual characteristics affect language input: ability - aptitude - attitude - motivation






16. Hearing/reading a lesson/passage in one language and the development of the work in another. Promotes more thorough understanding






17. Decline in speaker's first language proficiency while a second language is being learned






18. Plaintiffs sued the state to complain about appalling conditions of public schools. included specific provisions state better bilingual education instruction was needed. State settled and is making changed throughout the state






19. When children use their home language as a means of instruction with goal of full bilingualism. native language protected and developed alongside English. minority language used 50%+ of the time. Mostly elementary schools






20. Someone who is equally competent in two languages






21. The ability to think about the nature and functions of language






22. Castaneda argued that Texas school district was violating his children's rights by not offering them bilingual education to help them overcome their language barriers. Decision: district had to provide bilingual education to help students overcome hu






23. Effect on self - esteem and ego - new cultural reference






24. Two years maximum in mother tongue






25. Changing languages at word level






26. Language is a matter of habit forming; careful control of input by teacher very important






27. Second language acquisition depends on the extent to which first language is developed






28. Chinese student against San Francisco School District - said that students didn't receive equal education when taught in language they don't understand. Result: ESL classes - English tutoring and bilingual education for English Language Learners






29. Authorized by Congress in 1978 - allowing native language to be used only as much as necessary to develop English skills






30. Students are taught with simplified vocab






31. Moving back and forth between registers - dialects - or languages. change languages at phrase level






32. Minority language student taught entirely in majority language - first language is replaced. Students cannot develop cognitively






33. Differences between two languages that might pose problems for the teacher/students - was later found that many errors couldn't be explained through a negative transfer from the first to second language






34. Literacy can be used to maintain hegemony/control masses and it can also be a liberator






35. People have two separate language systems for each language then share a separate non - verbal system that is shared by both






36. People who translate and sometimes transform ideas into socially acceptable terms






37. Brain is a complex network of links between information - links are strengthened when repetitively activated






38. What is actually assimilated. more important than input






39. Apx 50% immersion throughout infant and junior schooling






40. Outward evidence of language competence






41. Ralph Yarborough introduced Bilingual Education Act as an amendment. Enacted in 1968. Indicated that bilingual programs were part of the federal education system.






42. Federal case that determined segregation of Mexican and Mexican - American students in Orange County was unconstitutional






43. Type of second language information received when learning language






44. Someone who does not have total competency in either language






45. Ability for person to come up with multiple answers to a problem (more creative thinkers)






46. Idea that the further the child moves to balanced bilingualism - the more likely cognitive advantages exist. 1st threshold: enough proficiency to avoid negative effects. 2nd threshold: enough for advantages to exist






47. Can be measured in six different ways. need to measure in ways beyond linguistic competence






48. Aim is to be bilingual and bicultural without loss of achievement. form depends on when child begins.






49. Ability to use verbal and non - verbal communication strategies to compensate for gaps in language user's knowledge






50. Requires that language sub skills are repeated until they move from being controlled to automatic; difficult to delete.