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CSET Spanish Subtest

Subjects : cset, languages, spanish
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Major education reform. set high standards for immigrant communities and continued federal support for bilingual programs. acknowledged benefits of bilingual education






2. People who translate and sometimes transform ideas into socially acceptable terms






3. Idea that languages constitute two 'balloons' in the brain and there's only so much room for both of them. Incorrect - languages share






4. Receptive skill: listening - Productive skill: speaking






5. Literacy: learning to read/write naturally for a purpose - for meaningful communication and for inherent pleasure. Reading and writing seen as connected - demands process of learning is interesting and relevant to student






6. Outcome of formal instruction






7. Need to emphasize speaking and writing (ability to communicate with others) in addition to input (listening and reading) in the classroom






8. Someone who does not have total competency in either language






9. Learn second language with little pressure to replace/remove first






10. Apx 50% immersion throughout infant and junior schooling






11. Foreign words that have become permanent part of recipient language. part of continuum of codeswitching






12. Supreme Court declared a state law prohibiting the teaching of a foreign language unconstitutional under 14th Amendment. Found that proficiency in other language was not 'injurious to health or morals of child






13. Awareness of social nature and communicative functions of language (when to use which language - etc.). Allows bilinguals to correct errors faster and understand needs of listener






14. Chinese student against San Francisco School District - said that students didn't receive equal education when taught in language they don't understand. Result: ESL classes - English tutoring and bilingual education for English Language Learners






15. Most supported by VII funds. students are temporarily allowed to use native tongue until they are competent enough to move into mainstream education






16. Goal: assimilation. contain bilingual kids but are barely bilingual in nature






17. Starts with 100% immersion in second language - reducing after 2-3 yrs to 80% for next 3-4 yrs - then ending junior schooling with apx. 50% immersion






18. Ability to communicate accurately in different contexts






19. Type of second language information received when learning language






20. People have two separate language systems for each language then share a separate non - verbal system that is shared by both






21. Aim is to be bilingual and bicultural without loss of achievement. form depends on when child begins.






22. Effect on self - esteem and ego - new cultural reference






23. Pejorative term for borrowing between languages






24. Majority language students learn minority language. works better if there is high incentive (economic - social) for students to learn language






25. Minority students in submersion programs but are pulled out to have ESL lessons. Students fall behind on classroom content and seen as remedial






26. Students are taught with simplified vocab






27. The ability to interact with text in reading or writing in order to produce meaning






28. When equal numbers of minority and majority language students are in the same classroom. aim is to produce balanced bilinguals. language compartmentalization






29. Minority language student taught entirely in majority language - first language is replaced. Students cannot develop cognitively






30. Happens when learner has weak identification with own ethnic group - does not regard their ethnic group as inferior to dominant group - finds their position mobile and wishes to move into 'out - group'






31. Learning language to survive






32. Ability for person to come up with multiple answers to a problem (more creative thinkers)






33. Ability to use particular social strategies to achieve communicative goals - i.e. know when to interrupt - how to initiate conversation






34. Ability to use appropriate strategies in constructing texts and spoken discourse






35. Idea that readers bring their own meaning to text






36. Ability to use verbal and non - verbal communication strategies to compensate for gaps in language user's knowledge






37. When children use their home language as a means of instruction with goal of full bilingualism. native language protected and developed alongside English. minority language used 50%+ of the time. Mostly elementary schools






38. Plaintiffs sued the state to complain about appalling conditions of public schools. included specific provisions state better bilingual education instruction was needed. State settled and is making changed throughout the state






39. Castaneda argued that Texas school district was violating his children's rights by not offering them bilingual education to help them overcome their language barriers. Decision: district had to provide bilingual education to help students overcome hu






40. Someone who is equally competent in two languages






41. Promoted foreign language acquisition due to Cold War; fear that US wouldn't be able to compete in international world






42. Can be measured in six different ways. need to measure in ways beyond linguistic competence






43. Refers to those people whose experiences are not well represented by their language and therefore have difficulties expressing their thoughts and feelings verbally






44. Literacy can be used to maintain hegemony/control masses and it can also be a liberator






45. Language learner is adapting to new culture - degree to which new language is gained depends on degree to which person integrates self into new culture






46. Context reduced situations: pronunciation - grammar - vocab






47. Federal case that determined segregation of Mexican and Mexican - American students in Orange County was unconstitutional






48. Minority language speakers are denied access to programs/schools






49. Simply reading and writing so one can operate in society (usu. low level) - reading and writing seen as separate skills






50. Language teaching is about conveying meaning - focus on socially appropriate forms of communication; suggests learners need to identify some of their own errors. Implicit rule formation rather than explicit habit