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Dance History

Subjects : performing-arts, dance
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Famous ballerina who formed her own company and toured 1910 - famous for portraying birds - insects - and plants - brought ballet (aristocratic art) to the common person (high schools - etc.)

2. Any of a variety of social dances performed by couples in a ballroom

3. Capitals of Russia during various times of political influence; Leningrad during Bolsheviks and USSR - return to St. Petersburg pax-USSR

4. Outstanding for the way he combined expressive movements with dance steps; - choreographed the ballet Giselle

5. Interrupted first flush of success of Coppelia and the included the siege of Paris - which also led to the early death of Giuseppina Bozzacchi - on her 17th birthday - but eventually it became the most-performed ballet at the Opera Garnier.

6. Beginning of modern dance - danced with bare feet - wore flowing Greek-style robe - died being strangled from a long-flowing scarf caught in a car wheel

7. Workers who earned enough money to be able to become consumer of art and material goods following the Industrial Revolution; escapism became a huge hit when the Depression hit to escape harsh reality

8. One of the major figures in the development of modern dance - an American dancer - choreographer and teacher who created more than 150 works on a wide range of subjects from ancient Greek to modern American; contraction and release

9. French for 'big dance for two' - Entrae - Adagio duet - Male solo - Female solo - Coda - plot structure of Petipa

10. HIV - choreographed Still Here - organized survivor workshops

11. Nijinsky's sister - choreographer - dancer - became leading dancer and choreographer in diaghliev's company

12. Published in London Times 1914 - want to make 'ballet a fully expressive art that mirrored life' - new movement for each dance - no mime (Petipa used so that the audience always understood) - use entire body (to be expressive) - no divertissement (no

13. Most eligible bachelor - do a wiggle before putting in golf

14. Fokine - starred Nijinsky - about a sad puppet who wanted his soul to come to life - belonged to evil sorcerer

15. Petipa & Tchaikovsky - was not successful at the time it came out - no trace of sensible dramatic action

16. Height of Romantic Ballet - Star: Carlotta Grisi - Choreographer: Jules Perrot (Carlotta's lover) & Jean Coralli - Written by: Gautier (Who was in love with Grisi) - Act I (sunlit) - Act II (moonlit)

17. Most important figure in Russia in immediately pre-Romantic days. Did much to improve the repertory and teaching. 20 ballets - raised standards. Flying wires - pointe works.

18. A ballet company established in 1909 by the Russian impresario Serge Diaghilev. It created a sensation in Western Europe because of the great vitality of Russian ballet compared to French dance. The Ballets Russes became one of the most influential b

19. Amendment to the U.S. Constitution (1920) extended the right to vote to women in federal or state elections.

20. Founded the Gus Solomons Company/Dance - whose repertoire consisted of detailed and analytical compositions that were conceived as 'melted architecture' - drawing from experience as an architecture student at MIT

21. One of the artistic giants of the twentieth century. Helped found the Cubist and Abstract movements. During his life - 1881-1973 - he worked in various media and is noted for scores of important works. His painting Guernica is one of the most powerfu

22. Important Russian composer whose works are noted for their expressive melodies (1840-1893); composed score for Nutcracker - Sleeping Beauty

23. American composer - 'chance music' - music not expressive or communicative because it says nothing - invented prepared piano

24. Means 'The Wedding' - arranged Russian Stravinsky wedding

25. Wrote 'The Art of Making Dances' in 1931 - Fall and Recovery - inspired by Bach and used his work in many piece - choreographed pieces without music - Passacaglia and fugue in C minor (showed fall and recovery)

26. African American social dance in the 1920s; spurred the Jitter Bug

27. Hungarian choreographer who developed Labanotation (1879-1958); Established the Choreographic Institute in Zurich - Founded branches across Europe - Kinetographie Laban=labanotation - primary movement - notation stilled used today in dance - Conte

28. Child actress could dance and sing very well - was able to keep up with Bill Robinson in tap dancing - was seen as the hope during the Great Depression.

29. 1st principal dancer with Royal Ballet - choreographer-in-residence during the second year (1941) of Ballet Theater

30. Classical - Character - Demi-Character - Mime

31. Embraces conflict - polyrhythmic - pelvis off centered - high affect juxtaposition (intenseness of feeling) - ephebism (power - vitality) - cool (intensity) - improvisation

32. Student of Mary Wigman. Opened a Wigman school in NYC in 1931 - brought German modern to U.S. but Americanized her technique. Choreographed Broadway musicals- 'Kiss Me Kate' based on Shakespeare's Taming of the Shrew

33. 1957 TV show (similar to the Corny Collins show from Hairspray) - Lindy Hop dance; segregated; eventually shut down due to refusal to fully integrate; presented black music and dance on TV

34. Human Immunodeficiency Virus - the virus that causes AIDS

35. Famous tennis player who took ballet (lover in Le Train Bleu)

36. Known particularly for his long associations as musical director with Denishawn and Martha Graham.

37. Considered one of the greatest of African American choreographers - and also bears the titles dancer - educator - and dance company director. After studying under Katherine Dunham and Martha Graham - went on to do solo work and choreograph his own wo

38. Russian ballet impresario who founded the Russian ballet and later introduced it to the West (1872-1929)

39. 1937 Founded by Ballet Russe's Mikhail Mordkin as Mordkin Ballet- Repertory company- features choreography of many artists such as Adolph Bolm - Michel Fokine - Leonide Massine - Bronislava Jijinska - Balanchine and Agnes de Mille

40. Dancer - choreographer - teacher - born 1930 in NY - began dancing senior year of HS - scholarship to New Dance group. studied with Primus. Professional debut in 1948 - choreographed 1st pieces with group when 18 - 1951 founded contemporary dance gro

41. Famous for her incredible technique - lightness - and ethereal presence -(1804-1884) -Introduced new costume design (bare neck/shoulders - tutu) -Perfected dancing en pointe -La Sylphide`

42. A serious (often fatal) disease of the immune system transmitted through blood products especially by sexual contact or contaminated needles

43. In 1989 - became the first African American to lead a major national political party when He was elected chairman of the Democratic Party.

44. Allowed people to dim lights; allowed for lighting changes; used for special effects in background of plays and dance such as ghosts

45. Ballet by Michel Folkine; 1910; based on '1001 nights'

46. Called the most poetical of ballets of the 20th century. Premiered during first ballet russes season (1909)

47. The transformation from an agricultural to an industrial nation; industrialization allowed for stable incomes and allowed for centralized support of art in cities

48. Started in NYC by Robert Joffrey - small company - repertoire was eclectic and contemporary - reconstructed works from Diaghilev's Ballets Russes - Financially weak - often folded - moved to LA then chicago

49. Works to question the complexities of real life

50. In charge of new Paris Opera; under his direction - Paris Opera made a profit for the only time in its existence; slashed salaries of ballerinas to force them into mistresshood for fellow Jockey's