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DSST Criminal Justice

Subjects : dsst, law
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. The in court use of victim or survivor supplied information supplied by sentencing authorities seeking to make an informed sentencing decision.

2. Evidence that consists of physical material or traces of physical activity

3. Fee based on state rate

4. An officer of the court who is employed to execute writs and processes and make arrests etc.

5. Jury trial in civil cases

6. Level 1 - 2 - and 3

7. A writ whcih requires a person under arrest to be brought before a judge or into court. This ensure that a prisoner can be released form unlawful detention.

8. (law) a conditional release from imprisonment that entitiles the person to serve the remainder of the sentence outside the prison as long as the terms of release are complied with

9. Investigation into the history of the person convicted of a crime to see if tehere are an extenuating circumstances which would ameliorate or increase sentence

10. Review court

11. A model of criminal punishment in which an offender is given a fixed term of imprisonment that they may be reduced by good time or gain taim. all offendors convicted of the same crime will reciee the same punishment

12. Inmates have to be given a reasonable opportunity to pursue their religious faiths - also visits can be banned is such visits constitute threats to society

13. Decides guilt or innocence

14. Less courts - less judges - prompt and final disposition of most cases - reduces time/cost in jail - reduces time spent free on bail- dangerous - serious offenders move more quickly into rehab - counseling - etc. - assures that the guilty will not be

15. A government official who conducts criminal prosecutions on behalf of the state

16. Retain 1st amendment rights that are not inconsistent with his status as a prisoner- have rights - much the same as people who are not incarcerated. Conditional rather than absolute rights. The balancing test.

17. Run by the Federal government. Charged with protecting the nation's critical infrastructure against terrorist attack.

18. A goal of criminal sentencing that attempts to make the victim whole again. a court requirement that an accused or convicted offender pay money or provide services to the victim of the cimre or provie services to the community

19. An officer appointed by the judges of the court to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court - maintain court records - handle financial matters - and provide other administrative support to the court.

20. The act of a person repeating of an undesirable behavior after thay have either experienced negative consequences of that behavior or have been treated or trained to extinguish that behavior.

21. Held that juveniles accused of crimes in a delinquency proceeding must be afforded many of the same due process rights as adults - such as the right to timely notification of the cahrges - the right to confront witnesses - the right against self-incr

22. Prohibits peremptory challenges based on race

23. The lawyer representing the defendant

24. A legal document calling someone to court to answer an indictment

25. Consecutive - one after the other and Concurrent is at same time

26. Circumstances relating to the commission of a crime that may be considered to reduce the blameworthiness of the defendant

27. A sum of money paid in compensation for loss or injury

28. A pre-sentence report is a legal term referring to the investigation into the history of person convicted of a crime before sentencing. Probation officer makes it.

29. Presumption of innocence- cannot be convicted unless the evidence is proved without a reasonable doubt

30. Opening statements --> Prosecution always starts- statement --> Defense statement --> Prosecutors evidence (burden of proof lies on prosecution) --> defense evidence --> rebuttal (prosecution)

31. John Augustus

32. The authorized seizure of money - negotiable instruments - securities - or other things of value. Under federal antidrug laws - judicial representatives are authorized to seize all cash and goods.

33. Excusing a juror from a trial for a stated - specific reason - such as the juror knows the parties or witnesses in a case. Each side has an unlimited number of challenges for cause.

34. It is the receiving point for CA department of corrections

35. Signifies the belief that the potential jurors are not representative of the community

36. Plea bargaining is an essential component of the new admistration of justice and must be highly encouraged

37. The unlawful use of force or violence by an individual or a group that is based and operatues entirely within the U.S. and its territories - acts without foreign direction and directs its activites agaits elements of the us government or population

38. Jury selection process of questioning prospective jurors - to ascertain their qualifications and determine any basis for challenge.

39. U.S Districts Courts - U.S. Court of Appeal - U.S. Supreme Court

40. Held that when a juvenile is charged with an act taht would be a crime if committed by an adult - every element of the offense must be proved beyond reasonable doubt

41. Court holds that bail must be reasonable but set at level to insure defendant's appearance at trial

42. Right to a speedy trial with unbiased jury - right to counsel

43. Crime - Investigation - arrest - file criminal complaint - first arraignment - preliminary hearing - second arraignment - trial - sentencing - appeal

44. Mitigating - Lessens criminal responsibility and lightens sentence. Aggravating - factors that makes harsher sentence

45. The right to challenge a potential juror without discling the reason for the challenge. Used to eliminate juries individuals who although they express no bias are thought to be capable of swaying the jury in an undesirable way

46. State legislature can establish almost any sentence as a punishment for a crime

47. Least used

48. A fedral law enacted in response to terrorist attacks on the WTC and the Pentagon on September 11 -2001. The law officially titled the Uniting and Strengthening America by providing Appropriate Tools Required to intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act -

49. Amnesty - Bail - good behavior

50. Not qualified - convicted felon - under indictment - can't read or write - bias - served ongrand jury - insane - etc. May arise during voir dire exmination