Test your basic knowledge |

DSST Criminal Justice

Subjects : dsst, law
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Crime - Investigation - arrest - file criminal complaint - first arraignment - preliminary hearing - second arraignment - trial - sentencing - appeal






2. Most widely used goal is to individualize punishment - inmates eligible for parole after serving minimum






3. Jury trial in civil cases






4. A model of criminal punishment that encourages the rehabilitiation through the use of general and relatively unspecific sentences






5. Prohibits peremptory challenges based on gender






6. The lawyer representing the defendant






7. A public official authorized to decide questions brought before a court of justice






8. Level 1 - 2 - and 3






9. 2008 - court held that the death penalty is not appropriate for a crime that does not include the taking of a life






10. Process of negotiating an agreement w/ defendant - protectors - and the court






11. Rules: no attorneys - maximum loss money 7 -500






12. Charges - Rights - Attorney - Plea Bail/No Bail






13. It is the receiving point for CA department of corrections






14. The act of a person repeating of an undesirable behavior after thay have either experienced negative consequences of that behavior or have been treated or trained to extinguish that behavior.






15. A court that hears a case the first time it is tried in court. A trial court is a court of original jurisdiction.






16. Underlying conditions--> international encironment --> state--> organizations --> leadership






17. Fee based on state rate






18. Retribution - Restoration - deterrence - incapacitation - Rehabilitation






19. Signifies the belief that the potential jurors are not representative of the community






20. Evidence that if believed proves a fact- eyewitnesses - videtapes - ec.






21. A pre-sentence report is a legal term referring to the investigation into the history of person convicted of a crime before sentencing. Probation officer makes it.






22. Least used






23. Jury selection process of questioning prospective jurors - to ascertain their qualifications and determine any basis for challenge.






24. Excusing a juror from a trial for a stated - specific reason - such as the juror knows the parties or witnesses in a case. Each side has an unlimited number of challenges for cause.






25. In pre-trial in which each party can obtain evidence from opposing party






26. Criminals recieve lighter/easier punishments- nota true sentence- endangers the correct legal outcome. It's coercion- bluffing- violation of human rights- prosecutors bluff and defendants plead to things they didn't do out of fear






27. Green- low Blue-guarded yellow-elevated orange- high red- severe






28. Opening statements --> Prosecution always starts- statement --> Defense statement --> Prosecutors evidence (burden of proof lies on prosecution) --> defense evidence --> rebuttal (prosecution)






29. Trial Court - superior court - pellet superior court - supreme court






30. 1963 - extended the right to appointed counsel for indigents in all felony cases






31. 1 - Costs tax players less - 2 - Restitution can be made - 3 - Community work






32. Inmates have to be given a reasonable opportunity to pursue their religious faiths - also visits can be banned is such visits constitute threats to society






33. Made victim impact statements legal






34. Physical material or traces of physical activity






35. The in court use of victim or survivor supplied information supplied by sentencing authorities seeking to make an informed sentencing decision.






36. A prisoner has no reasoable expectations of privacy in his prison cell and no protections against what would otherwise be unreasonable searches 4th amendment






37. I do not wish to contend- has the same effect as a guilty plea-becomes a plea bargain






38. Held that when a juvenile is charged with an act taht would be a crime if committed by an adult - every element of the offense must be proved beyond reasonable doubt






39. Grand Jury






40. Decides guilt or innocence






41. (law) a conditional release from imprisonment that entitiles the person to serve the remainder of the sentence outside the prison as long as the terms of release are complied with






42. A formal charge or accusation of a serious crime






43. A model of criminal punishment in which an offender is given a fixed term of imprisonment that they may be reduced by good time or gain taim. all offendors convicted of the same crime will reciee the same punishment






44. Probation






45. The unlawful use of force or violence by an individual or a group that is based and operatues entirely within the U.S. and its territories - acts without foreign direction and directs its activites agaits elements of the us government or population






46. Probation is a sentencing usually given instead of jail but not always - parole is a conditional release from prison






47. Presumption of innocence- cannot be convicted unless the evidence is proved without a reasonable doubt






48. A common law principle that allows the state to assume a parental role and to take custody of a child when he or she becomes delinquent - is abandoned or is need of care taht the natural parents are unable or unwilling to provide






49. Group of jurors who were selected to tell if there's enough evidence or not






50. Investigation into the history of the person convicted of a crime to see if tehere are an extenuating circumstances which would ameliorate or increase sentence