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DSST Criminal Justice

Subjects : dsst, law
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Investigation into the history of the person convicted of a crime to see if tehere are an extenuating circumstances which would ameliorate or increase sentence

2. A pre-sentence report is a legal term referring to the investigation into the history of person convicted of a crime before sentencing. Probation officer makes it.

3. 1976 - Bifurcated trials - the guilt and innocent phase is separate from the punishment

4. Prisoners challenged the constitutionality of state regulations covering censorship of prisoner mail on the grounds that they violated the prisoners free-speech rights. REstrictions on speech must be justified as the necessity for security and the ru

5. Any circumstances accompanying the commission of a crime that may justify a lighter sentence.

6. It is the receiving point for CA department of corrections

7. Green- low Blue-guarded yellow-elevated orange- high red- severe

8. Prohibits peremptory challenges based on gender

9. Fee based on state rate

10. The authorized seizure of money - negotiable instruments - securities - or other things of value. Under federal antidrug laws - judicial representatives are authorized to seize all cash and goods.

11. Criminals recieve lighter/easier punishments- nota true sentence- endangers the correct legal outcome. It's coercion- bluffing- violation of human rights- prosecutors bluff and defendants plead to things they didn't do out of fear

12. Circumstances - facts - or situations that result in a harsher sentence

13. A writ whcih requires a person under arrest to be brought before a judge or into court. This ensure that a prisoner can be released form unlawful detention.

14. Physical material or traces of physical activity

15. A prisoner has no reasoable expectations of privacy in his prison cell and no protections against what would otherwise be unreasonable searches 4th amendment

16. Circumstances relating to the commission of a crime that may be considered to reduce the blameworthiness of the defendant

17. Run by the Federal government. Charged with protecting the nation's critical infrastructure against terrorist attack.

18. Nominated by the President

19. Rules: no attorneys - maximum loss money 7 -500

20. Process of negotiating an agreement w/ defendant - protectors - and the court

21. Group of jurors who were selected to tell if there's enough evidence or not

22. Most widely used goal is to individualize punishment - inmates eligible for parole after serving minimum

23. Retribution - Restoration - deterrence - incapacitation - Rehabilitation

24. State legislature can establish almost any sentence as a punishment for a crime

25. A model of criminal punishment in which an offender is given a fixed term of imprisonment that they may be reduced by good time or gain taim. all offendors convicted of the same crime will reciee the same punishment

26. Circumstances relating to the commission of a crime that make it more grave than average instance of that crime

27. A written statement of the essential facts making up the offense charged

28. Geographic area of the court

29. Least used

30. Retain 1st amendment rights that are not inconsistent with his status as a prisoner- have rights - much the same as people who are not incarcerated. Conditional rather than absolute rights. The balancing test.

31. Crime - Investigation - arrest - file criminal complaint - first arraignment - preliminary hearing - second arraignment - trial - sentencing - appeal

32. A court that hears a case the first time it is tried in court. A trial court is a court of original jurisdiction.

33. Full time- salaried

34. 1963 - extended the right to appointed counsel for indigents in all felony cases

35. Mitigating - Lessens criminal responsibility and lightens sentence. Aggravating - factors that makes harsher sentence

36. Jury selection process of questioning prospective jurors - to ascertain their qualifications and determine any basis for challenge.

37. The right to challenge a potential juror without discling the reason for the challenge. Used to eliminate juries individuals who although they express no bias are thought to be capable of swaying the jury in an undesirable way

38. Held that juveniles accused of crimes in a delinquency proceeding must be afforded many of the same due process rights as adults - such as the right to timely notification of the cahrges - the right to confront witnesses - the right against self-incr

39. Officers of the probation office of a court. Probation officer duties include conducting presentence investigations - preparing presentence reports on convicted defendants - and supervising released defendants.

40. Things that add on to sentencing

41. A formal charge or accusation of a serious crime

42. Jury trial in civil cases

43. An officer of the court who is employed to execute writs and processes and make arrests etc.

44. 2003 - illegal to execute mentally retarded

45. Parole is earned - probation is part of a sentence

46. Opening statements --> Prosecution always starts- statement --> Defense statement --> Prosecutors evidence (burden of proof lies on prosecution) --> defense evidence --> rebuttal (prosecution)

47. Underlying conditions--> international encironment --> state--> organizations --> leadership

48. A government official who conducts criminal prosecutions on behalf of the state

49. Procedural safeguards are necessary in revocation hearing involving parolees

50. Holding Cells-Convenience-Many law enforcement agencies - County Jail-Holds all level of offenders-sheriffs department Juvenile Hall-criminals under 18-probation department