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DSST Criminal Justice

Subjects : dsst, law
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Charges - Rights - Attorney - Plea Bail/No Bail

2. Decides guilt or innocence

3. A prisoner has no reasoable expectations of privacy in his prison cell and no protections against what would otherwise be unreasonable searches 4th amendment

4. 2003 - illegal to execute mentally retarded

5. A model of criminal punishment in which an offender is given a fixed term of imprisonment that they may be reduced by good time or gain taim. all offendors convicted of the same crime will reciee the same punishment

6. Run by the Federal government. Charged with protecting the nation's critical infrastructure against terrorist attack.

7. A court that hears a case the first time it is tried in court. A trial court is a court of original jurisdiction.

8. Prohibits peremptory challenges based on race

9. Parole is earned - probation is part of a sentence

10. Officers of the probation office of a court. Probation officer duties include conducting presentence investigations - preparing presentence reports on convicted defendants - and supervising released defendants.

11. Fee based on state rate

12. A government official who conducts criminal prosecutions on behalf of the state

13. Presumption of innocence- cannot be convicted unless the evidence is proved without a reasonable doubt

14. The right to challenge a potential juror without discling the reason for the challenge. Used to eliminate juries individuals who although they express no bias are thought to be capable of swaying the jury in an undesirable way

15. Process of negotiating an agreement w/ defendant - protectors - and the court

16. Opening statements --> Prosecution always starts- statement --> Defense statement --> Prosecutors evidence (burden of proof lies on prosecution) --> defense evidence --> rebuttal (prosecution)

17. A public official authorized to decide questions brought before a court of justice

18. Inmates have to be given a reasonable opportunity to pursue their religious faiths - also visits can be banned is such visits constitute threats to society

19. Circumstances - facts - or situations that result in a harsher sentence

20. Retain 1st amendment rights that are not inconsistent with his status as a prisoner- have rights - much the same as people who are not incarcerated. Conditional rather than absolute rights. The balancing test.

21. Pretrial phase of a law suit where each party can obtain any evidence from the opposing side

22. Mitigating - Lessens criminal responsibility and lightens sentence. Aggravating - factors that makes harsher sentence

23. The authorized seizure of money - negotiable instruments - securities - or other things of value. Under federal antidrug laws - judicial representatives are authorized to seize all cash and goods.

24. Procedural safeguards are necessary in revocation hearing involving parolees

25. Jury selection process of questioning prospective jurors - to ascertain their qualifications and determine any basis for challenge.

26. A formal charge or accusation of a serious crime

27. Right to a speedy trial with unbiased jury - right to counsel

28. 1963 - extended the right to appointed counsel for indigents in all felony cases

29. Least used

30. A fedral law enacted in response to terrorist attacks on the WTC and the Pentagon on September 11 -2001. The law officially titled the Uniting and Strengthening America by providing Appropriate Tools Required to intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act -

31. Any circumstances accompanying the commission of a crime that may justify a lighter sentence.

32. A writ whcih requires a person under arrest to be brought before a judge or into court. This ensure that a prisoner can be released form unlawful detention.

33. Consecutive - one after the other and Concurrent is at same time

34. Prohibits peremptory challenges based on gender

35. A goal of criminal sentencing that attempts to make the victim whole again. a court requirement that an accused or convicted offender pay money or provide services to the victim of the cimre or provie services to the community

36. Made victim impact statements legal

37. Holding Cells-Convenience-Many law enforcement agencies - County Jail-Holds all level of offenders-sheriffs department Juvenile Hall-criminals under 18-probation department

38. A principle developed by the courts and applied to the corrections arena by pell v. procunier that attempts to weigh the rights of an individual as guaranteed by the Constituion - against the authority of states of make laws or to otherwise restrict

39. Held that juveniles accused of crimes in a delinquency proceeding must be afforded many of the same due process rights as adults - such as the right to timely notification of the cahrges - the right to confront witnesses - the right against self-incr

40. Full time- salaried

41. Probation

42. The in court use of victim or survivor supplied information supplied by sentencing authorities seeking to make an informed sentencing decision.

43. 1974 - sanctions cannot be levied against inmates without appropriate due process

44. In pre-trial in which each party can obtain evidence from opposing party

45. 1 - Costs tax players less - 2 - Restitution can be made - 3 - Community work

46. An officer appointed by the judges of the court to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court - maintain court records - handle financial matters - and provide other administrative support to the court.

47. 2008 - court held that the death penalty is not appropriate for a crime that does not include the taking of a life

48. Level 1 - 2 - and 3

49. Court holds that bail must be reasonable but set at level to insure defendant's appearance at trial

50. Nominated by the President