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DSST Criminal Justice

Subjects : dsst, law
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Excusing a juror from a trial for a stated - specific reason - such as the juror knows the parties or witnesses in a case. Each side has an unlimited number of challenges for cause.

2. A model of criminal punishment that encourages the rehabilitiation through the use of general and relatively unspecific sentences

3. Group of jurors who were selected to tell if there's enough evidence or not

4. Process of negotiating an agreement w/ defendant - protectors - and the court

5. A pre-sentence report is a legal term referring to the investigation into the history of person convicted of a crime before sentencing. Probation officer makes it.

6. Less courts - less judges - prompt and final disposition of most cases - reduces time/cost in jail - reduces time spent free on bail- dangerous - serious offenders move more quickly into rehab - counseling - etc. - assures that the guilty will not be

7. Officers of the probation office of a court. Probation officer duties include conducting presentence investigations - preparing presentence reports on convicted defendants - and supervising released defendants.

8. Green- low Blue-guarded yellow-elevated orange- high red- severe

9. A period of incarceration that is fixed by a sentencing authority and cannot be reduced by judges or other corrections officials.

10. The act of a person repeating of an undesirable behavior after thay have either experienced negative consequences of that behavior or have been treated or trained to extinguish that behavior.

11. Right to a speedy trial with unbiased jury - right to counsel

12. Opening statements --> Prosecution always starts- statement --> Defense statement --> Prosecutors evidence (burden of proof lies on prosecution) --> defense evidence --> rebuttal (prosecution)

13. A writ whcih requires a person under arrest to be brought before a judge or into court. This ensure that a prisoner can be released form unlawful detention.

14. Consecutive - one after the other and Concurrent is at same time

15. Prisoners challenged the constitutionality of state regulations covering censorship of prisoner mail on the grounds that they violated the prisoners free-speech rights. REstrictions on speech must be justified as the necessity for security and the ru

16. A court that hears a case the first time it is tried in court. A trial court is a court of original jurisdiction.

17. Inmates have to be given a reasonable opportunity to pursue their religious faiths - also visits can be banned is such visits constitute threats to society

18. Run by the Federal government. Charged with protecting the nation's critical infrastructure against terrorist attack.

19. A model of criminal punishment in which an offender is given a fixed term of imprisonment that they may be reduced by good time or gain taim. all offendors convicted of the same crime will reciee the same punishment

20. 1976 - Bifurcated trials - the guilt and innocent phase is separate from the punishment

21. Requires interpretation of a judge or jury to reach conclusion based on what evidence indicates

22. Circumstances - facts - or situations that result in a harsher sentence

23. A prisoner has no reasoable expectations of privacy in his prison cell and no protections against what would otherwise be unreasonable searches 4th amendment

24. Presumption of innocence- cannot be convicted unless the evidence is proved without a reasonable doubt

25. An officer of the court who is employed to execute writs and processes and make arrests etc.

26. Held that juveniles accused of crimes in a delinquency proceeding must be afforded many of the same due process rights as adults - such as the right to timely notification of the cahrges - the right to confront witnesses - the right against self-incr

27. 2005 - illegal to execute minors

28. Trial Court - superior court - pellet superior court - supreme court

29. A principle developed by the courts and applied to the corrections arena by pell v. procunier that attempts to weigh the rights of an individual as guaranteed by the Constituion - against the authority of states of make laws or to otherwise restrict

30. John Augustus

31. A common law principle that allows the state to assume a parental role and to take custody of a child when he or she becomes delinquent - is abandoned or is need of care taht the natural parents are unable or unwilling to provide

32. Holding Cells-Convenience-Many law enforcement agencies - County Jail-Holds all level of offenders-sheriffs department Juvenile Hall-criminals under 18-probation department

33. A legal term for judges delaying of the sentence after they have been found guilty - in order to allow the defendant to perform a period of probation

34. Amnesty - Bail - good behavior

35. 1 - Costs tax players less - 2 - Restitution can be made - 3 - Community work

36. Grand Jury

37. The lawyer representing the defendant

38. Least used

39. Circumstances relating to the commission of a crime that make it more grave than average instance of that crime

40. A legal document calling someone to court to answer an indictment

41. Full time- salaried

42. Things that add on to sentencing

43. Jury selection process of questioning prospective jurors - to ascertain their qualifications and determine any basis for challenge.

44. I do not wish to contend- has the same effect as a guilty plea-becomes a plea bargain

45. Probation is a sentencing usually given instead of jail but not always - parole is a conditional release from prison

46. Jury trial in civil cases

47. A sum of money paid in compensation for loss or injury

48. Crime - Investigation - arrest - file criminal complaint - first arraignment - preliminary hearing - second arraignment - trial - sentencing - appeal

49. State legislature can establish almost any sentence as a punishment for a crime

50. Held that when a juvenile is charged with an act taht would be a crime if committed by an adult - every element of the offense must be proved beyond reasonable doubt