Test your basic knowledge |

DSST Criminal Justice

Subjects : dsst, law
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Excusing a juror from a trial for a stated - specific reason - such as the juror knows the parties or witnesses in a case. Each side has an unlimited number of challenges for cause.






2. A model of criminal punishment that encourages the rehabilitiation through the use of general and relatively unspecific sentences






3. Group of jurors who were selected to tell if there's enough evidence or not






4. Process of negotiating an agreement w/ defendant - protectors - and the court






5. A pre-sentence report is a legal term referring to the investigation into the history of person convicted of a crime before sentencing. Probation officer makes it.






6. Less courts - less judges - prompt and final disposition of most cases - reduces time/cost in jail - reduces time spent free on bail- dangerous - serious offenders move more quickly into rehab - counseling - etc. - assures that the guilty will not be






7. Officers of the probation office of a court. Probation officer duties include conducting presentence investigations - preparing presentence reports on convicted defendants - and supervising released defendants.






8. Green- low Blue-guarded yellow-elevated orange- high red- severe






9. A period of incarceration that is fixed by a sentencing authority and cannot be reduced by judges or other corrections officials.






10. The act of a person repeating of an undesirable behavior after thay have either experienced negative consequences of that behavior or have been treated or trained to extinguish that behavior.






11. Right to a speedy trial with unbiased jury - right to counsel






12. Opening statements --> Prosecution always starts- statement --> Defense statement --> Prosecutors evidence (burden of proof lies on prosecution) --> defense evidence --> rebuttal (prosecution)






13. A writ whcih requires a person under arrest to be brought before a judge or into court. This ensure that a prisoner can be released form unlawful detention.






14. Consecutive - one after the other and Concurrent is at same time






15. Prisoners challenged the constitutionality of state regulations covering censorship of prisoner mail on the grounds that they violated the prisoners free-speech rights. REstrictions on speech must be justified as the necessity for security and the ru






16. A court that hears a case the first time it is tried in court. A trial court is a court of original jurisdiction.






17. Inmates have to be given a reasonable opportunity to pursue their religious faiths - also visits can be banned is such visits constitute threats to society






18. Run by the Federal government. Charged with protecting the nation's critical infrastructure against terrorist attack.






19. A model of criminal punishment in which an offender is given a fixed term of imprisonment that they may be reduced by good time or gain taim. all offendors convicted of the same crime will reciee the same punishment






20. 1976 - Bifurcated trials - the guilt and innocent phase is separate from the punishment






21. Requires interpretation of a judge or jury to reach conclusion based on what evidence indicates






22. Circumstances - facts - or situations that result in a harsher sentence






23. A prisoner has no reasoable expectations of privacy in his prison cell and no protections against what would otherwise be unreasonable searches 4th amendment






24. Presumption of innocence- cannot be convicted unless the evidence is proved without a reasonable doubt






25. An officer of the court who is employed to execute writs and processes and make arrests etc.






26. Held that juveniles accused of crimes in a delinquency proceeding must be afforded many of the same due process rights as adults - such as the right to timely notification of the cahrges - the right to confront witnesses - the right against self-incr






27. 2005 - illegal to execute minors






28. Trial Court - superior court - pellet superior court - supreme court






29. A principle developed by the courts and applied to the corrections arena by pell v. procunier that attempts to weigh the rights of an individual as guaranteed by the Constituion - against the authority of states of make laws or to otherwise restrict






30. John Augustus






31. A common law principle that allows the state to assume a parental role and to take custody of a child when he or she becomes delinquent - is abandoned or is need of care taht the natural parents are unable or unwilling to provide






32. Holding Cells-Convenience-Many law enforcement agencies - County Jail-Holds all level of offenders-sheriffs department Juvenile Hall-criminals under 18-probation department






33. A legal term for judges delaying of the sentence after they have been found guilty - in order to allow the defendant to perform a period of probation






34. Amnesty - Bail - good behavior






35. 1 - Costs tax players less - 2 - Restitution can be made - 3 - Community work






36. Grand Jury






37. The lawyer representing the defendant






38. Least used






39. Circumstances relating to the commission of a crime that make it more grave than average instance of that crime






40. A legal document calling someone to court to answer an indictment






41. Full time- salaried






42. Things that add on to sentencing






43. Jury selection process of questioning prospective jurors - to ascertain their qualifications and determine any basis for challenge.






44. I do not wish to contend- has the same effect as a guilty plea-becomes a plea bargain






45. Probation is a sentencing usually given instead of jail but not always - parole is a conditional release from prison






46. Jury trial in civil cases






47. A sum of money paid in compensation for loss or injury






48. Crime - Investigation - arrest - file criminal complaint - first arraignment - preliminary hearing - second arraignment - trial - sentencing - appeal






49. State legislature can establish almost any sentence as a punishment for a crime






50. Held that when a juvenile is charged with an act taht would be a crime if committed by an adult - every element of the offense must be proved beyond reasonable doubt