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DSST Criminal Justice

Subjects : dsst, law
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Circumstances - facts - or situations that result in a harsher sentence

2. Process of negotiating an agreement w/ defendant - protectors - and the court

3. A formal charge or accusation of a serious crime

4. Review court

5. Made victim impact statements legal

6. Requires interpretation of a judge or jury to reach conclusion based on what evidence indicates

7. Prisoners challenged the constitutionality of state regulations covering censorship of prisoner mail on the grounds that they violated the prisoners free-speech rights. REstrictions on speech must be justified as the necessity for security and the ru

8. (law) a way of dealing with offenders without imprisoning them

9. Investigation into the history of the person convicted of a crime to see if tehere are an extenuating circumstances which would ameliorate or increase sentence

10. Prohibits peremptory challenges based on gender

11. Charges - Rights - Attorney - Plea Bail/No Bail

12. State legislature can establish almost any sentence as a punishment for a crime

13. Inmates have to be given a reasonable opportunity to pursue their religious faiths - also visits can be banned is such visits constitute threats to society

14. 1 - Costs tax players less - 2 - Restitution can be made - 3 - Community work

15. Held that when a juvenile is charged with an act taht would be a crime if committed by an adult - every element of the offense must be proved beyond reasonable doubt

16. An officer appointed by the judges of the court to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court - maintain court records - handle financial matters - and provide other administrative support to the court.

17. 1963 - extended the right to appointed counsel for indigents in all felony cases

18. Evidence that if believed proves a fact- eyewitnesses - videtapes - ec.

19. Most widely used goal is to individualize punishment - inmates eligible for parole after serving minimum

20. Run by the Federal government. Charged with protecting the nation's critical infrastructure against terrorist attack.

21. Mitigating - Lessens criminal responsibility and lightens sentence. Aggravating - factors that makes harsher sentence

22. Presumption of innocence- cannot be convicted unless the evidence is proved without a reasonable doubt

23. Parole is earned - probation is part of a sentence

24. 2003 - illegal to execute mentally retarded

25. The right to challenge a potential juror without discling the reason for the challenge. Used to eliminate juries individuals who although they express no bias are thought to be capable of swaying the jury in an undesirable way

26. Criminals recieve lighter/easier punishments- nota true sentence- endangers the correct legal outcome. It's coercion- bluffing- violation of human rights- prosecutors bluff and defendants plead to things they didn't do out of fear

27. A prisoner has no reasoable expectations of privacy in his prison cell and no protections against what would otherwise be unreasonable searches 4th amendment

28. Pretrial phase of a law suit where each party can obtain any evidence from the opposing side

29. Underlying conditions--> international encironment --> state--> organizations --> leadership

30. A sum of money paid in compensation for loss or injury

31. Less courts - less judges - prompt and final disposition of most cases - reduces time/cost in jail - reduces time spent free on bail- dangerous - serious offenders move more quickly into rehab - counseling - etc. - assures that the guilty will not be

32. Full time- salaried

33. A public official authorized to decide questions brought before a court of justice

34. Consecutive - one after the other and Concurrent is at same time

35. The authorized seizure of money - negotiable instruments - securities - or other things of value. Under federal antidrug laws - judicial representatives are authorized to seize all cash and goods.

36. A model of criminal punishment that encourages the rehabilitiation through the use of general and relatively unspecific sentences

37. Nominated by the President

38. A fedral law enacted in response to terrorist attacks on the WTC and the Pentagon on September 11 -2001. The law officially titled the Uniting and Strengthening America by providing Appropriate Tools Required to intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act -

39. Circumstances relating to the commission of a crime that may be considered to reduce the blameworthiness of the defendant

40. A legal term for judges delaying of the sentence after they have been found guilty - in order to allow the defendant to perform a period of probation

41. I do not wish to contend- has the same effect as a guilty plea-becomes a plea bargain

42. John Augustus

43. Procedural safeguards are necessary in revocation hearing involving parolees

44. Fee based on state rate

45. Trial Court - superior court - pellet superior court - supreme court

46. Least used

47. Green- low Blue-guarded yellow-elevated orange- high red- severe

48. Geographic area of the court

49. Right to a speedy trial with unbiased jury - right to counsel

50. Probation is a sentencing usually given instead of jail but not always - parole is a conditional release from prison