Test your basic knowledge |

DSST Criminal Justice

Subjects : dsst, law
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Circumstances - facts - or situations that result in a harsher sentence






2. Process of negotiating an agreement w/ defendant - protectors - and the court






3. A formal charge or accusation of a serious crime






4. Review court






5. Made victim impact statements legal






6. Requires interpretation of a judge or jury to reach conclusion based on what evidence indicates






7. Prisoners challenged the constitutionality of state regulations covering censorship of prisoner mail on the grounds that they violated the prisoners free-speech rights. REstrictions on speech must be justified as the necessity for security and the ru






8. (law) a way of dealing with offenders without imprisoning them






9. Investigation into the history of the person convicted of a crime to see if tehere are an extenuating circumstances which would ameliorate or increase sentence






10. Prohibits peremptory challenges based on gender






11. Charges - Rights - Attorney - Plea Bail/No Bail






12. State legislature can establish almost any sentence as a punishment for a crime






13. Inmates have to be given a reasonable opportunity to pursue their religious faiths - also visits can be banned is such visits constitute threats to society






14. 1 - Costs tax players less - 2 - Restitution can be made - 3 - Community work






15. Held that when a juvenile is charged with an act taht would be a crime if committed by an adult - every element of the offense must be proved beyond reasonable doubt






16. An officer appointed by the judges of the court to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court - maintain court records - handle financial matters - and provide other administrative support to the court.






17. 1963 - extended the right to appointed counsel for indigents in all felony cases






18. Evidence that if believed proves a fact- eyewitnesses - videtapes - ec.






19. Most widely used goal is to individualize punishment - inmates eligible for parole after serving minimum






20. Run by the Federal government. Charged with protecting the nation's critical infrastructure against terrorist attack.






21. Mitigating - Lessens criminal responsibility and lightens sentence. Aggravating - factors that makes harsher sentence






22. Presumption of innocence- cannot be convicted unless the evidence is proved without a reasonable doubt






23. Parole is earned - probation is part of a sentence






24. 2003 - illegal to execute mentally retarded






25. The right to challenge a potential juror without discling the reason for the challenge. Used to eliminate juries individuals who although they express no bias are thought to be capable of swaying the jury in an undesirable way






26. Criminals recieve lighter/easier punishments- nota true sentence- endangers the correct legal outcome. It's coercion- bluffing- violation of human rights- prosecutors bluff and defendants plead to things they didn't do out of fear






27. A prisoner has no reasoable expectations of privacy in his prison cell and no protections against what would otherwise be unreasonable searches 4th amendment






28. Pretrial phase of a law suit where each party can obtain any evidence from the opposing side






29. Underlying conditions--> international encironment --> state--> organizations --> leadership






30. A sum of money paid in compensation for loss or injury






31. Less courts - less judges - prompt and final disposition of most cases - reduces time/cost in jail - reduces time spent free on bail- dangerous - serious offenders move more quickly into rehab - counseling - etc. - assures that the guilty will not be






32. Full time- salaried






33. A public official authorized to decide questions brought before a court of justice






34. Consecutive - one after the other and Concurrent is at same time






35. The authorized seizure of money - negotiable instruments - securities - or other things of value. Under federal antidrug laws - judicial representatives are authorized to seize all cash and goods.






36. A model of criminal punishment that encourages the rehabilitiation through the use of general and relatively unspecific sentences






37. Nominated by the President






38. A fedral law enacted in response to terrorist attacks on the WTC and the Pentagon on September 11 -2001. The law officially titled the Uniting and Strengthening America by providing Appropriate Tools Required to intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act -






39. Circumstances relating to the commission of a crime that may be considered to reduce the blameworthiness of the defendant






40. A legal term for judges delaying of the sentence after they have been found guilty - in order to allow the defendant to perform a period of probation






41. I do not wish to contend- has the same effect as a guilty plea-becomes a plea bargain






42. John Augustus






43. Procedural safeguards are necessary in revocation hearing involving parolees






44. Fee based on state rate






45. Trial Court - superior court - pellet superior court - supreme court






46. Least used






47. Green- low Blue-guarded yellow-elevated orange- high red- severe






48. Geographic area of the court






49. Right to a speedy trial with unbiased jury - right to counsel






50. Probation is a sentencing usually given instead of jail but not always - parole is a conditional release from prison