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DSST Criminal Justice

Subjects : dsst, law
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. 1976 - Bifurcated trials - the guilt and innocent phase is separate from the punishment

2. Crime - Investigation - arrest - file criminal complaint - first arraignment - preliminary hearing - second arraignment - trial - sentencing - appeal

3. Prisoners challenged the constitutionality of state regulations covering censorship of prisoner mail on the grounds that they violated the prisoners free-speech rights. REstrictions on speech must be justified as the necessity for security and the ru

4. A model of criminal punishment that encourages the rehabilitiation through the use of general and relatively unspecific sentences

5. Circumstances relating to the commission of a crime that may be considered to reduce the blameworthiness of the defendant

6. A legal term for judges delaying of the sentence after they have been found guilty - in order to allow the defendant to perform a period of probation

7. Not qualified - convicted felon - under indictment - can't read or write - bias - served ongrand jury - insane - etc. May arise during voir dire exmination

8. Consecutive - one after the other and Concurrent is at same time

9. 1 - Costs tax players less - 2 - Restitution can be made - 3 - Community work

10. Most widely used goal is to individualize punishment - inmates eligible for parole after serving minimum

11. Court holds that bail must be reasonable but set at level to insure defendant's appearance at trial

12. Nominated by the President

13. Held that when a juvenile is charged with an act taht would be a crime if committed by an adult - every element of the offense must be proved beyond reasonable doubt

14. Prohibits peremptory challenges based on gender

15. Presumption of innocence- cannot be convicted unless the evidence is proved without a reasonable doubt

16. The authorized seizure of money - negotiable instruments - securities - or other things of value. Under federal antidrug laws - judicial representatives are authorized to seize all cash and goods.

17. Held that juveniles accused of crimes in a delinquency proceeding must be afforded many of the same due process rights as adults - such as the right to timely notification of the cahrges - the right to confront witnesses - the right against self-incr

18. A formal charge or accusation of a serious crime

19. Right to a speedy trial with unbiased jury - right to counsel

20. A period of incarceration that is fixed by a sentencing authority and cannot be reduced by judges or other corrections officials.

21. Parole is earned - probation is part of a sentence

22. Criminals recieve lighter/easier punishments- nota true sentence- endangers the correct legal outcome. It's coercion- bluffing- violation of human rights- prosecutors bluff and defendants plead to things they didn't do out of fear

23. Evidence that if believed proves a fact- eyewitnesses - videtapes - ec.

24. Plea bargaining is an essential component of the new admistration of justice and must be highly encouraged

25. Requires interpretation of a judge or jury to reach conclusion based on what evidence indicates

26. Made victim impact statements legal

27. Trial Court - superior court - pellet superior court - supreme court

28. Full time- salaried

29. 2005 - illegal to execute minors

30. Decides guilt or innocence

31. A government official who conducts criminal prosecutions on behalf of the state

32. A goal of criminal sentencing that attempts to make the victim whole again. a court requirement that an accused or convicted offender pay money or provide services to the victim of the cimre or provie services to the community

33. Holding Cells-Convenience-Many law enforcement agencies - County Jail-Holds all level of offenders-sheriffs department Juvenile Hall-criminals under 18-probation department

34. Physical material or traces of physical activity

35. An officer of the court who is employed to execute writs and processes and make arrests etc.

36. Grand Jury

37. Jury selection process of questioning prospective jurors - to ascertain their qualifications and determine any basis for challenge.

38. Pretrial phase of a law suit where each party can obtain any evidence from the opposing side

39. The unlawful use of force or violence by an individual or a group that is based and operatues entirely within the U.S. and its territories - acts without foreign direction and directs its activites agaits elements of the us government or population

40. Mitigating - Lessens criminal responsibility and lightens sentence. Aggravating - factors that makes harsher sentence

41. Signifies the belief that the potential jurors are not representative of the community

42. Less courts - less judges - prompt and final disposition of most cases - reduces time/cost in jail - reduces time spent free on bail- dangerous - serious offenders move more quickly into rehab - counseling - etc. - assures that the guilty will not be

43. Retain 1st amendment rights that are not inconsistent with his status as a prisoner- have rights - much the same as people who are not incarcerated. Conditional rather than absolute rights. The balancing test.

44. Underlying conditions--> international encironment --> state--> organizations --> leadership

45. A fedral law enacted in response to terrorist attacks on the WTC and the Pentagon on September 11 -2001. The law officially titled the Uniting and Strengthening America by providing Appropriate Tools Required to intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act -

46. Retribution - Restoration - deterrence - incapacitation - Rehabilitation

47. Things that add on to sentencing

48. Investigation into the history of the person convicted of a crime to see if tehere are an extenuating circumstances which would ameliorate or increase sentence

49. The in court use of victim or survivor supplied information supplied by sentencing authorities seeking to make an informed sentencing decision.

50. Inmates have to be given a reasonable opportunity to pursue their religious faiths - also visits can be banned is such visits constitute threats to society