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DSST Criminal Justice

Subjects : dsst, law
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. A model of criminal punishment that encourages the rehabilitiation through the use of general and relatively unspecific sentences

2. Physical material or traces of physical activity

3. A writ whcih requires a person under arrest to be brought before a judge or into court. This ensure that a prisoner can be released form unlawful detention.

4. 1 - Costs tax players less - 2 - Restitution can be made - 3 - Community work

5. Procedural safeguards are necessary in revocation hearing involving parolees

6. Signifies the belief that the potential jurors are not representative of the community

7. A government official who conducts criminal prosecutions on behalf of the state

8. A goal of criminal sentencing that attempts to make the victim whole again. a court requirement that an accused or convicted offender pay money or provide services to the victim of the cimre or provie services to the community

9. (law) a way of dealing with offenders without imprisoning them

10. Parole is earned - probation is part of a sentence

11. Retribution - Restoration - deterrence - incapacitation - Rehabilitation

12. Retain 1st amendment rights that are not inconsistent with his status as a prisoner- have rights - much the same as people who are not incarcerated. Conditional rather than absolute rights. The balancing test.

13. Trial Court - superior court - pellet superior court - supreme court

14. Prohibits peremptory challenges based on race

15. Green- low Blue-guarded yellow-elevated orange- high red- severe

16. 2005 - illegal to execute minors

17. Circumstances relating to the commission of a crime that may be considered to reduce the blameworthiness of the defendant

18. An officer appointed by the judges of the court to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court - maintain court records - handle financial matters - and provide other administrative support to the court.

19. Any circumstances accompanying the commission of a crime that may justify a lighter sentence.

20. Mitigating - Lessens criminal responsibility and lightens sentence. Aggravating - factors that makes harsher sentence

21. Circumstances relating to the commission of a crime that make it more grave than average instance of that crime

22. Held that juveniles accused of crimes in a delinquency proceeding must be afforded many of the same due process rights as adults - such as the right to timely notification of the cahrges - the right to confront witnesses - the right against self-incr

23. Circumstances - facts - or situations that result in a harsher sentence

24. A pre-sentence report is a legal term referring to the investigation into the history of person convicted of a crime before sentencing. Probation officer makes it.

25. Review court

26. Charges - Rights - Attorney - Plea Bail/No Bail

27. 1976 - Bifurcated trials - the guilt and innocent phase is separate from the punishment

28. Evidence that if believed proves a fact- eyewitnesses - videtapes - ec.

29. Consecutive - one after the other and Concurrent is at same time

30. Fee based on state rate

31. 2008 - court held that the death penalty is not appropriate for a crime that does not include the taking of a life

32. A principle developed by the courts and applied to the corrections arena by pell v. procunier that attempts to weigh the rights of an individual as guaranteed by the Constituion - against the authority of states of make laws or to otherwise restrict

33. 1963 - extended the right to appointed counsel for indigents in all felony cases

34. I do not wish to contend- has the same effect as a guilty plea-becomes a plea bargain

35. Officers of the probation office of a court. Probation officer duties include conducting presentence investigations - preparing presentence reports on convicted defendants - and supervising released defendants.

36. Evidence that consists of physical material or traces of physical activity

37. A sum of money paid in compensation for loss or injury

38. Right to a speedy trial with unbiased jury - right to counsel

39. Probation is a sentencing usually given instead of jail but not always - parole is a conditional release from prison

40. Prohibits peremptory challenges based on gender

41. Jury selection process of questioning prospective jurors - to ascertain their qualifications and determine any basis for challenge.

42. Crime - Investigation - arrest - file criminal complaint - first arraignment - preliminary hearing - second arraignment - trial - sentencing - appeal

43. Requires interpretation of a judge or jury to reach conclusion based on what evidence indicates

44. Grand Jury

45. The unlawful use of force or violence by an individual or a group that is based and operatues entirely within the U.S. and its territories - acts without foreign direction and directs its activites agaits elements of the us government or population

46. The right to challenge a potential juror without discling the reason for the challenge. Used to eliminate juries individuals who although they express no bias are thought to be capable of swaying the jury in an undesirable way

47. Less courts - less judges - prompt and final disposition of most cases - reduces time/cost in jail - reduces time spent free on bail- dangerous - serious offenders move more quickly into rehab - counseling - etc. - assures that the guilty will not be

48. Pretrial phase of a law suit where each party can obtain any evidence from the opposing side

49. A period of incarceration that is fixed by a sentencing authority and cannot be reduced by judges or other corrections officials.

50. Nominated by the President