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DSST Criminal Justice

Subjects : dsst, law
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Crime - Investigation - arrest - file criminal complaint - first arraignment - preliminary hearing - second arraignment - trial - sentencing - appeal

2. Most widely used goal is to individualize punishment - inmates eligible for parole after serving minimum

3. Jury trial in civil cases

4. A model of criminal punishment that encourages the rehabilitiation through the use of general and relatively unspecific sentences

5. Prohibits peremptory challenges based on gender

6. The lawyer representing the defendant

7. A public official authorized to decide questions brought before a court of justice

8. Level 1 - 2 - and 3

9. 2008 - court held that the death penalty is not appropriate for a crime that does not include the taking of a life

10. Process of negotiating an agreement w/ defendant - protectors - and the court

11. Rules: no attorneys - maximum loss money 7 -500

12. Charges - Rights - Attorney - Plea Bail/No Bail

13. It is the receiving point for CA department of corrections

14. The act of a person repeating of an undesirable behavior after thay have either experienced negative consequences of that behavior or have been treated or trained to extinguish that behavior.

15. A court that hears a case the first time it is tried in court. A trial court is a court of original jurisdiction.

16. Underlying conditions--> international encironment --> state--> organizations --> leadership

17. Fee based on state rate

18. Retribution - Restoration - deterrence - incapacitation - Rehabilitation

19. Signifies the belief that the potential jurors are not representative of the community

20. Evidence that if believed proves a fact- eyewitnesses - videtapes - ec.

21. A pre-sentence report is a legal term referring to the investigation into the history of person convicted of a crime before sentencing. Probation officer makes it.

22. Least used

23. Jury selection process of questioning prospective jurors - to ascertain their qualifications and determine any basis for challenge.

24. Excusing a juror from a trial for a stated - specific reason - such as the juror knows the parties or witnesses in a case. Each side has an unlimited number of challenges for cause.

25. In pre-trial in which each party can obtain evidence from opposing party

26. Criminals recieve lighter/easier punishments- nota true sentence- endangers the correct legal outcome. It's coercion- bluffing- violation of human rights- prosecutors bluff and defendants plead to things they didn't do out of fear

27. Green- low Blue-guarded yellow-elevated orange- high red- severe

28. Opening statements --> Prosecution always starts- statement --> Defense statement --> Prosecutors evidence (burden of proof lies on prosecution) --> defense evidence --> rebuttal (prosecution)

29. Trial Court - superior court - pellet superior court - supreme court

30. 1963 - extended the right to appointed counsel for indigents in all felony cases

31. 1 - Costs tax players less - 2 - Restitution can be made - 3 - Community work

32. Inmates have to be given a reasonable opportunity to pursue their religious faiths - also visits can be banned is such visits constitute threats to society

33. Made victim impact statements legal

34. Physical material or traces of physical activity

35. The in court use of victim or survivor supplied information supplied by sentencing authorities seeking to make an informed sentencing decision.

36. A prisoner has no reasoable expectations of privacy in his prison cell and no protections against what would otherwise be unreasonable searches 4th amendment

37. I do not wish to contend- has the same effect as a guilty plea-becomes a plea bargain

38. Held that when a juvenile is charged with an act taht would be a crime if committed by an adult - every element of the offense must be proved beyond reasonable doubt

39. Grand Jury

40. Decides guilt or innocence

41. (law) a conditional release from imprisonment that entitiles the person to serve the remainder of the sentence outside the prison as long as the terms of release are complied with

42. A formal charge or accusation of a serious crime

43. A model of criminal punishment in which an offender is given a fixed term of imprisonment that they may be reduced by good time or gain taim. all offendors convicted of the same crime will reciee the same punishment

44. Probation

45. The unlawful use of force or violence by an individual or a group that is based and operatues entirely within the U.S. and its territories - acts without foreign direction and directs its activites agaits elements of the us government or population

46. Probation is a sentencing usually given instead of jail but not always - parole is a conditional release from prison

47. Presumption of innocence- cannot be convicted unless the evidence is proved without a reasonable doubt

48. A common law principle that allows the state to assume a parental role and to take custody of a child when he or she becomes delinquent - is abandoned or is need of care taht the natural parents are unable or unwilling to provide

49. Group of jurors who were selected to tell if there's enough evidence or not

50. Investigation into the history of the person convicted of a crime to see if tehere are an extenuating circumstances which would ameliorate or increase sentence