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DSST Criminal Justice

Subjects : dsst, law
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Plea bargaining is an essential component of the new admistration of justice and must be highly encouraged

2. A formal charge or accusation of a serious crime

3. Prisoners challenged the constitutionality of state regulations covering censorship of prisoner mail on the grounds that they violated the prisoners free-speech rights. REstrictions on speech must be justified as the necessity for security and the ru

4. Circumstances relating to the commission of a crime that make it more grave than average instance of that crime

5. Run by the Federal government. Charged with protecting the nation's critical infrastructure against terrorist attack.

6. The authorized seizure of money - negotiable instruments - securities - or other things of value. Under federal antidrug laws - judicial representatives are authorized to seize all cash and goods.

7. A model of criminal punishment in which an offender is given a fixed term of imprisonment that they may be reduced by good time or gain taim. all offendors convicted of the same crime will reciee the same punishment

8. A pre-sentence report is a legal term referring to the investigation into the history of person convicted of a crime before sentencing. Probation officer makes it.

9. Evidence that if believed proves a fact- eyewitnesses - videtapes - ec.

10. Crime - Investigation - arrest - file criminal complaint - first arraignment - preliminary hearing - second arraignment - trial - sentencing - appeal

11. The in court use of victim or survivor supplied information supplied by sentencing authorities seeking to make an informed sentencing decision.

12. Jury trial in civil cases

13. Not qualified - convicted felon - under indictment - can't read or write - bias - served ongrand jury - insane - etc. May arise during voir dire exmination

14. Nominated by the President

15. Criminals recieve lighter/easier punishments- nota true sentence- endangers the correct legal outcome. It's coercion- bluffing- violation of human rights- prosecutors bluff and defendants plead to things they didn't do out of fear

16. A sum of money paid in compensation for loss or injury

17. Less courts - less judges - prompt and final disposition of most cases - reduces time/cost in jail - reduces time spent free on bail- dangerous - serious offenders move more quickly into rehab - counseling - etc. - assures that the guilty will not be

18. Parole is earned - probation is part of a sentence

19. Circumstances relating to the commission of a crime that may be considered to reduce the blameworthiness of the defendant

20. A court that hears a case the first time it is tried in court. A trial court is a court of original jurisdiction.

21. Prohibits peremptory challenges based on gender

22. A period of incarceration that is fixed by a sentencing authority and cannot be reduced by judges or other corrections officials.

23. Procedural safeguards are necessary in revocation hearing involving parolees

24. Inmates have to be given a reasonable opportunity to pursue their religious faiths - also visits can be banned is such visits constitute threats to society

25. Opening statements --> Prosecution always starts- statement --> Defense statement --> Prosecutors evidence (burden of proof lies on prosecution) --> defense evidence --> rebuttal (prosecution)

26. Any circumstances accompanying the commission of a crime that may justify a lighter sentence.

27. 2005 - illegal to execute minors

28. A government official who conducts criminal prosecutions on behalf of the state

29. Holding Cells-Convenience-Many law enforcement agencies - County Jail-Holds all level of offenders-sheriffs department Juvenile Hall-criminals under 18-probation department

30. 2003 - illegal to execute mentally retarded

31. 1 - Costs tax players less - 2 - Restitution can be made - 3 - Community work

32. Retain 1st amendment rights that are not inconsistent with his status as a prisoner- have rights - much the same as people who are not incarcerated. Conditional rather than absolute rights. The balancing test.

33. Officers of the probation office of a court. Probation officer duties include conducting presentence investigations - preparing presentence reports on convicted defendants - and supervising released defendants.

34. A principle developed by the courts and applied to the corrections arena by pell v. procunier that attempts to weigh the rights of an individual as guaranteed by the Constituion - against the authority of states of make laws or to otherwise restrict

35. The right to challenge a potential juror without discling the reason for the challenge. Used to eliminate juries individuals who although they express no bias are thought to be capable of swaying the jury in an undesirable way

36. A common law principle that allows the state to assume a parental role and to take custody of a child when he or she becomes delinquent - is abandoned or is need of care taht the natural parents are unable or unwilling to provide

37. John Augustus

38. Made victim impact statements legal

39. A fedral law enacted in response to terrorist attacks on the WTC and the Pentagon on September 11 -2001. The law officially titled the Uniting and Strengthening America by providing Appropriate Tools Required to intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act -

40. Process of negotiating an agreement w/ defendant - protectors - and the court

41. A written statement of the essential facts making up the offense charged

42. Probation is a sentencing usually given instead of jail but not always - parole is a conditional release from prison

43. I do not wish to contend- has the same effect as a guilty plea-becomes a plea bargain

44. Circumstances - facts - or situations that result in a harsher sentence

45. Probation

46. Jury selection process of questioning prospective jurors - to ascertain their qualifications and determine any basis for challenge.

47. 1974 - sanctions cannot be levied against inmates without appropriate due process

48. Level 1 - 2 - and 3

49. In pre-trial in which each party can obtain evidence from opposing party

50. Pretrial phase of a law suit where each party can obtain any evidence from the opposing side