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DSST Criminal Justice

Subjects : dsst, law
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Physical material or traces of physical activity

2. In pre-trial in which each party can obtain evidence from opposing party

3. Evidence that consists of physical material or traces of physical activity

4. 1963 - extended the right to appointed counsel for indigents in all felony cases

5. 2008 - court held that the death penalty is not appropriate for a crime that does not include the taking of a life

6. Crime - Investigation - arrest - file criminal complaint - first arraignment - preliminary hearing - second arraignment - trial - sentencing - appeal

7. Parole is earned - probation is part of a sentence

8. Requires interpretation of a judge or jury to reach conclusion based on what evidence indicates

9. A formal charge or accusation of a serious crime

10. Run by the Federal government. Charged with protecting the nation's critical infrastructure against terrorist attack.

11. A written statement of the essential facts making up the offense charged

12. (law) a conditional release from imprisonment that entitiles the person to serve the remainder of the sentence outside the prison as long as the terms of release are complied with

13. Full time- salaried

14. Any circumstances accompanying the commission of a crime that may justify a lighter sentence.

15. I do not wish to contend- has the same effect as a guilty plea-becomes a plea bargain

16. Pretrial phase of a law suit where each party can obtain any evidence from the opposing side

17. The act of a person repeating of an undesirable behavior after thay have either experienced negative consequences of that behavior or have been treated or trained to extinguish that behavior.

18. It is the receiving point for CA department of corrections

19. Group of jurors who were selected to tell if there's enough evidence or not

20. A government official who conducts criminal prosecutions on behalf of the state

21. Retain 1st amendment rights that are not inconsistent with his status as a prisoner- have rights - much the same as people who are not incarcerated. Conditional rather than absolute rights. The balancing test.

22. Amnesty - Bail - good behavior

23. A court that hears a case the first time it is tried in court. A trial court is a court of original jurisdiction.

24. Trial Court - superior court - pellet superior court - supreme court

25. Consecutive - one after the other and Concurrent is at same time

26. Underlying conditions--> international encironment --> state--> organizations --> leadership

27. Rules: no attorneys - maximum loss money 7 -500

28. Jury selection process of questioning prospective jurors - to ascertain their qualifications and determine any basis for challenge.

29. Retribution - Restoration - deterrence - incapacitation - Rehabilitation

30. Opening statements --> Prosecution always starts- statement --> Defense statement --> Prosecutors evidence (burden of proof lies on prosecution) --> defense evidence --> rebuttal (prosecution)

31. Things that add on to sentencing

32. A period of incarceration that is fixed by a sentencing authority and cannot be reduced by judges or other corrections officials.

33. 1 - Costs tax players less - 2 - Restitution can be made - 3 - Community work

34. Investigation into the history of the person convicted of a crime to see if tehere are an extenuating circumstances which would ameliorate or increase sentence

35. Evidence that if believed proves a fact- eyewitnesses - videtapes - ec.

36. Made victim impact statements legal

37. A goal of criminal sentencing that attempts to make the victim whole again. a court requirement that an accused or convicted offender pay money or provide services to the victim of the cimre or provie services to the community

38. Probation is a sentencing usually given instead of jail but not always - parole is a conditional release from prison

39. Probation

40. Signifies the belief that the potential jurors are not representative of the community

41. An officer of the court who is employed to execute writs and processes and make arrests etc.

42. Less courts - less judges - prompt and final disposition of most cases - reduces time/cost in jail - reduces time spent free on bail- dangerous - serious offenders move more quickly into rehab - counseling - etc. - assures that the guilty will not be

43. State legislature can establish almost any sentence as a punishment for a crime

44. Right to a speedy trial with unbiased jury - right to counsel

45. A legal document calling someone to court to answer an indictment

46. Not qualified - convicted felon - under indictment - can't read or write - bias - served ongrand jury - insane - etc. May arise during voir dire exmination

47. 1974 - sanctions cannot be levied against inmates without appropriate due process

48. Prohibits peremptory challenges based on gender

49. Officers of the probation office of a court. Probation officer duties include conducting presentence investigations - preparing presentence reports on convicted defendants - and supervising released defendants.

50. A writ whcih requires a person under arrest to be brought before a judge or into court. This ensure that a prisoner can be released form unlawful detention.