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DSST Criminal Justice

Subjects : dsst, law
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. A prisoner has no reasoable expectations of privacy in his prison cell and no protections against what would otherwise be unreasonable searches 4th amendment

2. An officer appointed by the judges of the court to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court - maintain court records - handle financial matters - and provide other administrative support to the court.

3. Held that juveniles accused of crimes in a delinquency proceeding must be afforded many of the same due process rights as adults - such as the right to timely notification of the cahrges - the right to confront witnesses - the right against self-incr

4. Circumstances relating to the commission of a crime that make it more grave than average instance of that crime

5. Criminals recieve lighter/easier punishments- nota true sentence- endangers the correct legal outcome. It's coercion- bluffing- violation of human rights- prosecutors bluff and defendants plead to things they didn't do out of fear

6. Physical material or traces of physical activity

7. Least used

8. 1974 - sanctions cannot be levied against inmates without appropriate due process

9. An officer of the court who is employed to execute writs and processes and make arrests etc.

10. A writ whcih requires a person under arrest to be brought before a judge or into court. This ensure that a prisoner can be released form unlawful detention.

11. Jury selection process of questioning prospective jurors - to ascertain their qualifications and determine any basis for challenge.

12. Opening statements --> Prosecution always starts- statement --> Defense statement --> Prosecutors evidence (burden of proof lies on prosecution) --> defense evidence --> rebuttal (prosecution)

13. Run by the Federal government. Charged with protecting the nation's critical infrastructure against terrorist attack.

14. I do not wish to contend- has the same effect as a guilty plea-becomes a plea bargain

15. Grand Jury

16. Probation is a sentencing usually given instead of jail but not always - parole is a conditional release from prison

17. Underlying conditions--> international encironment --> state--> organizations --> leadership

18. Evidence that consists of physical material or traces of physical activity

19. Retain 1st amendment rights that are not inconsistent with his status as a prisoner- have rights - much the same as people who are not incarcerated. Conditional rather than absolute rights. The balancing test.

20. Group of jurors who were selected to tell if there's enough evidence or not

21. Officers of the probation office of a court. Probation officer duties include conducting presentence investigations - preparing presentence reports on convicted defendants - and supervising released defendants.

22. Prisoners challenged the constitutionality of state regulations covering censorship of prisoner mail on the grounds that they violated the prisoners free-speech rights. REstrictions on speech must be justified as the necessity for security and the ru

23. The unlawful use of force or violence by an individual or a group that is based and operatues entirely within the U.S. and its territories - acts without foreign direction and directs its activites agaits elements of the us government or population

24. A formal charge or accusation of a serious crime

25. Prohibits peremptory challenges based on gender

26. Trial Court - superior court - pellet superior court - supreme court

27. Less courts - less judges - prompt and final disposition of most cases - reduces time/cost in jail - reduces time spent free on bail- dangerous - serious offenders move more quickly into rehab - counseling - etc. - assures that the guilty will not be

28. A goal of criminal sentencing that attempts to make the victim whole again. a court requirement that an accused or convicted offender pay money or provide services to the victim of the cimre or provie services to the community

29. Things that add on to sentencing

30. Holding Cells-Convenience-Many law enforcement agencies - County Jail-Holds all level of offenders-sheriffs department Juvenile Hall-criminals under 18-probation department

31. A public official authorized to decide questions brought before a court of justice

32. The right to challenge a potential juror without discling the reason for the challenge. Used to eliminate juries individuals who although they express no bias are thought to be capable of swaying the jury in an undesirable way

33. Signifies the belief that the potential jurors are not representative of the community

34. Charges - Rights - Attorney - Plea Bail/No Bail

35. Crime - Investigation - arrest - file criminal complaint - first arraignment - preliminary hearing - second arraignment - trial - sentencing - appeal

36. It is the receiving point for CA department of corrections

37. Retribution - Restoration - deterrence - incapacitation - Rehabilitation

38. A model of criminal punishment that encourages the rehabilitiation through the use of general and relatively unspecific sentences

39. Parole is earned - probation is part of a sentence

40. (law) a conditional release from imprisonment that entitiles the person to serve the remainder of the sentence outside the prison as long as the terms of release are complied with

41. Decides guilt or innocence

42. Held that when a juvenile is charged with an act taht would be a crime if committed by an adult - every element of the offense must be proved beyond reasonable doubt

43. A principle developed by the courts and applied to the corrections arena by pell v. procunier that attempts to weigh the rights of an individual as guaranteed by the Constituion - against the authority of states of make laws or to otherwise restrict

44. Consecutive - one after the other and Concurrent is at same time

45. The authorized seizure of money - negotiable instruments - securities - or other things of value. Under federal antidrug laws - judicial representatives are authorized to seize all cash and goods.

46. Amnesty - Bail - good behavior

47. Any circumstances accompanying the commission of a crime that may justify a lighter sentence.

48. The lawyer representing the defendant

49. Presumption of innocence- cannot be convicted unless the evidence is proved without a reasonable doubt

50. A government official who conducts criminal prosecutions on behalf of the state