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DSST Criminal Justice

Subjects : dsst, law
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Underlying conditions--> international encironment --> state--> organizations --> leadership

2. Consecutive - one after the other and Concurrent is at same time

3. A model of criminal punishment in which an offender is given a fixed term of imprisonment that they may be reduced by good time or gain taim. all offendors convicted of the same crime will reciee the same punishment

4. Presumption of innocence- cannot be convicted unless the evidence is proved without a reasonable doubt

5. Evidence that consists of physical material or traces of physical activity

6. The lawyer representing the defendant

7. 1976 - Bifurcated trials - the guilt and innocent phase is separate from the punishment

8. Court holds that bail must be reasonable but set at level to insure defendant's appearance at trial

9. (law) a conditional release from imprisonment that entitiles the person to serve the remainder of the sentence outside the prison as long as the terms of release are complied with

10. 1 - Costs tax players less - 2 - Restitution can be made - 3 - Community work

11. Level 1 - 2 - and 3

12. Full time- salaried

13. The right to challenge a potential juror without discling the reason for the challenge. Used to eliminate juries individuals who although they express no bias are thought to be capable of swaying the jury in an undesirable way

14. Investigation into the history of the person convicted of a crime to see if tehere are an extenuating circumstances which would ameliorate or increase sentence

15. A public official authorized to decide questions brought before a court of justice

16. John Augustus

17. Amnesty - Bail - good behavior

18. Crime - Investigation - arrest - file criminal complaint - first arraignment - preliminary hearing - second arraignment - trial - sentencing - appeal

19. Pretrial phase of a law suit where each party can obtain any evidence from the opposing side

20. A period of incarceration that is fixed by a sentencing authority and cannot be reduced by judges or other corrections officials.

21. A prisoner has no reasoable expectations of privacy in his prison cell and no protections against what would otherwise be unreasonable searches 4th amendment

22. The authorized seizure of money - negotiable instruments - securities - or other things of value. Under federal antidrug laws - judicial representatives are authorized to seize all cash and goods.

23. Holding Cells-Convenience-Many law enforcement agencies - County Jail-Holds all level of offenders-sheriffs department Juvenile Hall-criminals under 18-probation department

24. Mitigating - Lessens criminal responsibility and lightens sentence. Aggravating - factors that makes harsher sentence

25. Held that juveniles accused of crimes in a delinquency proceeding must be afforded many of the same due process rights as adults - such as the right to timely notification of the cahrges - the right to confront witnesses - the right against self-incr

26. State legislature can establish almost any sentence as a punishment for a crime

27. Trial Court - superior court - pellet superior court - supreme court

28. Charges - Rights - Attorney - Plea Bail/No Bail

29. Least used

30. Things that add on to sentencing

31. In pre-trial in which each party can obtain evidence from opposing party

32. Criminals recieve lighter/easier punishments- nota true sentence- endangers the correct legal outcome. It's coercion- bluffing- violation of human rights- prosecutors bluff and defendants plead to things they didn't do out of fear

33. A court that hears a case the first time it is tried in court. A trial court is a court of original jurisdiction.

34. Procedural safeguards are necessary in revocation hearing involving parolees

35. 2003 - illegal to execute mentally retarded

36. A goal of criminal sentencing that attempts to make the victim whole again. a court requirement that an accused or convicted offender pay money or provide services to the victim of the cimre or provie services to the community

37. Retribution - Restoration - deterrence - incapacitation - Rehabilitation

38. Inmates have to be given a reasonable opportunity to pursue their religious faiths - also visits can be banned is such visits constitute threats to society

39. An officer appointed by the judges of the court to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court - maintain court records - handle financial matters - and provide other administrative support to the court.

40. Prisoners challenged the constitutionality of state regulations covering censorship of prisoner mail on the grounds that they violated the prisoners free-speech rights. REstrictions on speech must be justified as the necessity for security and the ru

41. Circumstances relating to the commission of a crime that may be considered to reduce the blameworthiness of the defendant

42. Prohibits peremptory challenges based on gender

43. A written statement of the essential facts making up the offense charged

44. Run by the Federal government. Charged with protecting the nation's critical infrastructure against terrorist attack.

45. A writ whcih requires a person under arrest to be brought before a judge or into court. This ensure that a prisoner can be released form unlawful detention.

46. Nominated by the President

47. Most widely used goal is to individualize punishment - inmates eligible for parole after serving minimum

48. Right to a speedy trial with unbiased jury - right to counsel

49. Requires interpretation of a judge or jury to reach conclusion based on what evidence indicates

50. Group of jurors who were selected to tell if there's enough evidence or not