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DSST Criminal Justice

Subjects : dsst, law
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. A writ whcih requires a person under arrest to be brought before a judge or into court. This ensure that a prisoner can be released form unlawful detention.

2. Prisoners challenged the constitutionality of state regulations covering censorship of prisoner mail on the grounds that they violated the prisoners free-speech rights. REstrictions on speech must be justified as the necessity for security and the ru

3. The unlawful use of force or violence by an individual or a group that is based and operatues entirely within the U.S. and its territories - acts without foreign direction and directs its activites agaits elements of the us government or population

4. A pre-sentence report is a legal term referring to the investigation into the history of person convicted of a crime before sentencing. Probation officer makes it.

5. A prisoner has no reasoable expectations of privacy in his prison cell and no protections against what would otherwise be unreasonable searches 4th amendment

6. Decides guilt or innocence

7. Criminals recieve lighter/easier punishments- nota true sentence- endangers the correct legal outcome. It's coercion- bluffing- violation of human rights- prosecutors bluff and defendants plead to things they didn't do out of fear

8. Right to a speedy trial with unbiased jury - right to counsel

9. Circumstances - facts - or situations that result in a harsher sentence

10. The authorized seizure of money - negotiable instruments - securities - or other things of value. Under federal antidrug laws - judicial representatives are authorized to seize all cash and goods.

11. Most widely used goal is to individualize punishment - inmates eligible for parole after serving minimum

12. Investigation into the history of the person convicted of a crime to see if tehere are an extenuating circumstances which would ameliorate or increase sentence

13. Plea bargaining is an essential component of the new admistration of justice and must be highly encouraged

14. Fee based on state rate

15. A court that hears a case the first time it is tried in court. A trial court is a court of original jurisdiction.

16. Pretrial proceedings at which the prosecutor must prove that a crime was committed and establish the probable guilt of the defendant.

17. 2005 - illegal to execute minors

18. An officer appointed by the judges of the court to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court - maintain court records - handle financial matters - and provide other administrative support to the court.

19. It is the receiving point for CA department of corrections

20. U.S Districts Courts - U.S. Court of Appeal - U.S. Supreme Court

21. Group of jurors who were selected to tell if there's enough evidence or not

22. I do not wish to contend- has the same effect as a guilty plea-becomes a plea bargain

23. A model of criminal punishment in which an offender is given a fixed term of imprisonment that they may be reduced by good time or gain taim. all offendors convicted of the same crime will reciee the same punishment

24. Signifies the belief that the potential jurors are not representative of the community

25. Parole is earned - probation is part of a sentence

26. Geographic area of the court

27. Inmates have to be given a reasonable opportunity to pursue their religious faiths - also visits can be banned is such visits constitute threats to society

28. Least used

29. Not qualified - convicted felon - under indictment - can't read or write - bias - served ongrand jury - insane - etc. May arise during voir dire exmination

30. Rules: no attorneys - maximum loss money 7 -500

31. Evidence that consists of physical material or traces of physical activity

32. Amnesty - Bail - good behavior

33. Opening statements --> Prosecution always starts- statement --> Defense statement --> Prosecutors evidence (burden of proof lies on prosecution) --> defense evidence --> rebuttal (prosecution)

34. A fedral law enacted in response to terrorist attacks on the WTC and the Pentagon on September 11 -2001. The law officially titled the Uniting and Strengthening America by providing Appropriate Tools Required to intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act -

35. Prohibits peremptory challenges based on race

36. A model of criminal punishment that encourages the rehabilitiation through the use of general and relatively unspecific sentences

37. Trial Court - superior court - pellet superior court - supreme court

38. Consecutive - one after the other and Concurrent is at same time

39. Review court

40. Run by the Federal government. Charged with protecting the nation's critical infrastructure against terrorist attack.

41. A common law principle that allows the state to assume a parental role and to take custody of a child when he or she becomes delinquent - is abandoned or is need of care taht the natural parents are unable or unwilling to provide

42. A public official authorized to decide questions brought before a court of justice

43. Jury trial in civil cases

44. 1974 - sanctions cannot be levied against inmates without appropriate due process

45. Grand Jury

46. Made victim impact statements legal

47. 2008 - court held that the death penalty is not appropriate for a crime that does not include the taking of a life

48. Probation is a sentencing usually given instead of jail but not always - parole is a conditional release from prison

49. A principle developed by the courts and applied to the corrections arena by pell v. procunier that attempts to weigh the rights of an individual as guaranteed by the Constituion - against the authority of states of make laws or to otherwise restrict

50. Court holds that bail must be reasonable but set at level to insure defendant's appearance at trial