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DSST Criminal Justice And Law Enforcement

Subjects : dsst, law-enforcement
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. UCR = police report - NCVS = survey of households - comparisons of the UCR and NCVS data sets show there to be a high degree of correspondence between the two systems.






2. Where did common law come ?






3. A computerized index of criminal justice information (i.e. criminal record history information - fugitives - stolen properties - missing persons). It is available to Federal - state - and local law enforcement and other criminal justice agencies and






4. Wrong only because it is prohibited - unlawful act by virtue of statute






5. What would make an Officer want to stay in the police force longer?






6. What is the U.S. Justice System based on?






7. Divide the amount a particular crime is committed by the total population for the city. So if the crime of assault was committed 4 -000 times in a city of 120 -000 - you divide 4 -000 by 120 -000. The answer comes up to be about .03 (or 3%). This mea






8. Speaking out - defendant speaking out on their own behalf prior sentencing






9. 4th amendment - search and seizure - Ruled that prison cells could be searched - that prisoners have no right against search and seizure - Decision: Fourth Amendment does not apply to prison inmates - Significance: After Hudson - prisoners who are tr






10. Boston (1838)






11. The Metropolitan Police Department of London






12. Not accutate - relies on local law enforcement agency - can only measure crime known to police - cannot provide an accurate representation of actual crime rates. Misrepresentation: focused upon street crime -does not record information on many other






13. Citizenship clause - due process - equal protection - impeachment - debt






14. Guilty mind - act does not make guilty without the mind - add actus rea to mens rea = crime






15. Fraud - forgery/counterfeiting - embezzlement - simple assault - sex offenses - offenses against the family - drug and liquor offenses - weapons offenses other non-violent offenses excluding traffic violations






16. Murder and nonnegligent homicide; nonlethal violent crimes comprising robbery - forcible rape and aggravated assault; property crimes comprising burglary - larceny/theft - motor vehicle theft -arson






17. Federal program - supports Law enforcement - gives grants for education and technology






18. 4TH amendment - search and seizure - Good faith exception to exclusionary rule - Good faith (bona fides) = officer believes the search warrant is valid






19. In the place (instead) of the parent - allows The state or institutions to act on behalf of their students and non biological parents to act as biological parents on behalf of the child






20. Unlawful entry of a 'structure' to commit a felony or a theft. Burglary is commonly known as a 'break in -' or - 'breaking and entering.' A 'structure' is usually in reference to physical buildings but not cars. Car breakins or thefts are considered






21. Growing quickly - 3 mil+ since 2010 - Strict sentencing and economic benefits






22. 8th amendment - no cruel and unusual punishment - Ruled that the death penalty was NOT cruel and unusual punishment






23. Actions prohibited by a class - most often committed by minors - motive not considered






24. Trial by jury - rights of the accused - Confrontation of witnesses - Speedy trial - Public trial - Right to counsel






25. Taking or attempting to take something of value from another person by use of force - threats or intimidation. It is committed in the presence of the victim - divided into different 'degrees'. The degrees vary by state and can also depend on whether






26. When must a suspect be informed of their Miranda rights?






27. 'you are to have the body' - person in custody who is summoned must be shown court order or proof that the authority has the right to detain






28. Does not include homicides - survey of households - expensive to conduct - covers the frequency of crime victimization






29. Willful homicide - forcible rape - robbery - burglary - aggravated assault - larceny over $50 - motor vehicle theft - arson






30. 4th amendment - no warrant w/o probable cause - When officer is in pursuit he may use deadly force if suspect is escaping and the officer has probable cause to believe the suspect poses a significant threat to officers and others






31. Wrong or evil - conduct wrong by nature - used as the basis for common law






32. Payton - Terry - Leon - Mapp - Tenn - Hudson






33. Civil service reform - 1883 - gov jobs on basis of merit - exams - not politics






34. 20%






35. 'State as parent' - state serves as parent of juvenile (father)






36. 4th amendment - search and seizure - Ruled that evidence violating search and seizure protections may not be used is STATE and FEDERAL court - Mapp applies the 4th amendment to state courts






37. Voluntary - 95% participate - only the highest scoring offense is scored and the rest are ignored






38. Similar to burglary. The major difference between the two is that the perpetrator did not illegally enter a structure by using forcible - non forcible or attempted forcible entry (with the exception of a motor vehicle.) All thefts of motor vehicles o






39. The sum of selected offenses used to measure crime rates and their fluctuations reported to law enforcement. The offenses included in the Crime Index total are the violent crimes of Murder and Nonnegligent Manslaughter - Forcible Rape - Robbery - and






40. 4th amendment - search and seizure - S&S not violated if officer has suspicion of suspect being armed - May search outer person and clothing for weapons - Called a (Terry stop) = stop and frisk - Extended to temporary detention of people in vehicles






41. Person receives money through coercion - Demanding money for not writing ticket






42. All police departments' stats - published in summary form - FBI - 29 types of offenses -






43. Fastest growing group of criminals in the United States






44. Leader in management systems in policing - Chief in Chicago - Fullerton CA - Wichita KS - Author - Student of Vollmer - Believed in police omnipresence - 2 way radios and quick response - single officer patrol cars






45. No unreasonable search and seizure - no warrant without probable cause






46. 16%






47. 1215 - Magna Carta






48. Sheriff






49. Due process (4th and 5th) - in a capital trial - the defendant must be given access to counsel upon his or her own request as part of due process






50. Delinquent because of the offender's status as a minor - typically dealt with by social services agencies - do not require intervention from the juvenile court. Includes: underage consumption of alcohol - driving without a license - truancy from scho