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DSST Criminal Justice And Law Enforcement

Subjects : dsst, law-enforcement
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. 4th amendment - search and seizure - Ruled that prison cells could be searched - that prisoners have no right against search and seizure - Decision: Fourth Amendment does not apply to prison inmates - Significance: After Hudson - prisoners who are tr






2. Due process - double jeopardy - self incrimination - eminent domain






3. In the place (instead) of the parent - allows The state or institutions to act on behalf of their students and non biological parents to act as biological parents on behalf of the child






4. All police departments' stats - published in summary form - FBI - 29 types of offenses -






5. Berkley California police chief - Developed the office of police chief - Integrated records system - 'Father of Modern Law Enforcement' - Taught O.W. Wilson at Berkley - Wanted policemen to have degrees - Removed politics from policing - First to use






6. Judge ordered incarceration for a short time (30-120 days) - the release to probation (aka reconsider then recall)






7. Speaking out - defendant speaking out on their own behalf prior sentencing






8. 6th amendment counsel must be provided for indigent (poor) defendants






9. Willful homicide - forcible rape - robbery - burglary - aggravated assault - larceny over $50 - motor vehicle theft - arson






10. 8th amendment - no cruel and unusual punishment - Death penalty not allowed for mentally retarded persons






11. Due process (4th and 5th) - in a capital trial - the defendant must be given access to counsel upon his or her own request as part of due process






12. Citizenship clause - due process - equal protection - impeachment - debt






13. Murder and nonnegligent homicide; nonlethal violent crimes comprising robbery - forcible rape and aggravated assault; property crimes comprising burglary - larceny/theft - motor vehicle theft -arson






14. Trial by jury - rights of the accused - Confrontation of witnesses - Speedy trial - Public trial - Right to counsel






15. 4th amendment - search and seizure - Ruled that evidence violating search and seizure protections may not be used is STATE and FEDERAL court - Mapp applies the 4th amendment to state courts






16. Growing quickly - 3 mil+ since 2010 - Strict sentencing and economic benefits






17. State Prison - 1819 NY - 1st electric chair execution (1890) - Schedule of hard work in day - then prayer and contemplation - Segregated by type of crime - Originated the black stripe uniform - Also called the congregate system - inmates congregate d






18. Unlawful entry of a 'structure' to commit a felony or a theft. Burglary is commonly known as a 'break in -' or - 'breaking and entering.' A 'structure' is usually in reference to physical buildings but not cars. Car breakins or thefts are considered






19. 8th amendment - no cruel and unusual punishment - Ruled that the death penalty was NOT cruel and unusual punishment






20. Wrong or evil - conduct wrong by nature - used as the basis for common law






21. Payton - Terry - Leon - Mapp - Tenn - Hudson






22. No unreasonable search and seizure - no warrant without probable cause






23. What would make an Officer want to stay in the police force longer?






24. 1215 - Magna Carta






25. Not accutate - relies on local law enforcement agency - can only measure crime known to police - cannot provide an accurate representation of actual crime rates. Misrepresentation: focused upon street crime -does not record information on many other






26. Actions prohibited by a class - most often committed by minors - motive not considered






27. Voluntary - 95% participate - only the highest scoring offense is scored and the rest are ignored






28. Miranda vs. Arizona






29. Probation is front end - sentence in leu of incarceration - a sentence option for misdemeanors and some felonies - a decision by the JUDGE - parole is back end - supervised release of a prisoner before completion of prison sentence - a decision by th






30. Fraud - forgery/counterfeiting - embezzlement - simple assault - sex offenses - offenses against the family - drug and liquor offenses - weapons offenses other non-violent offenses excluding traffic violations






31. Civil service reform - 1883 - gov jobs on basis of merit - exams - not politics






32. Illinois - 1899






33. The Metropolitan Police Department of London






34. New York had first due process clause in their bill of rights - NY insisted due process be added to US BOR - Madison added it






35. Leader in management systems in policing - Chief in Chicago - Fullerton CA - Wichita KS - Author - Student of Vollmer - Believed in police omnipresence - 2 way radios and quick response - single officer patrol cars






36. 1769 - England - No coerced self incriminating evidence. 1789 US - Bill of Rights - 4th and 5th amendments - No search and seizure without probable cause. 1960's US - No involuntary confessions. 1961 US - Mapp vs. Ohio gives exclusionary rights to st






37. 4th amendment - search and seizure - S&S not violated if officer has suspicion of suspect being armed - May search outer person and clothing for weapons - Called a (Terry stop) = stop and frisk - Extended to temporary detention of people in vehicles






38. Guilty mind - act does not make guilty without the mind - add actus rea to mens rea = crime






39. Exclusionary rule (comes from 4th - 5th and 6th) - Tax books were illegally seized - Evidence not admissible in court - 'fruit from poisoned tree' theory -






40. Person receives money through coercion - Demanding money for not writing ticket






41. Does not include homicides - survey of households - expensive to conduct - covers the frequency of crime victimization






42. What is the U.S. Justice System based on?






43. 4th amendment - no warrant w/o probable cause - When officer is in pursuit he may use deadly force if suspect is escaping and the officer has probable cause to believe the suspect poses a significant threat to officers and others






44. A computerized index of criminal justice information (i.e. criminal record history information - fugitives - stolen properties - missing persons). It is available to Federal - state - and local law enforcement and other criminal justice agencies and






45. 'State as parent' - state serves as parent of juvenile (father)






46. Empowered to hear appeal of lower trial court






47. Remain silent - Anything said can be used in court - Right to counsel - Right to attorney during questioning - If indigent (poor) right to have attorney provided






48. New York






49. No excessive bail - no cruel and unusual punishment






50. Wrong only because it is prohibited - unlawful act by virtue of statute