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DSST Criminal Justice And Law Enforcement

Subjects : dsst, law-enforcement
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. First Juvenile hall






2. Where did common law come ?






3. Actions prohibited by a class - most often committed by minors - motive not considered






4. Exclusionary rule (comes from 4th - 5th and 6th) - Tax books were illegally seized - Evidence not admissible in court - 'fruit from poisoned tree' theory -






5. When must a suspect be informed of their Miranda rights?






6. All police departments' stats - published in summary form - FBI - 29 types of offenses -






7. No excessive bail - no cruel and unusual punishment






8. Not accutate - relies on local law enforcement agency - can only measure crime known to police - cannot provide an accurate representation of actual crime rates. Misrepresentation: focused upon street crime -does not record information on many other






9. Miranda vs. Arizona






10. Illinois - 1899






11. Trial by jury - rights of the accused - Confrontation of witnesses - Speedy trial - Public trial - Right to counsel






12. 4th amendment - search and seizure - S&S not violated if officer has suspicion of suspect being armed - May search outer person and clothing for weapons - Called a (Terry stop) = stop and frisk - Extended to temporary detention of people in vehicles






13. Does not include homicides - survey of households - expensive to conduct - covers the frequency of crime victimization






14. 4th and 5th amendment - Interrogation responses allowed only when attorney rights have been understood and waived






15. The sum of selected offenses used to measure crime rates and their fluctuations reported to law enforcement. The offenses included in the Crime Index total are the violent crimes of Murder and Nonnegligent Manslaughter - Forcible Rape - Robbery - and






16. Taking or attempting to take something of value from another person by use of force - threats or intimidation. It is committed in the presence of the victim - divided into different 'degrees'. The degrees vary by state and can also depend on whether






17. Delinquent because of the offender's status as a minor - typically dealt with by social services agencies - do not require intervention from the juvenile court. Includes: underage consumption of alcohol - driving without a license - truancy from scho






18. 8th amendment - no cruel and unusual punishment - Death penalty not allowed for mentally retarded persons






19. Empowered to hear appeal of lower trial court






20. 1215 - Magna Carta






21. 1769 - England - No coerced self incriminating evidence. 1789 US - Bill of Rights - 4th and 5th amendments - No search and seizure without probable cause. 1960's US - No involuntary confessions. 1961 US - Mapp vs. Ohio gives exclusionary rights to st






22. Guilty act - external or objective of the crime






23. New York






24. Judge ordered incarceration for a short time (30-120 days) - the release to probation (aka reconsider then recall)






25. Wrong only because it is prohibited - unlawful act by virtue of statute






26. 4th amendment - no warrant w/o probable cause - search warrants for felonies - officer cannot cross threshold without an arrest warrant - arrest warrant CAN enter - search warrant cannot -






27. Growing quickly - 3 mil+ since 2010 - Strict sentencing and economic benefits






28. Voluntary - 95% participate - only the highest scoring offense is scored and the rest are ignored






29. A computerized index of criminal justice information (i.e. criminal record history information - fugitives - stolen properties - missing persons). It is available to Federal - state - and local law enforcement and other criminal justice agencies and






30. Leader in management systems in policing - Chief in Chicago - Fullerton CA - Wichita KS - Author - Student of Vollmer - Believed in police omnipresence - 2 way radios and quick response - single officer patrol cars






31. 4th amendment - search and seizure - Ruled that evidence violating search and seizure protections may not be used is STATE and FEDERAL court - Mapp applies the 4th amendment to state courts






32. 4th amendment - no warrant w/o probable cause - When officer is in pursuit he may use deadly force if suspect is escaping and the officer has probable cause to believe the suspect poses a significant threat to officers and others






33. Payton - Terry - Leon - Mapp - Tenn - Hudson






34. What victimless crime would be most likely to be prosecuted?






35. No unreasonable search and seizure - no warrant without probable cause






36. What is the U.S. Justice System based on?






37. Civil service reform - 1883 - gov jobs on basis of merit - exams - not politics






38. 5th amendment - due process - Juvenile Justice - Some due process must be followed even though juvenile court is civil - not criminal - Granted minors charged with crimes the same rights as adults. Significance: ushered in an era of reform in the juv






39. Murder and nonnegligent homicide; nonlethal violent crimes comprising robbery - forcible rape and aggravated assault; property crimes comprising burglary - larceny/theft - motor vehicle theft -arson






40. State Prison - 1819 NY - 1st electric chair execution (1890) - Schedule of hard work in day - then prayer and contemplation - Segregated by type of crime - Originated the black stripe uniform - Also called the congregate system - inmates congregate d






41. Sheriff






42. Fraud - forgery/counterfeiting - embezzlement - simple assault - sex offenses - offenses against the family - drug and liquor offenses - weapons offenses other non-violent offenses excluding traffic violations






43. Person receives money through coercion - Demanding money for not writing ticket






44. The Metropolitan Police Department of London






45. New York had first due process clause in their bill of rights - NY insisted due process be added to US BOR - Madison added it






46. 4TH amendment - search and seizure - Good faith exception to exclusionary rule - Good faith (bona fides) = officer believes the search warrant is valid






47. Probation is front end - sentence in leu of incarceration - a sentence option for misdemeanors and some felonies - a decision by the JUDGE - parole is back end - supervised release of a prisoner before completion of prison sentence - a decision by th






48. Due process (4th and 5th) - in a capital trial - the defendant must be given access to counsel upon his or her own request as part of due process






49. 20%






50. Federal program - supports Law enforcement - gives grants for education and technology