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DSST Criminal Justice And Law Enforcement

Subjects : dsst, law-enforcement
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. State Prison - 1819 NY - 1st electric chair execution (1890) - Schedule of hard work in day - then prayer and contemplation - Segregated by type of crime - Originated the black stripe uniform - Also called the congregate system - inmates congregate d






2. Federal program - supports Law enforcement - gives grants for education and technology






3. 8th amendment - no cruel and unusual punishment - Death penalty not allowed for mentally retarded persons






4. Voluntary - 95% participate - only the highest scoring offense is scored and the rest are ignored






5. Judge ordered incarceration for a short time (30-120 days) - the release to probation (aka reconsider then recall)






6. Where did common law come ?






7. What is the U.S. Justice System based on?






8. Trial by jury - rights of the accused - Confrontation of witnesses - Speedy trial - Public trial - Right to counsel






9. Berkley California police chief - Developed the office of police chief - Integrated records system - 'Father of Modern Law Enforcement' - Taught O.W. Wilson at Berkley - Wanted policemen to have degrees - Removed politics from policing - First to use






10. Boston (1838)






11. Fraud - forgery/counterfeiting - embezzlement - simple assault - sex offenses - offenses against the family - drug and liquor offenses - weapons offenses other non-violent offenses excluding traffic violations






12. 4th amendment - no warrant w/o probable cause - search warrants for felonies - officer cannot cross threshold without an arrest warrant - arrest warrant CAN enter - search warrant cannot -






13. Actions prohibited by a class - most often committed by minors - motive not considered






14. Fastest growing group of criminals in the United States






15. First Juvenile hall






16. Does not include homicides - survey of households - expensive to conduct - covers the frequency of crime victimization






17. 4th amendment - search and seizure - Ruled that prison cells could be searched - that prisoners have no right against search and seizure - Decision: Fourth Amendment does not apply to prison inmates - Significance: After Hudson - prisoners who are tr






18. What would make an Officer want to stay in the police force longer?






19. Wrong or evil - conduct wrong by nature - used as the basis for common law






20. Leader in management systems in policing - Chief in Chicago - Fullerton CA - Wichita KS - Author - Student of Vollmer - Believed in police omnipresence - 2 way radios and quick response - single officer patrol cars






21. Due process - double jeopardy - self incrimination - eminent domain






22. 4th amendment - search and seizure - S&S not violated if officer has suspicion of suspect being armed - May search outer person and clothing for weapons - Called a (Terry stop) = stop and frisk - Extended to temporary detention of people in vehicles






23. 8th amendment - no cruel and unusual punishment - Ruled that the death penalty was NOT cruel and unusual punishment






24. 6th amendment counsel must be provided for indigent (poor) defendants






25. Person receives money through coercion - Demanding money for not writing ticket






26. In the place (instead) of the parent - allows The state or institutions to act on behalf of their students and non biological parents to act as biological parents on behalf of the child






27. 4th and 5th amendment - Interrogation responses allowed only when attorney rights have been understood and waived






28. 'you are to have the body' - person in custody who is summoned must be shown court order or proof that the authority has the right to detain






29. Murder and nonnegligent homicide; nonlethal violent crimes comprising robbery - forcible rape and aggravated assault; property crimes comprising burglary - larceny/theft - motor vehicle theft -arson






30. UCR = police report - NCVS = survey of households - comparisons of the UCR and NCVS data sets show there to be a high degree of correspondence between the two systems.






31. Probation is front end - sentence in leu of incarceration - a sentence option for misdemeanors and some felonies - a decision by the JUDGE - parole is back end - supervised release of a prisoner before completion of prison sentence - a decision by th






32. 16%






33. Exclusionary rule (comes from 4th - 5th and 6th) - Tax books were illegally seized - Evidence not admissible in court - 'fruit from poisoned tree' theory -






34. New York






35. 1769 - England - No coerced self incriminating evidence. 1789 US - Bill of Rights - 4th and 5th amendments - No search and seizure without probable cause. 1960's US - No involuntary confessions. 1961 US - Mapp vs. Ohio gives exclusionary rights to st






36. No unreasonable search and seizure - no warrant without probable cause






37. Wrong only because it is prohibited - unlawful act by virtue of statute






38. Miranda vs. Arizona






39. New York had first due process clause in their bill of rights - NY insisted due process be added to US BOR - Madison added it






40. A computerized index of criminal justice information (i.e. criminal record history information - fugitives - stolen properties - missing persons). It is available to Federal - state - and local law enforcement and other criminal justice agencies and






41. 5th amendment - due process - Juvenile Justice - Some due process must be followed even though juvenile court is civil - not criminal - Granted minors charged with crimes the same rights as adults. Significance: ushered in an era of reform in the juv






42. 'State as parent' - state serves as parent of juvenile (father)






43. Due process (4th and 5th) - in a capital trial - the defendant must be given access to counsel upon his or her own request as part of due process






44. Divide the amount a particular crime is committed by the total population for the city. So if the crime of assault was committed 4 -000 times in a city of 120 -000 - you divide 4 -000 by 120 -000. The answer comes up to be about .03 (or 3%). This mea






45. Illinois - 1899






46. What victimless crime would be most likely to be prosecuted?






47. Speaking out - defendant speaking out on their own behalf prior sentencing






48. Empowered to hear appeal of lower trial court






49. 1215 - Magna Carta






50. The Metropolitan Police Department of London