Test your basic knowledge |

DSST Criminal Justice And Law Enforcement

Subjects : dsst, law-enforcement
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Federal program - supports Law enforcement - gives grants for education and technology






2. Probation is front end - sentence in leu of incarceration - a sentence option for misdemeanors and some felonies - a decision by the JUDGE - parole is back end - supervised release of a prisoner before completion of prison sentence - a decision by th






3. Boston (1838)






4. Leader in management systems in policing - Chief in Chicago - Fullerton CA - Wichita KS - Author - Student of Vollmer - Believed in police omnipresence - 2 way radios and quick response - single officer patrol cars






5. The Metropolitan Police Department of London






6. All police departments' stats - published in summary form - FBI - 29 types of offenses -






7. 16%






8. Speaking out - defendant speaking out on their own behalf prior sentencing






9. What would make an Officer want to stay in the police force longer?






10. Miranda vs. Arizona






11. 6th amendment counsel must be provided for indigent (poor) defendants






12. 5th amendment - due process - Juvenile Justice - Some due process must be followed even though juvenile court is civil - not criminal - Granted minors charged with crimes the same rights as adults. Significance: ushered in an era of reform in the juv






13. What victimless crime would be most likely to be prosecuted?






14. UCR = police report - NCVS = survey of households - comparisons of the UCR and NCVS data sets show there to be a high degree of correspondence between the two systems.






15. Berkley California police chief - Developed the office of police chief - Integrated records system - 'Father of Modern Law Enforcement' - Taught O.W. Wilson at Berkley - Wanted policemen to have degrees - Removed politics from policing - First to use






16. 4TH amendment - search and seizure - Good faith exception to exclusionary rule - Good faith (bona fides) = officer believes the search warrant is valid






17. Person receives money through coercion - Demanding money for not writing ticket






18. Where did common law come ?






19. Empowered to hear appeal of lower trial court






20. 1769 - England - No coerced self incriminating evidence. 1789 US - Bill of Rights - 4th and 5th amendments - No search and seizure without probable cause. 1960's US - No involuntary confessions. 1961 US - Mapp vs. Ohio gives exclusionary rights to st






21. 8th amendment - no cruel and unusual punishment - Death penalty not allowed for mentally retarded persons






22. Actions prohibited by a class - most often committed by minors - motive not considered






23. 4th amendment - search and seizure - S&S not violated if officer has suspicion of suspect being armed - May search outer person and clothing for weapons - Called a (Terry stop) = stop and frisk - Extended to temporary detention of people in vehicles






24. Civil service reform - 1883 - gov jobs on basis of merit - exams - not politics






25. Judge ordered incarceration for a short time (30-120 days) - the release to probation (aka reconsider then recall)






26. Does not include homicides - survey of households - expensive to conduct - covers the frequency of crime victimization






27. New York






28. Remain silent - Anything said can be used in court - Right to counsel - Right to attorney during questioning - If indigent (poor) right to have attorney provided






29. No excessive bail - no cruel and unusual punishment






30. The sum of selected offenses used to measure crime rates and their fluctuations reported to law enforcement. The offenses included in the Crime Index total are the violent crimes of Murder and Nonnegligent Manslaughter - Forcible Rape - Robbery - and






31. 1215 - Magna Carta






32. 4th amendment - no warrant w/o probable cause - When officer is in pursuit he may use deadly force if suspect is escaping and the officer has probable cause to believe the suspect poses a significant threat to officers and others






33. Divide the amount a particular crime is committed by the total population for the city. So if the crime of assault was committed 4 -000 times in a city of 120 -000 - you divide 4 -000 by 120 -000. The answer comes up to be about .03 (or 3%). This mea






34. Wrong only because it is prohibited - unlawful act by virtue of statute






35. Unlawful entry of a 'structure' to commit a felony or a theft. Burglary is commonly known as a 'break in -' or - 'breaking and entering.' A 'structure' is usually in reference to physical buildings but not cars. Car breakins or thefts are considered






36. When must a suspect be informed of their Miranda rights?






37. Sheriff






38. Willful homicide - forcible rape - robbery - burglary - aggravated assault - larceny over $50 - motor vehicle theft - arson






39. Fraud - forgery/counterfeiting - embezzlement - simple assault - sex offenses - offenses against the family - drug and liquor offenses - weapons offenses other non-violent offenses excluding traffic violations






40. Citizenship clause - due process - equal protection - impeachment - debt






41. Trial by jury - rights of the accused - Confrontation of witnesses - Speedy trial - Public trial - Right to counsel






42. No unreasonable search and seizure - no warrant without probable cause






43. First Juvenile hall






44. Voluntary - 95% participate - only the highest scoring offense is scored and the rest are ignored






45. Not accutate - relies on local law enforcement agency - can only measure crime known to police - cannot provide an accurate representation of actual crime rates. Misrepresentation: focused upon street crime -does not record information on many other






46. Guilty act - external or objective of the crime






47. Due process (4th and 5th) - in a capital trial - the defendant must be given access to counsel upon his or her own request as part of due process






48. Fastest growing group of criminals in the United States






49. Exclusionary rule (comes from 4th - 5th and 6th) - Tax books were illegally seized - Evidence not admissible in court - 'fruit from poisoned tree' theory -






50. Payton - Terry - Leon - Mapp - Tenn - Hudson