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DSST Criminal Justice And Law Enforcement

Subjects : dsst, law-enforcement
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Trial by jury - rights of the accused - Confrontation of witnesses - Speedy trial - Public trial - Right to counsel

2. 4th amendment - search and seizure - Ruled that prison cells could be searched - that prisoners have no right against search and seizure - Decision: Fourth Amendment does not apply to prison inmates - Significance: After Hudson - prisoners who are tr

3. 1769 - England - No coerced self incriminating evidence. 1789 US - Bill of Rights - 4th and 5th amendments - No search and seizure without probable cause. 1960's US - No involuntary confessions. 1961 US - Mapp vs. Ohio gives exclusionary rights to st

4. New York had first due process clause in their bill of rights - NY insisted due process be added to US BOR - Madison added it

5. Guilty mind - act does not make guilty without the mind - add actus rea to mens rea = crime

6. 4th amendment - no warrant w/o probable cause - When officer is in pursuit he may use deadly force if suspect is escaping and the officer has probable cause to believe the suspect poses a significant threat to officers and others

7. Leader in management systems in policing - Chief in Chicago - Fullerton CA - Wichita KS - Author - Student of Vollmer - Believed in police omnipresence - 2 way radios and quick response - single officer patrol cars

8. 4TH amendment - search and seizure - Good faith exception to exclusionary rule - Good faith (bona fides) = officer believes the search warrant is valid

9. Civil service reform - 1883 - gov jobs on basis of merit - exams - not politics

10. 8th amendment - no cruel and unusual punishment - Death penalty not allowed for mentally retarded persons

11. 6th amendment counsel must be provided for indigent (poor) defendants

12. Similar to burglary. The major difference between the two is that the perpetrator did not illegally enter a structure by using forcible - non forcible or attempted forcible entry (with the exception of a motor vehicle.) All thefts of motor vehicles o

13. Delinquent because of the offender's status as a minor - typically dealt with by social services agencies - do not require intervention from the juvenile court. Includes: underage consumption of alcohol - driving without a license - truancy from scho

14. 'State as parent' - state serves as parent of juvenile (father)

15. Berkley California police chief - Developed the office of police chief - Integrated records system - 'Father of Modern Law Enforcement' - Taught O.W. Wilson at Berkley - Wanted policemen to have degrees - Removed politics from policing - First to use

16. Willful homicide - forcible rape - robbery - burglary - aggravated assault - larceny over $50 - motor vehicle theft - arson

17. Fastest growing group of criminals in the United States

18. 8th amendment - no cruel and unusual punishment - Ruled that the death penalty was NOT cruel and unusual punishment

19. Federal program - supports Law enforcement - gives grants for education and technology

20. Where did common law come ?

21. 4th amendment - no warrant w/o probable cause - search warrants for felonies - officer cannot cross threshold without an arrest warrant - arrest warrant CAN enter - search warrant cannot -

22. The Metropolitan Police Department of London

23. 16%

24. First Juvenile hall

25. Probation is front end - sentence in leu of incarceration - a sentence option for misdemeanors and some felonies - a decision by the JUDGE - parole is back end - supervised release of a prisoner before completion of prison sentence - a decision by th

26. Fraud - forgery/counterfeiting - embezzlement - simple assault - sex offenses - offenses against the family - drug and liquor offenses - weapons offenses other non-violent offenses excluding traffic violations

27. Not accutate - relies on local law enforcement agency - can only measure crime known to police - cannot provide an accurate representation of actual crime rates. Misrepresentation: focused upon street crime -does not record information on many other

28. Taking or attempting to take something of value from another person by use of force - threats or intimidation. It is committed in the presence of the victim - divided into different 'degrees'. The degrees vary by state and can also depend on whether

29. Divide the amount a particular crime is committed by the total population for the city. So if the crime of assault was committed 4 -000 times in a city of 120 -000 - you divide 4 -000 by 120 -000. The answer comes up to be about .03 (or 3%). This mea

30. No excessive bail - no cruel and unusual punishment

31. Speaking out - defendant speaking out on their own behalf prior sentencing

32. Remain silent - Anything said can be used in court - Right to counsel - Right to attorney during questioning - If indigent (poor) right to have attorney provided

33. Due process (4th and 5th) - in a capital trial - the defendant must be given access to counsel upon his or her own request as part of due process

34. Sheriff

35. Boston (1838)

36. 5th amendment - due process - Juvenile Justice - Some due process must be followed even though juvenile court is civil - not criminal - Granted minors charged with crimes the same rights as adults. Significance: ushered in an era of reform in the juv

37. Exclusionary rule (comes from 4th - 5th and 6th) - Tax books were illegally seized - Evidence not admissible in court - 'fruit from poisoned tree' theory -

38. What is the U.S. Justice System based on?

39. 20%

40. State Prison - 1819 NY - 1st electric chair execution (1890) - Schedule of hard work in day - then prayer and contemplation - Segregated by type of crime - Originated the black stripe uniform - Also called the congregate system - inmates congregate d

41. No unreasonable search and seizure - no warrant without probable cause

42. Growing quickly - 3 mil+ since 2010 - Strict sentencing and economic benefits

43. Murder and nonnegligent homicide; nonlethal violent crimes comprising robbery - forcible rape and aggravated assault; property crimes comprising burglary - larceny/theft - motor vehicle theft -arson

44. Person receives money through coercion - Demanding money for not writing ticket

45. Actions prohibited by a class - most often committed by minors - motive not considered

46. Judge ordered incarceration for a short time (30-120 days) - the release to probation (aka reconsider then recall)

47. Wrong only because it is prohibited - unlawful act by virtue of statute

48. 4th amendment - search and seizure - S&S not violated if officer has suspicion of suspect being armed - May search outer person and clothing for weapons - Called a (Terry stop) = stop and frisk - Extended to temporary detention of people in vehicles

49. 4th amendment - search and seizure - Ruled that evidence violating search and seizure protections may not be used is STATE and FEDERAL court - Mapp applies the 4th amendment to state courts

50. New York