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DSST Criminal Justice And Law Enforcement

Subjects : dsst, law-enforcement
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. 5th amendment - due process - Juvenile Justice - Some due process must be followed even though juvenile court is civil - not criminal - Granted minors charged with crimes the same rights as adults. Significance: ushered in an era of reform in the juv






2. Unlawful entry of a 'structure' to commit a felony or a theft. Burglary is commonly known as a 'break in -' or - 'breaking and entering.' A 'structure' is usually in reference to physical buildings but not cars. Car breakins or thefts are considered






3. Sheriff






4. Fraud - forgery/counterfeiting - embezzlement - simple assault - sex offenses - offenses against the family - drug and liquor offenses - weapons offenses other non-violent offenses excluding traffic violations






5. Trial by jury - rights of the accused - Confrontation of witnesses - Speedy trial - Public trial - Right to counsel






6. 8th amendment - no cruel and unusual punishment - Death penalty not allowed for mentally retarded persons






7. First Juvenile hall






8. Fastest growing group of criminals in the United States






9. Due process - double jeopardy - self incrimination - eminent domain






10. 4th amendment - search and seizure - Ruled that prison cells could be searched - that prisoners have no right against search and seizure - Decision: Fourth Amendment does not apply to prison inmates - Significance: After Hudson - prisoners who are tr






11. UCR = police report - NCVS = survey of households - comparisons of the UCR and NCVS data sets show there to be a high degree of correspondence between the two systems.






12. Federal program - supports Law enforcement - gives grants for education and technology






13. Civil service reform - 1883 - gov jobs on basis of merit - exams - not politics






14. 6th amendment counsel must be provided for indigent (poor) defendants






15. No unreasonable search and seizure - no warrant without probable cause






16. State Prison - 1819 NY - 1st electric chair execution (1890) - Schedule of hard work in day - then prayer and contemplation - Segregated by type of crime - Originated the black stripe uniform - Also called the congregate system - inmates congregate d






17. 4th amendment - search and seizure - S&S not violated if officer has suspicion of suspect being armed - May search outer person and clothing for weapons - Called a (Terry stop) = stop and frisk - Extended to temporary detention of people in vehicles






18. Divide the amount a particular crime is committed by the total population for the city. So if the crime of assault was committed 4 -000 times in a city of 120 -000 - you divide 4 -000 by 120 -000. The answer comes up to be about .03 (or 3%). This mea






19. Leader in management systems in policing - Chief in Chicago - Fullerton CA - Wichita KS - Author - Student of Vollmer - Believed in police omnipresence - 2 way radios and quick response - single officer patrol cars






20. 1215 - Magna Carta






21. Miranda vs. Arizona






22. Guilty mind - act does not make guilty without the mind - add actus rea to mens rea = crime






23. Growing quickly - 3 mil+ since 2010 - Strict sentencing and economic benefits






24. Similar to burglary. The major difference between the two is that the perpetrator did not illegally enter a structure by using forcible - non forcible or attempted forcible entry (with the exception of a motor vehicle.) All thefts of motor vehicles o






25. 'State as parent' - state serves as parent of juvenile (father)






26. Person receives money through coercion - Demanding money for not writing ticket






27. Payton - Terry - Leon - Mapp - Tenn - Hudson






28. 4th and 5th amendment - Interrogation responses allowed only when attorney rights have been understood and waived






29. Actions prohibited by a class - most often committed by minors - motive not considered






30. 16%






31. What victimless crime would be most likely to be prosecuted?






32. What would make an Officer want to stay in the police force longer?






33. Murder and nonnegligent homicide; nonlethal violent crimes comprising robbery - forcible rape and aggravated assault; property crimes comprising burglary - larceny/theft - motor vehicle theft -arson






34. In the place (instead) of the parent - allows The state or institutions to act on behalf of their students and non biological parents to act as biological parents on behalf of the child






35. Probation is front end - sentence in leu of incarceration - a sentence option for misdemeanors and some felonies - a decision by the JUDGE - parole is back end - supervised release of a prisoner before completion of prison sentence - a decision by th






36. 1769 - England - No coerced self incriminating evidence. 1789 US - Bill of Rights - 4th and 5th amendments - No search and seizure without probable cause. 1960's US - No involuntary confessions. 1961 US - Mapp vs. Ohio gives exclusionary rights to st






37. Boston (1838)






38. Speaking out - defendant speaking out on their own behalf prior sentencing






39. Delinquent because of the offender's status as a minor - typically dealt with by social services agencies - do not require intervention from the juvenile court. Includes: underage consumption of alcohol - driving without a license - truancy from scho






40. Empowered to hear appeal of lower trial court






41. 4th amendment - no warrant w/o probable cause - search warrants for felonies - officer cannot cross threshold without an arrest warrant - arrest warrant CAN enter - search warrant cannot -






42. Guilty act - external or objective of the crime






43. The Metropolitan Police Department of London






44. Exclusionary rule (comes from 4th - 5th and 6th) - Tax books were illegally seized - Evidence not admissible in court - 'fruit from poisoned tree' theory -






45. New York had first due process clause in their bill of rights - NY insisted due process be added to US BOR - Madison added it






46. A computerized index of criminal justice information (i.e. criminal record history information - fugitives - stolen properties - missing persons). It is available to Federal - state - and local law enforcement and other criminal justice agencies and






47. 4th amendment - search and seizure - Ruled that evidence violating search and seizure protections may not be used is STATE and FEDERAL court - Mapp applies the 4th amendment to state courts






48. Not accutate - relies on local law enforcement agency - can only measure crime known to police - cannot provide an accurate representation of actual crime rates. Misrepresentation: focused upon street crime -does not record information on many other






49. What is the U.S. Justice System based on?






50. Remain silent - Anything said can be used in court - Right to counsel - Right to attorney during questioning - If indigent (poor) right to have attorney provided