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DSST Criminal Justice And Law Enforcement

Subjects : dsst, law-enforcement
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Guilty act - external or objective of the crime






2. 4th amendment - search and seizure - Ruled that evidence violating search and seizure protections may not be used is STATE and FEDERAL court - Mapp applies the 4th amendment to state courts






3. New York






4. Leader in management systems in policing - Chief in Chicago - Fullerton CA - Wichita KS - Author - Student of Vollmer - Believed in police omnipresence - 2 way radios and quick response - single officer patrol cars






5. Wrong only because it is prohibited - unlawful act by virtue of statute






6. Probation is front end - sentence in leu of incarceration - a sentence option for misdemeanors and some felonies - a decision by the JUDGE - parole is back end - supervised release of a prisoner before completion of prison sentence - a decision by th






7. Divide the amount a particular crime is committed by the total population for the city. So if the crime of assault was committed 4 -000 times in a city of 120 -000 - you divide 4 -000 by 120 -000. The answer comes up to be about .03 (or 3%). This mea






8. Taking or attempting to take something of value from another person by use of force - threats or intimidation. It is committed in the presence of the victim - divided into different 'degrees'. The degrees vary by state and can also depend on whether






9. 'State as parent' - state serves as parent of juvenile (father)






10. Fastest growing group of criminals in the United States






11. Due process (4th and 5th) - in a capital trial - the defendant must be given access to counsel upon his or her own request as part of due process






12. Miranda vs. Arizona






13. Formed the Met police of London at Scotland Yard - London system was national - origin of the term 'bobbies' - 'The Father of Modern Policing' - 'Police are public - public are police.'






14. Exclusionary rule (comes from 4th - 5th and 6th) - Tax books were illegally seized - Evidence not admissible in court - 'fruit from poisoned tree' theory -






15. Willful homicide - forcible rape - robbery - burglary - aggravated assault - larceny over $50 - motor vehicle theft - arson






16. Payton - Terry - Leon - Mapp - Tenn - Hudson






17. 5th amendment - due process - Juvenile Justice - Some due process must be followed even though juvenile court is civil - not criminal - Granted minors charged with crimes the same rights as adults. Significance: ushered in an era of reform in the juv






18. Boston (1838)






19. In the place (instead) of the parent - allows The state or institutions to act on behalf of their students and non biological parents to act as biological parents on behalf of the child






20. 4TH amendment - search and seizure - Good faith exception to exclusionary rule - Good faith (bona fides) = officer believes the search warrant is valid






21. Judge ordered incarceration for a short time (30-120 days) - the release to probation (aka reconsider then recall)






22. 8th amendment - no cruel and unusual punishment - Ruled that the death penalty was NOT cruel and unusual punishment






23. 8th amendment - no cruel and unusual punishment - Death penalty not allowed for mentally retarded persons






24. 4th amendment - no warrant w/o probable cause - search warrants for felonies - officer cannot cross threshold without an arrest warrant - arrest warrant CAN enter - search warrant cannot -






25. Berkley California police chief - Developed the office of police chief - Integrated records system - 'Father of Modern Law Enforcement' - Taught O.W. Wilson at Berkley - Wanted policemen to have degrees - Removed politics from policing - First to use






26. 4th amendment - search and seizure - S&S not violated if officer has suspicion of suspect being armed - May search outer person and clothing for weapons - Called a (Terry stop) = stop and frisk - Extended to temporary detention of people in vehicles






27. Unlawful entry of a 'structure' to commit a felony or a theft. Burglary is commonly known as a 'break in -' or - 'breaking and entering.' A 'structure' is usually in reference to physical buildings but not cars. Car breakins or thefts are considered






28. UCR = police report - NCVS = survey of households - comparisons of the UCR and NCVS data sets show there to be a high degree of correspondence between the two systems.






29. Civil service reform - 1883 - gov jobs on basis of merit - exams - not politics






30. First Juvenile hall






31. Remain silent - Anything said can be used in court - Right to counsel - Right to attorney during questioning - If indigent (poor) right to have attorney provided






32. 6th amendment counsel must be provided for indigent (poor) defendants






33. What would make an Officer want to stay in the police force longer?






34. 1215 - Magna Carta






35. 16%






36. 4th amendment - no warrant w/o probable cause - When officer is in pursuit he may use deadly force if suspect is escaping and the officer has probable cause to believe the suspect poses a significant threat to officers and others






37. Similar to burglary. The major difference between the two is that the perpetrator did not illegally enter a structure by using forcible - non forcible or attempted forcible entry (with the exception of a motor vehicle.) All thefts of motor vehicles o






38. 4th and 5th amendment - Interrogation responses allowed only when attorney rights have been understood and waived






39. Citizenship clause - due process - equal protection - impeachment - debt






40. Not accutate - relies on local law enforcement agency - can only measure crime known to police - cannot provide an accurate representation of actual crime rates. Misrepresentation: focused upon street crime -does not record information on many other






41. What is the U.S. Justice System based on?






42. When must a suspect be informed of their Miranda rights?






43. Guilty mind - act does not make guilty without the mind - add actus rea to mens rea = crime






44. State Prison - 1819 NY - 1st electric chair execution (1890) - Schedule of hard work in day - then prayer and contemplation - Segregated by type of crime - Originated the black stripe uniform - Also called the congregate system - inmates congregate d






45. 1769 - England - No coerced self incriminating evidence. 1789 US - Bill of Rights - 4th and 5th amendments - No search and seizure without probable cause. 1960's US - No involuntary confessions. 1961 US - Mapp vs. Ohio gives exclusionary rights to st






46. Wrong or evil - conduct wrong by nature - used as the basis for common law






47. Does not include homicides - survey of households - expensive to conduct - covers the frequency of crime victimization






48. All police departments' stats - published in summary form - FBI - 29 types of offenses -






49. Due process - double jeopardy - self incrimination - eminent domain






50. Empowered to hear appeal of lower trial court