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DSST Criminal Justice And Law Enforcement

Subjects : dsst, law-enforcement
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Citizenship clause - due process - equal protection - impeachment - debt






2. Wrong or evil - conduct wrong by nature - used as the basis for common law






3. Does not include homicides - survey of households - expensive to conduct - covers the frequency of crime victimization






4. Where did common law come ?






5. 8th amendment - no cruel and unusual punishment - Death penalty not allowed for mentally retarded persons






6. Probation is front end - sentence in leu of incarceration - a sentence option for misdemeanors and some felonies - a decision by the JUDGE - parole is back end - supervised release of a prisoner before completion of prison sentence - a decision by th






7. 4th amendment - search and seizure - Ruled that prison cells could be searched - that prisoners have no right against search and seizure - Decision: Fourth Amendment does not apply to prison inmates - Significance: After Hudson - prisoners who are tr






8. Trial by jury - rights of the accused - Confrontation of witnesses - Speedy trial - Public trial - Right to counsel






9. Formed the Met police of London at Scotland Yard - London system was national - origin of the term 'bobbies' - 'The Father of Modern Policing' - 'Police are public - public are police.'






10. 1769 - England - No coerced self incriminating evidence. 1789 US - Bill of Rights - 4th and 5th amendments - No search and seizure without probable cause. 1960's US - No involuntary confessions. 1961 US - Mapp vs. Ohio gives exclusionary rights to st






11. 4th amendment - no warrant w/o probable cause - search warrants for felonies - officer cannot cross threshold without an arrest warrant - arrest warrant CAN enter - search warrant cannot -






12. Willful homicide - forcible rape - robbery - burglary - aggravated assault - larceny over $50 - motor vehicle theft - arson






13. Miranda vs. Arizona






14. New York had first due process clause in their bill of rights - NY insisted due process be added to US BOR - Madison added it






15. The Metropolitan Police Department of London






16. 1215 - Magna Carta






17. Voluntary - 95% participate - only the highest scoring offense is scored and the rest are ignored






18. Growing quickly - 3 mil+ since 2010 - Strict sentencing and economic benefits






19. Empowered to hear appeal of lower trial court






20. What is the U.S. Justice System based on?






21. 'you are to have the body' - person in custody who is summoned must be shown court order or proof that the authority has the right to detain






22. In the place (instead) of the parent - allows The state or institutions to act on behalf of their students and non biological parents to act as biological parents on behalf of the child






23. 6th amendment counsel must be provided for indigent (poor) defendants






24. Illinois - 1899






25. Payton - Terry - Leon - Mapp - Tenn - Hudson






26. Not accutate - relies on local law enforcement agency - can only measure crime known to police - cannot provide an accurate representation of actual crime rates. Misrepresentation: focused upon street crime -does not record information on many other






27. The sum of selected offenses used to measure crime rates and their fluctuations reported to law enforcement. The offenses included in the Crime Index total are the violent crimes of Murder and Nonnegligent Manslaughter - Forcible Rape - Robbery - and






28. Guilty act - external or objective of the crime






29. Due process - double jeopardy - self incrimination - eminent domain






30. Wrong only because it is prohibited - unlawful act by virtue of statute






31. 4th amendment - search and seizure - S&S not violated if officer has suspicion of suspect being armed - May search outer person and clothing for weapons - Called a (Terry stop) = stop and frisk - Extended to temporary detention of people in vehicles






32. Civil service reform - 1883 - gov jobs on basis of merit - exams - not politics






33. What victimless crime would be most likely to be prosecuted?






34. Federal program - supports Law enforcement - gives grants for education and technology






35. Boston (1838)






36. Similar to burglary. The major difference between the two is that the perpetrator did not illegally enter a structure by using forcible - non forcible or attempted forcible entry (with the exception of a motor vehicle.) All thefts of motor vehicles o






37. 5th amendment - due process - Juvenile Justice - Some due process must be followed even though juvenile court is civil - not criminal - Granted minors charged with crimes the same rights as adults. Significance: ushered in an era of reform in the juv






38. Leader in management systems in policing - Chief in Chicago - Fullerton CA - Wichita KS - Author - Student of Vollmer - Believed in police omnipresence - 2 way radios and quick response - single officer patrol cars






39. Fraud - forgery/counterfeiting - embezzlement - simple assault - sex offenses - offenses against the family - drug and liquor offenses - weapons offenses other non-violent offenses excluding traffic violations






40. All police departments' stats - published in summary form - FBI - 29 types of offenses -






41. Taking or attempting to take something of value from another person by use of force - threats or intimidation. It is committed in the presence of the victim - divided into different 'degrees'. The degrees vary by state and can also depend on whether






42. Exclusionary rule (comes from 4th - 5th and 6th) - Tax books were illegally seized - Evidence not admissible in court - 'fruit from poisoned tree' theory -






43. Remain silent - Anything said can be used in court - Right to counsel - Right to attorney during questioning - If indigent (poor) right to have attorney provided






44. 16%






45. 'State as parent' - state serves as parent of juvenile (father)






46. UCR = police report - NCVS = survey of households - comparisons of the UCR and NCVS data sets show there to be a high degree of correspondence between the two systems.






47. Unlawful entry of a 'structure' to commit a felony or a theft. Burglary is commonly known as a 'break in -' or - 'breaking and entering.' A 'structure' is usually in reference to physical buildings but not cars. Car breakins or thefts are considered






48. 4th amendment - no warrant w/o probable cause - When officer is in pursuit he may use deadly force if suspect is escaping and the officer has probable cause to believe the suspect poses a significant threat to officers and others






49. When must a suspect be informed of their Miranda rights?






50. Delinquent because of the offender's status as a minor - typically dealt with by social services agencies - do not require intervention from the juvenile court. Includes: underage consumption of alcohol - driving without a license - truancy from scho