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DSST Criminal Justice And Law Enforcement

Subjects : dsst, law-enforcement
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. 'you are to have the body' - person in custody who is summoned must be shown court order or proof that the authority has the right to detain






2. Due process (4th and 5th) - in a capital trial - the defendant must be given access to counsel upon his or her own request as part of due process






3. No excessive bail - no cruel and unusual punishment






4. Formed the Met police of London at Scotland Yard - London system was national - origin of the term 'bobbies' - 'The Father of Modern Policing' - 'Police are public - public are police.'






5. All police departments' stats - published in summary form - FBI - 29 types of offenses -






6. The sum of selected offenses used to measure crime rates and their fluctuations reported to law enforcement. The offenses included in the Crime Index total are the violent crimes of Murder and Nonnegligent Manslaughter - Forcible Rape - Robbery - and






7. Guilty mind - act does not make guilty without the mind - add actus rea to mens rea = crime






8. Voluntary - 95% participate - only the highest scoring offense is scored and the rest are ignored






9. Growing quickly - 3 mil+ since 2010 - Strict sentencing and economic benefits






10. Remain silent - Anything said can be used in court - Right to counsel - Right to attorney during questioning - If indigent (poor) right to have attorney provided






11. What victimless crime would be most likely to be prosecuted?






12. Guilty act - external or objective of the crime






13. 4th amendment - no warrant w/o probable cause - When officer is in pursuit he may use deadly force if suspect is escaping and the officer has probable cause to believe the suspect poses a significant threat to officers and others






14. 4th and 5th amendment - Interrogation responses allowed only when attorney rights have been understood and waived






15. Illinois - 1899






16. Unlawful entry of a 'structure' to commit a felony or a theft. Burglary is commonly known as a 'break in -' or - 'breaking and entering.' A 'structure' is usually in reference to physical buildings but not cars. Car breakins or thefts are considered






17. Boston (1838)






18. New York had first due process clause in their bill of rights - NY insisted due process be added to US BOR - Madison added it






19. The Metropolitan Police Department of London






20. Does not include homicides - survey of households - expensive to conduct - covers the frequency of crime victimization






21. New York






22. Exclusionary rule (comes from 4th - 5th and 6th) - Tax books were illegally seized - Evidence not admissible in court - 'fruit from poisoned tree' theory -






23. Civil service reform - 1883 - gov jobs on basis of merit - exams - not politics






24. 4th amendment - search and seizure - Ruled that evidence violating search and seizure protections may not be used is STATE and FEDERAL court - Mapp applies the 4th amendment to state courts






25. 8th amendment - no cruel and unusual punishment - Ruled that the death penalty was NOT cruel and unusual punishment






26. In the place (instead) of the parent - allows The state or institutions to act on behalf of their students and non biological parents to act as biological parents on behalf of the child






27. Delinquent because of the offender's status as a minor - typically dealt with by social services agencies - do not require intervention from the juvenile court. Includes: underage consumption of alcohol - driving without a license - truancy from scho






28. First Juvenile hall






29. Fraud - forgery/counterfeiting - embezzlement - simple assault - sex offenses - offenses against the family - drug and liquor offenses - weapons offenses other non-violent offenses excluding traffic violations






30. Federal program - supports Law enforcement - gives grants for education and technology






31. 20%






32. 16%






33. 4th amendment - no warrant w/o probable cause - search warrants for felonies - officer cannot cross threshold without an arrest warrant - arrest warrant CAN enter - search warrant cannot -






34. Speaking out - defendant speaking out on their own behalf prior sentencing






35. What is the U.S. Justice System based on?






36. 5th amendment - due process - Juvenile Justice - Some due process must be followed even though juvenile court is civil - not criminal - Granted minors charged with crimes the same rights as adults. Significance: ushered in an era of reform in the juv






37. 1769 - England - No coerced self incriminating evidence. 1789 US - Bill of Rights - 4th and 5th amendments - No search and seizure without probable cause. 1960's US - No involuntary confessions. 1961 US - Mapp vs. Ohio gives exclusionary rights to st






38. Actions prohibited by a class - most often committed by minors - motive not considered






39. Where did common law come ?






40. Due process - double jeopardy - self incrimination - eminent domain






41. 4th amendment - search and seizure - S&S not violated if officer has suspicion of suspect being armed - May search outer person and clothing for weapons - Called a (Terry stop) = stop and frisk - Extended to temporary detention of people in vehicles






42. Probation is front end - sentence in leu of incarceration - a sentence option for misdemeanors and some felonies - a decision by the JUDGE - parole is back end - supervised release of a prisoner before completion of prison sentence - a decision by th






43. Willful homicide - forcible rape - robbery - burglary - aggravated assault - larceny over $50 - motor vehicle theft - arson






44. Miranda vs. Arizona






45. Murder and nonnegligent homicide; nonlethal violent crimes comprising robbery - forcible rape and aggravated assault; property crimes comprising burglary - larceny/theft - motor vehicle theft -arson






46. 4TH amendment - search and seizure - Good faith exception to exclusionary rule - Good faith (bona fides) = officer believes the search warrant is valid






47. 6th amendment counsel must be provided for indigent (poor) defendants






48. Citizenship clause - due process - equal protection - impeachment - debt






49. 1215 - Magna Carta






50. Sheriff