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DSST Criminal Justice And Law Enforcement

Subjects : dsst, law-enforcement
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. What would make an Officer want to stay in the police force longer?






2. Illinois - 1899






3. 4th amendment - search and seizure - S&S not violated if officer has suspicion of suspect being armed - May search outer person and clothing for weapons - Called a (Terry stop) = stop and frisk - Extended to temporary detention of people in vehicles






4. Judge ordered incarceration for a short time (30-120 days) - the release to probation (aka reconsider then recall)






5. First Juvenile hall






6. 4th amendment - search and seizure - Ruled that evidence violating search and seizure protections may not be used is STATE and FEDERAL court - Mapp applies the 4th amendment to state courts






7. What victimless crime would be most likely to be prosecuted?






8. 20%






9. Guilty act - external or objective of the crime






10. The sum of selected offenses used to measure crime rates and their fluctuations reported to law enforcement. The offenses included in the Crime Index total are the violent crimes of Murder and Nonnegligent Manslaughter - Forcible Rape - Robbery - and






11. Due process (4th and 5th) - in a capital trial - the defendant must be given access to counsel upon his or her own request as part of due process






12. Murder and nonnegligent homicide; nonlethal violent crimes comprising robbery - forcible rape and aggravated assault; property crimes comprising burglary - larceny/theft - motor vehicle theft -arson






13. New York






14. Not accutate - relies on local law enforcement agency - can only measure crime known to police - cannot provide an accurate representation of actual crime rates. Misrepresentation: focused upon street crime -does not record information on many other






15. Divide the amount a particular crime is committed by the total population for the city. So if the crime of assault was committed 4 -000 times in a city of 120 -000 - you divide 4 -000 by 120 -000. The answer comes up to be about .03 (or 3%). This mea






16. 4th amendment - no warrant w/o probable cause - When officer is in pursuit he may use deadly force if suspect is escaping and the officer has probable cause to believe the suspect poses a significant threat to officers and others






17. Citizenship clause - due process - equal protection - impeachment - debt






18. 'State as parent' - state serves as parent of juvenile (father)






19. In the place (instead) of the parent - allows The state or institutions to act on behalf of their students and non biological parents to act as biological parents on behalf of the child






20. 8th amendment - no cruel and unusual punishment - Ruled that the death penalty was NOT cruel and unusual punishment






21. Miranda vs. Arizona






22. Leader in management systems in policing - Chief in Chicago - Fullerton CA - Wichita KS - Author - Student of Vollmer - Believed in police omnipresence - 2 way radios and quick response - single officer patrol cars






23. Delinquent because of the offender's status as a minor - typically dealt with by social services agencies - do not require intervention from the juvenile court. Includes: underage consumption of alcohol - driving without a license - truancy from scho






24. Exclusionary rule (comes from 4th - 5th and 6th) - Tax books were illegally seized - Evidence not admissible in court - 'fruit from poisoned tree' theory -






25. Guilty mind - act does not make guilty without the mind - add actus rea to mens rea = crime






26. No excessive bail - no cruel and unusual punishment






27. 4TH amendment - search and seizure - Good faith exception to exclusionary rule - Good faith (bona fides) = officer believes the search warrant is valid






28. Formed the Met police of London at Scotland Yard - London system was national - origin of the term 'bobbies' - 'The Father of Modern Policing' - 'Police are public - public are police.'






29. Growing quickly - 3 mil+ since 2010 - Strict sentencing and economic benefits






30. 1769 - England - No coerced self incriminating evidence. 1789 US - Bill of Rights - 4th and 5th amendments - No search and seizure without probable cause. 1960's US - No involuntary confessions. 1961 US - Mapp vs. Ohio gives exclusionary rights to st






31. 4th amendment - no warrant w/o probable cause - search warrants for felonies - officer cannot cross threshold without an arrest warrant - arrest warrant CAN enter - search warrant cannot -






32. 6th amendment counsel must be provided for indigent (poor) defendants






33. 4th and 5th amendment - Interrogation responses allowed only when attorney rights have been understood and waived






34. When must a suspect be informed of their Miranda rights?






35. Similar to burglary. The major difference between the two is that the perpetrator did not illegally enter a structure by using forcible - non forcible or attempted forcible entry (with the exception of a motor vehicle.) All thefts of motor vehicles o






36. What is the U.S. Justice System based on?






37. The Metropolitan Police Department of London






38. Probation is front end - sentence in leu of incarceration - a sentence option for misdemeanors and some felonies - a decision by the JUDGE - parole is back end - supervised release of a prisoner before completion of prison sentence - a decision by th






39. New York had first due process clause in their bill of rights - NY insisted due process be added to US BOR - Madison added it






40. Actions prohibited by a class - most often committed by minors - motive not considered






41. Empowered to hear appeal of lower trial court






42. Wrong or evil - conduct wrong by nature - used as the basis for common law






43. Boston (1838)






44. 4th amendment - search and seizure - Ruled that prison cells could be searched - that prisoners have no right against search and seizure - Decision: Fourth Amendment does not apply to prison inmates - Significance: After Hudson - prisoners who are tr






45. Unlawful entry of a 'structure' to commit a felony or a theft. Burglary is commonly known as a 'break in -' or - 'breaking and entering.' A 'structure' is usually in reference to physical buildings but not cars. Car breakins or thefts are considered






46. 1215 - Magna Carta






47. UCR = police report - NCVS = survey of households - comparisons of the UCR and NCVS data sets show there to be a high degree of correspondence between the two systems.






48. Fastest growing group of criminals in the United States






49. Berkley California police chief - Developed the office of police chief - Integrated records system - 'Father of Modern Law Enforcement' - Taught O.W. Wilson at Berkley - Wanted policemen to have degrees - Removed politics from policing - First to use






50. Speaking out - defendant speaking out on their own behalf prior sentencing