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DSST Introduction To Law Enforcement

Subjects : dsst, law-enforcement
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. In US v. Irizarry (1982) - the US Supreme Court held that evidence found above a ceiling panel that was out of place was _______ the scope of the plain-view doctrine

2. There was no __________ form of criminal justice law in those days. Guilt was assumed; the execution carried out and accepted by all as an act of retribution.

3. The drawbacks of the administrative rule-making route are that they can never cover every conceivable situation; it may promote lying - avoidance - confusion and a negative ________ from officers.

4. It is believed that the average citizen plays a vital part in the ________________ of officers.

5. Good faith means that when the police act with the honest belief that they are following proper rules. According to the ruling in US v. Leon - when officers have acted in good faith reliance on a warrant - the evidence will not be excluded even if th

6. This is widely recognized as a police role - though they do share the burden with other institutions such as schools and _____________.

7. These experts contend that officers do not have the authority to subvert the criminal law. Some states have criminalized the failure of criminal justice officials who turn a ______ eye to enforcement.

8. It can be argued that __________ officers possess an additional skill and therefore the extra pay can be justified on those grounds.

9. The police receive a sizeable number of calls about ________ ill persons and in exercising their discretion these matters are normally dealt with through arrest - hospitalization or informal disposition.

10. The Hispanic community is growing faster than expected and therefore police departments should take steps to hire more Hispanic officers through active recruitment processes and offering incentive ___ for bilingual officers.

11. There are over _____ sheriff's departments in the US.

12. In order to police __________ crimes - officers generally have to resort to undercover work.

13. Research has revealed that in about 80% of such situations - no formal action - such as _______ was necessary.

14. The first landmark case that forms the foundation of the exclusionary rule is the US Supreme court decision of _____ v US (1914).

15. This describes the Pendleton Act. This was a big step in the government becoming the huge _____________ it is today.

16. The controversial 'broken window' theory made the connection between disorder - neighborhood decay and _____.

17. Deterrence prevents crime through using an example or threat of ___________ to persuade the public against committing the crime.

18. The UCR statistics are used to create the FBI Crime Clock which creates a picture of crime _________ in the US.

19. In 2001 - the US Supreme Court held in Atwater v. Lago Vista that the 4th amendment did not ________ warrantless arrests for minor offenses.

20. When the offender was apprehended by the posse - trials were rarely held and public __________ were held to dispense justice.

21. The assessment stage evaluates the response based on detailed _________ and surveys. The police are also encouraged to conduct a self-analysis to see if they identified the problem correctly in the first place and revise that response if needed.

22. Citizen ______ and vigilante groups were the main means of policing the frontier and well-known figures who took up this challenge in the 19th Century include Wild Bill Hickok and Wyatt Earp.

23. Under the 6th Amendment to the Constitution - every defendant has the right to a ____ trial.

24. The exclusionary rule was extended by the US Supreme Court in the case of Silverthorne Lumber Co. v. US (1920) - which held that ______ of illegally seized evidence were inadmissible in court.

25. Community policing is widely implemented in the US today but critics are concerned that the police role of crime control has been hijacked - the police are increasingly getting involved at a political level and ________________ will lead to the loss

26. When a 911 call comes in - the operator answers it - makes a decision whether to send out a patrol car and then informs the dispatcher who then communicates the details to the ______ officer.

27. Another word for uphold is _________. This is the result for most appellate court decisions whereby they confirm the decision of the lower court.

28. Due to an increase in _________ and disorder by citizens - officers turned to weaponry to protect themselves.

29. The Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) is an annualized report published by the ___ that states the statistical rate of reported crime in the US based on data from police reports.

30. Between the data in the UCR and NCVS - most experts tend to prefer the ____.

31. The nature of police work also promotes deviant activities because officers are often offered ______ - they are regularly unsupervised and so think they can get away with it and fed on a diet of illegality may succumb to criminality too.

32. Public concern led to the start of the crackdown and this is viewed as an important police role but it is very difficult to spot the minority of drunk drivers amongst those who are ______.

33. A concurrent sentence is one that is served at the __________ as another sentence.

34. The first ___ amendments to the Constitution are called the Bill of Rights. They were created to restrict government actions against the individual.

35. August Vollmer believed that policing standards needed to be improved and corruption stamped out. He advocated training and __________ for officers.

36. This is the venue for police training and the value of training has experienced a dramatic _________ in status since its inception.

37. Another source of PCR tension is discriminatory employment practices of the ______ force.

38. Officers must file written _______ in certain circumstances when they exercise their discretion - for example when they fire their weapon and these reports must be reviewed by their superiors.

39. Wilson believed in the necessity to continue and encourage _____________________ within the police force. He was the chief of police in Wichita from 1928 to 1935 - the Dean of Criminology at the University of California from 1950 to 1960 and the supe

40. They believe that _____-reporting provides more accurate information than police reports.

41. Apart from reducing crime - the mission of community policing is to _______ the trend of the negative public perception of the police

42. The Defendant was _________ arrested in his office - which consisted of a single room. The search was valid and reasonable given the circumstances of the arrest and small space of the area he was arrested in.

43. ____ did not become regulated officer equipment until the late 19th Century.

44. This was the ruling of the court. Many commentators were surprised but the court decided that although arrest for trivial offences (in this case a seat belt violation) may be embarrassing - it was not so extraordinary as to breach the ____ amendment

45. Racial profiling is the practice of stopping and or __________ a person not because of any suspected criminal activity but because of that person's race.

46. Increasing ___________ and reducing competition between patrol officers and detectives as well as improving police-citizen relationships are 2 important methods of enhancing the quality of investigative work.

47. Officers have very broad discretion - yet this subject is _______ taught or sufficiently taught to better aid the officers in making an appropriate decision.

48. There is usually a degree of competition between detectives and _______ officers. The latter sometimes withhold information in the hope of beating detectives to solving a case.

49. Generally - surveys have revealed that ________ people tend to be more dissatisfied with the police than older persons. Some youths seem to believe that the police target them simply because they are young and think that all teenagers are up to no go

50. Wilson and Kelling believed that the broken window symbolized a deteriorating neighborhood and not repaired led to the eventual decline of an area - thereby encouraging criminal _________.