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DSST Introduction To Law Enforcement

Subjects : dsst, law-enforcement
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. There was no __________ form of criminal justice law in those days. Guilt was assumed; the execution carried out and accepted by all as an act of retribution.






2. Patrol is meant to reassure citizens that their environment is _____ and protected from crime.






3. The 3 purposes of patrol are to deter crime - increase feelings of public ________ and prepare officers for service through effective dispersal in the neighborhood.






4. Organized law enforcement in Britain can be traced back to 1200 AD when identified law breakers were pursued by a _____ led by the shire reeve or mounted officer.






5. Officers must file written _______ in certain circumstances when they exercise their discretion - for example when they fire their weapon and these reports must be reviewed by their superiors.






6. The assessment stage evaluates the response based on detailed _________ and surveys. The police are also encouraged to conduct a self-analysis to see if they identified the problem correctly in the first place and revise that response if needed.






7. _________ policing took off in the 1980s and 1990s - with the realization that the police could not fight crime on their own.






8. This occurs where criminal and non-criminal actions are used by an officer in the course of his/her working activities or committed when pretending it is within his/her ___________ police authority. An example is sleeping on the job or a racial slur






9. Due to an increase in _________ and disorder by citizens - officers turned to weaponry to protect themselves.






10. The local police cover a wide range of law enforcement agencies such as the municipal police - sheriff's departments - campus and _______ police.






11. In order to police __________ crimes - officers generally have to resort to undercover work.






12. The ATF was previously an organization within the Department of the Treasury but since 24th January 2003 - their agency was transferred to the Department of _______.






13. This is training in relation to _____________ rules and was spurred by the decisions of the US Supreme Court in the 1960s.






14. The NCVS Survey is a yearly study by the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) of specific households to determine the level of criminal _____________ - particularly unreported victimization - in the US.






15. The 1980s and 1990s saw the creation of _______ oversight of police groups to monitor or investigate complaints by individuals against police actions.






16. Ballistics is the scientific _________ of firearms - ammunition - projectiles - bombs and explosives.






17. The exclusionary rule relates to illegally seized evidence. In this case - the police searched and seized personal effects as well as incriminating evidence from the Defendant's house without a warrant. On the basis of this evidence - the Defendant w






18. This is due to the dominance of the local political structure by ______ persons. Detroit has had a black mayor since 1973 and the police force is dominated by black persons. Thus - the black community can better relate with their local police






19. Tensions between the police and racial minorities continue despite the many advances made since the 1960s; major complaints are still made regularly and these include use of excessive force and ______ profiling.






20. The FBI has the responsibility to investigate - analyze and neutralize any potential terrorist threats and to investigate and analyze terrorist __________ in the US.






21. This describes the Pendleton Act. This was a big step in the government becoming the huge _____________ it is today.






22. Under the ___ system - if last night Jim killed John - then set fire to a car and robbed an old lady - these multiple crimes would be recorded as a single incident.






23. This is to ensure that ___________ with the administrative rules is maintained.






24. Parens patriae is Latin for 'the ______ as parent'.






25. Upon conviction - the defendant is punished through a sentence passed by the judge and if convicted of more than one crime - then may be subject to a ___________ or concurrent sentence.






26. Research showed that patrol was of little deterrence and speedier response times did not increase the arrest rate nor assisted in the solving of crimes. Community policing is meant to create a _____________ between police and community to develop pro






27. The Hispanic community is growing faster than expected and therefore police departments should take steps to hire more Hispanic officers through active recruitment processes and offering incentive ___ for bilingual officers.






28. ____ did not become regulated officer equipment until the late 19th Century.






29. August Vollmer believed that policing standards needed to be improved and corruption stamped out. He advocated training and __________ for officers.






30. The professionalization movement started by Vollmer was nurtured by his prot






31. Wilson believed in the necessity to continue and encourage _____________________ within the police force. He was the chief of police in Wichita from 1928 to 1935 - the Dean of Criminology at the University of California from 1950 to 1960 and the supe






32. The CIA also engages in ______ operations sanctioned by the President as part of their role in ensuring national security.






33. The _________ Act passed by Congress in 1883 put an end to Andrew Jackson's 'spoils system -' and created a system of hiring government employees based on their qualifications.






34. Police training programs do suffer from ___________ - particularly as important areas such as domestic violence - ethics and police discretion - which are not usually covered






35. In this case - the police applied for and obtained a search warrant from a magistrate for the Defendant's homes. Drugs were found there and the Defendant convicted. He appealed on the grounds that the original affidavit drawn up to obtain the search






36. This may also be called '________ officer.' The investigative nature of their jobs has resulted in their classification as a local law enforcement agency.






37. A limited amount of streetwalking is tolerated if it is restricted to a particular part of town - usually a business district and it is not too ________.






38. Criminalistics relies on __________ to analyze firearms and munitions as well as various forensic techniques to determine issues such as time of death.






39. The courts of general jurisdiction utilize a fact-finding foundation known as the ___________ process which pits the State's interest - as represented by the prosecution against the Defendant's - as represented by defense counsel.






40. Their perception of the amount of danger faced in their jobs results in the development of constant __________ of people






41. After the arrest - suspects are brought before a __________ for their first appearance so that the charges brought against them can be read out and if appropriate they may be released on their own recognizance.






42. Between the data in the UCR and NCVS - most experts tend to prefer the ____.






43. Some legal experts believe that police discretion should be abolished because it is _______.






44. Law enforcement in the US is extremely large and ___________ and hence this many agencies currently exist.






45. Officers are commonly offered bribes to let suspects go or to turn a blind eye to ________ activities.






46. Some departments allow for bidding of new patrol areas once or twice _________.






47. One of the major problems facing patrol officers is high-speed pursuits is a high ________ rate.






48. The first landmark case that forms the foundation of the exclusionary rule is the US Supreme court decision of _____ v US (1914).






49. In serious cases - this may be the outcome. However - hospital care for the mentally ill is very disjointed and it may be difficult to hospitalize a person without their ________. Also - these hospitals or shelters may refuse to admit these patients.






50. The Defendant was _________ arrested in his office - which consisted of a single room. The search was valid and reasonable given the circumstances of the arrest and small space of the area he was arrested in.