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DSST Introduction To Law Enforcement

Subjects : dsst, law-enforcement
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Tensions between the police and racial minorities continue despite the many advances made since the 1960s; major complaints are still made regularly and these include use of excessive force and ______ profiling.






2. It can be argued that __________ officers possess an additional skill and therefore the extra pay can be justified on those grounds.






3. In 1837 - the slave patrol consisted of about 100 officers and they were responsible for finding ________ slaves and ensuring that they were well-behaved.






4. Officers are allocated to specific shifts and patrol areas based on _________ or using a rotation system.






5. Police subculture is determined by the potential of ______ and because of this they stereotype certain categories of persons - such as low-income males - as possible threats.






6. This was the bright-line rule (one that can ______ be crossed) that emerged from this case.






7. Training is one of the roles a ______-level enforcement agency usually engages in.






8. The controversial 'broken window' theory made the connection between disorder - neighborhood decay and _____.






9. When considering detective productivity and _____________ - more important than the number of arrests is the quality of those arrests.






10. The office of coroner is considered a local law enforcement agency because they determine the cause of _____ of victims and perpetrators in criminal cases.






11. The first landmark case that forms the foundation of the exclusionary rule is the US Supreme court decision of _____ v US (1914).






12. Due to an increase in _________ and disorder by citizens - officers turned to weaponry to protect themselves.






13. This is to ensure that ___________ with the administrative rules is maintained.






14. Campus police is probably the most important example of the special district police force. The also participate in the ____ program.






15. In US v. Irizarry (1982) - the US Supreme Court held that evidence found above a ceiling panel that was out of place was _______ the scope of the plain-view doctrine






16. In dealing with federal criminal law enforcement - the duty of the FBI upon investigation is to gather evidence and perform personnel investigations - especially in major programs such as _________ crime and white-collar crime.






17. This was the only way they could ________ themselves and their property from the bandits. They did try to apply the accepted standards of decency of the day to their actions.






18. The drawbacks of the administrative rule-making route are that they can never cover every conceivable situation; it may promote lying - avoidance - confusion and a negative ________ from officers.






19. This has resulted in an under ________________ of blacks - women and ethnic minorities in the police force.






20. The _________ Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS)is the term coined for this annual study.






21. The professionalization movement started by Vollmer was nurtured by his prot






22. Wilson and Kelling believed that the broken window symbolized a deteriorating neighborhood and not repaired led to the eventual decline of an area - thereby encouraging criminal _________.






23. The majority of criminal cases do not go to trial but are instead settled via a plea _______.






24. The 3 main approaches to controlling police discretion are removing it - improving the professional judgment of officers through better training and managing it through _______ policies.






25. Officers are commonly offered bribes to let suspects go or to turn a blind eye to ________ activities.






26. There is no _________ method of centralized policing in the US as police services are provided by the 4 levels of government which are the city - county - state and federal levels.






27. The local police cover a wide range of law enforcement agencies such as the municipal police - sheriff's departments - campus and _______ police.






28. Organized law enforcement in Britain can be traced back to 1200 AD when identified law breakers were pursued by a _____ led by the shire reeve or mounted officer.






29. By dealing with the underlying issues - for example mental health or financial service problems - then a solution may be found to get them off the street and back into a more ___________ existence.






30. Police training programs do suffer from ___________ - particularly as important areas such as domestic violence - ethics and police discretion - which are not usually covered






31. There is usually a degree of competition between detectives and _______ officers. The latter sometimes withhold information in the hope of beating detectives to solving a case.






32. This describes the Pendleton Act. This was a big step in the government becoming the huge _____________ it is today.






33. This is training in relation to _____________ rules and was spurred by the decisions of the US Supreme Court in the 1960s.






34. When it comes to prostitution - low-level street-walking is usually tolerated so that the role of the police is normally ___________ and maintaining the peace.






35. The next most critical factor that impacts on PCR after race and ethnicity is ___.






36. The 3 purposes of patrol are to deter crime - increase feelings of public ________ and prepare officers for service through effective dispersal in the neighborhood.






37. Research showed that patrol was of little deterrence and speedier response times did not increase the arrest rate nor assisted in the solving of crimes. Community policing is meant to create a _____________ between police and community to develop pro






38. The UCR has a hierarchy rule whereby multiple types of incidents can only be recorded as 1 incident. This is a _________ of the system.






39. The CID within the FBI is responsible for organized crime - violent crime - ____________ and money laundering.






40. In serious cases - this may be the outcome. However - hospital care for the mentally ill is very disjointed and it may be difficult to hospitalize a person without their ________. Also - these hospitals or shelters may refuse to admit these patients.






41. They believe that _____-reporting provides more accurate information than police reports.






42. Increasing ___________ and reducing competition between patrol officers and detectives as well as improving police-citizen relationships are 2 important methods of enhancing the quality of investigative work.






43. The county level of government supplies citizens with police services - for example the county ________.






44. Parens patriae is Latin for 'the ______ as parent'.






45. Decentralization means reduced _____________ of rank and file officers who have greater discretion in making decisions.






46. Able-bodied men who could hear the commotion caused by the victim were obliged to form a posse and join the shire reeve (term from which ________ is derived) or mounted officer in pursuit of the offender.






47. The spoils system is greatly reduced in modern politics - though not entirely eliminated. Most ________ workers do not have to be concerned about losing their jobs when a new party takes office.






48. The 1980s and 1990s saw the creation of _______ oversight of police groups to monitor or investigate complaints by individuals against police actions.






49. The ATF was previously an organization within the Department of the Treasury but since 24th January 2003 - their agency was transferred to the Department of _______.






50. Criminalistics relies on __________ to analyze firearms and munitions as well as various forensic techniques to determine issues such as time of death.