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DSST Introduction To Law Enforcement

Subjects : dsst, law-enforcement
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Officers have very broad discretion - yet this subject is _______ taught or sufficiently taught to better aid the officers in making an appropriate decision.

2. This describes the Pendleton Act. This was a big step in the government becoming the huge _____________ it is today.

3. _________ policing took off in the 1980s and 1990s - with the realization that the police could not fight crime on their own.

4. Incapacitation refers to the act of confinement so that the offender is restrained from committing the crime again whereas the deterrence has the overall aim of crime __________.

5. The drawbacks of the administrative rule-making route are that they can never cover every conceivable situation; it may promote lying - avoidance - confusion and a negative ________ from officers.

6. Training is one of the roles a ______-level enforcement agency usually engages in.

7. The controversial 'broken window' theory made the connection between disorder - neighborhood decay and _____.

8. The 1980s and 1990s saw the creation of _______ oversight of police groups to monitor or investigate complaints by individuals against police actions.

9. Individuals have the right to live in their homes peacefully and not be subjected to unreasonable searches and seizures by virtue of the ___ amendment.

10. The majority of criminal cases do not go to trial but are instead settled via a plea _______.

11. The exclusionary rule was extended by the US Supreme Court in the case of Silverthorne Lumber Co. v. US (1920) - which held that ______ of illegally seized evidence were inadmissible in court.

12. The 3 purposes of patrol are to deter crime - increase feelings of public ________ and prepare officers for service through effective dispersal in the neighborhood.

13. The Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) is an annualized report published by the ___ that states the statistical rate of reported crime in the US based on data from police reports.

14. Officers are commonly offered bribes to let suspects go or to turn a blind eye to ________ activities.

15. Between the data in the UCR and NCVS - most experts tend to prefer the ____.

16. Organized law enforcement in Britain can be traced back to 1200 AD when identified law breakers were pursued by a _____ led by the shire reeve or mounted officer.

17. Public concern led to the start of the crackdown and this is viewed as an important police role but it is very difficult to spot the minority of drunk drivers amongst those who are ______.

18. Some departments allow for bidding of new patrol areas once or twice _________.

19. A critical function that the police play in society is crime __________ and this role is primarily executed through routine patrolling.

20. This is widely recognized as a police role - though they do share the burden with other institutions such as schools and _____________.

21. When the offender was apprehended by the posse - trials were rarely held and public __________ were held to dispense justice.

22. The exclusionary rule relates to illegally seized evidence. In this case - the police searched and seized personal effects as well as incriminating evidence from the Defendant's house without a warrant. On the basis of this evidence - the Defendant w

23. Officers may feel that the rules are there to catch them out and that the system mistrusts them. This may encourage officers to work at a deliberately _____ pace.

24. This is due to the dominance of the local political structure by ______ persons. Detroit has had a black mayor since 1973 and the police force is dominated by black persons. Thus - the black community can better relate with their local police

25. A limited amount of streetwalking is tolerated if it is restricted to a particular part of town - usually a business district and it is not too ________.

26. The Supreme Court created a good faith exception to the exclusionary rule when police officers use search warrants (US v. ____ - 1984).

27. Domestic disturbances are a common order maintenance issue handled by the police but officers generally find them frustrating to handle because there is little that they can do about the _____ of the problem.

28. The ATF was previously an organization within the Department of the Treasury but since 24th January 2003 - their agency was transferred to the Department of _______.

29. The local police cover a wide range of law enforcement agencies such as the municipal police - sheriff's departments - campus and _______ police.

30. Sheriff departments are usually responsible for _______ court papers - civil summons - and managing security in state courtrooms.

31. This was the ruling of the court. Many commentators were surprised but the court decided that although arrest for trivial offences (in this case a seat belt violation) may be embarrassing - it was not so extraordinary as to breach the ____ amendment

32. Prospective police officers are trained at police _________ - with the average pre-service training program lasting about 1000 hours.

33. Research showed that patrol was of little deterrence and speedier response times did not increase the arrest rate nor assisted in the solving of crimes. Community policing is meant to create a _____________ between police and community to develop pro

34. This is one of the reports produced by the FBI in its law _____________ role.

35. Under the ___ system - if last night Jim killed John - then set fire to a car and robbed an old lady - these multiple crimes would be recorded as a single incident.

36. This was the bright-line rule (one that can ______ be crossed) that emerged from this case.

37. Officers appointed to carry out investigative work are known as __________.

38. In order to police __________ crimes - officers generally have to resort to undercover work.

39. This is the way criminal trials are conducted in the US and it is governed by strict rules of __________.

40. Wilson believed in the necessity to continue and encourage _____________________ within the police force. He was the chief of police in Wichita from 1928 to 1935 - the Dean of Criminology at the University of California from 1950 to 1960 and the supe

41. Their perception of the amount of danger faced in their jobs results in the development of constant __________ of people

42. Officers at the academy undergo _________ training and most academies also offer field training.

43. Research into police work and activities conducted between the 1950s and 1970s concluded that police-community relations were very ____ and officers regularly breached legal rules

44. This is the problem of case __________. Research has shown that only about half of felony arrests result in convictions. The question is whether this is due to poor police work or some other reason.

45. The CIA is divided into 3 ____________ and 5 mission support offices (MSOs).

46. The exclusionary rule was modified by the __________ exception in the US Supreme Court decision of US v. Leon (1984).

47. When called to attend to a non-crime incident - the police have to exercise discretion and can usually handle the situation _______ taking formal police action.

48. This has resulted in an under ________________ of blacks - women and ethnic minorities in the police force.

49. Parens patriae is Latin for 'the ______ as parent'.

50. This is one of the main functions of the police academy and ensures that unsuitable recruits do not make it as officers. About 10% of recruits do not _________ from the academy.