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DSST Introduction To Law Enforcement

Subjects : dsst, law-enforcement
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. The first landmark case that forms the foundation of the exclusionary rule is the US Supreme court decision of _____ v US (1914).

2. It is interesting to note that the city of Detroit is the only state in which blacks rate the police force more ______ than their white counterparts.

3. Training is one of the roles a ______-level enforcement agency usually engages in.

4. The police receive a sizeable number of calls about ________ ill persons and in exercising their discretion these matters are normally dealt with through arrest - hospitalization or informal disposition.

5. The local police cover a wide range of law enforcement agencies such as the municipal police - sheriff's departments - campus and _______ police.

6. The NCVS Survey is a yearly study by the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) of specific households to determine the level of criminal _____________ - particularly unreported victimization - in the US.

7. Patrol is meant to reassure citizens that their environment is _____ and protected from crime.

8. Sheriff departments are usually responsible for _______ court papers - civil summons - and managing security in state courtrooms.

9. August Vollmer believed that policing standards needed to be improved and corruption stamped out. He advocated training and __________ for officers.

10. This was the bright-line rule (one that can ______ be crossed) that emerged from this case.

11. In this case - the Defendants were suspected of evading taxes but they refused to hand over their company books. An illegal search and seizure was performed and the books returned soon after - when the Defendant's lawyer objected. At the trial - the

12. Some legal experts believe that police discretion should be abolished because it is _______.

13. A critical function that the police play in society is crime __________ and this role is primarily executed through routine patrolling.

14. Another source of PCR tension is discriminatory employment practices of the ______ force.

15. According to the doctrine of ______ patriae - the state has a duty to care for children who are neglected or delinquent - and to assume the role of parent if necessary.

16. Decentralization means reduced _____________ of rank and file officers who have greater discretion in making decisions.

17. The FBI has the responsibility to investigate - analyze and neutralize any potential terrorist threats and to investigate and analyze terrorist __________ in the US.

18. The first ___ amendments of the Constitution are commonly called the Bill of Rights and offer the individual considerable protection in the criminal justice system.

19. In order to police __________ crimes - officers generally have to resort to undercover work.

20. The ________ rule was further emphasized in Edwards v. Arizona (1981) - when the court prohibited investigators from continuing questioning once the suspect has requested an attorney.

21. Officers at the academy undergo _________ training and most academies also offer field training.

22. In dealing with federal criminal law enforcement - the duty of the FBI upon investigation is to gather evidence and perform personnel investigations - especially in major programs such as _________ crime and white-collar crime.

23. The role of the ___ is to investigate breaches of federal criminal law - to protect the country from foreign counterintelligence and terrorist activities and to provide law enforcement assistance to other agencies.

24. Campus police are a type of _______ district police force - and many of these larger forces have been state certified as law enforcement agencies with general arrest powers.

25. This is the problem of case __________. Research has shown that only about half of felony arrests result in convictions. The question is whether this is due to poor police work or some other reason.

26. Increasing ___________ and reducing competition between patrol officers and detectives as well as improving police-citizen relationships are 2 important methods of enhancing the quality of investigative work.

27. Generally - surveys have revealed that ________ people tend to be more dissatisfied with the police than older persons. Some youths seem to believe that the police target them simply because they are young and think that all teenagers are up to no go

28. The 3 purposes of patrol are to deter crime - increase feelings of public ________ and prepare officers for service through effective dispersal in the neighborhood.

29. J Edgar ______ - the Director of the FBI in the 1930s had a critical impact on local policing in setting educational and training models for officers - the development of the Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) and the establishment of the FBI crime lab.

30. Deterrence prevents crime through using an example or threat of ___________ to persuade the public against committing the crime.

31. The assessment stage evaluates the response based on detailed _________ and surveys. The police are also encouraged to conduct a self-analysis to see if they identified the problem correctly in the first place and revise that response if needed.

32. There is no _________ method of centralized policing in the US as police services are provided by the 4 levels of government which are the city - county - state and federal levels.

33. Wilson believed in the necessity to continue and encourage _____________________ within the police force. He was the chief of police in Wichita from 1928 to 1935 - the Dean of Criminology at the University of California from 1950 to 1960 and the supe

34. The CID within the FBI is responsible for organized crime - violent crime - ____________ and money laundering.

35. In US v. Irizarry (1982) - the US Supreme Court held that evidence found above a ceiling panel that was out of place was _______ the scope of the plain-view doctrine

36. The majority of criminal cases do not go to trial but are instead settled via a plea _______.

37. By dealing with the underlying issues - for example mental health or financial service problems - then a solution may be found to get them off the street and back into a more ___________ existence.

38. The 911 communications center is the _____ of a modern police department.

39. The role of the police academy is to provide formal training - root out ___________ recruits and immerse the trainees in the police subculture.

40. Officers may feel that the rules are there to catch them out and that the system mistrusts them. This may encourage officers to work at a deliberately _____ pace.

41. This is the right granted under the Constitution but the Supreme Court has held that it can be exercised only for offences carrying a term of ______________ exceeding 6 months or where the extra penalties such as fines and community service are suffi

42. There are around _____ federal - state and local law enforcement agencies in the US.

43. The evidence had to be plainly in sight and even though the officers may have concluded that some items may have been located behind the ceiling panel; it was not in plain view and hence was ______________ as evidence. Furthermore - the officers are

44. Some departments allow for bidding of new patrol areas once or twice _________.

45. The 3 CIA directorates are the directorate of Intelligence - directorate of Operations and the directorate of Science and ___________.

46. This was the ruling of the court. Many commentators were surprised but the court decided that although arrest for trivial offences (in this case a seat belt violation) may be embarrassing - it was not so extraordinary as to breach the ____ amendment

47. The exclusionary rule was modified by the __________ exception in the US Supreme Court decision of US v. Leon (1984).

48. The number of homeless people in the US has spiraled upwards in the last 2 decades so that the function of the police in dealing with them is shifting from one of containment and peacekeeping to the delivery of proactive strategies to deal with the _

49. It can be argued that __________ officers possess an additional skill and therefore the extra pay can be justified on those grounds.

50. When considering detective productivity and _____________ - more important than the number of arrests is the quality of those arrests.