Test your basic knowledge |

DSST Introduction To Law Enforcement

Subjects : dsst, law-enforcement
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. The next most critical factor that impacts on PCR after race and ethnicity is ___.






2. Parens patriae is Latin for 'the ______ as parent'.






3. The 3 CIA directorates are the directorate of Intelligence - directorate of Operations and the directorate of Science and ___________.






4. Police subculture is determined by the potential of ______ and because of this they stereotype certain categories of persons - such as low-income males - as possible threats.






5. By dealing with the underlying issues - for example mental health or financial service problems - then a solution may be found to get them off the street and back into a more ___________ existence.






6. The rise of police professionalism and reform was spearheaded by August _______ who served as the chief of police in Berkeley - California from 1905 to 1932.






7. The Defendant was _________ arrested in his office - which consisted of a single room. The search was valid and reasonable given the circumstances of the arrest and small space of the area he was arrested in.






8. The most organized and distinctly American officer force was the _____ patrol based in Charleston - South Carolina.






9. This is one of the reports produced by the FBI in its law _____________ role.






10. Decentralization means reduced _____________ of rank and file officers who have greater discretion in making decisions.






11. The UCR has a hierarchy rule whereby multiple types of incidents can only be recorded as 1 incident. This is a _________ of the system.






12. It is interesting to note that the city of Detroit is the only state in which blacks rate the police force more ______ than their white counterparts.






13. Officers at the academy undergo _________ training and most academies also offer field training.






14. The controversial 'broken window' theory made the connection between disorder - neighborhood decay and _____.






15. The Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) is an annualized report published by the ___ that states the statistical rate of reported crime in the US based on data from police reports.






16. A centralized state-level agency - which merges patrol with ______________ will usually assist in local criminal investigations when asked - patrol the state's highways - operate identification bureaus - manage criminal records and provide training t






17. Between the data in the UCR and NCVS - most experts tend to prefer the ____.






18. The spoils system refers to firing supporters of the opponent and replacing them with one's own supporters upon ________.






19. The first landmark case that forms the foundation of the exclusionary rule is the US Supreme court decision of _____ v US (1914).






20. Domestic violence must be distinguished from a domestic ___________ in the sense that in the former a serious crime has been committed and so the officers can exercise their powers of arrest - if they choose to do so although research shows that offi






21. When called to attend to a non-crime incident - the police have to exercise discretion and can usually handle the situation _______ taking formal police action.






22. Prospective police officers are trained at police _________ - with the average pre-service training program lasting about 1000 hours.






23. This is the problem of case __________. Research has shown that only about half of felony arrests result in convictions. The question is whether this is due to poor police work or some other reason.






24. This is due to the dominance of the local political structure by ______ persons. Detroit has had a black mayor since 1973 and the police force is dominated by black persons. Thus - the black community can better relate with their local police






25. The assessment stage evaluates the response based on detailed _________ and surveys. The police are also encouraged to conduct a self-analysis to see if they identified the problem correctly in the first place and revise that response if needed.






26. Apart from police corruption - another form of police deviance is ____________ deviance.






27. The ATF was previously an organization within the Department of the Treasury but since 24th January 2003 - their agency was transferred to the Department of _______.






28. When the offender was apprehended by the posse - trials were rarely held and public __________ were held to dispense justice.






29. The ________ rule was further emphasized in Edwards v. Arizona (1981) - when the court prohibited investigators from continuing questioning once the suspect has requested an attorney.






30. Police training programs do suffer from ___________ - particularly as important areas such as domestic violence - ethics and police discretion - which are not usually covered






31. This is one of the main functions of the police academy and ensures that unsuitable recruits do not make it as officers. About 10% of recruits do not _________ from the academy.






32. Racial profiling is the practice of stopping and or __________ a person not because of any suspected criminal activity but because of that person's race.






33. This is because patrol consists of the majority of police work and this is ________ through the police communications network - which is triggered by 911 calls.






34. The Supreme Court created a good faith exception to the exclusionary rule when police officers use search warrants (US v. ____ - 1984).






35. Law enforcement in the US is extremely large and ___________ and hence this many agencies currently exist.






36. The 1980s and 1990s saw the creation of _______ oversight of police groups to monitor or investigate complaints by individuals against police actions.






37. This is the right granted under the Constitution but the Supreme Court has held that it can be exercised only for offences carrying a term of ______________ exceeding 6 months or where the extra penalties such as fines and community service are suffi






38. The local police cover a wide range of law enforcement agencies such as the municipal police - sheriff's departments - campus and _______ police.






39. Domestic disturbances are a common order maintenance issue handled by the police but officers generally find them frustrating to handle because there is little that they can do about the _____ of the problem.






40. These experts contend that officers do not have the authority to subvert the criminal law. Some states have criminalized the failure of criminal justice officials who turn a ______ eye to enforcement.






41. The drawbacks of the administrative rule-making route are that they can never cover every conceivable situation; it may promote lying - avoidance - confusion and a negative ________ from officers.






42. When a 911 call comes in - the operator answers it - makes a decision whether to send out a patrol car and then informs the dispatcher who then communicates the details to the ______ officer.






43. Research has revealed that in about 80% of such situations - no formal action - such as _______ was necessary.






44. This was the only way they could ________ themselves and their property from the bandits. They did try to apply the accepted standards of decency of the day to their actions.






45. Bail describes the circumstance when suspects are released from custody but on condition that money or property is offered as __________ against flight.






46. This is the term coined to describe this diagrammatic representation. It differentiates between ________ crimes such as murder and rape and property crime such as burglary and arson.






47. The majority of criminal cases do not go to trial but are instead settled via a plea _______.






48. There are over _____ sheriff's departments in the US.






49. Their perception of the amount of danger faced in their jobs results in the development of constant __________ of people






50. Affirmative action is mandated by a Presidential _________ Order in 1965 - so that all private employers and government agencies who receive federal monies have to develop written affirmative action plans.