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DSST Substance Abuse

  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. ___________ is considered the fifth and final stage of drug addiction.

2. ________ brought tobacco to Europe after his voyage to the Americas.

3. _____________ Syndrome is a collection of physical and behavioral abnormalities that seems to be caused by the presence of alcohol during development of the fetus.

4. Cronic malnutrition causes _______ damage.

5. These drugs alter perceptions of reality. They can affect sense of taste - smell - hearing and vision. Sometimes they are called ______________.

6. Alcohol withdrawal seizures may occur 6 to __ hours after the last drink.

7. Tobacco is responsible for ___ thousand US deaths each year.

8. Marinol is used to relieve nausea/vomiting experienced by _______ patients and to help restore appetite to AIDS patients.

9. It is possible to estimate an individual's blood alcohol content (BAC) by knowing their ______ - gender - and amount of alcohol consumed.

10. Age ___ and older showed sharp drop in use.

11. Both barbiturates and _______________ affect the neurotransmitter GABA.

12. The most common active ingredients contained in OTC sleep aids are ______________.

13. Because of cross tolerance - methadone is effective at reducing the severity and delaying symptoms associated with heroin withdrawal. Methadone is a __________ opioid.

14. Drugs include any substances which can impair a person's ability to _______ function in society.

15. For a drug to be ____________ - its molecules must be capable of passing through the blood-brain barrier.

16. Other alcohols and oils contained in alcoholic beverages are called _________.

17. ___ is normally ineffective when taken orally and is usually snorted - smoked - or taken by injection.

18. In high doses or if combined with alcohol - barbiturates can stop a person's __________.

19. Pharmacodynamic tolerance occurs when the brain attempts to maintain _____________ by altering the nervous system's sensitivity.

20. Withdrawal symptoms may begin within hours or days after the smoker quits and may continue for several _______.

21. Introduced as a ____ law - the Harrison Narcotic Act (1914) was not meant to be punitive and it made no reference to users of narcotics.

22. _____ drug use refers to using a drug with a specific functional purpose--not for recreation

23. The amount of alcohol that can be metabolized by the liver is about 0.25 to 0.30 _______ per hour.

24. Amphetamines can be taken orally - intravenously or by _______.

25. The important Xanthine varieties are caffeine - theophylline - and _____________.

26. The withdrawal symptoms for a ______ user whose drug usage has consisted of a low daily dose resemble a mild case of intestinal flu.

27. Kava Kava and St John's Wort are both _______ _______ - often used to treat mild depression.

28. The names of barbiturates all end in __.

29. MDMA - popularly known as ecstasy - is a drug popular at clubs and '_____' since the 1980s.

30. American _______ / Alaska Natives are the racial ethnic group that report the highest illicit drug use for the past month.

31. _____________ classified as Phantastica are not very toxic and allow the user to remain in communication with the present world.

32. Originally marketed as a non-habit-forming substitute for codeine - ______ is derived from opium and is about three times as potent as morphine.

33. Drug dependence is made up of both ________ and psychological factors.

34. Alcoholic fatty liver - alcoholic _________ - and cirrhosis are all liver disorders associated with heavy use of alcohol.

35. illicit drug use - cocaine - marijuana - etc

36. The somatic system carries sensory information into the CNS and carries ______ (movement) information back out.

37. ________ is used primarily in conjunction with surgical anesthesia and is approximately a hundred times as potent as morphine.

38. Nitrites are sometimes called '________' and come in small vials or tubes.

39. Excessive use of caffeine is called _________.

40. _________ ________ occurs after using a nasal spray regularly for longer than the recommended period.

41. Drug _____ is to use a drug in a situation - manner or amount that it causes social - psychological - physical or occupational problems.

42. For some drugs - the dependence is mostly _______________ - whereas for others - a user may develop a heavy physical dependence on the drug with just a few uses.

43. Opiates are drugs that contain _____ or one of its derivatives.

44. Usually it takes approximately ___ years of heavy drinking of the equivalent of a pint or more of whiskey a day to develop cirrhosis of the liver.

45. Approximately 20 years ago - heroin was replaced by _______ as the most abused illicit drug in the US (other than marijuana).

46. ___________________ syndrome (NAS) is a group of problems that occur in a newborn who was exposed to addictive - illegal or prescription drugs while in the mother's womb.

47. _________________ are commonly prescribed for anxiety disorders.

48. Respiratory depression is the most common type of drug _________ death--people simply stop breathing.

49. Contextual factors refer to how physical ______________ affect drug use; i.e. being at home vs. being in a rock concert or in a dance club.

50. Opioids such as morphine and _______ are the drugs most often used for acute pain - such as short-term pain after surgery.