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DSST Substance Abuse
Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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1. All reinforcing drugs (drugs that reinforce their use) stimulate dopamine neurons in the __________ system.
2. Tranquilizers - sedatives - pain medicines - and amphetamines are abused most often by _____.
3. There are currently no FDA approved OTC drugs for ______________.
4. The combination of amphetamine or cocaine with an opioid narcotic--often heroin--is called a _________.
5. Anabolic steroids build muscle mass by stimulating the conversion of _________ into tissue.
6. Age ___ and older showed sharp drop in use.
7. Many _________ drugs act by enhancing GABA inhibition.
8. Drug _____ is to use a drug in a situation - manner or amount that it causes social - psychological - physical or occupational problems.
9. Many drug users are 'controlled' users and their drug use is _______ to those around them.
10. Marinol is used to relieve nausea/vomiting experienced by _______ patients and to help restore appetite to AIDS patients.
11. Drugs which enhance the sense of touch are called ___________.
12. Prior to the 1980s - ________ was a popular way to smoke cocaine. It involved extracting cocaine into a volatile organic solvent - such as ether.
Over the counter
13. In the relief stage - a user experiences satisfaction by _________ from negative feelings such as boredom - anger - stress - fatigue and loneliness.
14. MDMA - popularly known as ecstasy - is a drug popular at clubs and '_____' since the 1980s.
15. The opioid antagonist __________ selectively blocks opioid effects - preventing the user from experiencing the reinforcing effects of the abused drug (for example - heroin).
16. In a recent study - 65.6% of full time employees reported _______ use within the past month.
17. Alcohol is the second leading substance abuse related cause of premature death among Americans (________ is first).
18. MAO inhibitors - tricyclics and selective reuptake inhibitors are three types of ______________ drugs.
19. Most heroin users need 3 or 4 injections a ___ to avoid withdrawal.
20. Current medical applications for cocaine are as a local __________ for ear - nose - and throat procedures.
21. Hashish comes from the concentrated ______.
22. Studies have shown that it typically takes at least 2 or 3 ______ for a heroin user to become addicted.
23. The most widely used licit social drug is _______.
24. The _________ policy of the FDA concerns taking some prescription medications and removing the prescription requirement and making the drug available via OTC.
25. _______________ and Ritalin are two drugs commonly used to treat ADHD.
26. A BAC of 0.05 results in lowered alertness and a BAC of ____ results in death (lethal dose).
27. Examples of Schedule I drugs include _______ - LSD - and marijuana.
28. Kava Kava and St John's Wort are both _______ _______ - often used to treat mild depression.
29. Three derivatives of the cannabis plant are __________ - hashish - and ganja.
30. ____________ drugs are drug compounds (substances) that affect the central nervous system and alter consciousness and/or perceptions.
31. King ______ of England wrote a antitobacco pamphlet and he taxed tobacco to attempt to limit its use.
32. Originally it was believed that the occurrences of paranoid psychosis in cocaine and amphetamine users was caused by a pre-existing _______ condition or due to sleep deprivation.
33. Pharmacodynamic tolerance occurs when the brain attempts to maintain _____________ by altering the nervous system's sensitivity.
34. Respiratory depression is the most common type of drug _________ death--people simply stop breathing.
35. Contextual factors refer to how physical ______________ affect drug use; i.e. being at home vs. being in a rock concert or in a dance club.
36. Although they were originally called _____________ - antipsychotics are drugs used to treat psychosis without producing drowsiness.
37. The most widely used __________ is alcohol.
38. Acne and baldness in men - decreased breast size and facial hair in women are some of the side effects associated with ________________ use.
39. Examples of Schedule III substances include anabolic _________ and GHB.
40. The part of the brain which controls ___________ is called basal ganglia.
Legal Recreational Use
41. ________ brought tobacco to Europe after his voyage to the Americas.
42. Timothy Leary was a well known psychologist and proponent for the use of ___ in the 1960s.
43. Cannabis addiction is ______ harmful than addiction to tobacco - prescription drugs or alcohol.
44. ______________ are unhealthy because they interfere with REM sleep.
45. Smokers often report ________ _____ when they quit smoking.
46. The most commonly abused types of drugs include _______ - tobacco - stimulants - hallucinogens and depressants.
47. Methamphetamine is also known as '______'.
48. Poisonous alcohols include methyl - ethylene glycol and _________.
49. Smokers die _____ years earlier than nonsmokers.
50. An irregular _____ _____ is called arrhythmia.
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