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DSST Substance Abuse
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1. Poisonous alcohols include methyl - ethylene glycol and _________.
2. Over the counter drugs are often simply referred to as ____ drugs.
3. The withdrawal symptoms for a ______ user whose drug usage has consisted of a low daily dose resemble a mild case of intestinal flu.
4. Prior to 1965 - the most common medical use of amphetamines was for the treatment of _______.
5. Volatile substances will __________ at low temperatures.
6. Marijuana (Cannabis) and hashish are both __________ controlled substances.
7. 18.2% of unemployed persons report ________ drug use compared to only 7.9% of those with full time jobs and 10.7% of part time employees.
8. Ketamine is sometimes known as '_________' - has effects similar to PCP and is commonly used in veterinary hospitals as an anesthetic.
9. A situation where repeated administration of the same dose of a drug results in gradually ___________ effects is called tolerance.
10. Many ________ remedies have been used for anxiety disorder and depression. These include Kava Kava (also known as Kava Root) and St John's Wort.
11. Drugs prescribed to control symptoms associated with ______ problems are called psychotherapeutics.
12. Opiates are drugs that contain _____ or one of its derivatives.
13. Medical uses of _______________ include muscle relaxants - sleeping pills - treatment for convulsive disorders (epilepsy) - alcohol detoxification - and preoperative anesthesia (amnesiac).
14. Drug assistance programs for drug-dependent employees are called _________.
Employee Assitance Programs
15. Bupropion is an ________________ used to reduce nicotine withdrawal symptoms.
Over the counter
16. The two main side effects of therapeutic doses of amphetamines are drug abuse and damage to the ______________ system.
17. The theory that the popularity of marijuana increases when the risk associated with its use decreases is called _________ _____.
18. Ice is a form of methamphetamine that can be ______.
19. Fast acting drugs are the most likely to produce _____________ dependence.
20. Cannabis (marijuana) - Anabolic Steroids - Inhalants/Organic Solvents and narcotics are also found to be among the most ________ abused drugs.
21. Opioids are also known as _________.
22. Small doses of ______________ help narcoleptics stay alert.
23. BAC level in an individual is influenced by drinkers body type - food in the stomach - concentration of alcohol - and ____ of consumption.
24. Alcohol dependence as a disease is also known as disease model of alcohol dependence and this concept did not become really popular until ______________________ began to have a major influence in the 1940s and 1950s
25. Some alcohol withdrawal symptoms can last for up to several ______.
26. The most common antidepressants used today are ____s.
SSRI - Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors
27. _______ withdrawal often lacks the severe physical symptoms that occur with heroin or alcohol withdrawal.
28. drug detoxification often relies upon ___________
29. Withdrawal symptoms are more likely to develop with drugs that _____ the system quickly.
30. Most drugs are derived directly or indirectly from ______.
31. The preoccupation phase is characterized by _________ concern about the drug.
32. _________ is a neurotransmitter associated with aggression and regulation of body weight.
33. Approximately __% of people who use marijuana become addicted to it.
34. National Prohibition of alcohol was successful in _________ alcohol consumption and alcoholrelated problems - but also led to a loss of alcohol taxes and increased law breaking.
35. Kava Kava and St John's Wort are both _______ _______ - often used to treat mild depression.
36. According to a 1997 report - alcohol is involved in more than ___ thousand deaths in the US each year.
37. taking prescribed or over the counter (OTC) drugs for illness
Legal Instrumental Use
38. Psychological dependence develops most rapidly when the drug hits the ______ quickly.
39. The two categories of psychoactive drugs are ______ (legal) and illicit (illegal).
40. The primary active ingredients contained in cough suppressants are ____________ and expectorants.
41. Chemicals in the brain that produce effects similar to morphine and other opium derived drugs are called __________.
42. Age ___ and older showed sharp drop in use.
43. 95% pure alcohol is called _____________ spirits
44. _________ is an effective antipsychotic drug with the unfortunate side effect of inhibiting white blood cell production.
45. _____________ are drugs which cause hallucinations. They alter the way a user perceives reality and can affect emotions.
46. The addiction rate for tobacco is 20 to 30% - for alcohol the rate is 15% - and for cocaine its __%.
47. A key belief of Alcoholics Anonymous is that alcohol dependence is an _________ - progressive disease characterized by a loss of control over drinking.
48. Drug ____________ occur when a drug enhances or inhibits the effect of another drug.
49. Molecules that assist in either the metabolism (breaking down) or synthesis (creation) of another molecule are called _______.
50. The dosage difference between an acceptable level of effectiveness and the lowest _____ dose is called the safety margin.
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