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DSST Substance Abuse
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1. Opioids are also known as _________.
2. The opioid antagonist __________ selectively blocks opioid effects - preventing the user from experiencing the reinforcing effects of the abused drug (for example - heroin).
3. Considerable evidence supports the idea that some degree of vulnerability to alcohol dependence might be _________.
4. Heroin illegally imported from Mexico is called _____ ____.
5. The ________ the amount needed to get a particular effect - the more potent the drug.
6. National Prohibition of alcohol was successful in _________ alcohol consumption and alcoholrelated problems - but also led to a loss of alcohol taxes and increased law breaking.
7. ________ brought tobacco to Europe after his voyage to the Americas.
8. ______________ do not cure mental illnesses but they do control the symptoms sufficiently to permit patients to live and work in society.
9. Hormones and _________________ are two types of chemical signals important for maintaining homeostasis.
10. An increase in the heart rate and reddening of the ____ are the two most consistent physiological effects of smoking marijuana.
11. Nicotine _______ are also known as transdermal nicotine systems.
12. _____________ are drugs which cause hallucinations. They alter the way a user perceives reality and can affect emotions.
13. _________ drugs produce wakefulness and a sense of energy and well-being.
14. The most commonly abused types of drugs include _______ - tobacco - stimulants - hallucinogens and depressants.
15. Psychological dependence develops most rapidly when the drug hits the ______ quickly.
16. The ______ ______ ______ company was responsible for the smuggling of opium into China during the 1800s.
British East India
17. _______________ is a highly addictive stimulant that is cheaper and much longer lasting than cocaine.
Sudden sniffing death
18. Amphetamines can be taken orally - intravenously or by _______.
19. When an alcoholic learns to modify his behavior to compensate for motor impairments associated with being intoxicated this is called _____ _____.
20. Approximately _% of alcoholics - who experience alcohol withdrawal symptoms - must be treated in a hospital or in an alcohol rehabilitation facility that specializes in detoxification.
21. Women are more likely to have problems with ______________ medicines.
22. Inhalant abuse can cause _______ - a state of oxygen deficiency in the body.
23. Drugs with a high potential for abuse - with a currently accepted _______ use in the US - whose abuse may lead to severe physical or psychological dependence are listed under Schedule II.
24. A substance that has less potential for abuse than the drugs or other substances in schedules I and II - has a currently accepted medical use in the US - and whose abuse may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence
25. A drug is FDA approved for OTC (Over the Counter) sales only after an advisory panel agrees it can be used safely when following the __________ on the label.
26. Nicotine is exceptionally _____ and has been used as an insecticide.
27. In a recent study - 65.6% of full time employees reported _______ use within the past month.
28. Fluoxetine (_______) is safer than tricyclic antidepressants as it is less likely to lead to overdose death.
29. There are more than one ________ products currently abused as inhalants.
30. Nitrous oxide is used by _________ for light anesthesia and can be found as a propellant in whipped cream dispensers.
31. Two OTC smoking _________ aids are nicotine gum and patches.
32. The CNS consists of the brain and _____________.
33. Psychological dependence is closely related to the concept of _________ reinforcement - which states that if a behavior is reliably followed by a stimulus - it leads to an increase in the behavior.
34. Methyl alcohol is added to grain alcohol for industrial use to prevent _________.
35. Another way of saying placebo effect is ___________ effect.
36. Nicotine is often thought of as being a mild _________ - but it also seems to have some of the relaxant properties of a low dose of a depressant.
37. Inhalant abuse can begin as early as __________.
38. The white powder that you generally associate with cocaine is the _____ form of cocaine known as cocaine hydrochloride.
39. Most illicit drugs cause an addiction in both the mother and the infant because drugs (cocaine - barbiturates - heroin - etc) pass through the _________ and reach the baby.
40. Drugs designed to treat _________ _________. are being used as effective mood stabilizers.
41. Almost all of the ______________ and other conventional antipsychotics produce pseudoparkinsonism.
42. Another word for _________ is painkiller.
43. The 'cold turkey' method - in which the addict suffers the symptoms of withdrawal until the cravings for the drug are no longer felt - is the most ______ method of heroin detoxification.
44. ___________ and Chondroitin are both herbal dietary supplements that contribute to joint strength and are used to used to relieve the discomfort of arthritis.
45. The 66 unique chemicals found in cannabis are called ____________.
46. Kava Kava and St John's Wort are both medicinal herbs - often used to treat mild
47. Tobacco is responsible for ___ thousand US deaths each year.
48. Psychotic behavior resulting from a known ________ cause is called an organic disorder.
49. Inhalant abuse is usually a problem among children and ___________.
50. ______ factors refer to how the drug actually affects the body.
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