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DSST Substance Abuse
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1. ___________ is considered the fifth and final stage of drug addiction.
2. ________ brought tobacco to Europe after his voyage to the Americas.
3. _____________ Syndrome is a collection of physical and behavioral abnormalities that seems to be caused by the presence of alcohol during development of the fetus.
Legal Recreational Use
4. Cronic malnutrition causes _______ damage.
5. These drugs alter perceptions of reality. They can affect sense of taste - smell - hearing and vision. Sometimes they are called ______________.
6. Alcohol withdrawal seizures may occur 6 to __ hours after the last drink.
7. Tobacco is responsible for ___ thousand US deaths each year.
8. Marinol is used to relieve nausea/vomiting experienced by _______ patients and to help restore appetite to AIDS patients.
9. It is possible to estimate an individual's blood alcohol content (BAC) by knowing their ______ - gender - and amount of alcohol consumed.
10. Age ___ and older showed sharp drop in use.
11. Both barbiturates and _______________ affect the neurotransmitter GABA.
12. The most common active ingredients contained in OTC sleep aids are ______________.
13. Because of cross tolerance - methadone is effective at reducing the severity and delaying symptoms associated with heroin withdrawal. Methadone is a __________ opioid.
14. Drugs include any substances which can impair a person's ability to _______ function in society.
15. For a drug to be ____________ - its molecules must be capable of passing through the blood-brain barrier.
16. Other alcohols and oils contained in alcoholic beverages are called _________.
17. ___ is normally ineffective when taken orally and is usually snorted - smoked - or taken by injection.
18. In high doses or if combined with alcohol - barbiturates can stop a person's __________.
19. Pharmacodynamic tolerance occurs when the brain attempts to maintain _____________ by altering the nervous system's sensitivity.
20. Withdrawal symptoms may begin within hours or days after the smoker quits and may continue for several _______.
Central nervous system
21. Introduced as a ____ law - the Harrison Narcotic Act (1914) was not meant to be punitive and it made no reference to users of narcotics.
22. _____ drug use refers to using a drug with a specific functional purpose--not for recreation
23. The amount of alcohol that can be metabolized by the liver is about 0.25 to 0.30 _______ per hour.
24. Amphetamines can be taken orally - intravenously or by _______.
25. The important Xanthine varieties are caffeine - theophylline - and _____________.
26. The withdrawal symptoms for a ______ user whose drug usage has consisted of a low daily dose resemble a mild case of intestinal flu.
27. Kava Kava and St John's Wort are both _______ _______ - often used to treat mild depression.
28. The names of barbiturates all end in __.
29. MDMA - popularly known as ecstasy - is a drug popular at clubs and '_____' since the 1980s.
30. American _______ / Alaska Natives are the racial ethnic group that report the highest illicit drug use for the past month.
31. _____________ classified as Phantastica are not very toxic and allow the user to remain in communication with the present world.
32. Originally marketed as a non-habit-forming substitute for codeine - ______ is derived from opium and is about three times as potent as morphine.
33. Drug dependence is made up of both ________ and psychological factors.
34. Alcoholic fatty liver - alcoholic _________ - and cirrhosis are all liver disorders associated with heavy use of alcohol.
35. illicit drug use - cocaine - marijuana - etc
Illegal Recreational Use
36. The somatic system carries sensory information into the CNS and carries ______ (movement) information back out.
37. ________ is used primarily in conjunction with surgical anesthesia and is approximately a hundred times as potent as morphine.
38. Nitrites are sometimes called '________' and come in small vials or tubes.
39. Excessive use of caffeine is called _________.
40. _________ ________ occurs after using a nasal spray regularly for longer than the recommended period.
SSRI - Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors
41. Drug _____ is to use a drug in a situation - manner or amount that it causes social - psychological - physical or occupational problems.
42. For some drugs - the dependence is mostly _______________ - whereas for others - a user may develop a heavy physical dependence on the drug with just a few uses.
43. Opiates are drugs that contain _____ or one of its derivatives.
44. Usually it takes approximately ___ years of heavy drinking of the equivalent of a pint or more of whiskey a day to develop cirrhosis of the liver.
45. Approximately 20 years ago - heroin was replaced by _______ as the most abused illicit drug in the US (other than marijuana).
46. ___________________ syndrome (NAS) is a group of problems that occur in a newborn who was exposed to addictive - illegal or prescription drugs while in the mother's womb.
47. _________________ are commonly prescribed for anxiety disorders.
48. Respiratory depression is the most common type of drug _________ death--people simply stop breathing.
49. Contextual factors refer to how physical ______________ affect drug use; i.e. being at home vs. being in a rock concert or in a dance club.
50. Opioids such as morphine and _______ are the drugs most often used for acute pain - such as short-term pain after surgery.
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