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DSST Substance Abuse
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1. Drug ____________ occur when a drug enhances or inhibits the effect of another drug.
2. Examples of ilicit drugs - include alcohol - tea - coffee - _______ and over the counter (OTC) drugs.
3. It is possible to estimate an individual's blood alcohol content (BAC) by knowing their ______ - gender - and amount of alcohol consumed.
4. Alcoholics - who experience mild to _________ alcohol withdrawal symptoms - can usually be treated on an outpatient basis by a healthcare professional.
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5. Almost all alcoholics suffering from withdrawal symptoms (about __%) can be treated in outpatient programs.
6. Ketamine is sometimes known as '_________' - has effects similar to PCP and is commonly used in veterinary hospitals as an anesthetic.
7. Approximately _% of alcoholics - who experience alcohol withdrawal symptoms - must be treated in a hospital or in an alcohol rehabilitation facility that specializes in detoxification.
8. The parasympathetic branch of the autonomic system stimulates digestion - slows the heart - and has other effects associated with a _______ physiological state.
9. The most _________ form of alcohol withdrawal is called delirium tremens and occurs in about 5 percent of people who have withdrawal symptoms.
10. The Native American Church's use of ______ has been controversial throughout the twentieth century.
11. The _____________ curve is a graph comparing the size of response to a drug to the amount of a drug taken.
12. Current medical applications for cocaine are as a local __________ for ear - nose - and throat procedures.
13. ______ cocaine is not water soluble but can be converted to a water soluble cocaine salt if it is dissolved in citric acid ( for example - vinegar or lemon juice).
14. Depressants _________ the rate of various vital physiological activities - especially those of the central nervous system.
15. Short acting drugs are used as __________ to treat insomnia and long acting drugs are used as sedatives to give prolonged relief from anxiety.
16. Family and friends of controlled users are often completely unaware of this person's drug use. Controlled users place ___________ constraints on their drug use - for example never on a workday - never around children - etc.
17. ___________ disease is a degenerative neurological disease involving damage to dopamine neurons.
18. Alcohol withdrawal seizures may occur 6 to __ hours after the last drink.
19. This type of alcohol can be added to gasoline to reduce pollution - used in cleaners and _________ - as well as in medical research.
20. There are currently no FDA approved OTC drugs for ______________.
21. ________ - tobacco and marijuana are commonly called gateway drugs.
22. Small doses of ______________ help narcoleptics stay alert.
23. Nicotine nasal spray - nicotine inhalers and _________ are smoking cessation aids which require a doctor's prescription.
24. To make coca paste - coca leaves are mixed with _________ or gasoline and then filtered to form the paste.
25. Half life refers to how long a drug is ______ in the body.
26. Men are _____ likely to use illicit drugs than women and pregnant women are less likely to use drugs than women who are not pregnant.
27. Stimulants include cocaine - amphetamines - methamphetamine - caffeine - and ________.
28. Opium has been used for approximately ____ years for both medical and recreational reasons.
29. The ________ the amount needed to get a particular effect - the more potent the drug.
30. Because their effect varies depending on the dose - CNS depressants are said to be _____ ________.
31. Some examples of stimulants include cocaine - ______________ - and caffeine.
32. Psychological dependence is closely related to the concept of _________ reinforcement - which states that if a behavior is reliably followed by a stimulus - it leads to an increase in the behavior.
33. Molecules that assist in either the metabolism (breaking down) or synthesis (creation) of another molecule are called _______.
34. The most widely used licit social drug is _______.
35. Cocaine is absorbed so well into ________ __________ that it remains in use for surgery in the nasal - laryngeal - and esophageal regions.
36. Heroin is classified as a schedule __________ drug.
37. ____ - also known as Ecstasy - produces both stimulant and hallucinogenic effects.
38. Clonidine can be administered by a _____________ ______ - which gradually releases the drug over a seven day period.
39. With _______ parodoxical effects include bizarre uninhibited behavior - rage - hostility and paranoia.
40. Cocaine is used for _________ ___________ and vasoconstriction for surgery of the mouth - nose - and throat.
41. Federal laws which prohibited the sale of alcohol from 1920 to ____ are called prohibition.
42. Drugs are said to be ______ ________ when tolerance to one reduces the effectiveness of each of the others.
43. The withdrawal symptoms for a ______ user whose drug usage has consisted of a low daily dose resemble a mild case of intestinal flu.
44. _______ % of all US deaths are tobacco-related.
45. The amount of drug that must be given to obtain a particular response is called _______.
46. The 3 groups of inhalants include volatile substances - ___________ and Nitrites.
47. Cannabis withdrawal syndrome (is or is not) listed in the Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
48. ____-acting barbiturates or benzodiazepines are commonly prescribed to prevent Alcohol withdrawal symptoms.
49. Herbs and _________ were used by early Greeks in Olympic games to enhance their performance.
50. ________ _______ is another term for alcohol withdrawal symptoms - especially fever - trembling and hallucinations.
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