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DSST Substance Abuse

  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Opioids such as morphine and _______ are the drugs most often used for acute pain - such as short-term pain after surgery.

2. When cocaine use is suddenly stopped - a 'crash' follows almost instantaneously that is characterized by an intense ________ for more cocaine.

3. An irregular _____ _____ is called arrhythmia.

4. The most important drug-metabolizing enzymes found in the liver belong to a group known as the ______ family of enzymes.

5. Approximately __% of people who use marijuana become addicted to it.

6. The leading cause of death in the US is _____________.

7. The _________ policy of the FDA concerns taking some prescription medications and removing the prescription requirement and making the drug available via OTC.

8. ___ involves using electric shock to induce convulsions in mental patients.

9. Many drug users are 'controlled' users and their drug use is _______ to those around them.

10. _______________ are the most widely prescribed types Sedative-Hypnotics.

11. The somatic system carries sensory information into the CNS and carries ______ (movement) information back out.

12. Precursors are the raw materials from which _________________ are made and are found circulating in the blood supply and generally in the brain.

13. CNS ___________ - including barbiturates - inhalants and benzodiazepines all have effects similar to alcohol.

14. Gender affects BAC because the average female has a higher proportion of _________ and therefore - for a given weight has less volume in which to distribute the alcohol.

15. CYP450 enzymes ______ toxic chemicals once they are eaten.

16. Drugs prescribed to control symptoms associated with ______ problems are called psychotherapeutics.

17. In laboratory studies - the balanced placebo design is used to separate the pharmacological effects of alcohol from the alcohol __________ effects.

18. Prozac is the brand name for the antidepressant drug __________. It inhibits the reuptake of the neurotransmitter serotonin.

19. ______________ and antipsychotics are two groups of drugs used to treat the symptoms associated with psychosis.

20. Nicotine nasal spray - nicotine inhalers and _________ are smoking cessation aids which require a doctor's prescription.

21. The theory that the popularity of marijuana increases when the risk associated with its use decreases is called _________ _____.

22. The freebase method of smoking cocaine can be very dangerous because the combination of fire and ether fumes is extremely __________.

23. Inhalant abuse is usually a problem among children and ___________.

24. The DEA is the primary _______ agency responsible for enforcing U.S. drug laws.

25. A person under the influence of CNS depressants will appear drunk. Intoxicating effects include drowsiness - slurred speech - and ___________.

26. Drugs designed to treat _________ _________. are being used as effective mood stabilizers.

27. The _____________ curve is a graph comparing the size of response to a drug to the amount of a drug taken.

28. The DSM-IV-TR is a manual which provides criteria for classifying mental disorders into hundreds of specific __________ categories.

29. The ________ the amount needed to get a particular effect - the more potent the drug.

30. _____________ classified as Phantastica are not very toxic and allow the user to remain in communication with the present world.

31. ______ is the brand name for naloxone.

32. The most widely used __________ is alcohol.

33. Stimulants include cocaine - amphetamines - methamphetamine - caffeine - and ________.

34. Cannabis (marijuana) - Anabolic Steroids - Inhalants/Organic Solvents and narcotics are also found to be among the most ________ abused drugs.

35. Drugs are said to be ______ ________ when tolerance to one reduces the effectiveness of each of the others.

36. Drug _____ is to use a drug in a situation - manner or amount that it causes social - psychological - physical or occupational problems.

37. The hallucinogenic effects of psilocybin are similar to those of LSD and __________.

38. The opioid antagonist __________ selectively blocks opioid effects - preventing the user from experiencing the reinforcing effects of the abused drug (for example - heroin).

39. ________ antipsychotics are effective at reducing both the positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia.

40. When using snuff or chewing tobacco - nicotine is absorbed through the ______ lining of the mouth.

41. Drugs used to relieve _______ are called anxiolytics.

42. The most common active ingredients contained in OTC sleep aids are ______________.

43. Headaches - nosebleeds - nausea - drunken appearance and ______ eyes are all signs of inhalant abuse.

44. Because _______ is lipid soluble - it is easily absorbed by the liver - heart - brain - lungs and reproductive organs.

45. _______ professionals and their staff are the most likely to abuse nitrous oxide.

46. The timing of the onset - duration - and termination of a drug's effect is called the ___________.

47. Hashish comes from the concentrated ______.

48. Crack is also known as '_____'.

49. The idea that alcohol dependence is a _______ goes back at least to the 1700s.

50. Most drugs are derived directly or indirectly from ______.