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DSST Substance Abuse

  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. _______________ is a highly addictive stimulant that is cheaper and much longer lasting than cocaine.

2. Drug _____ is to use a drug in a situation - manner or amount that it causes social - psychological - physical or occupational problems.

3. Examples of ilicit drugs - include alcohol - tea - coffee - _______ and over the counter (OTC) drugs.

4. The buildup of a drug in the body after multiple doses taken at short intervals is called __________ effect.

5. Drugs with a long half life stay in the body for a very long time without significantly diminishing in strength - for example - ________ ________.

6. Benzodiazepines are classified by their ________ of action.

7. higher tolerance to heroin also results in higher tolerance to morphine and ________.

8. This type of alcohol can be added to gasoline to reduce pollution - used in cleaners and _________ - as well as in medical research.

9. Inhalant abuse can begin as early as __________.

10. In order to cross the blood-brain barrier (BBB) in pharmacologically significant amounts - the drug must be lipid soluble and have a molecular weight ____ than 400 Daltons.

11. Methyl alcohol is made from ____.

12. Floaters (chippers) usually don't maintain their own supply of drugs but prefer to use...

13. Prozac is the brand name for the antidepressant drug __________. It inhibits the reuptake of the neurotransmitter serotonin.

14. The human body strives to maintain its internal environment within a certain range (temperature - blood pressure - etc); this ___________ is called homeostasis.

15. The two major ________ pathways damaged in Parkinson's disease are acetylcholine and the nigrostriatal pathways.

16. The basic __________ skeleton of an illicit drug is modified to form a new compound. PCP and Ecstasy are probably the most well known examples of synthetic drugs.

17. Cannabis was declared illegal in the US in the year ____.

18. The most common active ingredients contained in OTC sleep aids are ______________.

19. ________ - tobacco and marijuana are commonly called gateway drugs.

20. CNS ___________ - including barbiturates - inhalants and benzodiazepines all have effects similar to alcohol.

21. Nicotine _______ are also known as transdermal nicotine systems.

22. Small doses of ______________ help narcoleptics stay alert.

23. Most drugs are derived directly or indirectly from ______.

24. The substitution method of drug detoxification involves _________ the abused substance with a new - less-addicting drug.

25. Two forms of cocaine which can be smoked are _____ and coca paste.

26. Although they were originally called _____________ - antipsychotics are drugs used to treat psychosis without producing drowsiness.

27. Several studies have found a lower incidence of _____________ in moderate drinkers than in abstainers

28. The DEA is the primary _______ agency responsible for enforcing U.S. drug laws.

29. Withdrawal symptoms for marijuana include: irritability - restlessness - _________ appetite - weight loss and abnormal sleep.

30. The active ingredients for half of the prescriptions filled consist of only ____ drugs.

31. Examples of Schedule III substances include anabolic _________ and GHB.

32. _______________ and Ritalin are two drugs commonly used to treat ADHD.

33. The addiction rate for tobacco is 20 to 30% - for alcohol the rate is 15% - and for cocaine its __%.

34. _____ drug use refers to using a drug with a specific functional purpose--not for recreation

35. Naltrexone is used to block opioid effects so that a user doesn't feel any of the reinforcing _____________ effects of using an opioid.

36. In addition to vitamins and minerals - the FDA defines dietary supplements as substances such as herbs - extracts of herbs - ___________ and concentrates.

37. Methyl alcohol is added to grain alcohol for industrial use to prevent _________.

38. In the 2003 National Survey on Drug Use - only 1.6 percent of U.S. adults reported ever having used Heroin in their lifetimes - with 0.1 percent reporting use in the past ____.

39. Studies have shown that it typically takes at least 2 or 3 ______ for a heroin user to become addicted.

40. Marinol is used to relieve nausea/vomiting experienced by _______ patients and to help restore appetite to AIDS patients.

41. ______________ and antipsychotics are two groups of drugs used to treat the symptoms associated with psychosis.

42. Clove cigarettes contain ___% more tobacco as well as more tar and nicotine than regular cigarettes.

43. When using snuff or chewing tobacco - nicotine is absorbed through the ______ lining of the mouth.

44. MDMA - popularly known as ecstasy - is a drug popular at clubs and '_____' since the 1980s.

45. Alcohol dependence as a disease is also known as disease model of alcohol dependence and this concept did not become really popular until ______________________ began to have a major influence in the 1940s and 1950s

46. Ecstasy falls under the category of synthetic or _________ drugs.

47. Columbus was presented tobacco by natives of ____ __________ in 1492 and he brought it with him back to Spain.

48. The second stage of drug addiction is increased use - in which the user starts to take increased amounts of the drug. This is followed by _____________ - the third stage of drug addiction.

49. Withdrawal symptoms are more likely to develop with drugs that _____ the system quickly.

50. Dopamine - acetylcholine - norepinephrine - serotonin - GABA - glutamate - and endorphins are all _________________ associated with the actions of the psychoactive drugs.