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DSST Substance Abuse
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1. A ________ book written in 2737 BC by Chinese emperor Shen Nung contains the earliest reference to Cannabis.
2. Nicotine nasal spray - nicotine inhalers and _________ are smoking cessation aids which require a doctor's prescription.
3. Approximately __% of people who use marijuana become addicted to it.
4. ______ causing chemicals contained in tobacco are called nitrosamines.
5. A typical progression of drug use starts with ___________ and alcohol - and then marijuana before moving on to the stronger drugs - which is why these drugs are often called 'gateway' drugs.
6. Anabolic steroids build muscle mass by stimulating the conversion of _________ into tissue.
7. ________ is a drug used for treating alcoholics. It makes them extremely sick if they drink even a small amount of alcohol.
8. MAO inhibitors - tricyclics and selective reuptake inhibitors are three types of ______________ drugs.
9. The dried crushed leaves - flowers - stems and seeds of the cannabis sativa plant is called _______.
10. LSD - PCP and mescaline are _____________.
11. Opioids are also known as _________.
12. Marijuana is known to lower intraocular (within the eye) pressure associated with ________.
13. Since 1956 - the leaf tobacco content in cigarettes has been reduced by approximately __ percent.
14. ___________ is a precancerous lesion caused by chewing tobacco.
15. The blood-brain barrier is a semipermeable structure that protects the brain from potentially ______ chemicals circulating in the blood.
16. ______________ are significantly better than placebo treatments in reducing psychotic behaviors.
17. A situation where repeated administration of the same dose of a drug results in gradually ___________ effects is called tolerance.
18. The unemployed are _____ likely to use illicit drugs than those who are employed.
19. Crack is also known as '_____'.
20. Cocaine is a ___________ controlled substance.
21. ________ the proof number is the percentage of alcohol by volume.
22. Drugs which suppress the appetite are called ___________.
23. Methylphenidate and Ritalin are both ______________.
24. Marijuana (Cannabis) and hashish are both __________ controlled substances.
25. _________________ are commonly prescribed for anxiety disorders.
26. Opiates are drugs that contain _____ or one of its derivatives.
27. Opioid overdose can be diagnosed on the basis of the opioid triad: coma - depressed respiration - and ________ pupils.
28. The concentration of _______ found in the blood is called the BAC.
29. For a drug to be ____________ - its molecules must be capable of passing through the blood-brain barrier.
30. The most common antidepressants used today are ____s.
SSRI - Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors
31. Adopted sons whose __________ fathers were alcohol dependent have a much greater than average chance of becoming alcohol dependent than adopted sons of non-alcoholic fathers.
British East India
32. Alcohol withdrawal seizures may occur 6 to __ hours after the last drink.
33. Drug assistance programs for drug-dependent employees are called _________.
Employee Assitance Programs
Over the counter
34. During the 1800s - opium and morphine were the active ingredients found in many American ________ ________.
35. The _________ policy of the FDA concerns taking some prescription medications and removing the prescription requirement and making the drug available via OTC.
36. Cirrhosis is a _____ disease which results from alcohol abuse and is the seventh leading cause of death in the U.S..
37. Cocaine is derived from the ____ plant.
38. The most important drug-metabolizing enzymes found in the liver belong to a group known as the ______ family of enzymes.
39. Ecstasy falls under the category of synthetic or _________ drugs.
40. In the 2003 National Survey on Drug Use - only 1.6 percent of U.S. adults reported ever having used Heroin in their lifetimes - with 0.1 percent reporting use in the past ____.
Illegal Instrumental Use
41. Introduced as a ____ law - the Harrison Narcotic Act (1914) was not meant to be punitive and it made no reference to users of narcotics.
42. The SSRI Fluoxetine is the most widely prescribed ______________ drug.
43. Inhalant abuse can cause _______ - a state of oxygen deficiency in the body.
44. An interesting effect of LSD use is that of ___________ - a 'mixing of senses.'
45. Women are more likely to have problems with ______________ medicines.
46. ____-acting barbiturates or benzodiazepines are commonly prescribed to prevent Alcohol withdrawal symptoms.
47. Marijuana is the most commonly used ________ drug.
48. _______________ is a highly addictive stimulant that is cheaper and much longer lasting than cocaine.
49. Some examples of stimulants include cocaine - ______________ - and caffeine.
50. Smoking during pregnancy is associated with miscarriage - reduced birth weight - differences in body size and negative effects on physical / ______ development of the child.
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