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DSST Substance Abuse
Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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1. Also known as synthetic drugs or synthetic ________ - these are designed to get around existing drug laws. Often they involve modifying the molecular structure of an existing drug. Ecstasy is an example of a designer drug (today it's illegal and is a
2. Excessive use of either cocaine or amphetamine can result in paranoid psychosis in which the individual loses touch with reality and experiences auditory ______________.
3. ______ causing chemicals contained in tobacco are called nitrosamines.
4. Drug ____________ occur when a drug enhances or inhibits the effect of another drug.
5. The _____ ____ of heroin is 15-30 minutes.
6. Drugs include any substances which can impair a person's ability to _______ function in society.
7. The active ingredients for half of the prescriptions filled consist of only ____ drugs.
8. Withdrawal symptoms may begin within hours or days after the smoker quits and may continue for several _______.
9. Injecting an illegal drug intravenously is called __________.
10. According to a 1997 report - alcohol is involved in more than ___ thousand deaths in the US each year.
11. The most widely used __________ is alcohol.
12. ______ cocaine is not water soluble but can be converted to a water soluble cocaine salt if it is dissolved in citric acid ( for example - vinegar or lemon juice).
13. The legal opioid methadone - is used to treat heroin dependence by reducing severity of __________ symptoms.
14. ______________ do not cure mental illnesses but they do control the symptoms sufficiently to permit patients to live and work in society.
15. Examples of damage to the cardiovascular system caused by medical doses of amphetamines include increased heart rate - raised _______ _________ - and damage to veins and arteries.
16. Smoking tends to inhibit hunger contractions up to ____ ____
17. The most common antidepressants used today are ____s.
SSRI - Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors
18. The parasympathetic branch of the autonomic system stimulates digestion - slows the heart - and has other effects associated with a _______ physiological state.
Legal Instrumental Use
19. ____________ drugs are drug compounds (substances) that affect the central nervous system and alter consciousness and/or perceptions.
20. ______________ are unhealthy because they interfere with REM sleep.
21. ___________________ syndrome (NAS) is a group of problems that occur in a newborn who was exposed to addictive - illegal or prescription drugs while in the mother's womb.
22. The neurotransmitter that is believed to be important for regulating waking and appetite is ______________.
23. This type of alcohol can be added to gasoline to reduce pollution - used in cleaners and _________ - as well as in medical research.
24. Most psychoactive drugs can be categorized as stimulants - depressants - opioids - hallucinogens - or _________________ agents.
25. Occasionally drugs can have ___________ effects--an opposite effect to what is normally expected.
26. Originally - the __________ movement supported the drinking of beer and wine but was strongly opposed to distilled spirits.
27. Anabolic steroids are _________ drugs designed to build muscle mass while minimizing masculinizing effects attributed to testosterone.
28. Hashish is the most ______ cannabis preparation - it's THC level can be as high as 28%.
29. In a double blind procedure - neither the patient nor the doctor know whether the subject is receiving a _______ or an experimental drug.
30. Opium has been used for approximately ____ years for both medical and recreational reasons.
31. Excessive use of caffeine is called _________.
32. ___________________ are not regulated as OTC drugs. They don't have to be shown to be effective - and the amount of supposed active ingredient varies extensively.
33. 95% pure alcohol is called _____________ spirits
34. LSD and other hallucinogens typically do not produce physical __________.
Legal Instrumental Use
35. ____ - also known as Ecstasy - produces both stimulant and hallucinogenic effects.
36. Metabolites refer to the substances that are produced or left over when the body metabolizes (_______ ______) the drugs that have been consumed.
37. Marinol is a ____________ controlled substance.
120 pound woman
38. Alcoholic fatty liver - alcoholic _________ - and cirrhosis are all liver disorders associated with heavy use of alcohol.
39. The DEA is the primary _______ agency responsible for enforcing U.S. drug laws.
40. Almost all alcoholics suffering from withdrawal symptoms (about __%) can be treated in outpatient programs.
41. Opioids are also known as _________.
42. _______ withdrawal often lacks the severe physical symptoms that occur with heroin or alcohol withdrawal.
43. There are approximately __ analogs of PCP.
44. CNS ___________ that cause drowsiness and promote sleep are called hypnotics.
45. The four ways to administer heroin are sniffing - _______ injection (intramuscular) - smoking - and intravenous injection (mainlining).
46. CYP450 enzymes ______ toxic chemicals once they are eaten.
47. When someone overdoses on opiates (heroin - codeine - morphine - etc) Narcan can be injected into a muscle to get the victim __________ again.
48. Examples of ilicit drugs - include alcohol - tea - coffee - _______ and over the counter (OTC) drugs.
49. ________ brought tobacco to Europe after his voyage to the Americas.
50. Small doses of ______________ help narcoleptics stay alert.
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