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DSST Substance Abuse
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1. illicit drug use - cocaine - marijuana - etc
Illegal Recreational Use
2. Alcoholics - who experience mild to _________ alcohol withdrawal symptoms - can usually be treated on an outpatient basis by a healthcare professional.
3. ______ is the brand name for naloxone.
Sudden sniffing death
Over the counter
4. National Prohibition of alcohol was successful in _________ alcohol consumption and alcoholrelated problems - but also led to a loss of alcohol taxes and increased law breaking.
5. One of the most common opioid side effects is ____________.
6. Some studies have reported both behavioral improvement and noticeable regrowth of _____ ______ in long term alcoholics after several months of abstinence.
7. Drugs designed to treat _________ _________. are being used as effective mood stabilizers.
8. The freebase method of smoking cocaine can be very dangerous because the combination of fire and ether fumes is extremely __________.
9. Drug misuse is the inappropriate use of OTC or ____________ medications.
10. Clonidine is an opioide agonist drug (similar to methadone) used in heroin ______________.
11. ________ - benzodiazepines and opioid narcotics are also used for this purpose.
Legal Instrumental Use
12. The ______ ______ ______ company was responsible for the smuggling of opium into China during the 1800s.
British East India
13. Withdrawal symptoms for marijuana include: irritability - restlessness - _________ appetite - weight loss and abnormal sleep.
14. Several studies have found a lower incidence of _____________ in moderate drinkers than in abstainers
15. Oral ingestion can be compared to intranasal administration (snorting) in that it is absorbed much more _______ than smoking or IV injection.
16. Fluoxetine (_______) is safer than tricyclic antidepressants as it is less likely to lead to overdose death.
17. The _____________ curve is a graph comparing the size of response to a drug to the amount of a drug taken.
18. These drugs alter perceptions of reality. They can affect sense of taste - smell - hearing and vision. Sometimes they are called ______________.
19. The use of alcohol has decreased since ____ and its consumption varies greatly in different regions of the US and among different cultural groups.
20. The withdrawal symptoms for a ______ user whose drug usage has consisted of a low daily dose resemble a mild case of intestinal flu.
21. The two main side effects of therapeutic doses of amphetamines are drug abuse and damage to the ______________ system.
22. Through fermentation - the alcohol concentration is limited to ___%.
23. Opioids ________ the central nervous system (CNS).
24. For some drugs - the dependence is mostly _______________ - whereas for others - a user may develop a heavy physical dependence on the drug with just a few uses.
25. Heroin illegally imported from Mexico is called _____ ____.
26. Metabolites refer to the substances that are produced or left over when the body metabolizes (_______ ______) the drugs that have been consumed.
27. _______________ are the most widely prescribed types Sedative-Hypnotics.
28. Drugs which cause a loss of ______ are called Amnesiacs.
29. LSD and other hallucinogens typically do not produce physical __________.
30. ________ can be found in many over-the-counter drugs.
31. Cocaine is absorbed so well into ________ __________ that it remains in use for surgery in the nasal - laryngeal - and esophageal regions.
32. A substance that has less potential for abuse than the drugs or other substances in schedules I and II - has a currently accepted medical use in the US - and whose abuse may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence
33. Nicotine is exceptionally _____ and has been used as an insecticide.
34. Drugs with a high potential for abuse - no currently accepted medical use in the US - and declared unsafe are listed under Schedule _.
35. There are currently no FDA approved OTC drugs for ______________.
36. The BBB is very tight and excludes the brain uptake of all ______ molecule drugs and greater than 98% of small molecule drugs.
Sudden sniffing death
37. Ingesting too much caffeine can result in nervousness - irritability - _______________ and insomnia - etc.
38. In the US - _______ was first used in psychiatry and as a local anesthetic.
39. Caffeine is the world's most popular drug and frequently used _________.
40. Another way of saying placebo effect is ___________ effect.
41. _______________ and Ritalin are two drugs commonly used to treat ADHD.
42. Whiskey - Scotch - and Brandy are examples of distilled beverages. They are also called '________'.
43. Two OTC smoking _________ aids are nicotine gum and patches.
Sudden sniffing death
44. _____________ are drugs which cause hallucinations. They alter the way a user perceives reality and can affect emotions.
45. The most common antidepressants used today are ____s.
SSRI - Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors
46. A recent study indicated that persons aged 26 to __ were most likely to have used marijuana sometime during their life.
ECT - Electroconvulsive therapy
47. Because inhalants are so readily _________ - they present a special problem for prevention.
48. The FDA restricted amphetamine use to _____ ______ weight reduction programs in 1970.
49. Drugs prescribed to control symptoms associated with ______ problems are called psychotherapeutics.
50. The concentration of _______ found in the blood is called the BAC.
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