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DSST Substance Abuse
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1. Jimsonweed a potent hallucinogenic plant and is also known as ____ _____.
2. Cannabis (marijuana) - Anabolic Steroids - Inhalants/Organic Solvents and narcotics are also found to be among the most ________ abused drugs.
3. Most illicit drugs cause an addiction in both the mother and the infant because drugs (cocaine - barbiturates - heroin - etc) pass through the _________ and reach the baby.
4. Excessive use of either cocaine or amphetamine can result in paranoid psychosis in which the individual loses touch with reality and experiences auditory ______________.
5. The autonomic nervous system - also referred to as the ANS - regulates the _____________ functions of the body and is divided into sympathetic and parasympathetic branches.
6. A key belief of Alcoholics Anonymous is that alcohol dependence is an _________ - progressive disease characterized by a loss of control over drinking.
7. Opium has been used for approximately ____ years for both medical and recreational reasons.
8. The most widely used __________ is alcohol.
9. Natives of the ______ mountains in Bolivia and Peru today still use coca as their ancestors did thousands of years ago.
10. Kava Kava and St John's Wort are both _______ _______ - often used to treat mild depression.
11. At first - tobacco was almost universally accepted as a ________.
12. _________ is a neurotransmitter associated with aggression and regulation of body weight.
13. Drug use can be detected in urine for up to 5 days - in saliva for up to 1 day and in hair samples for up to ___ days.
14. Methyl alcohol is added to grain alcohol for industrial use to prevent _________.
15. GHB is a clear - colorless - odorless liquid associated with _____ ____.
16. Physical dependence is related to _______________ tolerance.
17. Although they were originally called _____________ - antipsychotics are drugs used to treat psychosis without producing drowsiness.
18. Ice is a form of methamphetamine that can be ______.
ECT - Electroconvulsive therapy
19. Drugs that block the action of morphine - heroin - or other opioids are called opioid ___________.
Illegal Recreational Use
20. The leading cause of death in the US is _____________.
21. Advertising restrictions - smoke-free indoor air - _____ on tobacco products and limiting youth access to tobacco are all examples of tobacco control laws.
22. ___________________ syndrome (NAS) is a group of problems that occur in a newborn who was exposed to addictive - illegal or prescription drugs while in the mother's womb.
23. The predominant style of tobacco use went from pipes to snuff to _______ to cigars to cigarettes.
24. The basic __________ skeleton of an illicit drug is modified to form a new compound. PCP and Ecstasy are probably the most well known examples of synthetic drugs.
25. The use of alcohol is statistically associated with homicide - assault - _______ violence and suicide
26. The symptoms for withdrawal from any _________________ is similar to symptoms for alcohol withdrawal.
27. The FDA restricted amphetamine use to _____ ______ weight reduction programs in 1970.
28. Historically - as _______ use declined - amphetamine use increased.
29. The neurotransmitter ____ is found in most areas of the CNS and exerts generalized inhibitory functions.
30. A typical progression of drug use starts with ___________ and alcohol - and then marijuana before moving on to the stronger drugs - which is why these drugs are often called 'gateway' drugs.
31. Drugs are said to be ______ ________ when tolerance to one reduces the effectiveness of each of the others.
32. The part of the brain which controls ___________ is called basal ganglia.
33. taking prescribed or over the counter (OTC) drugs for illness
Legal Instrumental Use
34. All reinforcing drugs (drugs that reinforce their use) stimulate dopamine neurons in the __________ system.
35. CNS depressants that promote relaxation and relieve anxiety are called _________.
36. Short acting drugs are used as __________ to treat insomnia and long acting drugs are used as sedatives to give prolonged relief from anxiety.
37. American _______ / Alaska Natives are the racial ethnic group that report the highest illicit drug use for the past month.
38. Depressants _________ the rate of various vital physiological activities - especially those of the central nervous system.
39. The buildup of a drug in the body after multiple doses taken at short intervals is called __________ effect.
Illegal Recreational Use
40. Gender affects BAC because the average female has a higher proportion of _________ and therefore - for a given weight has less volume in which to distribute the alcohol.
41. Its believed that antipsychotic drugs work by blocking D2 ________ receptors.
42. _______ % of all US deaths are tobacco-related.
43. The ______ ______ ______ company was responsible for the smuggling of opium into China during the 1800s.
British East India
44. The primary active ingredients contained in cough suppressants are ____________ and expectorants.
British East India
45. Chemicals in the brain that produce effects similar to morphine and other opium derived drugs are called __________.
46. The three components of the nervous system are the central nervous system - the _______ system - and the autonomic system.
47. The forming of a neurotransmitter by the action of _______ on precursors is called synthesis.
Illegal Instrumental Use
48. Alcohol withdrawal seizures may occur 6 to __ hours after the last drink.
49. Tremors and rigidity are two symptoms of Parkinson's disease. Similar damage to the dopamine neurons can occur as a side effect of some ______________ drugs.
50. Most psychoactive drugs are taken by one of three basic routes: by mouth - _________ - or inhalation.
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