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DSST Substance Abuse
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1. There are now more than 40 million former smokers in the United States - and about 90 percent of them report that they quit smoking _______ formal treatment programs.
2. _______________ and Ritalin are two drugs commonly used to treat ADHD.
3. Only lipid-soluble substances can pass the _____________ barrier.
4. Tremors and rigidity are two symptoms of Parkinson's disease. Similar damage to the dopamine neurons can occur as a side effect of some ______________ drugs.
5. The opioid antagonist __________ selectively blocks opioid effects - preventing the user from experiencing the reinforcing effects of the abused drug (for example - heroin).
6. ________ drugs are developed to eliminate the illegality of a drug by modifying a drug into a new compound.
7. The three types of drug users include: experimenters - compulsive users and ________.
8. For a drug to be ____________ - its molecules must be capable of passing through the blood-brain barrier.
9. Alcohol - cigarettes - and _________ are called gateway drugs because their use is often believed to lead to the use of other stronger drugs.
10. Crack is also known as '_____'.
11. The two main side effects of therapeutic doses of amphetamines are drug abuse and damage to the ______________ system.
12. The ratio of LD50 to ED50 is one indication of the relative safety of a drug for a particular use or effect and this is called the ___________ index.
13. Anabolic steroids build muscle mass by stimulating the conversion of _________ into tissue.
14. _______ professionals and their staff are the most likely to abuse nitrous oxide.
15. Another word for ____________ is euphorigenic.
16. ___ involves using electric shock to induce convulsions in mental patients.
ECT - Electroconvulsive therapy
17. The predominant style of tobacco use went from pipes to snuff to _______ to cigars to cigarettes.
18. The most _________ form of alcohol withdrawal is called delirium tremens and occurs in about 5 percent of people who have withdrawal symptoms.
19. Molecules that assist in either the metabolism (breaking down) or synthesis (creation) of another molecule are called _______.
20. American _______ / Alaska Natives are the racial ethnic group that report the highest illicit drug use for the past month.
21. Examples of Schedule I drugs include _______ - LSD - and marijuana.
22. The part of the brain which controls ___________ is called basal ganglia.
23. Marijuana is the most commonly used ________ drug.
24. The theory that the popularity of marijuana increases when the risk associated with its use decreases is called _________ _____.
25. GHB is a clear - colorless - odorless liquid associated with _____ ____.
26. Nicotine withdrawal symptoms include craving for tobacco - ____________ - restlessness - and anxiety.
27. 'Opioid' is another word for '_____'.
28. Most psychoactive drugs are taken by one of three basic routes: by mouth - _________ - or inhalation.
29. The preoccupation phase is characterized by _________ concern about the drug.
30. LSD - PCP and mescaline are _____________.
31. The primary psychoactive ingredient in tobacco is ________.
Legal Instrumental Use
32. Excessive use of caffeine is called _________.
33. Three derivatives of the cannabis plant are __________ - hashish - and ganja.
34. Columbus was presented tobacco by natives of ____ __________ in 1492 and he brought it with him back to Spain.
35. Hormones and _________________ are two types of chemical signals important for maintaining homeostasis.
36. _________ is often referred to as the brain's major excitatory neurotransmitter.
37. Most illicit _______________ consumed in the United States is produced in small laboratories which might exist for only a few days in a remote area before moving on.
38. _____________ Syndrome is a collection of physical and behavioral abnormalities that seems to be caused by the presence of alcohol during development of the fetus.
39. Diphenhydramine - hydroxyzine and promethazine are examples of OTC and prescription ______________ used as CNS depressants.
40. ____________ is the process by which sugar is converted into alcohol through the biochemical action of yeast.
41. _________ are the oldest stimulants known. They are found in tea - coffee - soft drinks and chocolate.
42. In the 2003 National Survey on Drug Use - only 1.6 percent of U.S. adults reported ever having used Heroin in their lifetimes - with 0.1 percent reporting use in the past ____.
43. ___________________ syndrome (NAS) is a group of problems that occur in a newborn who was exposed to addictive - illegal or prescription drugs while in the mother's womb.
44. According to a recent survey - __% of Americans have used marijuana in their lifetime.
45. The 3 groups of inhalants include volatile substances - ___________ and Nitrites.
46. Most psychoactive drugs can be categorized as stimulants - depressants - opioids - hallucinogens - or _________________ agents.
47. Bupropion is an ________________ used to reduce nicotine withdrawal symptoms.
48. 95% pure alcohol is called _____________ spirits
120 pound woman
49. ________ - benzodiazepines and opioid narcotics are also used for this purpose.
50. ________ antipsychotics are effective at reducing both the positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia.
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