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Elements Of Style Vocab

Subjects : english, grammar
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. In the present tense - a verb phrase consisting of TO followed by the base form of the verb (TO WRITE). A split infinitive occurs when one or more words separate TO and the verb [TO BOLDLY GO]

2. A word that relates its object to another word in the sentence. [She is the leader OF our group.]

3. A word or group of words that expresses the action or indicates the state of being of the subject. Verbs ACTIVATE sentences.

4. A sentence that expresses the main idea at the end.

5. The correspondence of a verb with its subject in person and number [Karen GOES to Cal Tech; her sister GO to Ucla] - and a pronoun with its antecedent in person - number - and gender [as soon as Karen finished the exam - SHE picked up HER books].

6. A noun or pronoun that indicates to whom or for whom - to what or for what the action of a transitive verb is performed. [I asked HER a question.]

7. Correlative conjunctions [BOTH - AND; EITHER - OR; NEITHER - NOR] join the same kinds of elements (as conjunctions)

8. A word or phrase that qualifies - describes - or limits the meaning of a word - phrase - or clause. [FRAYED ribbon]

9. The case of nouns and pronouns that indicates ownership or possession.

10. A shortened form of a word or group of words: CAN'T for cannot; THEY'RE for they are.

11. A verb that combines with the main verb to show differences in tense - person - and voice. The most common auxiliaries are forms of BE - DO and HAVE. [I AM going; we DID not go]

12. A phrase that functions as an adverb. [Landon laughs WITH ABANDON]

13. A verb form that functions in a sentence as a noun - an adjective - or an adverb rather than as a principal verb. [THINKING can be fun.]

14. The noun or pronoun that indicates what a sentence is about - and which the principal verb of a sentence elaborates.

15. A word or expression appropriate to informal conversation but not usually suitable for academic or business writing. [They wanted to GET EVEN.]

16. A word - phrase - or clause that acts as an adjective in qualifying the meaning of a noun or pronoun. [YOUR country]

17. A pronoun that refers to an unspecified person (ANYBODY) or thing (SOMETHING)

18. The noun or pronoun that completes a prepositional phrase or the meaning of a transitive verb.

19. A feature of nouns - pronouns - and a few verbs referring to singular or plural.

20. A clause introduced by a relative pronoun - such as WHO - WHICH - THAT - or by a relative adverb - such as WHERE - WHEN - WHY.

21. A group of words with a subject and verb that can stand alone as a sentence. [RACCOONS STEAL FOOD.]

22. A group of related words that contains a subject and predicate. [MOTHS SWARM around a burning candle.]

23. The verb and its related words in a clause or sentence. The predicate expresses what the subject does - experiences - or is. [Birds FLY.]

24. A word that names a person - place - or thing.

25. A present or past participle with accompanying modifiers - objects or complements.

26. A verbal that functions as an adjective. Present participles end in -ING; past - -D - -ED; or -EN. Other forms: BROKEN

27. A noun or noun phrase that renames or adds identifying information to a noun it immediately follows. [His brother - AN ACCOUNTANT WITH ARTHUR ANDERSON - was recently promoted]

28. The words - A - AN - and THE - which signal or introduce nouns. THE refers to a particular item - whereas A and AN refer to a general item.

29. The time of a verb's action or state of being - such as past - present - or future.

30. A word that modifies or otherwise qualifies a verb - an adjective - or another adverb. [Gestures GRACEFULLY]

31. The predicating verb in a main clause or sentence.

32. A phrase or clause that limits the essential meaning of the sentence element it modifies or identifies. [Professional athletes WHO PERFORM EXCEPTIONALLY should earn stratospheric salaries.]

33. An independent clause which can stand alone as a grammatically complete sentence.

34. A group of related words that functions as a unit but lacks a subject - verb - or both. WITHOUT THE RESOURCES TO CONTINUE.

35. Possessive pronouns such as HERS - ITS and THEIRS.

36. The name of a particular person - place or thing.

37. A phrase of clause that does not limit or restrict the essential meaning of the element it modifies.

38. The -ING form of a verb that functions as a noun: HIKING - PLAYING - etc...

39. A noun or pronoun that receives the action of a transitive verb. [Pearson publishes BOOKS.]

40. A group of words consisting of a preposition - its object -and any of the object's modifiers. [Georgia ON MY MIND.]

41. A verb that joins the subject of a sentence to its complement. [They WERE ecstatic.]

42. The noun to which a pronoun refers. A pronoun and its antecedent must agree in person - number - and gender. [Michael and HIS teammates moved off campus]

43. A clause dependent on the main clause in a sentence. AFTER WE FINISH OUR WORK - we will go out for dinner.

44. A pronoun that connects a dependent clause to a main clause in a sentence: WHO - WHOM - WHOSE - WHICH - etc...

45. A sentence that begins with the main idea and then attaches modifiers - qualifiers - and additional details.

46. A word that joins words - phrases - clauses - or sentences. [For - And - Nor - But - Or - Yet - So --> FANBOYS]

47. Any of the verbs that combine with the main verb to express necessity [MUST] - obligation [SHOULD] - permission [MAY] - probability [MIGHT] - possibility [COULD] - ability [CAN] - or tentativeness [WOULD].

48. A group of words that is not grammatically a complete sentence but is punctuated as one: BECAUSE IT MATTERED GREATLY.

49. A word that modifies - quantifies - or otherwise describes a noun or pronoun. [DRIZZLY November]

50. Two or more simple subjects joined by a coordinating or correlative conjunction. [HEMINGWAY AND FITZGERALD had little in common.]