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Elements Of Style Vocab

Subjects : english, grammar
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. The attribute of a verb that indicates whether its subject is active [Janet PLAYED the guitar]

2. A verb that does not take a direct object. [His nerve FAILED.]

3. Possessive pronouns such as HERS - ITS and THEIRS.

4. A verbal that functions as an adjective. Present participles end in -ING; past - -D - -ED; or -EN. Other forms: BROKEN

5. The time of a verb's action or state of being - such as past - present - or future.

6. A pronoun that refers to an unspecified person (ANYBODY) or thing (SOMETHING)

7. The words - A - AN - and THE - which signal or introduce nouns. THE refers to a particular item - whereas A and AN refer to a general item.

8. A sentence that begins with the main idea and then attaches modifiers - qualifiers - and additional details.

9. A sentence that expresses the main idea at the end.

10. A group of words that includes a subject and verb but is subordinate to an independent clause in a sentence. [IF - BECAUSE - SINCE - etc...]

11. A word that relates its object to another word in the sentence. [She is the leader OF our group.]

12. A clause dependent on the main clause in a sentence. AFTER WE FINISH OUR WORK - we will go out for dinner.

13. A word or group of words that expresses the action or indicates the state of being of the subject. Verbs ACTIVATE sentences.

14. An independent clause which can stand alone as a grammatically complete sentence.

15. A verb that requires a direct object to complete its meaning: they WASHED their new car.

16. A group of related words that contains a subject and predicate. [MOTHS SWARM around a burning candle.]

17. A word that modifies - quantifies - or otherwise describes a noun or pronoun. [DRIZZLY November]

18. A verb form that functions in a sentence as a noun - an adjective - or an adverb rather than as a principal verb. [THINKING can be fun.]

19. A group of words that is not grammatically a complete sentence but is punctuated as one: BECAUSE IT MATTERED GREATLY.

20. A word that names a person - place - or thing.

21. A phrase of clause that does not limit or restrict the essential meaning of the element it modifies.

22. A phrase or clause that limits the essential meaning of the sentence element it modifies or identifies. [Professional athletes WHO PERFORM EXCEPTIONALLY should earn stratospheric salaries.]

23. A phrase that functions as an adverb. [Landon laughs WITH ABANDON]

24. The name of a particular person - place or thing.

25. A group of related words that functions as a unit but lacks a subject - verb - or both. WITHOUT THE RESOURCES TO CONTINUE.

26. A word - phrase - or clause that acts as an adjective in qualifying the meaning of a noun or pronoun. [YOUR country]

27. A noun or pronoun that receives the action of a transitive verb. [Pearson publishes BOOKS.]

28. A group of words consisting of a preposition - its object -and any of the object's modifiers. [Georgia ON MY MIND.]

29. Correlative conjunctions [BOTH - AND; EITHER - OR; NEITHER - NOR] join the same kinds of elements (as conjunctions)

30. A verb that joins the subject of a sentence to its complement. [They WERE ecstatic.]

31. A word that modifies or otherwise qualifies a verb - an adjective - or another adverb. [Gestures GRACEFULLY]

32. The noun to which a pronoun refers. A pronoun and its antecedent must agree in person - number - and gender. [Michael and HIS teammates moved off campus]

33. A pronoun that connects a dependent clause to a main clause in a sentence: WHO - WHOM - WHOSE - WHICH - etc...

34. The correspondence of a verb with its subject in person and number [Karen GOES to Cal Tech; her sister GO to Ucla] - and a pronoun with its antecedent in person - number - and gender [as soon as Karen finished the exam - SHE picked up HER books].

35. A word or expression appropriate to informal conversation but not usually suitable for academic or business writing. [They wanted to GET EVEN.]

36. The case of nouns and pronouns that indicates ownership or possession.

37. The noun or pronoun that completes a prepositional phrase or the meaning of a transitive verb.

38. A group of words with a subject and verb that can stand alone as a sentence. [RACCOONS STEAL FOOD.]

39. In the present tense - a verb phrase consisting of TO followed by the base form of the verb (TO WRITE). A split infinitive occurs when one or more words separate TO and the verb [TO BOLDLY GO]

40. The noun or pronoun that indicates what a sentence is about - and which the principal verb of a sentence elaborates.

41. The predicating verb in a main clause or sentence.

42. A word that joins words - phrases - clauses - or sentences. [For - And - Nor - But - Or - Yet - So --> FANBOYS]

43. The -ING form of a verb that functions as a noun: HIKING - PLAYING - etc...

44. A shortened form of a word or group of words: CAN'T for cannot; THEY'RE for they are.

45. A noun or pronoun that indicates to whom or for whom - to what or for what the action of a transitive verb is performed. [I asked HER a question.]

46. A word or group of words that aids coherence in writing by showing the connections between ideas.

47. A clause introduced by a relative pronoun - such as WHO - WHICH - THAT - or by a relative adverb - such as WHERE - WHEN - WHY.

48. A feature of nouns - pronouns - and a few verbs referring to singular or plural.

49. A present or past participle with accompanying modifiers - objects or complements.

50. The verb and its related words in a clause or sentence. The predicate expresses what the subject does - experiences - or is. [Birds FLY.]