Test your basic knowledge |

  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Sudden attack of a dz uncontrolled muscle movements of epilepsy

2. Use when bleeding is under control - maintain direct pressure - apply additional dressing - use a roller bandage

3. Tearing of tissue - jagged - irregular edges - heavy bleeding - contamination

4. Skin scraped off - bleeding limited - infection must be prevented

5. Respirations are rapid - shallow and may be irregular

6. Is the first priority in caring for wounds

7. Can bleed to death in a short period of time

8. Are classified as open or closed

9. Body part cut off - preserve amputated part

10. Cover with blanket or other clothing - prevents chilling or exposure to cold - place blanket between ground and victim - avoid overheating - avoid giving victim anything to eat or drink

11. If fractures are present or suspected

12. A clinical set of signs and symptoms that are associated with an inadequate supply of blood to body organs - especially brain and heart

13. Torn or separated from body - bleeding heavy - preserve body part

14. Can come from arteries-life threatening - veins and capillaries-less severe

15. Pulse is rapid - weak - and difficult to feel - hypertension or below normal and may not be obtainable

16. Pain and tenderness - swelling - deformity - cold and clammy skin - rapid and weak pulse - uncontrolled restlessness - vomited blood - blood in urine and feces

17. Brachial and femoral

18. Raise above level of victims heart - continue to apply direct pressure while elevating

19. Do not move unless absolutely necessary

20. Skin is pale (pallor) or bluish gray in color - skin is cool to touch - diaphoresis (excessive perspiration) may result in a wet - clammy feeling when the skin is touched

21. Do not disturb

22. Can enter an open wound - lead to serious illness or death

23. Poison produced by animals - plants - or bacteria

24. Be alert to signs of shock - be prepared to treat shock in any victim - remain calm at all times - reassure the victim while providing care - obtain appropriate assistance or medical care asap

25. Cold applications

26. Are injury to soft tissue

27. Abnormal external or internal bleeding (copious loss of bld)

28. Placing a tube within or through the trachea

29. Is a break in skin or mucous membrane

30. Caused by a sharp object - deep - damage to muscles

31. Based on victims injury

32. To minimize the effect of the injury or illness until experts can take over

33. Direct pressure - elevation - pressure bandage - pressure on pressure points

34. Used for wounds - if not available use linen type cloth

35. Restoration of life or consciousness of a person who is apparently dead by using artificial respiration and cardiac massage

36. Spotted - with patches of color. pertain to what you would see with a severely burned pt

37. Condition of acute failure of the peripheral circulation

38. Subjective sensation or motor phenomenon that precedes and marks the onset of a seizure

39. Lying flat on back to improve circulation - raise feet 12in to provide additional blood to heart and brain

40. Apply for 5 to 10 minutes or until bleeding stops

41. Instrument used to compress a bld vessel by application around an extremity

42. Will stop bleeding

43. Act of inhaling foreign matter - usually emesis - into the respiratory tract

44. Is the immediate care that is given to the victim of an injury or illness

45. Get tetanus shot

46. Can lead to death - even if injury is not fatal - can occur with any injury or illness requiring first aid

47. Skin pale and bluish gray - skin cool or cold - diaphoresis - rapid and weak pulse - respiration are rapid - shallow - and may be irregular - blood pressure is very low - general weakness - anxiety and extreme restlessness - excessive thirst - nausea

48. Prevent infection - wash hands - use gloves - wash wound with soap and water - rinse with cool water - use sterile gauze to blot dry - apply sterile dressing - watch for signs of infection

49. Responsiveness of the mind and to the impressions made by the senses

50. Hemorrhage or excessive loss of blood - excessive pain or infection - heart attack or stroke - poisoning of chemicals - drugs or gases - lack of oxygen - psychological trauma - dehydration from burns - vomiting - or diarrhea