Test your basic knowledge |

  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Be alert to signs of shock - be prepared to treat shock in any victim - remain calm at all times - reassure the victim while providing care - obtain appropriate assistance or medical care asap

2. Eliminate the cause - improve circulation especially to the brain and heart - provide an adequate oxygen supply - maintain the body temperature

3. Poison produced by animals - plants - or bacteria

4. Result in bleeding - infection or tetanus

5. Apply for 5 to 10 minutes or until bleeding stops

6. Pressure should be applied to this - press against underlying bone

7. Act of inhaling foreign matter - usually emesis - into the respiratory tract

8. Do not disturb

9. Cover with blanket or other clothing - prevents chilling or exposure to cold - place blanket between ground and victim - avoid overheating - avoid giving victim anything to eat or drink

10. Hemorrhage or excessive loss of blood - excessive pain or infection - heart attack or stroke - poisoning of chemicals - drugs or gases - lack of oxygen - psychological trauma - dehydration from burns - vomiting - or diarrhea

11. Subjective sensation or motor phenomenon that precedes and marks the onset of a seizure

12. Below bandage to assess for presence of a pulse and there should be no discoloration of skin

13. Get tetanus shot

14. Spotted - with patches of color. pertain to what you would see with a severely burned pt

15. Prevent infection - wash hands - use gloves - wash wound with soap and water - rinse with cool water - use sterile gauze to blot dry - apply sterile dressing - watch for signs of infection

16. Pain and tenderness - swelling - deformity - cold and clammy skin - rapid and weak pulse - uncontrolled restlessness - vomited blood - blood in urine and feces

17. Respirations are rapid - shallow and may be irregular

18. If fractures are present or suspected

19. Direct pressure - elevation - pressure bandage - pressure on pressure points

20. Instrument used to compress a bld vessel by application around an extremity

21. Is the immediate care that is given to the victim of an injury or illness

22. Caused by sharp objects - bleeding limited - increase chance of infection

23. No break in skin - injury in underlying tissue

24. Swelling (edema) - fever (pryexia) - pain - redness (erthyemia) - heat - pus (pustacles) - red streaks leading from wound

25. Skin scraped off - bleeding limited - infection must be prevented

26. Tearing of tissue - jagged - irregular edges - heavy bleeding - contamination

27. A clinical set of signs and symptoms that are associated with an inadequate supply of blood to body organs - especially brain and heart

28. Setting priorities for care of victim(s)

29. Torn or separated from body - bleeding heavy - preserve body part

30. Will stop bleeding

31. Pulse is rapid - weak - and difficult to feel - hypertension or below normal and may not be obtainable

32. Based on victims injury

33. Pertaining to the heart and lung

34. Placing a tube within or through the trachea

35. Cold applications

36. Caused by a sharp object - deep - damage to muscles

37. Raise above level of victims heart - continue to apply direct pressure while elevating

38. Restoration of life or consciousness of a person who is apparently dead by using artificial respiration and cardiac massage

39. Abnormal external or internal bleeding (copious loss of bld)

40. Use when direct pressure - elevation - and pressure bandage do not stop severe bleeding

41. Skin is pale (pallor) or bluish gray in color - skin is cool to touch - diaphoresis (excessive perspiration) may result in a wet - clammy feeling when the skin is touched

42. Can bleed to death in a short period of time

43. Are injury to soft tissue

44. Lying flat on back to improve circulation - raise feet 12in to provide additional blood to heart and brain

45. Responsiveness of the mind and to the impressions made by the senses

46. Can lead to death - even if injury is not fatal - can occur with any injury or illness requiring first aid

47. Is the first priority in caring for wounds

48. May cause internal bleeding - get medical help asap - check breathing and treat for shock - avoid unnecessary movement - avoid giving any fluid or food to victim

49. Condition of acute failure of the peripheral circulation

50. Used for wounds - if not available use linen type cloth