Test your basic knowledge |

Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Eliminate the cause - improve circulation especially to the brain and heart - provide an adequate oxygen supply - maintain the body temperature






2. Do not disturb






3. Skin is pale (pallor) or bluish gray in color - skin is cool to touch - diaphoresis (excessive perspiration) may result in a wet - clammy feeling when the skin is touched






4. Sudden attack of a dz uncontrolled muscle movements of epilepsy






5. Pulse is rapid - weak - and difficult to feel - hypertension or below normal and may not be obtainable






6. Be alert to signs of shock - be prepared to treat shock in any victim - remain calm at all times - reassure the victim while providing care - obtain appropriate assistance or medical care asap






7. A clinical set of signs and symptoms that are associated with an inadequate supply of blood to body organs - especially brain and heart






8. Caused by sharp objects - bleeding limited - increase chance of infection






9. Lying flat on back to improve circulation - raise feet 12in to provide additional blood to heart and brain






10. Are injury to soft tissue






11. Brachial and femoral






12. No break in skin - injury in underlying tissue






13. Respirations are rapid - shallow and may be irregular






14. May cause internal bleeding - get medical help asap - check breathing and treat for shock - avoid unnecessary movement - avoid giving any fluid or food to victim






15. Can enter an open wound - lead to serious illness or death






16. Result in bleeding - infection or tetanus






17. Prevent infection - wash hands - use gloves - wash wound with soap and water - rinse with cool water - use sterile gauze to blot dry - apply sterile dressing - watch for signs of infection






18. Hemorrhage or excessive loss of blood - excessive pain or infection - heart attack or stroke - poisoning of chemicals - drugs or gases - lack of oxygen - psychological trauma - dehydration from burns - vomiting - or diarrhea






19. Placing a tube within or through the trachea






20. Is the first priority in caring for wounds






21. Based on victims injury






22. Caused by a sharp object - deep - damage to muscles






23. Can lead to death - even if injury is not fatal - can occur with any injury or illness requiring first aid






24. Pertaining to the heart and lung






25. Apply for 5 to 10 minutes or until bleeding stops






26. Skin pale and bluish gray - skin cool or cold - diaphoresis - rapid and weak pulse - respiration are rapid - shallow - and may be irregular - blood pressure is very low - general weakness - anxiety and extreme restlessness - excessive thirst - nausea






27. Use when direct pressure - elevation - and pressure bandage do not stop severe bleeding






28. Responsiveness of the mind and to the impressions made by the senses






29. Get tetanus shot






30. Do not move unless absolutely necessary






31. Is the immediate care that is given to the victim of an injury or illness






32. Condition of acute failure of the peripheral circulation






33. Can come from arteries-life threatening - veins and capillaries-less severe






34. Directly to wound






35. Subjective sensation or motor phenomenon that precedes and marks the onset of a seizure






36. Can bleed to death in a short period of time






37. Cold applications






38. If fractures are present or suspected






39. To minimize the effect of the injury or illness until experts can take over






40. Cover with blanket or other clothing - prevents chilling or exposure to cold - place blanket between ground and victim - avoid overheating - avoid giving victim anything to eat or drink






41. Tearing of tissue - jagged - irregular edges - heavy bleeding - contamination






42. Spotted - with patches of color. pertain to what you would see with a severely burned pt






43. Skin scraped off - bleeding limited - infection must be prevented






44. Is a break in skin or mucous membrane






45. Are classified as open or closed






46. Act of inhaling foreign matter - usually emesis - into the respiratory tract






47. Use when bleeding is under control - maintain direct pressure - apply additional dressing - use a roller bandage






48. Below bandage to assess for presence of a pulse and there should be no discoloration of skin






49. Raise above level of victims heart - continue to apply direct pressure while elevating






50. Abnormal external or internal bleeding (copious loss of bld)