Test your basic knowledge |

  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Eliminate the cause - improve circulation especially to the brain and heart - provide an adequate oxygen supply - maintain the body temperature

2. Do not disturb

3. Skin is pale (pallor) or bluish gray in color - skin is cool to touch - diaphoresis (excessive perspiration) may result in a wet - clammy feeling when the skin is touched

4. Sudden attack of a dz uncontrolled muscle movements of epilepsy

5. Pulse is rapid - weak - and difficult to feel - hypertension or below normal and may not be obtainable

6. Be alert to signs of shock - be prepared to treat shock in any victim - remain calm at all times - reassure the victim while providing care - obtain appropriate assistance or medical care asap

7. A clinical set of signs and symptoms that are associated with an inadequate supply of blood to body organs - especially brain and heart

8. Caused by sharp objects - bleeding limited - increase chance of infection

9. Lying flat on back to improve circulation - raise feet 12in to provide additional blood to heart and brain

10. Are injury to soft tissue

11. Brachial and femoral

12. No break in skin - injury in underlying tissue

13. Respirations are rapid - shallow and may be irregular

14. May cause internal bleeding - get medical help asap - check breathing and treat for shock - avoid unnecessary movement - avoid giving any fluid or food to victim

15. Can enter an open wound - lead to serious illness or death

16. Result in bleeding - infection or tetanus

17. Prevent infection - wash hands - use gloves - wash wound with soap and water - rinse with cool water - use sterile gauze to blot dry - apply sterile dressing - watch for signs of infection

18. Hemorrhage or excessive loss of blood - excessive pain or infection - heart attack or stroke - poisoning of chemicals - drugs or gases - lack of oxygen - psychological trauma - dehydration from burns - vomiting - or diarrhea

19. Placing a tube within or through the trachea

20. Is the first priority in caring for wounds

21. Based on victims injury

22. Caused by a sharp object - deep - damage to muscles

23. Can lead to death - even if injury is not fatal - can occur with any injury or illness requiring first aid

24. Pertaining to the heart and lung

25. Apply for 5 to 10 minutes or until bleeding stops

26. Skin pale and bluish gray - skin cool or cold - diaphoresis - rapid and weak pulse - respiration are rapid - shallow - and may be irregular - blood pressure is very low - general weakness - anxiety and extreme restlessness - excessive thirst - nausea

27. Use when direct pressure - elevation - and pressure bandage do not stop severe bleeding

28. Responsiveness of the mind and to the impressions made by the senses

29. Get tetanus shot

30. Do not move unless absolutely necessary

31. Is the immediate care that is given to the victim of an injury or illness

32. Condition of acute failure of the peripheral circulation

33. Can come from arteries-life threatening - veins and capillaries-less severe

34. Directly to wound

35. Subjective sensation or motor phenomenon that precedes and marks the onset of a seizure

36. Can bleed to death in a short period of time

37. Cold applications

38. If fractures are present or suspected

39. To minimize the effect of the injury or illness until experts can take over

40. Cover with blanket or other clothing - prevents chilling or exposure to cold - place blanket between ground and victim - avoid overheating - avoid giving victim anything to eat or drink

41. Tearing of tissue - jagged - irregular edges - heavy bleeding - contamination

42. Spotted - with patches of color. pertain to what you would see with a severely burned pt

43. Skin scraped off - bleeding limited - infection must be prevented

44. Is a break in skin or mucous membrane

45. Are classified as open or closed

46. Act of inhaling foreign matter - usually emesis - into the respiratory tract

47. Use when bleeding is under control - maintain direct pressure - apply additional dressing - use a roller bandage

48. Below bandage to assess for presence of a pulse and there should be no discoloration of skin

49. Raise above level of victims heart - continue to apply direct pressure while elevating

50. Abnormal external or internal bleeding (copious loss of bld)