Test your basic knowledge |

First Aid Basics

Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Osteoma






2. Aggressive malignant lymphomas (non - Hodgkin's) and Kaposi's sarcoma






3. Tumor marker: (Normal in fetus). Hepatocellular carcinomas. Nonseminomatous germ cell tumors of the testis.






4. Cancer






5. Malignant melanoma






6. Vascular: ICAM-1 Leukocyte: LFA-1 (integrin)






7. TB - fungal infections - syphilis - leprosy - cat scratch fever - sarcoid - Crohn's - Berylliosis.






8. Secondary osteosarcoma and fibrosarcoma






9. Breast - ovarian and gastric carcinomas tyrosine kinase (oncogene)






10. Lung - liver - intestine or following reperfusion.






11. Tumor marker: prostate carcinoma marker.






12. Breast cancer 13q tumor suppressor (DNA repair protein)






13. Hyperuricemia (excess NA turnover)






14. Caused by peroxidation of membrane lipids. Causes acute gastric bleeding and chronic metabolic acidosis and scarring.






15. Tumor marker: melanoma - neural tumors - astrocytomas






16. Tumor marker: tartrate - resistant acid phosphatase. Hairy cell leukemia (B- cell neoplasm)






17. Enzymatic degradation and protein denaturation due to exogenous injury. Inflammatory process where intracellular components extravasate.






18. Mature teratoma in men or malignant teratoma in M/F






19. Leiomyoma






20. Adenoma - papilloma






21. Membrane lipid peroxidation - protein modification and DNA breakage.






22. Melanoma - basal cell carcinoma - and especially squamous cell carcinomas of the skin.






23. Gastric adenocacinoma






24. AA






25. Malignant lymphoma






26. Infections - inflammation - cancer - pregnancy - SLE






27. Neuroblastoma transcription factor (oncogene)






28. Wilms' tumor 11p tumor suppressor






29. Pancreatic cancer (Deleted in Pancreatic Cancer) 18q tumor suppressor






30. Rhabdomyoma






31. Visceral malignancy (stomach - lung - breast - uterus)






32. Sarcoma - papillary thyroid cancer






33. Restoration of normal structure - granulation tissue (vascularized + fibrosis) - abscess (fibrosis + pus) - fistula or scarring (collagen).






34. Osteosarcoma






35. Liver (centrilobular necrosis - fatty change)






36. Macrophages and lymphocytes. Persistant destruction and repair.






37. Enzymes: catalase - superoxide dismutase - glutathione peroxidase.Vitamins: ACE Spontaneous decay






38. MEN type II and III tyrosine kinase (oncogene)






39. Liver (hepatocellular carcinoma)






40. Melanoma 9p tumor suppressor






41. Female 13%/23% and rising Male 16%/33% (mortality has plateaued)






42. CML tyrosine kinase (oncogene)






43. Squamous cell carcinoma of skin






44. During embryogenesis - hormone induction and atrophy. Increased mitochondrial permeability and cytochrome c release. Increase Bax (pro - apoptotic) - decreased Bcl -2 (anti - apopotic).






45. Squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus






46. Astrocytoma - angiomyolipoma - cardiac rhabdomyoma






47. PECAM-1






48. Neutrophils (eos in the gut) - plus other granular leukocytes and antibodies.






49. Tumor marker: carcinoembryonic Ag Very nonspecific






50. Colorectal cancer (assoc with FAP) 5q tumor suppressor