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GMAT Verbal Foundations

Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. This - that - these - those - none and neither - point out people - places - or things without naming them






2. -an '-ing' word without a helping verb isn't a real verb - CHECK: substitute a noun in the gerunds place - I am boxing (Compound verb: am boxing) I love boxing (Gerund: boxing - verb: love)






3. Describes action - a state of being - or what is being done to something or someone - critical part of a sentence's predicate - to laugh - to think - to drive - to run - to be - to do - accomplishes - is - went - arose - decided






4. Do not start with a capital letter; -do not refer to something specific: plane - car - cats - animals; -can be subdivided into countable or uncountable nouns;






5. Can't be intensified -absolute eg: dead - square - essential - universal - immortal - absolute






6. A verb that expresses either physical or mental action by subject - can be either transitive or intransitive (or both) -physical: play - swim - jump - punch - run - kick - walk -mental: think - dream - love - rejoice - muse - ponder






7. Joins a dependent clause to an independent clause (who - whom - whose - which - that and all of the W's + ever) -introduce modifiers - introduces an Adjective Clause or a Noun Clause; -eg:That - Which - Who - Whom - Whose - Where - Why - What.






8. Used to make a statement or ask a question. Most sentences are in the __________ - Do you like to play baseball? - I learned to play last year. - Baseball is my favorite game.






9. The verb form used to wish - hypothesize - or recommend. It can be used when a clause begins with 'if' and is contrary to fact: 'If I were President'(I am not President) or when a clause begins with 'that' and follows verbs such as 'ask' - 'insist' -






10. Countable -preceded by a number - e.g. one book - two books -have a plural form -Use: Number of.... A great number of friends have shown me great amount of kindness. Use: Fewer... This lane is for people with 3 items or fewer.






11. Always needs a clear antecedent - same is true of them - their - it (sometimes) - its






12. Can have more than 1 helping verb - an adverb can separate individual verbs in the compound verb - eg: He HAS frequently DEFACED public property. ________________: has defaced






13. Used to express a command or a request. - the subject of an imperative sentence is usually understood to be 'you' ex. Come to the library with me.






14. Pronouns that are used after action verbs as direct or indirect objects and as objects of prepositional phrases - Pronoun form used when the word receives the action of the sentence or a preposition: him - her - them - whom - you - it - can be used a






15. Join ideas together - eg: Jayneny caught the ball and threw it to second base.






16. Doesn't mix well with other pronouns - eg Wrong: One must be careful to account for all sources of income on your tax return -it is okay to use 'one' as a pronoun in a sentence when the other pronouns refer to different things - eg: Fire is alluring






17. Consists of two or more verbs - sometimes are joined by a coordinating conjunction (e.g. FANBOYS) and have the same subject.






18. Word used to modify or describe a noun or pronoun - such as happy - sad - pretty - ten-minute - red - annoying...- answer questions like: What kind is it? Which one? How many are there?






19. End in -self or -selves and refer to an earlier noun or pronoun in the sentence - myself - yourself - himself - herself - itself - ourselves - yourselves - themselves - Wrong: Bill will be sitting next to Jayne and myself.






20. Used as: -pronoun: One should learn grammar. -noun: One is the loneliest number. -adjective: I have only one pencil.






21. His car - its prey - other pronouns as adjectives: whose - which - this - that - these - those - all - both - some






22. Nouns cannot be __________ by adding 'er' or 'est' to Absolute Adjectives. Use 'more nearly' or 'most nearly' to compare items using absolute adjectives. -eg: more nearly circular (not: more circular) -eg: more likely fatal (not: more fatal)






23. Used to ask a question - who - whom - whose - what - and which






24. Show ownership -sometimes used an adjective -my - mine - your - yours - his - her - hers - its - our - ours - their - theirs






25. Created by using compound words - hyphenated words or related words. The two words used are combined to create a descriptive adjective. (i.e. broken-hearted - lemon-lime)






26. Active - passive






27. Refer to groups composed of members; -always singular; -eg: administration - army - society - family - couple






28. Am - are - is - was - were - will - would - be - being - been - may - might - must.






29. Singular One - -body - -thing - each






30. A noun that requires different modifiers such as 'little' and 'much' -do not have a plural form -Use: Amount of.... -Use: Less... I have less stress






31. Indicative mood - imperative mood - subjunctive mood






32. Indefinite pronouns don't usually have one -'you' is often used without one -'it' may not need one if it come at the start of a sentence - eg: It is raining. It is hoped that the taxes will be payed.






33. Subjunctive Mood used to express ________________________ - I wish you were mine - I suggest that you be on time






34. Cannot be the main verb of a sentence - can be subjects of sentences or objects - another type of verbal that can be used as a noun - adjective - or an adverb (doesn't end in '-ing' - usually has 'to' before a verb; not a prepositional phrase!) - to






35. Require a comma before each in a sentence - (for - and - nor - but - or - yet - so)






36. Help verbs ending in -ing become complete - helps the main verb show an action. By itself - a _______________ cannot show action -He IS PLANNING to attend.-She Will BE LEAVING shortly. Planning & Leaving not complete verbs






37. Substitute the -ing word with a noun - sentence should make sense - eg: Dating is tricky --> Algebra is tricky (dating = gerund)






38. A verbal that ends in -ing and acts as a noun -can be subjects of a sentence - Skiing is a popular winter sport. (Skiing - Sub)






39. Names a person - place - thing - or idea - a word that can serve as the subject or object of a verb






40. Past - present - future






41. Made from verbs - remove --> removal - discuss--> discussion - cry --> cry






42. Xomparative & superlative forms -(-er - -est; or -ier - iest; or more- - most-) -smart - smarter - smartest -good - better - best - intelligent - more intelligent - most intelligent






43. Made from adj. - Clean= cleanliness - Fluid = fluidity






44. Singular/plural Some - any - none - all - many - more - based on 'of construction'






45. Formed from a proper noun: Roman ruins - Mexican food - Japanese






46. Adjectives: a - an - the






47. Expresses what the writer believes about - or wants to do with - the action expressed by the verb - indicative mood >> expresses facts - imperative mood >> commands - subjunctive mood: >> unlikely or unreal conditions (usually after if or similar wor






48. Will go - has been eating - is writing - had swollen - should have gone






49. Do not point out specific people - places or things -do not usually have antecedents -Always are singular - all - another - any - anybody - anyone - anthything - both - each - either - everybody - everyone - everything - few - many - more - most - m






50. Shows possession or ownership. They have antecedents. Must agree with its antecedent in person - number - and gender: Jayne has a skateboard. His skateboard is silver. Jo and Luis have bikes. Their bikes are new.