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GMAT Verbal Foundations

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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Am - are - is - was - were - will - would - be - being - been - may - might - must.

2. Adjectives: a - an - the

3. Past - present - future

4. Countable -preceded by a number - e.g. one book - two books -have a plural form -Use: Number of.... A great number of friends have shown me great amount of kindness. Use: Fewer... This lane is for people with 3 items or fewer.

5. Can have more than 1 helping verb - an adverb can separate individual verbs in the compound verb - eg: He HAS frequently DEFACED public property. ________________: has defaced

6. Can't be intensified -absolute eg: dead - square - essential - universal - immortal - absolute

7. Refer to groups composed of members; -always singular; -eg: administration - army - society - family - couple

8. Names a person - place - thing - or idea - a word that can serve as the subject or object of a verb

9. This - that - these - those - none and neither - point out people - places - or things without naming them

10. Doesn't mix well with other pronouns - eg Wrong: One must be careful to account for all sources of income on your tax return -it is okay to use 'one' as a pronoun in a sentence when the other pronouns refer to different things - eg: Fire is alluring

11. Do not start with a capital letter; -do not refer to something specific: plane - car - cats - animals; -can be subdivided into countable or uncountable nouns;

12. Join ideas together - eg: Jayneny caught the ball and threw it to second base.

13. His car - its prey - other pronouns as adjectives: whose - which - this - that - these - those - all - both - some

14. Word used to modify or describe a noun or pronoun - such as happy - sad - pretty - ten-minute - red - annoying...- answer questions like: What kind is it? Which one? How many are there?

15. The verb form used to wish - hypothesize - or recommend. It can be used when a clause begins with 'if' and is contrary to fact: 'If I were President'(I am not President) or when a clause begins with 'that' and follows verbs such as 'ask' - 'insist' -

16. Indefinite pronouns don't usually have one -'you' is often used without one -'it' may not need one if it come at the start of a sentence - eg: It is raining. It is hoped that the taxes will be payed.

17. Formed from a proper noun: Roman ruins - Mexican food - Japanese

18. -an '-ing' word without a helping verb isn't a real verb - CHECK: substitute a noun in the gerunds place - I am boxing (Compound verb: am boxing) I love boxing (Gerund: boxing - verb: love)

19. Xomparative & superlative forms -(-er - -est; or -ier - iest; or more- - most-) -smart - smarter - smartest -good - better - best - intelligent - more intelligent - most intelligent

20. Always needs a clear antecedent - same is true of them - their - it (sometimes) - its

21. Used to express a command or a request. - the subject of an imperative sentence is usually understood to be 'you' ex. Come to the library with me.

22. Do not point out specific people - places or things -do not usually have antecedents -Always are singular - all - another - any - anybody - anyone - anthything - both - each - either - everybody - everyone - everything - few - many - more - most - m

23. Show ownership -sometimes used an adjective -my - mine - your - yours - his - her - hers - its - our - ours - their - theirs

24. Joins a dependent clause to an independent clause (who - whom - whose - which - that and all of the W's + ever) -introduce modifiers - introduces an Adjective Clause or a Noun Clause; -eg:That - Which - Who - Whom - Whose - Where - Why - What.

25. Indicative mood - imperative mood - subjunctive mood

26. Used to ask a question - who - whom - whose - what - and which

27. Refers to the one speaking (first person) - the one spoken to (second person) - or the one spoken about (third person) - takes the place of a noun or nouns; they show number and gender; example: singular: I - me - my - mine - you - your - yours - he

28. Subjunctive Mood used to express ________________________ - I wish you were mine - I suggest that you be on time

29. Active - passive

30. Cannot be the main verb of a sentence - can be subjects of sentences or objects - another type of verbal that can be used as a noun - adjective - or an adverb (doesn't end in '-ing' - usually has 'to' before a verb; not a prepositional phrase!) - to

31. Require a comma before each in a sentence - (for - and - nor - but - or - yet - so)

32. Created by using compound words - hyphenated words or related words. The two words used are combined to create a descriptive adjective. (i.e. broken-hearted - lemon-lime)

33. Consists of two or more verbs - sometimes are joined by a coordinating conjunction (e.g. FANBOYS) and have the same subject.

34. Singular One - -body - -thing - each

35. A complete _________ needs a subject and a verb eg: I ran. We left. I do.

36. Substitute the -ing word with a noun - sentence should make sense - eg: Dating is tricky --> Algebra is tricky (dating = gerund)

37. Help verbs ending in -ing become complete - helps the main verb show an action. By itself - a _______________ cannot show action -He IS PLANNING to attend.-She Will BE LEAVING shortly. Planning & Leaving not complete verbs

38. Singular/plural Some - any - none - all - many - more - based on 'of construction'

39. A verb that expresses either physical or mental action by subject - can be either transitive or intransitive (or both) -physical: play - swim - jump - punch - run - kick - walk -mental: think - dream - love - rejoice - muse - ponder

40. Expresses what the writer believes about - or wants to do with - the action expressed by the verb - indicative mood >> expresses facts - imperative mood >> commands - subjunctive mood: >> unlikely or unreal conditions (usually after if or similar wor

41. A verbal that ends in -ing and acts as a noun -can be subjects of a sentence - Skiing is a popular winter sport. (Skiing - Sub)

42. Nouns cannot be __________ by adding 'er' or 'est' to Absolute Adjectives. Use 'more nearly' or 'most nearly' to compare items using absolute adjectives. -eg: more nearly circular (not: more circular) -eg: more likely fatal (not: more fatal)

43. End in -self or -selves and refer to an earlier noun or pronoun in the sentence - myself - yourself - himself - herself - itself - ourselves - yourselves - themselves - Wrong: Bill will be sitting next to Jayne and myself.

44. Used to make a statement or ask a question. Most sentences are in the __________ - Do you like to play baseball? - I learned to play last year. - Baseball is my favorite game.

45. Shows possession or ownership. They have antecedents. Must agree with its antecedent in person - number - and gender: Jayne has a skateboard. His skateboard is silver. Jo and Luis have bikes. Their bikes are new.

46. Pronouns that are used after action verbs as direct or indirect objects and as objects of prepositional phrases - Pronoun form used when the word receives the action of the sentence or a preposition: him - her - them - whom - you - it - can be used a

47. 1. does NOT show action 2. shows state-of-being 3. links the subject to a noun or adjective - He SEEMS nice - Otto IS a miniature bulldog

48. Used as: -pronoun: One should learn grammar. -noun: One is the loneliest number. -adjective: I have only one pencil.

49. Describes action - a state of being - or what is being done to something or someone - critical part of a sentence's predicate - to laugh - to think - to drive - to run - to be - to do - accomplishes - is - went - arose - decided

50. Made from adj. - Clean= cleanliness - Fluid = fluidity